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Interoperability and Standardization of Intercloud Cloud Computing  [PDF]
Jingxin K. Wang,Jianrui Ding,Tian Niu
Computer Science , 2012,
Abstract: Cloud computing is getting mature, and the interoperability and standardization of the clouds is still waiting to be solved. This paper discussed the interoperability among clouds about message transmission, data transmission and virtual machine transfer. Starting from IEEE Pioneering Cloud Computing Initiative, this paper discussed about standardization of the cloud computing, especially intercloud cloud computing. This paper also discussed the standardization from the market-oriented view.
E-government Frameworks Survey
A.M. Riad,Hazem M. El-Bakry,Gamal H. El-Adl
International Journal of Computer Science Issues , 2011,
Abstract: This article presents survey of different e-government frameworks. After the new technologies that have been happened in the last decade therefore all countries move towards updating and developing their government into electronic government (e-government). E-Government has become a global phenomenon. There have been some great innovations in e-government over the last decade. Some governments compete for leadership in offering online services. In this paper more than evaluation criteria that determine the overall development of its e-government plan. The importance of citizen/end user satisfaction of the e-government e-services is a new parameter that affects e-government objectives. It is expected that the performance of e-government framework is more effective if and only if takes into its consideration.
Towards eGovernment Interoperability: Lithuania Case
imantas Gatautis,Elena Vitkauskaite
IBIMA Business Review , 2009,
Abstract: The interoperability problems have been faced by many countries governmental institutions at international, national and local levels. eGovernment Interoperability Frameworks act as the mechanisms that prescribe the prerequisites for one-stop, web-enabled e-Government Services and support their deployment in the vast number of public administration information systems. The current paper analyzes eGovernment interoperability framework development preconditions in Lithuania, good practice experience in developing eGovernment interoperability frameworks at EU level (European Interoperability Framework) and national levels – UK, Germany and Greece. Comparing these frameworks by different criteria the key principles of Lithuanian eGovernment interoperability framework are indentified. The project for Lithuania eGovernment Interoperability framework development is supported by Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Lithuania and Lithuania State Science and Studies Foundation.
Legal interoperability: making Open Government Data compatible with businesses and communities Interoperabilità giuridica: rendere i dati (pubblici) aperti compatibili con imprese e comunità online  [cached]
Federico Morando
JLIS.it , 2013, DOI: 10.4403/jlis.it-5461
Abstract: "Legal interoperability" could be defined as the possibility of legally mixing data coming from different sources (including governmental data, data generated by online communities and data held by private parties). Legal interoperability is similar to technical interoperability, since it is a prerequisite for mixing data and create new knowledge or services. But it also has its own peculiarities, for instance because it could be achieved simply choosing the appropriate licensing scheme, but also because self-help mechanisms which could - at a certain price - guarantee technical interoperability to third parties cannot (lawfully) solve legal interoperability issues. In the mid/long run, legal interoperability could be achieved thorough the evolution of legal frameworks in order to harmonize the landscape of Government Data. In the short term, the shortcomings generated by diversified legal frameworks may be alleviated through the careful choice of copyright licenses. The presentation will focus on the latter aspects, discussing existing public licenses (such as the Creative Commons and Open Data Commons ones), representing a de facto standard in this domain, and the main open data licenses developed by European governments (e.g. the Open Government Licenses in the UK, the French License Ouverte or the Italian Open Data License). "Legal interoperability" could be defined as the possibility of legally mixing data coming from different sources (including governmental data, data generated by online communities and data held by private parties). Legal interoperability is similar to technical interoperability, since it is a prerequisite for mixing data and create new knowledge or services. But it also has its own peculiarities, for instance because it could be achieved simply choosing the appropriate licensing scheme, but also because self-help mechanisms which could - at a certain price - guarantee technical interoperability to third parties cannot (lawfully) solve legal interoperability issues. In the mid/long run, legal interoperability could be achieved thorough the evolution of legal frameworks in order to harmonize the landscape of Government Data. In the short term, the shortcomings generated by diversified legal frameworks may be alleviated through the careful choice of copyright licenses. The presentation will focus on the latter aspects, discussing existing public licenses (such as the Creative Commons and Open Data Commons ones), representing a de facto standard in this domain, and the main open data licenses developed by European governments (e.g.
The Information Systems Interoperability Maturity Model (ISIMM): Towards Standardizing Technical Interoperability and Assessment within Government
STEFANUS Van Staden,JAMESON Mbale
International Journal of Information Engineering and Electronic Business , 2012,
Abstract: To establish and implement a workable e-Government, all possible and relevant stakeholders’ systems need to be inter-connected in such away that the hardware, software and data are interoperable. Thus, interoperability is the key to information exchange and sharing among the heterogeneous systems. In view of this, the paper introduces the Information Systems Interoperability Maturity Model (ISIMM) that defines the levels and degree of interoperability sophistication that an organisation’s Information Systems will progress through. ISIMM focuses more on detailed technical aspects of interoperability that allows data to be exchanged and shared within an information system environment. In this way, it provides the practical means of assessing technical interoperability between information system pairs, groups or clusters and it facilitates a model to measure the maturity and compliancy levels of interoperability information systems.
PROPOSED CONCETUAL DEVELOPMENT LEVELS FOR IDEAL INTEROPERABILITY AND SECURITY IN MODERN DIGITAL GOVERNMENT
Md.Headayetullah,G.K. Pradhan
International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology , 2010,
Abstract: This paper appraises the status of the advanced art in the section of attractive digital government interoperability and security by means of widespread models. Interoperability proposes to the exercise of Information and Communication Technologies to smooth the progress of the harmonization of work and information flow. Interoperability articulates to a property of special systems and organizations permitting them to work jointly. Faultless interoperability presents to the employ of computer-based tools to calm information swapped and the use of this historic information shared between diverse and merely dispersed organizations in a collaborative competitive economic networked environment. Information sharing and integration are being observed as the most increasingly accepted methodologies by governments around the world, for working out problems in a broad range of programs and policy areas. Issues of universal concern such as disease detection and control, terrorism, immigration and border control, prohibited drug trafficking, and more demand information sharing,harmonization and collaboration amid government agencies within a country and athwart national borders. The present information exchanges are, yet, often ineffective and seamless. Advanced interoperability amid public organizations and private organizations is of vital implication to craft digital government latest defender. The paper mainly depicts: (1) literature review of interoperability, information sharing protocol and security, (2)proposed conceptual development levels for ideal interoperability and security in modern digital government, and (3) discussions and conclusions about the status of security and development level for interoperability in digital government. The obtainable model might be useful by public organizations to ascertain novel development and future road for enhanced interoperability. In an innovative digital government, security, effective information sharing protocol and ideal interoperability are unhurried the imperative issues for achieving a sophisticated phase of modern digital government.
A development process for interoperability and security frameworks for the health information technology  [PDF]
Bourquard K,Coat A
Pratiques et Organisation des Soins , 2009,
Abstract: SummaryAim: With the development of eHealth, electronic exchanges will increase in the future. Because of the various actors and activities that the HIT has to support, a process of building interoperability and security frameworks is defined. These frameworks must be validated by actors (healthcare providers, vendors, and administration authorities), scalable (to take into account the actual information system environment) and have to converge in the future.Methods: This initiative consists on two parts : the first part is based on an organizational process. The main goal is to obtain consensus between actors and the second part consists on setting criteria for analyzing references already existing such as regulations and norms and to obtain rules which are the basis of theinteroperability and security frameworks.Results: A thesaurus, a classification and a glossary in Security field have been built to ensure alignment of references. Risk assessments were applied to some application fields such as tele radiology, Health information exchanges platform and billing exchanges. A panel of rules was selected from laws, norms and bestpractices in security.Conclusion: This approach shows that this method is practical and reproducible. It enables the reduction of the workload necessary for the analysis of the references and gives a knowledge database validated by experts and available for all actors. The benefit for thecommunity is to reach a consensus more easily by increasing the transparency and the objectivity. This work will be followed by a research on the automaton of the reference analysis.Prat Organ Soins 2009;40(4):283-296
The DBCLS BioHackathon: standardization and interoperability for bioinformatics web services and workflows.
Toshiaki Katayama, Kazuharu Arakawa, Mitsuteru Nakao, Keiichiro Ono, Kiyoko F Aoki-Kinoshita, Yasunori Yamamoto, Atsuko Yamaguchi, Shuichi Kawashima, Hong-Woo Chun, Jan Aerts, Bruno Aranda, Lord Barboza, Raoul JP Bonnal, Richard Bruskiewich, Jan C Bryne, José M Fernández, Akira Funahashi, Paul MK Gordon, Naohisa Goto, Andreas Groscurth, Alex Gutteridge, Richard Holland, Yoshinobu Kano, Edward A Kawas, Arnaud Kerhornou, Eri Kibukawa, Akira R Kinjo, Michael Kuhn, Hilmar Lapp, Heikki Lehvaslaiho
Journal of Biomedical Semantics , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/2041-1480-1-8
Abstract: Web services are software systems designed to be manipulated remotely over a network, often through web-based application programming interfaces (APIs). Through web services, users can take advantage of the latest maintained data and computational resources of remote service providers via a thin client. Web services are increasingly being adopted in the field of bioinformatics as an effective means for data and software access, especially in light of the rapid accumulation of large amounts of information for the life sciences [1]. Most of the major bioinformatics centers, including the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) in the US [2], the European Bioinformatics Institute (EBI) in the UK [3], and the DNA Data Bank of Japan (DDBJ) [4]/Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) [5]/Protein Data Bank Japan (PDBj) [6] in Japan, provide web service interfaces to their databases and computational resources. Since the web service model is based on open standards, these services are designed and expected to be interoperable [7]. However, many of the services currently available use their own data type definitions and naming conventions, resulting in a lack of interoperability that makes it harder for end users and developers to utilize these services for the creation of biological analysis workflows [8]. Moreover, these services are often not easily usable from programs written in specific computer languages, despite the language-independent specification of web services themselves. Some of the main reasons for that are the use of functionality not supported in a particular web service software implementation, and the lack of compliance with the SOAP/WSDL specification in a programming language's web service libraries.To overcome this situation and to assure interoperability between web services for biology, standardization of exchangeable data types and adoption of compatible interfaces to each service are essential. As a pilot study, the BioMoby proj
Electronic repository and standardization of processes and electronic documents in transport
Tomasz D?BICKI
Transport Problems : an International Scientific Journal , 2007,
Abstract: The article refers to the idea of the use of electronic repository to store standardised scheme of processes between a Logistics Service Provider and its business partners. Application of repository for automatic or semi-automatic configuration of interoperability in electronic data interchange between information systems of differentcompanies based on transport (road, rail, sea and combined) related processes. Standardisation includes processes, scheme of cooperation and related to them, electronic messages.
E-Government Interoperability Framework based on a Real Time Architecture  [PDF]
Aris Puji Widodo,Jazi Eko Istiyanto,Retantyo Wardoyo,Purwo Santoso
International Journal of Computer Science Issues , 2013,
Abstract: One of E-Government (E-Gov) implementations is to produce a form of relationship namely Government to Government (G2G). The main factor of G2G concerning interoperability between central and local governments is the heterogeneity in developing E-Gov applications. The interoperability that has occurred are done by creating a brand new architecture that has a function to allow existing E-Gov applications to be able to communicate with each other. E-Govs in Indonesia are developed separately by the respective governments, i.e. central (national) and local (province, district/city). Therefore, interoperability and data integration have such a restriction. This paper focused on creating an Enterprise Architecture Framework (EAF) for interoperability and data integration on E-Gov applications in Indonesia. This EAF combines the approach of Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) and Event Driven Architecture (EDA). The purpose of this combination is to produce EAF that is real-time, the relationship between the one-to-many services, and the message transmission models that are asynchronous. The services provided and the events that are used to trigger are defined by using Web Service Definition Language (WSDL), while the orchestration mechanism that occurs between services is defined by using the Business Process Execution Language (BPEL). BPEL is conducted by the Government Service Bus (GSB). To evaluate this EAF, the model of services which has been defined using a variety of data is measured based on execusion time.
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