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The role of Nobility in America  [PDF]
Marian Count Voss de Cousances
Journal of Alternative Perspectives in the Social Sciences , 2008,
Abstract: In order for Scholars to better assess the Nobility’s greatrole in in today’s America we will have to briefly mention theNobility of Colonial America. The Spanish Crown hasbestowed Titles on and confirmed Arms for its subjects forwhat is America, from the middle of the 16th Century untilthe beginning of the 19th Century or about 1819, it did sodirectly from the Crown in Spain or through Viceroys andGovernors of the Colonies.
Russian nobility problems in XVIII century  [PDF]
Ekaterina А. Babkina,Anvar M. Mamadaliev
European Researcher , 2011,
Abstract: The article concerns some problems of nobility in Russian Empire of XVIII century.
Female Clergy as Agents of Religious Change?  [PDF]
Kati Niemel?
Religions , 2011, DOI: 10.3390/rel2030358
Abstract: This article focuses on female clergy as potential agents of change in the Church. I argue that the adoption of female clergy is one of the main factors that cause the Church to change its practices, policies and theological orientation. The first female ministers were ordained in the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland in 1988. This is fairly late compared to other Nordic countries. However, the number of female ministers and female students has been growing fast and nowadays about 70 percent of theology students are female.The paper is based on quantitative surveys conducted among the members of the Clergy Union in 2002, 2006 and 2010 (N = about 1,000 each) and among the applicants for university studies in theology in 2010. The research shows that clergywomen are changing the Church in a clearly more liberal direction. They do it in various areas of church life: they change the perception of faith and dogma, the policies of the Church as well as daily practices in parishes. Clergymen are notably more traditional in their orientation, even young clergymen. Therefore it is especially the female clergy who serve as agents of religious change in the Church.
A Pilot Survey of Clergy Regarding Mental Health Care for Children  [PDF]
Leigh Blalock,Rachel E. Dew
Depression Research and Treatment , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/742410
Abstract: Collaborations between healthcare and faith-based organizations have emerged in the drive to improve access to care. Little research has examined clergy views on collaborations in the provision of mental healthcare, particularly to children. The current paper reports survey responses of 25 clergy from diverse religious traditions concerning mental health care in children. Subjects queried include clergy referral habits, specific knowledge of childhood conditions such as depression and anxiety, past experiences with behavioral health workers, and resources available through their home institutions. Overall, surveyed clergy support collaborations to improve childhood mental health. However, they vary considerably in their confidence with recognizing mental illness in children and perceive significant barriers to collaborating with mental health providers. 1. Introduction As US healthcare costs continue to climb, large segments of the American population remain underserved. This is especially felt in the arena of behavioral health. In the struggle to improve access to care there has been a movement to form collaborations with faith-based organizations [1, 2]. However, much of this work has focused on medical illness, to the exclusion of behavioral health issues [3–6]. Mental health care, especially that for children, continues to be understaffed and patients underserved [7]. Collaborations between psychiatry and faith-based organizations pose unique problems [8]. The psychiatric establishment and religious organizations have historically viewed one another with suspicion and at times direct hostility [9, 10]. Religious organizations and clergy may be at odds with the medical establishment as to causes and proper treatment of such illnesses as depression and anxiety [11]. In some religious groups these maladies may be seen as stemming from a spiritual source rather than brain pathology [12]. Some research has emerged attempting to characterize the current relationship of psychiatry to the religious community. What little research is available on this topic largely relates to questions of adult mental health [11, 13, 14]. An analysis of the National Comorbidity Survey, a study of mental health in a large nationally-representative US sample, found that one-quarter of all respondents seeking mental health care sought this care from a clergy member [14]. The majority of those contacting clergy for mental health care in the last year saw no other providers. Nearly one-fourth of those contacting clergy for help met criteria for serious mental illness. Another
Job Satisfaction As A Function Of Demographic Variables: An Examination Of The Relationship Among Clergy
F D Fugar
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana) , 2007,
Abstract: The purpose of this descriptive-correlational study is to determine the relationship between demographic characteristics of clergy and their overall level of job satisfaction. The demographic factors investigated are gender, age, education, length of service, salary and district size. A slightly modified version of the Brayfield-Rothe's (1951) Job Satisfaction Index and Demographic Data Sheet were sent to 117 full time clergy of the Global Evangelical Church (Ghana). Based on 96 usable responses, it was found that with the exception of education which did not correlate with job satisfaction, the selected demographic factors had small positive or negative correlation with job satisfaction but in all cases, the relationship was not statistically significant. The significance of the relationships was determined by setting them against a critical alpha (significance) level p<.05. Journal of Science & Technology (Ghana) Vol. 27 (3) 2007: pp. 184-195
Corner view on the crown domain  [PDF]
Bernhard Kroetz
Mathematics , 2007,
Abstract: In this paper I raise a question on the structure of the boundary of the crown domain.
Frederick Herzberg\'s motivation-hygiene theory revisited: The concept and its applicability to clergy (A study of fulltime stipendiary clergy of the global evangelical church, Ghana
FDK Fugar
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana) , 2007,
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the applicability of Herzberg's (1959) motivation-hygiene theory to clergy using fulltime stipendiary clergy in parish ministry of the Global Evangelical Church, Ghana as case study. The study involved the determination of the overall job satisfaction of clergy and the investigation of the relationship between clergy's overall satisfaction and Herzberg, Mausner, and Snyderman's (1959) job satisfier and dissatisfier factors. The specific job satisfier factors investigated were: achievement, recognition, work- itself, responsibility, and advancement. The job dissatisfier factors investigated were: company policy and administration, supervision, salary, interpersonal relations, and working conditions. Brayfield-Roche's (1951) “Job Satisfaction Index” was adapted to assess the overall job satisfaction of clergy while a modified version of Wood's (1973) “Faculty Job Satisfaction/Dissatisfaction Scale” was used to measure the satisfaction of clergy relative to Herzberg's satisfier and dissatisfier factors. There were 117 pastors in fulltime parish ministry at the time of the survey. A total of 104 (89%) responses were returned, out of which 96 (82%) were usable. Correlation coefficients were calculated to describe the relationship between clergy's overall job satisfaction and the job satisfier and job dissatisfier factors. The significance of the correlation coefficients were investigated by setting them against a critical alpha (significance) p=.05. Analyses of the data revealed that all the job satisfier and dissatisfier factors except “salary” were related to varying degrees to overall job satisfaction, thus implying that the basic assumptions of Herzberg, Mausner, and Snyderman's motivational theory may not be applicable to clergy. It was also found that the “Work-itself” was the most motivating factor for clergy. Journal of Science and Technology(Ghana) Vol. 27 (1) 2007: pp. 119-130
“Give us this day our daily bread” – Clergy’s lived religion in Pretoria central areas
M Rabe, C Lombaard
Acta Theologica , 2011,
Abstract: The aim of this article is to reflect on how clergy, working in Pretoria central areas, live out (the external dimension) and experience (the internal dimension) their faith in their everyday life. Thirteen clergy were briefly interviewed on an individual basis and then asked to keep a diary for two months. Four of the interviewed clergy completed the diary project. Based on the interviews and the diaries, the main themes that could be identified in relation to faith in their everyday lives, are responding to the challenges associated with urban ministry, including poverty and trauma, and dealing with the sometimes overwhelming experience of stress that the demands of this ministry can create. Distancing from the different aspects of their tasks, attending to personal needs, and focusing on individual experiences of faith are the main identified strategies the participants employ in dealing with the daily pressures they are exposed to.
Analysis on the crown domain  [PDF]
Bernhard Kroetz,Eric M. Opdam
Mathematics , 2006,
Abstract: In this paper one finds:1) A simple combinatorical description of the distinguished boundary of the crown domain in terms of the affine Weyl group; 2) Optimal upper and lower bounds for holomorphically extended spherical functions; 3) First progress on how to attach complex invariants to irreducible representations; 4) A new unipotent model for the crown domain; 5) Optimal bounds for the exponential decay of cuspidal automorphic forms.
Perspectives on Efforts to Address HIV/AIDS of Religious Clergy Serving African American and Hispanic Communities in Utah
Stephen C. Alder, Sara Ellis Simonsen, Megan Duncan, John Shaver, Jan DeWittBenjamin CrookstonIntroduction:Methods:Results:Conclusion:
The Open AIDS Journal , 2007, DOI: 10.2174/1874613600701010001]
Abstract: Stephen C. Alder, Sara Ellis Simonsen, Megan Duncan, John Shaver, Jan DeWitt and Benjamin Crookston Published Date: (27 September, 2007) Introduction: The HIV/AIDS epidemic in America is rapidly progressing in certain subpopulations, including African-American and Hispanic communities. Churches may provide a means for reaching high-risk minority populations with effective HIV/AIDS prevention. We report on a series of focus group interviews conducted with Utah clergy who primarily serve African American and Hispanic congregations. Methods: A total of three focus groups (two with Catholic clergy serving Hispanic congregations and one with protestant clergy serving African American congregations) were conducted with eleven participants, lasting approximately two hours each. Each focus group was audio-recorded and transcribed for analysis. Analysis of the data was conducted using a modified grounded theory approach. Results: There were remarkable similarities in the attitudes and beliefs among all clergy participating in this study regarding HIV/AIDS and church-based prevention programs. All groups expressed concern about the diseases as a global epidemic and reported that the disease is highly preventable. Also, participants indicated a sense of responsibility to address the issues surrounding HIV/AIDS-related prevention, testing and care within their theological framework. Conclusion: HIV/AIDS prevention and care for the infected are seen as falling within the scope of religious organizations. Openness to expanding efforts in this regard was shared by clergy participating in this study. Approaching religious leaders with tailored approaches that respect the values and practices of their particular religions will be more effective than attempting to impose approaches that do not achieve this standard.
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