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Relaciones filogenéticas del género Anomala (Coleoptera: Melolonthidae: Rutelinae)
Ramírez-Ponce, Andrés;Morón, Miguel ángel;
Revista mexicana de biodiversidad , 2009,
Abstract: a phylogenetic analysis based on adult morphology that includes some genera included in the tribe anomalini is presented, to redefine the genus anomala samouelle, 1819, and evaluate its phylogenetic situation. the parsimony analysis, based on 46 species of 18 genera from several areas of the world, allowed us to test the monophyly of some genera and evaluate their taxonomic position, and to reveal that the generic limits are not clear. on the basis of the strict consensus cladogram there is reason to consider the american species heretofore included in anomala as members of a different genus, paranomala casey, 1915, stat. rev. some american species included in the genus callistethus blanchard, 1851 are transferred to paranomala, with exception of c. viduus (newman), a finding that supports the revalidation of the genus pachystethus blanchard, 1851, stat. rev. anomalacra casey, 1915 is synonymized with paranomala, and anomala carlsoni hardy is transferred to leptohoplia saylor, 1935. the descriptions and diagnoses of the genera anomala, paranomala, callistethus and pachystethus are updated and a generic key to the new world anomalini is provided with the new nomenclatural changes proposed.
Relaciones filogenéticas del género Anomala (Coleoptera: Melolonthidae: Rutelinae) Phylogenetic relationships of the genus Anomala (Coleoptera: Melolonthidae: Rutelinae)  [cached]
Andrés Ramírez-Ponce,Miguel ángel Morón
Revista mexicana de biodiversidad , 2009,
Abstract: Se presenta un análisis filogenético basado en caracteres morfológicos de adultos de varios géneros de la tribu Anomalini para redefinir al género Anomala Samouelle, 1819 y evaluar su situación filogenética. El análisis de parsimonia, que incluyó 46 especies de 18 géneros procedentes de varias partes del mundo, permitió poner a prueba la monofilia de algunos géneros y evaluar su posición taxonómica, además de revelar que los límites de algunos géneros no son claros. Con base en el cladograma de consenso estricto existen evidencias suficientes para considerar las especies americanas hasta ahora incluidas en Anomala como un género diferente, al que corresponde nombrar Paranomala Casey, 1915, stat. rev. También se comprobó que algunas especies americanas incluidas en el género Callistethus Blanchard, 1851 deben incorporarse al género Paranomala, con excepción de C. viduus (Newman), la cual fundamenta la revalidación del género Pachystethus Blanchard, 1851, stat. rev. También se sinonimiza el género Anomalacra Casey, 1915 con Paranomala, y se transfiere Anomala carlsoni Hardy, 1976 a Leptohoplia Saylor, 1935. Se actualizan las descripciones y diagnosis de los géneros Anomala, Paranomala, Callistethus y Pachystethus y se incluye una clave de los géneros americanos de Anomalini que incorpora las definiciones y cambios nomenclaturales propuestos. A phylogenetic analysis based on adult morphology that includes some genera included in the tribe Anomalini is presented, to redefine the genus Anomala Samouelle, 1819, and evaluate its phylogenetic situation. The parsimony analysis, based on 46 species of 18 genera from several areas of the world, allowed us to test the monophyly of some genera and evaluate their taxonomic position, and to reveal that the generic limits are not clear. On the basis of the strict consensus cladogram there is reason to consider the American species heretofore included in Anomala as members of a different genus, Paranomala Casey, 1915, stat. rev. Some American species included in the genus Callistethus Blanchard, 1851 are transferred to Paranomala, with exception of C. viduus (Newman), a finding that supports the revalidation of the genus Pachystethus Blanchard, 1851, stat. rev. Anomalacra Casey, 1915 is synonymized with Paranomala, and Anomala carlsoni Hardy is transferred to Leptohoplia Saylor, 1935. The descriptions and diagnoses of the genera Anomala, Paranomala, Callistethus and Pachystethus are updated and a generic key to the New World Anomalini is provided with the new nomenclatural changes proposed.
La fauna de Coleoptera Melolonthidae de la Reserva de la Biosfera El Triunfo , Chiapas, México
Alejandro Morón Ríos,Miguel Angel Morón
Acta zoológica mexicana , 2001,
Abstract: Se presenta un estudio faunístico de los Melolonthidae de la Reserva de la Biósfera El Triunfo, ubicada en la porción sureste de la Sierra Madre del Sur en el estado de Chiapas, México. Se efectuaron colectas con trampa de luz tipo pantalla, trampas con fruta fermentada y captura directa sobre plantas, durante 1997 y 1998, que aportaron 40 especies de 24 géneros de Melolonthinae, Rutelinae, Dynastinae, Cetoniinae y Trichiinae. El mayor número de especies se encuentra en los géneros Phyllophaga, Anomala y Cyclocephala. Se encontraron especies recientemente descritas de los géneros Yaaxkumukia, Anomala, Mesosternus, Parisoleoides, Chrysina, Plusiotis, Hologymnetis y Phyllophaga. Hoplia subcostata Bates y Plusiotis quiche Morón se registran por primera vez para México, y se confirma la presencia de Archedinusrelictus Morón y Krikken, especie relictual descrita de El Triunfo en 1990. La estimación de la riqueza de especies por esfuerzo de colecta indica que esta investigación aportaría el 70 % de las especies nocturnas de esta localidad. Con base en los ejemplares capturados, se presenta una clave preliminar para las especies de Melolonthidae de la reserva.
Aspectos biológicos de Leucothyreus dorsalis Blanchard (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Rutelinae)
Rodrigues, Sérgio Roberto;Puker, Anderson;Tiago, Elison Floriano;
Revista Brasileira de Entomologia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0085-56262010000300012
Abstract: in brazil there is a shortage of information on bioecology of most species of scarabaeidae. the aim of this work was to study the biological aspects of leucothyreus dorsalis blanchard, 1850 in laboratory and field. the population dynamics of adults was evaluated from january, 2006, to december, 2007, with the use of light traps. adults collected in the field were kept in plastic recipients containing soil and seedlings of brachiaria decumbens stapf, to obtain eggs and start the studies. all developmental stages were monitored and adults and immatures measured to get biometric data. 3,607 adults were collected and the population peaks occurred in november, 2006 and october, 2007, with averages of 145 e 241 individuals collected, respectively. the embryonic period took in the average 15.5 days, the 1st instar 32.4 days, the 2nd instar 38.9 days, the 3rd instar 52.7 days, the pre-pupa 130.7 days, the pupa 23.5 days and the longevity of adults 18 days. the biological cycle was completed in 273.5 days, characterizing the specie as univoltine. from the first to the third instar it was observed an increasing of 4.5 times in the extension and 3.5 times in the width of the larvae. there was an increase of 53.1 times in the larval weight from the first to the third instar. the female pupae were significantly larger and heavier than the male ones. the adult females are larger than the adult males, however, they have similar weight.
Descripción de los estados inmaduros de Rutela lineola (Linneo, 1767), (Coleoptera: Melolonthidae: Rutelinae)
CALISTO, Viviana;MORELLI, Enrique;
Acta zoológica mexicana , 2011,
Abstract: in the present work are described and illustrated the third-instar larva and pupa of rutela lineola linneo, 1767. this rutelinae is quite common in uruguay, their larvae are xylophagous finding them inside fallen trunks. an identification key of the third-instar larvae for the rutelinae species described in uruguay including r. formosa and r. dorcyi, is presented.
Pelidnota filippiniae Soula, 2009 (Coleoptera: Melolonthidae: Rutelinae): um novo desfolhador de acácia-australiana, Racosperma mangium (Willd.) Pedley (Fabaceae), na Amaz?nia Oriental, Brasil
Lunz, Alexandre Mehl;
Acta Amazonica , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0044-59672011000300017
Abstract: plantations of australian acacia, racosperma mangium (willd.) pedley (fabaceae), are option for commercial reforestations in the amazon. the work aims, for the first time, report and describe injuries caused by pelidnota filippiniae soula, 2009 (coleoptera: melolonthidae: rutelinae) in experimental plantation in dom eliseu county, pará state, brazil. monthly observations were made from 2006 to 2009. outbreaks occurred at the beginning of the rainy season, in october and november, in the early years of plantation when were observed different intensities of defoliation. although significant damages have not been recorded, p. filippiniae has the potential to cause damages to this crop. monthly monitorings and insect-picking are recommended during this period to avoid further damages.
Sexual dimorphism in antennal receptors of Phyllophaga ravida Blanchard (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea: Melolonthidae)
Romero-López, Angel;Morón, Miguel;Valdez, Jorge;
Neotropical Entomology , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-566X2010000600018
Abstract: the external morphology of sensilla on the antennae of males and females of phyllophaga ravida blanchard is described using scanning electron microscopy. sexual dimorphism in body and antennal dimensions and in antennal receptor types was found. the female's body is slightly larger than the male's, although male antennal lamellae are longer than in females. sixteen types of sensilla were identified on the proximal and distal surfaces of lamellae from both sexes, most of them in males: three types of placodea sensilla, four types of auricilica sensilla, five types of basiconica sensilla, and four types of coeloconica sensilla. also, two types of mechanoreceptor sensilla were present on the lamellae periphery. furthermore, males had larger placodea, auricilica and some types of basiconica sensilla.
Aspectos biológicos de Pelidnota fulva Blanchard, 1850 (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Rutelinae)
Rodrigues, Sérgio Roberto;Falco, Josani da Silva;
Biota Neotropica , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1676-06032011000100015
Abstract: some species of scarabaeidae present an important function in the decomposition and recycle of organic material and because there is little information on this group of insects, the objective of the present study was to evaluate the biological aspects of pelidnota fulva blanchard, 1850. determination of the period of occurrence was performed by capture of adults with a light trap and in laminated areas of the experimental farm belonging to the universidade estadual de mato grosso do sul, brazil, from january 2008 to december 2009. after mating and obtaining of the eggs biological studies were initiated, in which the insects were maintained in an acclimatized chamber at 26 + 1 oc with photophate for 12 hours. adult occurrence was short in the field, being captured in october and november of 2008 and september and october of 2009. eggs were obtained in the laboratory which possessed average dimensions of 2.5 × 1.9 mm, and after a few days the same dimensions averages 3.4 × 3.3 mm. the embryonic period lasted 15.1 days; the first, second and third instar larvae periods lasted 22.4, 36.9 and 209.7 days, respectively; and the pupa phase lasted 20.7 days. average duration of the egg to adult cycle was 309.3 days, characterizing the species as univoltine. adults possess longevity of 12.8 days. mating was observed in the laboratory which presented minimal and maximal durations of 8 minutes and 1 hour and 13 minutes.
BIOLOGíA DE Phyllophaga obsoleta BLANCHARD (COLEOPTERA: MELOLONTHIDAE): ESPECIE RIZóFAGA DEL COMPLEJO ?CHISA? DE COLOMBIA
Vallejo,Fernando; Morón,Miguel ángel; Orduz,Sergio;
Boletín Científico. Centro de Museos. Museo de Historia Natural , 2007,
Abstract: by means of life tables, the development stages that composed the life cycle of phyllophaga obsoleta blanchard were analyzed, which is part of the white grubs complex in colombia. consequently, its importance as an economic activity in colombia recognized. additionally, some aspects related to its phenology and distribution in the eastern part of the antioquia department (colombia) were analyzed, where it was found to be associated to agricultural and ornamental crops as well.
Aspectos Biológicos e Comportamentais de Liogenys suturalis Blanchard (Coleoptera: Melolonthidae) no Mato Grosso do Sul
Santos, Viviane;ávila, Crébio J;
Neotropical Entomology , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-566X2009000600005
Abstract: liogenys suturalis blanchard is one of the main soil pests associated to corn, wheat and oat crops in the southern mato grosso do sul state. this work aimed to investigate the bioecological and behavioral aspects of this pest. the study was carried out in several municipalities of mato grosso do sul state under field and laboratory conditions from august 2004 to december 2006. in the laboratory, we studied the incubation period and egg viability, the number of instars, and pupal and adult sex-related traits. the insect distribution was determined yearly, as well as the period of insect flying and some behavioral aspects during mating. egg viability averaged 81.7%, with an incubation period of 22.8 ± 4.32 days. liogenys suturalis took the whole year to complete its life cycle, developing through three different instars. the highest larval feeding activity and development occurred in february and june, and adult flight activities were between the second fortnight of september and december. sex dimorphism was observed in both pupae and adults. flights were concentrated from 7:00 to 8:00 pm. the average time for mating was 9.82 min. the observed adult sex ratio was 0.63.
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