oalib
Search Results: 1 - 10 of 100 matches for " "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item
Interpreting Quantifier Scope Ambiguity: Evidence of Heuristic First, Algorithmic Second Processing  [PDF]
Veena D. Dwivedi
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0081461
Abstract: The present work suggests that sentence processing requires both heuristic and algorithmic processing streams, where the heuristic processing strategy precedes the algorithmic phase. This conclusion is based on three self-paced reading experiments in which the processing of two-sentence discourses was investigated, where context sentences exhibited quantifier scope ambiguity. Experiment 1 demonstrates that such sentences are processed in a shallow manner. Experiment 2 uses the same stimuli as Experiment 1 but adds questions to ensure deeper processing. Results indicate that reading times are consistent with a lexical-pragmatic interpretation of number associated with context sentences, but responses to questions are consistent with the algorithmic computation of quantifier scope. Experiment 3 shows the same pattern of results as Experiment 2, despite using stimuli with different lexical-pragmatic biases. These effects suggest that language processing can be superficial, and that deeper processing, which is sensitive to structure, only occurs if required. Implications for recent studies of quantifier scope ambiguity are discussed.
Brazil and the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA)
Gilberto Ribeiro
Business Intelligence Journal , 2008,
Abstract: This document discusses Brazil and the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA). Since the FTAA is only a proposed agreement and trade apparatus at the moment, NAFTA is used as a working model and its influence on and benefit for Mexico and that country's economy. Various trade structures and associations are briefly examined relative to the potential impact of the FTAA for Brazil and South America. The benefits and the negatives of a potential FTAA are developed and several impediments to its further adoption in the region and by Brazil specifically are examined.
Brazil and the institutionalization of South America: from hemispheric estrangement to cooperative hegemony
Teixeira, Carlos Gustavo Poggio;
Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-73292011000200010
Abstract: this article argues that brazil went from a posture of estrangement in relation to the hemispheric project represented by the free trade area of the americas (ftaa) to a strategy of cooperative hegemony aimed at institutionalizing the south american space and increasing the costs of the ftaa for the united states. although brazil was initially isolated, us lack of leadership combined with events at the subregional level ended up turning the tide in the direction of brazilian interests. these factors help to understand the current institutional configuration of south america.
Aims and Scope  [cached]
editor support
International Journal of Science and Engineering , 2011, DOI: 10.12777/ijse.v2i2.1285
Abstract: Aims and Scope
Aims and Scope  [cached]
editor support
International Journal of Science and Engineering , 2011, DOI: 10.12777/ijse.v2i1.1286
Abstract: Aims and Scope
Impacts of FTAA and MERCOEURO on agribusiness in the MERCOSUL countries
Cypriano, Luiz A.;Teixeira, Erly C.;
Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-20032003000200001
Abstract: focusing on changes in agricultural policy, this paper examines the economic impacts on mercosul member country economies arising from the creation of the free trade area of the americas (ftaa) and a free trade area between mercosul and the european union (mercoeuro). four simulations are run using the global trade analysis project?s (gtap) applied general equilibrium model. the results suggest these new trade alliances would cause an increase in mercosul agribusiness production and a decrease in mercosul manufactures production. in all simulations, agricultural trade flows are greatly altered and the exportation of mercosul agribusiness products expands. however, the mercosul countries experience overall economic growth in only the mercoeuro scenarios. the elimination of agriculture production and export subsidies by members of the north american free trade area (nafta) and european union (e.u.) would have strong economic impacts on the economies of mercosul countries.
Impacts of FTAA and MERCOEURO on agribusiness in the MERCOSUL countries
Cypriano Luiz A.,Teixeira Erly C.
Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural , 2003,
Abstract: Focusing on changes in agricultural policy, this paper examines the economic impacts on MERCOSUL member country economies arising from the creation of the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) and a free trade area between MERCOSUL and the European Union (MERCOEURO). Four simulations are run using the Global Trade Analysis Project?s (GTAP) applied general equilibrium model. The results suggest these new trade alliances would cause an increase in MERCOSUL agribusiness production and a decrease in MERCOSUL manufactures production. In all simulations, agricultural trade flows are greatly altered and the exportation of MERCOSUL agribusiness products expands. However, the MERCOSUL countries experience overall economic growth in only the MERCOEURO scenarios. The elimination of agriculture production and export subsidies by members of the North American Free Trade Area (NAFTA) and European Union (E.U.) would have strong economic impacts on the economies of MERCOSUL countries.
Simultaneous Interpreting: Principles and Training  [cached]
Zhongmei Chen,Xiaobo Dong
Journal of Language Teaching and Research , 2010, DOI: 10.4304/jltr.1.5.714-716
Abstract: Nowadays, there is an increasing demand for simultaneous interpreting in China. This paper introduces the definition and the process of simultaneous interpreting. And then, it proposes the general principles and techniques for simultaneous interpreting, and provides practical self-training methods.
Hemispheric Asymmetries: The Comparative View  [PDF]
Sebastian Ocklenburg,Onur Güntürkün
Frontiers in Psychology , 2012, DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00005
Abstract: Hemispheric asymmetries play an important role in almost all cognitive functions. For more than a century, they were considered to be uniquely human but now an increasing number of findings in all vertebrate classes make it likely that we inherited our asymmetries from common ancestors. Thus, studying animal models could provide unique insights into the mechanisms of lateralization. We outline three such avenues of research by providing an overview of experiments on left–right differences in the connectivity of sensory systems, the embryonic determinants of brain asymmetries, and the genetics of lateralization. All these lines of studies could provide a wealth of insights into our own asymmetries that should and will be exploited by future analyses.
Phase lags of solar hemispheric cycles  [PDF]
J. Murak?zy,A. Ludmány
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.20011.x
Abstract: The North-South asymmetry of solar activity is variable in time and strength. We analyse the long-term variation of the phase lags of hemispheric cycles and check a conjectured relationship between these phase lags and the hemispheric cycle strengths. Sunspot data are used from cycles 12-23 in which the separation of northern and southern hemispheres is possible. The centers of mass of the hemispheric cycle profiles were used to study the phase relations and relative strengths of the hemispheric cycles. This approach considers a cycle as a whole and disregards the short-term fluctuations of the cycle time profile. The phase of the hemispheric cycles shows an alternating variation: the northern cycle leads in 4 cycles and follows in 4 cycles. No significant relationship is found between the phase and strength differences of the hemispheric cycles. The period of 4+4 cycles appears to be close to the Gleissberg cycle and may provide a key to its physical background. It may raise a new aspect in the solar dynamo mechanism because it needs a very long memory.
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.