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Efeito alelopático do fruto de Sapindus saponaria na germina??o e na morfologia de plantulas daninhas e de hortali?as
Grisi, P.U.;Gualtieri, S.C.J.;Ranal, M.A.;Santana, D.G.;
Planta Daninha , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-83582011000200009
Abstract: the aim of this study was to evaluate the allelopathic potential of the aqueous extract of sapindus saponaria (soapberry) fruit on seed germination and seedling morphology of lactuca sativa (lettuce), allium cepa (onion), echinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass), and ipomoea grandifolia (morningglory). the aqueous extract of the fruit was prepared using 100 g of fresh plant material dissolved in 1,000 ml of distilled water, resulting in 10% concentration. the dilutions were made with distilled water to 7.5, 5.0, and 2.5%. the sapindus saponaria fruit extract showed allelopathic potential on the vegetable and weed species. the inhibitory effect on the seed germination process and seedling morphology of lettuce, onion, barnyard grass, and morningglory was concentration dependent. the results showed the potential use of the sapindus saponaria fruit extract as herbicide in sustainable agricultural practices.
Effect of the aqueous extracts of the seeds of Talisia esculenta and Sapindus saponaria on fall armyworm
Santos, Wander Laizo dos;Freire, Maria das Gra?as M.;Bogorni, Paulo Cesar;Vendramim, José Djair;Macedo, Maria Lígia R.;
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-89132008000200018
Abstract: the effect of aqueous extracts of talisia esculenta (t.e.) and sapindus saponaria (s.s.), were evaluated on the development and mortality of 8-14th day-life spodoptera frugiperda, an important pest of maize. corn leaves were dipped in the aqueous extracts (1% w/v) and offered as food to the caterpillars. the treated corn leaves with the extracts caused larval mortality (26.71%/t.e.; 63.3%/s.s.) and also showed effect on the larval weight (237.50 mg/t.e.; 86.65 mg/s.s.) when compared with the control (11.3% and 293.45 mg), mortality and larval weight, respectively. the electrophoresis with gelatin (0.1%) showed two very clear white areas (trypsin activity) in the caterpillars midgut of all the treatments. only the caterpillar treated with s. saponaria presented significant differences, showing trypsin activity (10.59%). sapindus saponaria appeared better than talisia esculenta and showed good potential to be used as control agent for s. frugiperda.
Diversity of foliar endophytic fungi from the medicinal plant Sapindus saponaria L . and their localization by scanning electron microscopy  [cached]
Adriana García,Sandro A Rhoden,Celso J Rubin Filho,Celso V Nakamura
Biological Research , 2012,
Abstract: Endophytic fungi inhabit vegetable tissues or organs, without causing them any harm. Endophytes can co-evolve with plant hosts and possess species-specific interactions. They can protect the plant from insect attacks and diseases, and are also able to produce substances of biotechnological interest. In folk medicine, the bark, roots and fruits of Sapindus saponaria is used to produce substances with anxiolytic, astringent, diuretic and expectorant properties, as well as tonics, blood depuratives and cough medicine. This study evaluated the diversity of endophytic fungi present in the leaves of S. saponaria L. and observed the colonization of host plants by endophytes, using light and scanning electron microscopy. We verified that these fungi are found in intercellular and intracellular spaces. The genera of some isolates of S. saponaria were identified mainly by sequencing of ITS region of rDNA and, when possible, also by their microscopic features, as follows: Cochliobolus, Alternaria, Curvularia, Phomopsis, Diaporthe and Phoma. Phylogenetic analysis showed the existence of genetic variability of the genera Phomopsis and Diaporthe and interspecific variation among the Curvularia, Alternaria and Phoma, belonging to family Pleosporaceae.
Larvicidal potential of Sapindus saponaria to control the cattle tick Boophilus microplus
Fernandes, Fernando de Freitas;Freitas, Edméia de Paula e Souza;Costa, Anna Carolina da;Silva, Ionizete Garcia da;
Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-204X2005001200013
Abstract: the objective of this study was to evaluate the larvicidal potential of a crude ethanol extract (cee) of soapberry sapindus saponaria stem peel on the cattle tick boophilus microplus. tick larvae obtained by incubating engorged females, collected from naturally infested cattle, were placed in envelopes of filter paper impregnated with different concentrations of cee in the test group, and distilled water in the control group. four repetitions were made with each solution (n>120). mortality was observed after 48 hours. lethal concentration values of 1,258 ppm (lc50) and 6,360 ppm (lc99) were obtained.
Potencial medicinal del género Sapindus L. (Sapindaceae) y de la especie Sapindus saponaria L. Medicinal potential of the genus Sapindus L. (Sapindaceae) and of the Sapindus saponaria L. species
Orlando A Abreu Guirado
Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales , 2005,
Abstract: Se expone la información etnomédica y actividades biológicas comprobadas del género Sapindus (Sapindaceae) y de la especie que crece en Cuba, Sapindus saponaria L., publicada en la literatura disponible e incluida en las bases de datos: NAPRALERT, Native American Ethnobotany y Phytochemical & Ethnobotanical Database. Del género se han informado 55 usos tradicionales y 29 efectos biológicos diferentes, mientras que de S. saponaria, conocida comúnmente como “jaboncillo”, se encontraron 32 y 14, respectivamente. A esta especie es a la que se le reconoce un mayor número de aplicaciones tradicionales y al igual que S. trifoliatu, presenta el mayor número de ensayos biológicos realizados. Varios de los usos referidos en Cuba para las especies del género Sapindus coinciden con los de otras latitudes. Se destaca el empleo de diferentes partes de los árboles o arbustos de estas especies en otras culturas, fundamentalmente en problemas de salud que competen a la Ginecobstetricia, como son: su uso como abortivo, inductor del parto y en el tratamiento del dolor uterino; también se ha informado su utilidad como emético, en el tratamiento de la histeria, como antifebrífugo, piscida y molusquicida, entre otros. De una forma u otra, varios empleos tradicionales se han corroborado mediante ensayos de laboratorio; lo que demuestra la validez del conocimiento tradicional de los pueblos como criterio para el estudio de las plantas medicinales. The etnomedical information and the tested biological activities of the genus Sapindus (Sapindaceae) and of the species that grows in Cuba, S. saponaria L. , published in the available literature and included in the NAPRALERT, Native American Ethnobotany and Phytochemical & Ethnobotanical Database, are exposed. 55 traditional uses and 29 different biological effects of the genus have been reported, whereas of S. saponaria , commonly known as “jaboncillo”, 32 and 14 have been found, respectively. This species is acknowledged the greatest amount of traditional applications and as S. trifoliatu , it presents the higest number of biological tests. Several of the uses referred in Cuba for the species of the genus Sapindus coincide with those in other latitudes. It is stressed the use of different parts of the trees or bushes of these species in other cultures, mainly for health problems in the gynecoobstetric field, such as an abortive, delivery inducer and in the treatment of uterine pain. It is also used as an emetic, in the treatment of hysteria., antifebrile, piscicide and molluscacide , among others. In one way or another, various tr
Potencial medicinal del género Sapindus L. (Sapindaceae) y de la especie Sapindus saponaria L.
Abreu Guirado,Orlando A;
Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales , 2005,
Abstract: the etnomedical information and the tested biological activities of the genus sapindus (sapindaceae) and of the species that grows in cuba, s. saponaria l. , published in the available literature and included in the napralert, native american ethnobotany and phytochemical & ethnobotanical database, are exposed. 55 traditional uses and 29 different biological effects of the genus have been reported, whereas of s. saponaria , commonly known as “jaboncillo”, 32 and 14 have been found, respectively. this species is acknowledged the greatest amount of traditional applications and as s. trifoliatu , it presents the higest number of biological tests. several of the uses referred in cuba for the species of the genus sapindus coincide with those in other latitudes. it is stressed the use of different parts of the trees or bushes of these species in other cultures, mainly for health problems in the gynecoobstetric field, such as an abortive, delivery inducer and in the treatment of uterine pain. it is also used as an emetic, in the treatment of hysteria., antifebrile, piscicide and molluscacide , among others. in one way or another, various traditional uses have been confirmed by laboratory tests, which demonstrate the validity of the traditional knowledge of the peoples as a criterion for studying the medicinal plants.
Actividad espermicida y citotóxica del extracto de Sapindus saponaria L. (jaboncillo) Evaluation of the spermicidal and cytotoxic activity of extracts of Sapindus saponaria L. (jaboncillo)
Luisa Ospina Medina,ángela álvarez Gómez,Víctor Arango Valencia,ángela Cadavid Jaramillo
Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales , 2013,
Abstract: Introducción: los espermicidas están entre los métodos anticonceptivos que pueden inmovilizar o matar los espermatozoides. Objetivo: evaluar la actividad espermicida y citotóxica de los extractos de Sapindus saponaria L., conocida como jaboncillo, sobre espermatozoides humanos y la línea celular HeLa, respectivamente. Métodos: las muestras de semen donadas por individuos sanos se incubaron con los extractos de Sapindus saponaria L. y sus respectivas fracciones. La movilidad y la viabilidad espermática se evaluó antes y después de cada tratamiento. Adicionalmente, el efecto citotóxico del extracto se valoró sobre la línea celular HeLa mediante el ensayo 3-(4,5 dimetiltiazol-2-il)-5-(3-carboximetoxifenil)-2-(4-sulfofenil)-2H-tetrazolio (MTS). Resultados: el máximo efecto espermicida se observó cuando las muestras de semen se incubaron con la fracción polar del extracto de hojas de Sapindus saponaria L., luego de 5 min de tratamiento (p< 0,05). No se encontró efecto citotóxico en la línea celular HeLa luego de 6 y 12 h de tratamiento con la fracción polar del extracto de hojas. Conclusión: el extracto de Sapindus saponaria L. puede ser una nueva opción como espermicida con menos efectos adversos. Introduction: spermicides are contraceptive methods aimed at either immobilizing or killing spermatozoa. Objective: evaluate the spermicidal and cytotoxic activity of extracts of Sapindus saponaria L. (jaboncillo) on human spermatozoa and the HeLa cell line, respectively. Methods: semen samples from healthy individuals were incubated with extracts of Sapindus saponaria L. and their fractions. Sperm motility and viability were measured before and after each treatment. Additionally, the cytotoxic effect of the extract on the HeLa cell line was assessed by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxy methoxy phenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium MTS assay. Results: maximum spermicidal effect was observed when semen samples were incubated with the polar fraction of Sapindus saponaria L. leaf extract after 5 minutes of treatment (p< 0.05). No cytotoxic effect on the HeLa cell line was found after 6 and 12 hours of treatment with the polar fraction of the leaf extract. Conclusion: the extract of Sapindus saponaria L. may be a new spermicidal option with fewer adverse effects.
Antifungal activity of the extracts and saponins from Sapindus saponaria L.
Tsuzuki, Joyce K.;Svidzinski, Terezinha I.E.;Shinobu, Cristiane S.;Silva, Luiz F.A.;Rodrigues-Filho, Edson;Cortez, Diógenes A.G.;Ferreira, Izabel C.P.;
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0001-37652007000400002
Abstract: extracts from the dried pericarp of sapindus saponaria l. (sapindaceae) fruits were investigated for their antifungal activity against clinical isolates of yeasts candida albicans and c. non-albicans from vaginal secretions of women with vulvovaginal candidiasis. four clinical isolates of c. albicans, a single clinical isolated of each of the species c. parapsilosis, c. glabrata, c. tropicalis, and the strain of c. albicans atcc 90028 were used. the hydroalcoholic extract was bioactivity-directed against a clinical isolate of c. parapsilosis, and showed strong activity. the n-buoh extract and one fraction showed strong activity against all isolates tested. further column-chromatography on silica gel separation of this fraction afforded two pure triterpene acetylated saponins: 3-o-(4-acetyl-b-d-xylopyranosyl)-(1?3)-a-lrhamnopyranosyl-(1?2)-a-l-arabinopyranosyl-hederagenin (1) and 3-o-(3,4-di-acetyl-b-d-xylopyranosyl)-(1?3)-a-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1?2)-a-l-arabynopyranosyl-hederagenin (2). the structures of the compounds were based on spectral data (1h and 13c nmr, hsqc, hmbc and ms), and on with literature. the saponins isolated showed strong activity against c. parapsilosis.
Hydroxylation of a hederagenin derived saponin by a Xylareaceous fungus found in fruits of Sapindus saponaria
Murgu, Michael;Santos, Luiz F. Arruda;Souza, Gezimar D. de;Daolio, Cristina;Schneider, Bernd;Ferreira, Ant?nio Gilberto;Rodrigues-Filho, Edson;
Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-50532008000500004
Abstract: during our screening of tropical plants for endophyte microorganisms, a xylareaceous fungus was found living on the internal part of sapindus saponaria fruits. the fruits of s. saponaria accumulate great amounts of triterpenoidal and sesquiterpenoidal saponins. the saponin 3-o-(β-d-xylopyranosyl)-(1→3)-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→2)-α-l-arabinopyranosyl-hederagenin was isolated using chromatographic methods, after alkaline hydrolysis of the crude extract obtained from s. saponaria fruits and added to the culture medium used to grows the fungus. a new saponin was isolated from this experiment by preparative scale hplc and characterized as a 22α-hydroxy derivative. the structure of this hydroxylated saponin was elucidated based on interpretation of ms/ms data and nmr spectra.
Effect of extracts from Sapindus saponaria on the glasshouse whitefly Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) Efecto de extractos de Sapindus saponaria en la mosca blanca de los invernaderos Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae)
MITZY F PORRAS,ARISTóBULO LóPEZ-áVILA
Revista Colombiana de Entomología , 2009,
Abstract: The glasshouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum, causes economic losses on several crops in the world. In Colombia, bean, green bean, tomato and other crops are severely affected by this insect. In the search for tools to control the whitefly, natural extracts have been presented as one alternative, since they are compounds with lethal and sublethal effects on insects. Among these are the saponins from Sapindus saponaria, which is present in the Neotropics and grows in dry and humid forests. In the present research a colony of whiteflies from the entomology laboratory of Corpoica in C.I-Tibaitatá was established on ICA Pijao beans. The experiments were carried out under controlled conditions with a temperature of 16oC and a relative humidity of 80%. The effects of the crude and the semi-purified extracts from S. saponaria on whitefly adults were evaluated at concentrations of 100, 200, 400, 800 and 1000 ppm. The insect mortality was recorded 24 hours after the application of the treatments and the mean lethal dose (LD50) was determined by Probit analysis. The mean lethal dose for the crude extract was established at 203 ppm, and at 88 ppm for the semi-purified extract. La mosca blanca de los invernaderos Trialeurodes vaporariorum ocasiona grandes pérdidas en cultivos en el mundo. En Colombia, los cultivos de fríjol, habichuela, tomate y otros son afectados en forma severa por este insecto. En la búsqueda de herramientas para el control de la mosca blanca se han planteado alternativas como el uso de extractos naturales, los cuales son compuestos que tienen efectos letales o subletales sobre los insectos. Dentro de estos compuestos se encuentran las saponinas provenientes del árbol Sapindus saponaria que está distribuido en el Neotropico y se desarrolla en bosques secos y húmedos. En el presente estudio se utilizó una colonia de mosca blanca del laboratorio de entomología de Corpoica en C.I.-Tibaitatá, y plantas de fríjol de la variedad ICA Pijao. Los experimentos se llevaron a cabo bajo condiciones controladas con temperatura de 16oC y humedad relativa de 80%. Se evaluó el efecto de un extracto crudo y uno semipurificado de S. saponaria sobre adultos de la mosca blanca en concentraciones de 100, 200, 400, 800 y 1000 ppm para cada uno. La mortalidad del insecto se registró 24 h después de aplicados los tratamientos. Se calculó la dosis letal media (LD50)mediante un análisis Probit. La dosis letal media para el extracto crudo fue de 203 ppm y para el extracto semipurificado de 88 ppm.
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