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A soberania como vontade e como representa o  [cached]
Diogo Pires Aurélio
Revista Estudos Políticos , 2010,
Abstract: A soberania é frequentemente considerada um conceito em vias de perder a pertinência que conheceu nos últimos séculos e de alcan ar um estatuto meramente histórico. Na origem desta convic o, vaga mas generalizada, é possível identificar a suposi o de uma racionalidade cosmopolita, onde o político tende a esgotar-se no ético, que p e em causa os estados como unidade de decis o. à luz desta perspectiva, o conceito de soberania revela-se n o só ambíguo, mas antinómico. Neste artigo, proponho que a antinomia é inerente à soberania e considero que: a) é impossível sacrificar qualquer um dos pólos da antinomia do poder soberano, sem retirar ao seu conceito a universalidade que lhe permite abarcar factos historicamente muito diferentes; b) o simples desajustamento entre o conceito na sua pureza, digamos, a priori e a realidade cada vez mais interdependente dos estados n o é suficiente para refutar a sua pertinência enquanto operador que possibilita a compreens o do político no contexto da modernidade, isto é, sem o recurso ao transcendente ou à tradi o.
Representa o e autoridade política em Hobbes: justifica o e sentido do poder soberano
Delmo Mattos
Princípios : Revista de Filosofia , 2011,
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to examine the notions of representation and authority in Hobbes’s argument. These notions are important to the understanding of how the sovereign acts in relation to its members. Thus, demystifies itself to the interpretation which highlights the political state proposed by the philosopher is contrary to individual rights.
Soberania On Sovereignty  [cached]
António Horta Fernandes
Rela??es Internacionais (R:I) , 2009,
Abstract: A soberania e o que ela significa é uma das quest es menos discutidas hoje em politologia, aparecendo mesmo praticamente informulada em rela es internacionais. Provavelmente podemos encontrar raz es para isso no estrito empirismo e positivismo que marca hoje muitas das análises nesses saberes Todavia, talvez a raz o principal se deva encontrar na forma como os racionais soberanos se impregnaram no corpo político moderno e contemporaneo, ao ponto de parecerem o ar que respiramos. O presente artigo visa precisamente desconstruir essa impregna o, tentando chamar a aten o para a duvidosa consistência praxista da soberania, trazendo a lume a sua arquitectura. Sovereignty and what it means is less discussed on Political Science and International Relations. May be we could justify it because of the empiric and positivism that even more support that studies. However, the main justification could be found on the way as the rational sovereigns has crossed the modern and contemporary political body - seems to be the air we breathe. This article will try to deconstruct this impregnation and to alert to the uncertain consistence of sovereignty by stressing its architecture.
Absolutism and individuality in Hobbes  [PDF]
Milidrag Predrag
Filozofija i Dru?tvo , 2006, DOI: 10.2298/fid0631057m
Abstract: The paper discusses the relation of the absolutism of sovereign’s power and the freedom of the citizens, against the background of the influence of biblical paradigms on Hobbes.
A SOBERANIA DA RETA RAZ O
Jo?o Batista Valverde
Philósophos : Revista de Filosofia , 2007, DOI: 10.5216/phi.v7i1.3152
Abstract: Este artigo tenta mostrar que as paix es naturais n o d o conta, por si sós, da passagem da natureza ao Estado, por mais que o medo seja importante no come o da sociedade. A soberania da reta-raz o em Hobbes parece ser necessária à cria o do Estado civil. A raz o natural, mediante as leis de natureza, apenas proíbe a um homem destruir sua vida ou privar-se dos meios necessários para preservá-la. Só uma raz o geométrica, reta, que calcula segundo regras razoáveis, pode operar a saída do estado de solid o em que os homens naturais se encontram inicialmente. O equacionamento da paz e da seguran a para a vida satisfeita de cada homem imp e o cálculo que cria a unidade das vontades individuais, isto é, a forma geométrica do Estado soberano.
O nominalismo em Hobbes  [cached]
Bernardo Bianchi Barata Ribeiro
Revista Estudos Hum(e)anos , 2010,
Abstract: From an outlet of the main motivations of the emergence and development of the resolutive-compositional method that structures the Hobbesian thought, we conduct an analitical attempt to demonstrate the primacy of the “nominalist element” in the works of Hobbes. With this, we seek to show that the search for certainty of Hobbes is based on the radicalization of uncertainty, or rather the recollection of Reason to their proper objects. We properly treat the elective affinities or analogies – not membership – between Abelard and Ockham. We do a kind of opposition between the nominalism philosophy subjacent to the philosophy of language of Hobbes and to the nominalism of Abelard and Ockham. We also review some of the peculiarities of Hobbes’s thought that gained oriented the atribution of the title of ultranominalist by Leibniz. We seek to explore the centrality of the nominal element for the entire development of the Hobbesian philosophy. Nominalism appears, then, as a true Archimedean point of this accursed thought. It is a must, therefore, to investigate what sort of nominalism i present in Hobbes. This can only be done by the examination of the apparent contradictions between materialism and moral dogmatism on one hand, and nominalism on another. Fundamentally, Hobbes is analised under the sign of the will of realism.
A NOVA ORDEM MUNDIAL - TERRITóRIO, SOBERANIA E DEMOCRACIA  [cached]
José Willian Vesentini
Revista do Departamento de Geografia , 1994, DOI: 10.7154/rdg.v0i8.230
Abstract: A NOVA ORDEM MUNDIAL - TERRITóRIO, SOBERANIA E DEMOCRACIA
HOBBES’ POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY
MHAI NOVAC
Challenges of the Knowledge Society , 2013,
Abstract: This is basically an attempt at an original conceptual reconstruction of Hobbes’ philosophy as set in Lehiathan, namely one in the view of which Hobbes was neither an atheist nor an absolutist, as the standard interpretation holds, but rather what we could call an agnostical pragmatist (fact which, quite surprisingly, places Hobbes in the company of Burke). More to the point, my basic claim within this paper is that Hobbes was not such an ‘enemy of individual freedom’ as we traditionally hold him to be and that his thought was just as attached to the notion of individual freedom as the later contractualist views. The difference however, arises from the fact that Hobbes, unlike Locke, Rousseau or Kant, was what we could call a voluntaristic determinist and consequently viewed human freedom not so much as ‘unhindered action derived from reflective choice’, but rather as what we could call ‘reasonable fulfillment of the basic human inclinations’ (self-interest). As such, I will analyze the three main focal points of Hobbes’ thought, namely (i) human nature, (ii) the principle of association and (iii) the principle of authority. More specifically I will try to offer a perspective on the link between his voluntaristic determinism, his notion of legitimate absolute coercion (sovereignity) and his political theology (the view that any form of political authority rests on a religious legitimacy) in trying to demonstrate how all these were Hobbes’ specific way of seeking to find individual freedom a place under the sun.
Representa??o, soberania popular, e accountability
Arato, Andrew;
Lua Nova: Revista de Cultura e Política , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-64452002000100004
Abstract: five normative sets of claim complexes that have a chance of reducing the immense gap between represented and representative in modern democracy are examined. accountability, one of these sets, is best understood in relation to them.
Representa o, soberania popular, e accountability  [cached]
Arato Andrew
Lua Nova: Revista de Cultura e Política , 2002,
Abstract: S o examinados cinco conjuntos normativos de demandas que têm a chance de reduzir o imenso hiato entre os representados e os representantes nas democracias modernas. Como um desses conjuntos, a accountability é mais facilmente entendida em rela o aos outros.
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