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El aristotelismo de Alejandro de Afrodisia en la cultura del comentario
Botter,Barbara;
Estudios de Filosofía , 2009,
Abstract: el artículo intenta indagar la naturaleza y la peculiaridad de las obras de alejandro de afrodisia. botter argumenta que, como expresión de una cultura nueva, la cultura del "comentario", las obras de alejandro de afrodisia representan una forma de cultura original y diferente respecto de la idea tradicional del desarrollo de las doctrinas de los grandes maestros del pasado. la práctica de alejandro apunta a aclarar aristóteles a través de aristóteles, modelando, en la medida de lo posible, el comentario a los textos originales por medio de un fatigoso trabajo filológico de confrontación de cada frase singular con todo el resto del corpus de los tratados y con las principales interpretaciones de los predecesores. según botter, en el corpus de los comentarios alejandro trata de aclarar las posiciones de aristóteles con el objetivo de facilitar la comprensión del texto mismo. el comentario no consiste, por tanto, en una simple repetición, sino en una investigación incesante del significado originario del texto detrás de las interpretaciones históricas y de las intromisiones de otros intérpretes.
La escuela de Alejandro de Afrodisia? The school of Alexander?
R.W. Sharples
Diánoia , 2008,
Abstract: Si bien los trabajos de Alejandro de Afrodisia ejercieron una influencia considerable en la filosofía antigua posterior a él y han ocupado un lugar prominente en la historia de la escuela peripatética y del aristotelismo antiguo en general, se sabe poco sobre quiénes fueron sus maestros y alumnos y sobre cuál fue su interacción con filósofos contemporáneos de otras escuelas, tales como Galeno y los estoicos de esa época. En este trabajo, R.W. Sharples ofrece una reconstrucción de este contexto inmediato y, en especial, una discusión crítica del valor de las pruebas que nos permitirían concluir que ciertos rasgos de sus trabajos -tales como ciertas inconsistencias doctrinales- reflejan distintas posturas filosóficas en el interior de su propia escuela. Even though the works of Alexander of Aphrodisias exerted a considerable influence in later Ancient Philosophy and have occupied a prominent place in the history of the Peripatetic school and of ancient Aristotelianism in general, little is know about his teachers and pupils and about his interaction with contemporary philosophers. In this paper, R.W. Sharples offers a reconstruction of Alexander's immediate context and, especially, a critical discussion of how strong the evidence is for concluding that some features of his works -such as inner doctrinal discrepancies- reflect different philosophical positions within his own school.
Alejandro de Afrodisia intérprete del De anima de Aristóteles
Accattino,Paolo;
Estudios de Filosofía , 2009,
Abstract: abstract: this essay, divided into three parts, is devoted to alexander's psychological doctrines: the first part illustrates, through some examples treated by the de anima, the conception alexander had of his philosophical activity. given that aristotle has conveyed the most true doctrines, what it has to be done is simply to expose them again in the most clear and complete manner, making use of all that aristotle says with regard to the psychic functions, even in works different from the main treatise. the second part of the essay is focused on the opening section (1-26 bruns) of the alexandrian treatise, where it is mainly proved that the soul, as any other form, is only the conjunction of capacities of the body, whose form is the soul. moreover, accattino argues, such state of mind capacities cannot be expressed independentlyof the body, and less with the dissapearance of the body. therefore, as form of the body, the soul is completely mortal. the other celebrated thesis of alexander (the identification of the active intellect with the aristotelian god of metaphysics lambda) is dealt with in the third part of this essay. there the noethics of the de intellectu and the section devoted to the noethics in the de anima (80, 16-91, 6) are examined. in this section of his paper accatino clarifies first the terms used in the alexandrian noethics (intellect in potentiality or 'material' intellect, intellect understood as `habit', intellect 'coming from without', the 'agent' intellect); he afterwards illustrates the way in which alexander accounts for the intelective activity of human intellect, and he finally concentrates on the different role that he attributes to the agent intellect (or the intellect 'coming from without', identified by alexander with the divine intellect) in the de intellectu and in the section of the de anima respectively, in order to show that alexander's most mature stance is the one pointed out in the de anima.
Alejandro de Afrodisia como intérprete de la noética aristotélica
Boeri,Marcelo D;
Estudios de Filosofía , 2009,
Abstract: this essay intends to show that, despite the relevance of alexander's interpretation of aristotle's agent intellect (the intellect that alexander indentifies with god), such an interpretation cannot be right due to reasons of systematic order that go against some basic aristotelian premisses, both ontological in general and noetical and psychological in particular. in the development of his essay, boeri highlights some arguments and explanations provided by pseudo philoponus, who (rightly according to him) is concerned with encompassing the issue of the intellect on the psychological side, which presupposes that the intellect must have a bodily support. a consequence of this examination, boeri suggests (i) that not only alexander's interpretation of intellect does not constitute a correct exegesis of aristotle's de anima iii 5, but that (ii), when identifying the agent intellect with the intellect "coming from without", with god, and with the first cause, alexander introduces an important incoherence within his own psychological conception, which acknowledges aristotle's thesis that the psychological states "exist" through the body.
Las Quaestiones III 2 y 3 de Alejandro de Afrodisia y el problema de la alteración sensitiva
Zingano,Marco;
Estudios de Filosofía , 2009,
Abstract: as alexander examines aristotle's de anima ii 5, he is confronted with the problem of explaining what sort of alteration sensation is. his answer was very influential, especially after quaestio iii 3 had been translated into latin by gerard of cremona, based on an arabic version of it. in fact, it is still very influential, for it is generally considered by modern commentators of the de anima. but a close scrutiny of de anima ii 5 can raise doubts about some theories alexander ascribed to aristotle concerning the relationship between being affected or altered and sense-perception. in his paper zingano intends to show how alexander's reading of aristotle's de anima ii 5 contains a crucial element for the thesis according to which 'being affected' has little or no relevancy in the explanation of perception as a discriminating faculty.
La causa de la acción humana según Alejandro de Afrodisia, Mantissa 23 y De Fato 15
Natali,Carlo;
Estudios de Filosofía , 2009,
Abstract: carlo natali's essay is concerned with closely examining alexander's debate with the determinists as well as his reasons to show the crucial role of deliberation in the account of action. alexander's starting point is chapter 9 of de interpretatione, text that indicates that aristotle clearly envisaged the consequences, absurd in his view, of determinism. in his discussion, natali examines the influence of alexander's arguments on boetius' commentary on de interpretatione; an aspect particularly remarkable of natali's essay is that he shows that alexander -and previously aspasius-, even taking for granted the assumed crucial relevance of deliberation in the account of action, modifies in part the aristotelian theory of deliberation, since he attempts to adapt it to the new cultural situation and the new philosophical debate of his time. natali notes that alexander's apparent incorporation of stoic terminology and notions (such as that of assent) is part of a clever strategy to fight against the stoic determinists in their own ground: the crucial point is the deliberation as a central ingredient in the explanation of action, as well as the fact that one is able to choose a thing or something different from it (de fato 178, 22), if that appears preferable.
La recepción de la teoría aristotélica del azar en el De Fato de Alejandro de Afrodisia
Ross Hernández,Alberto;
Estudios de Filosofía , 2009,
Abstract: this paper deals with the reception and transformation of aristotle's theory of chance and causality in one of the fundamental works of ancient aristotelism: alexander of aphrodisias' de fato. ross suggests a continuity between aristotle and alexander in some of the most important tenets of alexander's proposal. ross points out some of the most significant differences between the two philosophers in the context of a more general discussion on the relation between the physical world and the metaphysical entities. according to ross, alexander introduced some notions into the aristotelian philosophy, such as "fate" and "providence", which are entirely alien to aristotle's original theses and diverge from the words of the master in more than one occasion, even though he attributes to him his own doctrine. finally, ross attempts to show that there is a tension between the traditional reading of metaphysics xii -inspired in alexander- and some theses of alexander's de fato. the view that the first mover presents itself as something desirable and understandable to the first heaven, which moves in a circle to imitate the actuality of that which is presented as desireable and whose only activity is thinking of itself, is inspired, according to ross, precisely alexander.
Platón y el silogismo Plato and the syllogism  [cached]
Manuel Correia Machuca
Veritas : Revista de Filosofía y Teología , 2010,
Abstract: La cuestión de si Platón pudo ser el autor de una primera noción de deducción silogística (un método que Aristóteles hizo conocido a través de una definición y un progreso teórico en los Analíticos Primeros) fue discutida en la antigüedad y, desde entonces, debatida por varios comentaristas. En este artículo, comento dos pasajes de la literatura post-aristotélica, uno atestiguado por Boecio (que se remonta a Alejandro de Afrodisia) y el otro presente en Juan Filópono, en su comentario a los Analíticos Primeros. El artículo intenta mostrar que estos pasajes contienen información suficiente para favorecer a Platón como conocedor de la técnica deductiva silogística, aunque no para conferirle el desarrollo de la metodología silogística. The question of whether Plato could be the author of a first concept of syllogistic deduction (a method that Aristotle made known by means of a definition and a theoretical improvement in his Prior Analytics) was known in the antiquity and from that time, the question has usually examined by several commentators. In this article, I comment on two passages of post-Aristotelian tradition; one is given by Boethius (which stems from Alexander of Aphrodisias) and the other was given by Johannes Philoponus in his commentary on Prior Analytics. The article intends to show that these passages contain information that is sufficient to come to an opinion favoring Plato, although it does not imply that they are sufficient to confer him the syllogistic method.
?La escuela de Alejandro de Afrodisia?
Sharples, R.W.;
Diánoia , 2008,
Abstract: even though the works of alexander of aphrodisias exerted a considerable influence in later ancient philosophy and have occupied a prominent place in the history of the peripatetic school and of ancient aristotelianism in general, little is know about his teachers and pupils and about his interaction with contemporary philosophers. in this paper, r.w. sharples offers a reconstruction of alexander's immediate context and, especially, a critical discussion of how strong the evidence is for concluding that some features of his works -such as inner doctrinal discrepancies- reflect different philosophical positions within his own school.
Guerreros y Campesinos: el despojo de la tierra en Colombia, de Alejandro Reyes.  [cached]
Varón Sánchez Maria Rubiela
Revista Colombiana de Sociología , 2010,
Abstract: Guerreros y Campesinos: el despojo de la tierra en Colombia, de Alejandro Reyes.
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