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Hannah Arendt y los Derechos Humanos  [cached]
Mate, Reyes
Arbor : Ciencia, Pensamiento y Cultura , 2010, DOI: 10.3989/arbor.2010.742n1104
Abstract: The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen represents a historical hallmark and a political referent. Hannah Arendt is a lucid observer of the link that is established between the principle of the rights of man and citizenship, the belonging to a political community; but this is based on being born in a territory. For those who cannot brandish this belonging or who have been dispossessed of it, these rights are an abstraction without any validity. La Declaración de los derechos de Hombre y de Ciudadano representa un hito histórico y un referente político. Hannah Arendt es una lúcida observadora de la vinculación que se establece desde el principio de los derechos del hombre a la ciudadanía, a la pertenencia a la comunidad política, pero ésta se basa en el nacimiento en un territorio. Para quienes no pueden esgrimir esa pertenencia o hayan sido desposeídos de ella, esos derechos son una abstracción carente de vigencia.
TITLE: Hanna Arendt on Literature: An episode of Aesthetic Thinking in Dark Times. TíTULO: Hannah Arendt ante la literatura: un episodio del pensamiento estético en tiempos de oscuridad.  [cached]
Fernando Romo Feito
Castilla : Estudios de Literatura , 2010,
Abstract: ABSTRACT: This paper tries to explain the literary thinking of Hannah Arendt. Arendt was a disciple of Heidegger, Jaspers and Bultmann, and her thinking moves between philosophy and political theory. But she has a hermeneutics and aesthetics in nuce. The hermeneutics elaborates the concept of understanding, and the aesthetics relates poetry with human production. Arendt studies also the "Kritik des Urteils" as a model for the political philosophy that Kant never wrote. At the last, Arendt wrote some interesting critical essays about writers in dark times. RESUMEN: Este artículo se propone exponer el pensamiento literario de Hannah Arendt. Arendt fue discípula de Heidegger, Jaspers y Bultmann, y su pensamiento se mueve entre la filosofía y la teoría política. Pero tiene una hermenéutica y una estética in nuce. La hermenéutica elabora el concepto de comprensión, y la estética relaciona la poesía con la producción humana. Arendt estudia también la "Crítica del juicio" en la que ve un modelo para la filosofía política que Kant no llegó a escribir. Finalmente, Arendt escribió varios interesantes ensayos críticos acerca de escritores en tiempos de oscuridad.
THE PRODUCTIVITY OF POWER: HANNAH ARENDT'S RENEWAL OF THE CLASSICAL CONCEPT OF POLITICS
HAUKE BRUNKHORST
Revista de Ciencia Política , 2006,
Abstract: This essay traces the development of Arendt's conception of power. This development corresponds to Arendt's conviction that the advent of totalitarian forms of government set the idea of the modern nation-state, and of the rights of "man and citizen" associated with it, in an irrevocable crisis. To respond to this crisis, Arendt attempts to conceive of power as something separate from, and in tension with, any form of government. Power becomes characterized by its egalitarianism, dynamism, unpredictability, and capacity to innovate. The essay tries to show how these formal characteristics were originally ascribed a purely negative value by Arendt, who associated them with totalitarian power, and that only after her work on totalitarianism does she revaluate them and provides arguments as to why her new concept of power is the only possible response to totalitarian phenomena Este artículo resume la concepción de poder desarrollada por Hannah Arendt. ésta se basa en la convicción de Arendt de que el nacimiento de los gobiernos totalitarios hace que la idea moderna del Estado-nación y de los derechos humanos y ciudadanos vinculados a él entren en una crisis irreversible. Para responder a esta crisis, Arendt concibe el poder como algo independiente de, y en tensión con, cualquier forma de gobierno. El poder estaría caracterizado por la igualdad, dinamismo, lo poco predecible y la capacidad de renovación. El siguiente trabajo intenta mostrar cómo Arendt asoció estas características a los regímenes totalitarios, asignándoles un valor negativo que sólo es reevaluado una vez que realiza su investigación sobre totalitarismos y que proporciona argumentos para afirmar por qué su nuevo concepto de poder es la única respuesta posible a los fenómenos totalitarios
Hannah Arendt y Carlos Marx:un debate acerca de los derechos humanos y el discurso de los derechos
Javier Orlando Aguirre Román
Revista Opinión Jurídica , 2010,
Abstract: En este artículo se desarrollan dos objetivos: 1. La reconstrucción conceptual,basada en la lectura del texto de Carlos Marx La cuestión judía, de los elementosfundamentales de su crítica al discurso de los derechos. 2. La reconstrucciónconceptual de las principales categorías de la filosofía arendtiana que permiten,por una parte, responder a las críticas marxistas y, por otra, interpretar laidea de Arendt del derecho a tener derechos (The right to have rights). El textose encuentra dividido en tres partes. En la primera de ellas se presentan lasprincipales críticas de Marx al discurso de los derechos halladas en La cuestiónjudía. Posteriormente, en la segunda parte, se expone la respuesta que a estascríticas puede formularse a partir de la obra de Hannah Arendt. Finalmente, enla tercera sección, se proponen algunas conclusiones sobre todo lo anterior.
Hannah Arendt y Carlos Marx: un debate acerca de los derechos humanos y el discurso de los derechos
Aguirre Román,Javier Orlando;
Revista Opinión Jurídica , 2010,
Abstract: this article has two objectives: 1. conceptual reconstruction based on the reading of "the jewish question" written by charles marx, about the basic elements of his criticism to the discourse of rights. 2. conceptual reconstruction of the main categories of arendt's philosophy which allow giving response to marxist criticism and interpreting arendt's idea on the right to have rights. the article is divided into three parts. the first part shows the main criticism made by marx to the discourse of rights, found in "the jewish question." second part, the answer to this criticism stated from hannah arendt is found; in the third section, some conclusions on these subjects are proposed.
Otro universalismo: Sobre la unidad y diversidad de los derechos humanos  [cached]
Benhabib, Seyla
Isegoría , 2008,
Abstract: The spread of human rights, as well as their defense and institutionalization, have become the uncontested language, though not the reality, of global politics. This lecture poses the question of universalism in the cultural, metaphysical, moral and legal senses with reference to the contemporary debate on human rights. I argue that there is one fundamental moral right, the right to have rights (Hannah Arendt) of every human being to be recognized by others, and to recognize others in turn, as a person entitled to moral respect and to legally protected rights in a human community. Human rights articulate moral principles protecting the communicative freedom of individuals. Such moral principles are distinct from the legal positivization and specification of rights; nevertheless there is a necessary and not merely contingent connection between human rights as moral principles and their legal form. The unity and diversity of human rights can be defended only on the basis of a commitment to democratic forms of government, a free civil society and public sphere. Another universalism suggests that learning processes and conversations as well as confrontation on the extent and justification of human rights are not global exchanges. La expansión de los derechos humanos, así como su defensa e institucionalización, se ha convertido en el lenguaje indiscutible, aunque no la realidad, de la política global. Este texto plantea la cuestión del universalismo en los sentidos cultural, metafísico, moral y legal en referencia al debate contemporáneo sobre los derechos humanos. Defiendo que existe un derecho moral fundamental, el derecho a tener derechos (Hannah Arendt) de todo ser humano a ser reconocido por otros, y a su vez reconocer a otros, como una persona con derecho a respeto moral y a derechos legalmente protegidos dentro de una comunidad humana. Los derechos humanos articulan los principios morales que protegen la libertad comunicativa de los individuos. Estos principios morales son distintos de la positivización legal y de la especificación de estos derechos; existe sin embargo una conexión necesaria y no meramente contingente entre los derechos humanos en tanto que principios morales y su forma legal. La unidad y diversidad de los derechos humanos sólo se puede defender desde la base de un compromiso con formas democráticas de gobierno así como con una sociedad civil y una esfera pública libres. Otro universalismo sugiere que los procesos de aprendizaje y las conversaciones, así como los enfrentamientos sobre el alcance y la justificación de los dere
On the Hanna Neumann Conjecture  [PDF]
Toshiaki Jitsukawa,Bilal Khan,Alexei G. Myasnikov
Mathematics , 2003,
Abstract: The Hanna Neumann conjecture states that if F is a free group, then for all nontrivial finitely generated subgroups H,K <= F, rank(H intersect K) - 1 <= [rank(H)-1] [rank(K)-1]. Where most papers to date have considered a direct graph theoretic interpretation of the conjecture, here we consider the use of monomorphisms. We illustrate the effectiveness of this approach with two results. First, we show that for any finitely generated groups H,K <= F either the pair H,K or the pair H^{-}, K satisfy the Hanna Neumann conjecture--Here {-} denotes the automorphism which sends each generator of F to its inverse. Next, using particular monomorphisms from F to F_2, we obtain that if the Hanna Neumann conjecture is false then there is a counterexample H,K < F_2 having the additional property that all the branch vertices in the foldings of H and K are of degree 3, and all degree 3 vertices have the same local structure or ``type''.
The Hanna Neumann Conjecture and the rank of the join  [PDF]
Joshua E. Hunt
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: The Hanna Neumann conjecture gives a bound on the intersection of finitely generated subgroups of free groups. We explore a natural extension of this result, which turns out to be true only in the finite index case, and provide counterexamples for the general case. We also see that the graph-based method of generating random subgroups of free groups developed by Bassino, Nicaud and Weil is well-suited to generating subgroups with non-trivial intersections. The same method is then used to generate a counterexample to a similar conjecture of Guzman.
Graphs, free groups and the Hanna Neumann conjecture  [PDF]
Brent Everitt
Mathematics , 2007,
Abstract: A new bound for the rank of the intersection of finitely generated subgroups of a free group is given, formulated in topological terms, and very much in the spirit of Stallings. The bound is a contribution to (although unfortunately not a solution of) the strengthened Hanna Neumann conjecture.
A Proof of the Strengthened Hanna Neumann Conjecture  [PDF]
Joel Friedman
Mathematics , 2009,
Abstract: We prove the Strengthened Hanna Neumann Conjecture. We give a more direct cohomological interpretation of the conjecture in terms of "typical" covering maps, and use graph Galois theory to "symmetrize" the conjecture. The conjecture is then related to certain kernel of a morphism of sheaves, and is implied provided these kernels are co-acyclic in the covering cohomology theory. This allows us to prove a slightly generalized Strengthened Hanna Neumann Conjecture; this conjecture is false if generalized to all sheaves. The kernels we use do not exist in the theory of graphs, so our use of sheaf theory seems essential to this approach.
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