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El 'voseo mixto verbal' de hablantes chilenos en Montreal: Estudio de caso en un contexto de contacto dialectal VERBAL VOSEO AMONG CHILEAN SPEAKERS IN MONTREAL: A CASE STUDY IN A DIALECT CONTACT SITUATION  [cached]
Víctor Fernández Mallat
Boletín de Filología , 2011,
Abstract: La presencia de numerosos hispanohablantes, de diversos orígenes, en la ciudad canadiense de Montreal suscita una situación de contacto lingüístico entre distintas variedades del espa ol. A pesar del interés que esta situación ofrece para la lingüística hispanoamericana, hasta donde tenemos constancia, no ha habido estudios sobre los posibles efectos del contacto dialectal sobre el espa ol de migrantes de primera y segunda generación en Montreal. Precisamente en esta línea de trabajo, el presente artículo pretende ser una primera contribución a este campo de estudio, en concreto sobre el espa ol de migrantes chilenos. De este modo, y gracias a un corpus oral de conversaciones libres, se propone analizar qué ocurre con el fenómeno del voseo mixto verbal en el habla de un grupo de informantes de ese origen. Due to the presence of several groups of Spanish speakers of various backgrounds, a language contact environment exists among different varieties of Spanish in the Canadian city of Montreal. Despite the possibilities that this situation offers to the field of American Spanish Linguistics, no study, as far as we know, has been undertaken to determine the effects of dialect contact on first- and second-generation migrants' Spanish. With this article, we aim to make the first contribution to this area of study; in particular, we focus on the Spanish of Chilean migrants. Using a corpus of naturally-occurring conversations, we analyze the verbal voseo feature in the speech of these migrants.
A Dialectal Chinese Speech Recognition Framework
Jing Li,Thomas Fang Zheng,William Byrne,Dan Jurafsky,
Jing Li
,Thomas Fang Zheng,William Byrne,and Dan Jurafsky

计算机科学技术学报 , 2006,
Abstract: A framework for dialectal Chinese speech recognition is proposed and studied, in which a relatively small dialectal Chinese (or in other words Chinese influenced by the native dialect) speech corpus and dialect-related knowledge are adopted to transform a standard Chinese (or Putonghua, abbreviated as PTH) speech recognizer into a dialectal Chinese speech recognizer. Two kinds of knowledge sources are explored: one is expert knowledge and the other is a small dialectal Chinese corpus. These knowledge sources provide information at four levels: phonetic level, lexicon level, language level, and acoustic decoder level. This paper takes Wu dialectal Chinese (WDC) as an example target language. The goal is to establish a WDC speech recognizer from an existing PTH speech recognizer based on the Initial-Final structure of the Chinese language and a study of how dialectal Chinese speakers speak Putonghua. The authors propose to use context-independent PTH-IF mappings (where IF means either a Chinese Initial or a Chinese Final), context-independent WDC-IF mappings, and syllable-dependent WDC-IF mappings (obtained from either experts or data), and combine them with the supervised maximum likelihood linear regression (MLLR) acoustic model adaptation method. To reduce the size of the multi-pronunciation lexicon introduced by the IF mappings, which might also enlarge the lexicon confusion and hence lead to the performance degradation, a Multi-Pronunciation Expansion (MPE) method based on the accumulated uni-gram probability (AUP) is proposed. In addition, some commonly used WDC words are selected and added to the lexicon. Compared with the original PTH speech recognizer, the resulting WDC speech recognizer achieves 10-18% absolute Character Error Rate (CER) reduction when recognizing WDC, with only a 0.62% CER increase when recognizing PTH. The proposed framework and methods are expected to work not only for Wu dialectal Chinese but also for other dialectal Chinese languages and even other languages.
Reorientación de la división dialectal hispánica: Datos de variedades venezolanas e ibéricas
Chela-Flores,Godsuno; D?Aquino,Giovanna;
Opción , 2003,
Abstract: the traditional dichotomic approach to spanish dialectology is questioned: the dialectal division of american spanish -"conservative" vs. "radical" dialects- has been based on the divergence between orthography and pronunciation of postnuclear consonants; this classification is linked to the geography of the subcontinent. the inadequacy of such a division is demonstrated with data of prenuclear and postnuclear processes in venezuelan spanish varieties. the viability of extending this dialectal division to morphology and syntax is explored. it is concluded that it is necessary to increase the number of dialectal types and to take universal tendencies in natural lenguages into account to attain a satisfactory understanding of dialectal diversity.
GEOGRAPHICAL AND DIALECTAL DISTRIBUTION OF PLATEARIUS' LIBER DE SIMPLICI MEDICINA IN ENGLAND  [cached]
Edurne Garrido Anes
International Journal of English Studies (IJES) , 2005, DOI: 10.6018/ijes.5.2.47811
Abstract: This article aims to give an account of the sources from which we can draw some information concerning the geographical and dialectal distribution of Platearius' Liber de simplici medicina in England. The Latin copies and the Middle English renderings preserved as British holdings reveal dynamic and widespread dissemination of this treatise. Linguistic and extra-linguistic factors will help us find out the origin or dwelling place of some of the people who copied, read or owned an exemplar of the work. Dialectal features and toponymical references found in the exemplars will be taken into account alongside some legal and library records.
Geografía, lingüística y geolingüística. Una propuesta para comprender el contacto dialectal  [cached]
Córdoba Henao Gloria Andrea
Forma y Función , 2011,
Abstract: Este artículo presenta un recorrido general por los planteamientos teóricos y metodológicos que articulan los estudios del lenguaje y la geografía, con el propósito de hacer una propuesta que vincule el concepto de territorio desde la geografía humana y los estudios del lenguaje desde una perspectiva sociolingüística.
Una solución al problema del configurador basado en la matriz de admitancia  [cached]
Parra L. Estella E.,Florez C. Lucio
Ingeniería e Investigación , 1983,
Abstract: EI problema de la determinación de la topología de la red es aparentemente simple, pero debido a la operación normal del sistema la configuración de la red varía constantemente. Los cambios en el estado de los interruptores de potencia pueden producir varios efectos como, por ejemplo: - Conexión (o desconexión) de líneas, transformadores y generadores. - Aumento (o disminución) del número de nodos del sistema debido a la separación de barrajes en subestaciones. - Formación de subsistemas aislados debido a la apertura de líneas de interconexión. Estos cambios implican que cleros elementos de la red pueden quedar inhabilitados en análisis de flujo de carga o estimación de estado. Sus efectos se reflejan en la alteración del ordenamiento de los nodos que se efectúa para optimizar los requerimientos de memoria necesarios en muchas aplicaciones de sistemas de potencia. Para tener en cuenta esos cambios en la topología se debe contar con un algoritmo que permanentemente reciba la información de la posición de los interruptores y el estado de las medidas para tener en cada instante la configuración real de la red. Quizás el sistema de determinación de la topología de la red más popular es el conocido como configurador AEP, pero en este artículo no se describe en detalle. únicamente trata un algoritmo implementado en el Departamento de Ingeniería eléctrica de la Universidad Nacional que usa las características de la matriz de admitancia del sistema.
Nivelación dialectal, electrotextos y su incidencia en la interpretación fonetológica de algunos aspectos del espa?ol
Chela-Flores,Godsuno;
Letras , 2006,
Abstract: in this paper the taxonomy of dialectal levelings is analyzed and the possibility of a third type brought about by electrotexts, particularly, those coming from chatting on the internet and mobile phone text messages. the proposal that these texts represent a third medium of language in contrast with the oral and written ones is rejected. dialectal classification is modified by the inclusion of dialectal species. with spanish and english data, the abbreviation processes of electrotexts are explained, on the basis of the disparity between obstruents and sonorants in the phonemic inventories of natural languages.
Sincronía y diacronía en el habla dialectal chilena Synchrony and diachrony Chilean dialectal spanish  [cached]
Claudio Wagner
Estudios filológicos , 2006,
Abstract: Con material procedente del Atlas Lingüístico y Etnográfico de Chile _en desarrollo_, se pretende demostrar que la distribución geográfica de determinadas palabras da cuenta, en el presente, de la existencia de diversos estratos lingüísticos de diversa extensión areal, que revelan procesos anteriores de sustitución, difusión o pérdida de palabras, cuya explicación hay que buscarla en hechos de carácter extralingüístico, como dominio geográfico de pueblos originarios, efectos de la colonización territorial, contacto de culturas, impacto de los medios de comunicación, especialmente de la televisión, y algunos otros Taking information from the Atlas Lingüístico y Etnográfico de Chile _a research project in progress- our interest is to demonstrate that at present the geographic distribution of certain words shows the existence of different linguistic strata of various lengths which reveal previous processes of substitution, loss of words whose explanation must be looked for in extra-linguistic facts, among others the geographic scopes of native towns, effects of territorial colonization, culture interaction, impact of mass media communication and some others
GEOGRAFíA, LINGüíSTICA Y GEOLINGüíSTICA. UNA PROPUESTA PARA COMPRENDER EL CONTACTO DIALECTAL: A PROPOSAL FOR THE UNDERSTANDING OF DIALECT CONTACT
Córdoba Henao,Gloria Andrea;
Forma y Función , 2011,
Abstract: the article carries out a general review of the theoretical and methodological proposals that link language studies and geography, in order to suggest a connection between the concept of territory, from the perspective of human geography, and language studies, from that of sociolinguistics.
El 'voseo mixto verbal' de hablantes chilenos en Montreal: Estudio de caso en un contexto de contacto dialectal
Fernández Mallat,Víctor;
Boletín de filología , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-93032011000200002
Abstract: due to the presence of several groups of spanish speakers of various backgrounds, a language contact environment exists among different varieties of spanish in the canadian city of montreal. despite the possibilities that this situation offers to the field of american spanish linguistics, no study, as far as we know, has been undertaken to determine the effects of dialect contact on first- and second-generation migrants' spanish. with this article, we aim to make the first contribution to this area of study; in particular, we focus on the spanish of chilean migrants. using a corpus of naturally-occurring conversations, we analyze the verbal voseo feature in the speech of these migrants.
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