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Job Matching Efficiency in Skilled Regions: Evidence on the Microeconomic Foundations of Human Capital Externalities  [PDF]
Daniel F. Heuermann
European Journal of Spatial Development , 2012,
Abstract: Inspired by the literature on the role of local career networks for the quality of labour market matches we investigate whether human capital externalities arise from a higher job matching efficiency in skilled regions. Using two samples of workers in Germany we find that an increase in the regional share of highly qualified workers by one standard deviation is associated with between-job wage growth of about five per cent and with an increase in the annual probability of a job change of about sixty per cent. Wage gains are incurred only by workers changing jobs within industries. We find highly qualified workers in skilled regions to respond to these wage differentials by changing jobs more often within rather than between industries. Taken together, these findings suggest that human capital externalities partly arise because workers in skilled regions have better access to labour market information, which allows them to capitalize on their industry-specific knowledge when changing jobs.
The spatial effect of human capital and regional economic growth
人力资本空间效应与区域经济增长

GAO Yuan-dong,HUA Yong-jun,
高远东
,花拥军

地理研究 , 2012,
Abstract: The majority of literatures on the effect of human capital on regional economic growth neglect the spatial effect of human capital.Based on hypothesis of the physical capital externalities and the technological spatial interdependence between provinces,the paper introduces the spatial lagged term of variable into the model of Mankiw,Romer and Weil (1992)(MRW Model),develops a Spatial MRW Model,and conducts Fixed-effect Spatial Panel Estimation in the samples of the whole China,eastern China and western China,respectively.The empirical results approve the correctness of hypothesis and receive the following conclusion.The contribution of human capital and the spatial spillover effect of human capital on economic growth in China's eastern region is more than twice as that in China's western region,but they are statistically insignificant.
Measuring the Effects of Human Capital on Growth in the Case of Romania  [PDF]
Olimpia NEAGU
Annals of Dun?rea de Jos University. Fascicle I : Economics and Applied Informatics , 2012,
Abstract: It is obvious that human capital is critical for economic growth. The exploration of the impact of human capital on growth could bring valuable information for policy makers to substantiate their development strategies and to stimulate factors leading to economic growth. The paper aims to investigate the relationships between human capital and economic growth in the romanian economy by analyzing the correlations between statistical variables measuring human capital and economic growth. Using a regression model, it is analyzed the impact of the educational and health capital on the economic output. In the paper, a linear regression model of the relation of human capital to economic growth is subjet of an empirical analysis, firstly, taking into consideration only education as human capital and secondly, incorporating in the model the both components: health and education. A strong correlation between educational variables and GDP, for 1990-2010, was found. The quality of the educational capital has a determinant role in the economic growth, the highly educated people are influencing more the economic output than the secondary educated ones. GDP per capita is negatively correlated with the number of worked hours and positively influenced by the life expectancy. The most important contribution contained by this article refers to the incorporation of the two components of human capital in the same econometric model explaining the economic growth. The added value of paper consists in offering suggestions and orientation for national educational policies.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ECONOMIC GROWTH AND HUMAN CAPITAL
Nora MIHAIL,Mihaela Tania SANDU
Revista Roman? de Statistic? , 2010,
Abstract: Recognizing the importance of infl uence exerted by human capital oneconomic growth of a country, to base decisions regarding the need to invest in such type of capital there are conducted studies and used different models for analysis related to a series of macroeconomic and demographic indicators.We present the main indicators and dynamics of human capital, placedin the economic context of Romania, with reference, in bringing out statistics data, to an average period of time (between 1994-2008) characterized at macroeconomic level, both by recession and economic growth periods. There were also highlighted indicators and dynamics, both at national and individual level.
Imported Equipment, Human Capital and Economic Growth in Developing Countries  [cached]
Dulleck, Uwe and Foster, Neil
Economic Analysis and Policy , 2008,
Abstract: That both equipment investment and human capital affect growth in developing countries is a well established fact in the empirical growth literature. Few studies have asked to what extent human capital and equipment investment are complements, with human capital affecting the ability of developing economies to make use of investment in capital goods. We study the effect of equipment investment on the growth of developing countries and the interrelationship between such investment and human capital. We find a complex interrelationship between equipment investment and human capital. Generally, the relationship between equipment investment and growth is lowest, and often negative, for countries with low levels of human capital, highest for countries within an intermediate range and somewhat in between for countries with the highest level of human capital.
Human capital accumulation and economic growth  [cached]
María Jesús Freire-Serén
Investigaciones Económicas , 2001,
Abstract: Este trabajo estudia cómo el capital humano afecta al crecimiento económico teniendo en cuenta que la renta determina a su vez la acumulación de capital humano. Para analizar esta simultaneidad, estimamos el sistema de ecuaciones dinámicas que describen el comportamiento de la economía. Con ello se obtienen tanto los parámetros de la función de producción como aquellos que caracterizan la acumulación de capital humano. La estimación conjunta del sistema dinámico revela evidencia a favor de la existencia del llamado efecto nivel de la educación en el crecimiento económico. El resultado cambia cuando no se considera la estimación conjunta.
Research on the Contribution of Female Human Capital in Economic Growth in Guangdong Province  [PDF]
Langhua Guan
Modern Economy (ME) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/me.2019.104087
Abstract:

This paper uses the statistical data from 1997 to 2015 to calculate the female human capital stock in Guangdong Province, and empirically analyzes the contribution rate of female human capital to Guangdong’s output and its comparison with men. At the same time, it empirically analyzes the contribution of female human capital stocks at different levels to Guangdong’s economic growth, studies the correlation between women’s education levels and economic growth, and examines the differences in the impact of male and female human capital on economic growth. The research results show that female human capital is an important factor affecting Guangdong’s economic growth. Male human capital has a greater impact than female human capital. Female human capital at different educational levels has different effects on economic growth. In order to promote economic and social development, we should increase the awareness of gender equality and strengthen the attention and investment in women’s human capital.

La importancia de la educación en el desarrollo: la Teoría del Capital Humano y el Perfil Edad - Ingresos por Nivel Educativo en Viedma y Carmen de Patagones, Argentina
Herrera,Soledad;
Revista Pilquen , 2010,
Abstract: this article shows the importance of education and human resources investment, source of income generation, economic growth and development. for this purpose, studies the human capital theory and endogenous growth models, which consider the knowledge and human capital as determinants of economic growth in the long term and justify the state`s intervention due to the presence of externalities. the paper also discusses the theoretical and empirical relationship education - income by education levels and public and private sectors of the comarca viedma - carmen de patagones, based on data from the household survey provided by the indec.
Effects of FDI and Human Capital on Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa
Rasak Adetunji Adefabi
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/pjssci.2011.32.38
Abstract: This study examines the effect of FDI, human capital on economic growth in SSA. Using a panel of 24 countries in SSA, over the period 1970-2006, the study estimated a fixed effect model, on different levels of human capital that are capable of interacting with FDI to increase growth. The major finding of the study is that there exists weak effect of FDI and different measures of human capital on economic growth in SSA.
Human Capital and Economic Growth by Municipalities in Slovenia  [PDF]
Matjaz Novak,Stefan Bojnec
Managing Global Transitions , 2005,
Abstract: This article presents the analysis of the nature of economic growth of the Slovenian economy at the aggregate level and at the level of Slovenian municipalities for the period 1996–2002. The aggregate cross sectoral time series dataset and the regional cross-sectional time series dataset are used to econometrically test the significance of labour reallocation between sectors and municipalities on the nature of economic growth of the Slovenian economy. For this purpose we compare estimates of average and marginal stochastic frontier production functions. The estimated parameters of these two groups of production functions clearly indicate an inefficient use of human capital in the Slovenian economy during the analysed period. The uncompleted process of sectoral labour reallocation is found as the main factor that has a negative impact on the growth of total factor productivity in the Slovenian economy.
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