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Calliphoridae (Diptera) da bacia do alto rio Urucu, Amaz?nia Central, Brasil
Paraluppi, Norival D;
Revista Brasileira de Zoologia , 1996, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81751996000300003
Abstract: calliphoridae of the region of the upper urucu river basin, west of the city of manaus, amazonas state, brazil, were sludied considering composition and abundance of the species, capturing 14729 specimen distributcd as follows: cochliomyia macellaria (fabricius) (12643), chloroprocta idioidea (robineau-desvoidy) (1667), phaenicia eximia (wiedemann) (354), hemilucilia semidiaphana (rondani) (54), h. segmentaria (fabricius) (6), chrysomya pularia (wiedemann) (1) e c. albiceps (wiedemann) (1). the rcsults showthat cochliomyia macellaria has a facility to adapt rapidly to an environment changed by man. the fact that was registered two specimen of chrysomya robineau-desvoidy in highly isolated localilies contributed to showthc ability of thesc flics in cxploring the availablc mechanisms to reach remote places, re-einphasizing the concept of high capacily of expansion ofthis species. the possibilities of colonization ofthis área by pioneer species of chrysomya was discus-sed, considering the local environmental conditions. the importance of studies of endemic calliphorids (lies in áreas withoul prescnce of pioncers, in order to better understand the mechanisms of adaptation used by these species were striked.
Composi??o, abundancia e riqueza de Calliphoridae (Diptera) das matas e clareiras com diferentes coberturas vegetais da Base de Extra??o Petrolífera, bacia do Rio Urucu, Coari, Amazonas
Sousa, José Roberto Pereira de;Esposito, Maria Cristina;Carvalho Filho, Fernando da Silva;
Revista Brasileira de Entomologia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0085-56262010000200010
Abstract: this research was carried out in the oil extraction field located in urucu river basin, coari, state of amazonas, brazil, during the months of april, june and october of 2007. a total of 16 areas were sampled, 12 of them were gaps and four forests, arranged in four environments (gaps litlle-recovered, gaps semi-recovered, gaps well-recovered and preserved forest). a total of 7,215 calliphorid flies was captured belonging to 16 species and only one species, chloroprocta idioidea (robineau-desvoidy, 1830), represented 88.06% of this total. the abundance patterns of the family were not different among the environments, however they were different for the following species: eumesembrinella randa (walker, 1849), hemilucilia semidiaphana (rondani, 1850) and paralucilia adespota dear, 1985 the estimated richness was significantly different between the environments and showed two groups: i, gaps litlle-recovered (c1) and gaps semi-recovered (c2); ii, gaps well-recovered (c3) and preserved forest (mt).
Diversity of Calliphoridae and Sarcophagidae (Diptera, Oestroidea) in continuous forest and gaps at different stages of regeneration in the Urucu oilfield in western Brazilian Amazonia
Sousa, José Roberto Pereira de;Esposito, Maria Cristina;Carvalho Filho, Fernando da Silva;
Revista Brasileira de Entomologia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0085-56262011000400014
Abstract: diversity of calliphoridae and sarcophagidae (diptera, oestroidea) in continuous forest and gaps at different stages of regeneration in the urucu oilfield in western brazilian amazonia. the diversity of calliphoridae and sarcophagidae in continuous forest and gaps at different stages of regeneration was studied in the urucu river basin, in coari, state of amazonas, brazil. the flies were collected at 16 sampling points, 12 in gaps at different stages of regeneration (early _ c1, mid- c2 and late successional _ c3) and four in continuous forest _ mt. the diversity of blowflies was similar in the two less regenerated habitats (c1 and c2), and lower than that in the late successional (c3) and continuous forests (mt). by contrast, the diversity of flesh flies was much higher in all three types of gaps (c1, c2 and c3) in comparison with continuous forest (mt). ordination (nmds) and similarity (anosim) analyses revealed that the blowflies communities were grouped by habitat type, which affected species composition more than diversity. analysis of the flesh flies revealed two main groupings, gaps (c1, c2 and c3) and continuous forest (mt), with no evidence of any influence of successional stage on the diversity of the community.
Diversity of Calliphoridae (Insecta: Diptera) in Hudson, Argentina
Centeno, Néstor;Almorza, David;Arnillas, Carlos;
Neotropical Entomology , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-566X2004000300018
Abstract: blowflies have sanitary and forensic importance, and different levels of association with human settlements (synanthropy). therefore, specific diversity changes in each site could be used as an indicator of the anthropic impact. in this study, the community of calliphoridae in hudson (argentina) was sampled in three sites with different degrees of synanthropy (natural, rural and urban). flies were attracted with bait and collected with an insect net. twelve samples were collected in each site and both simpson and shannon diversity indexes were calculated. the natural area was the most diverse. the other two areas showed no significant differences between them. the diversity was higher in the middle of spring and in late summer, and lower at the end of spring and in the beginning of summer. alterations due to human settlements affect diversity by decreasing the abundance of some species.
Serpentes da Bacia petrolífera de Urucu, município de Coari, Amazonas, Brasil
Prudente, Ana Lúcia da Costa;Maschio, Gleomar Fabiano;Santos-Costa, Maria Cristina dos;Feitosa, Darlan Tavares;
Acta Amazonica , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0044-59672010000200016
Abstract: a structured snake inventory was carried out at the base operacional geólogo pedro de moura (bogpm), located at the urucu petrol basin, municipality of coari, amazonas, during 2003, 2004 and 2007. throughout four sampling expeditions (51 collection days), seven species of snakes, belonging to seven families and 33 genera, were recorded. four complementary sampling methods were used: pitfall traps with drift fence, occasional encounters, time-limited search on foot and time-limited search by car. of the 47 collected species liophis reginae (n= 14), philodryas viridissima (n= 9), philodryas boulengeri (n= 7) and oxybelis fulgidus (n= 7) were the most abundant in the region. the highest number of species and specimens was obtained by the time-limited search by car (n=52.8%). previous studies indicate that localities south of the amazonas river (such as the eastern region of pará and tucuruí, state of para, and samuel hydroelectric plants, state of rond?nia) present a greater richness when compared to those north of the amazonas river (such as the mucipality of manaus, inpa-wwf reserve and balbina hydroelectric plant, state of amazonas).thus, it is possible to infer that the snake inventory in urucu region is not yet complete, requiring more sampling efforts so that new records can be obtained for the area.
Flebotomíneos (Diptera, Psychodidae) na Amaz?nia: II. Listagem das espécies coletadas na bacia petrolífera no Rio Urucu, Amazonas, Brasil, utilizando diferentes armadilhas e iscas
Castellón, Eloy G.;Fé, Nelson F.;Buhrnheim, Paulo F.;Fé, Flavio A.;
Revista Brasileira de Zoologia , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81752000000200016
Abstract: a sandfly survey was carried out in 100 x 150 m patches of primary forest submitted to recent deforestation in order to determine its species composition 10-30 days after clearing. the following collecting methods were used: cdc traps whit black light; malaise traps placed at 0.5, 1, 5 and 10m up from the the soil surface; pennsylvania traps whit black light; malaise traps, tree-base catches and human baits. a total of 2810 specimens of lutzomyia fran?a, 1924 and one species of brumptomyia fran?a & parrot, 1921, were collected. in general, the predominant species were l. chagasi (costa lima, 1941) (25.9%), l. davisi (root, 1934) (12.3%), l. ayrozai (barretto & coutinho, 1940) (9.32%) and l. ubiquitalis (mangabeira, 1942), (6.93%). the higher diversity in species was obtained with the cdc traps placed at 1 m and 5 m heights. in the human bait collections, the species of the subgenus psychodopygus mangabeira, 1941, predominated. lutzomyia ubiquitalis was collected in both, malaise and pennsylvania traps. in the tree-base collections, l. damascenoi mangabeira, 1941, l. dendrophyla (mangabeira, 1942) and l. souza-castroi (damasceno & causey, 1944) were the predominant species. of all collected species, five of the subgenus lutzomyia, six of the subgenus psychodopygus and one of genus trichophoromyia barretto, 1962 have been previously incriminayed as vectors of leishmaniasis disease or have been found associated with parasites of the genus leishmania (root, 1903).
Atratividade de diferentes iscas e sua rela??o com as fases de desenvolvimento ovariano em calliphoridae e sarcophagidae (insecta, diptera)
d'Almeida, José Mario;Lima, Silvana Ferreira;
Revista Brasileira de Zoologia , 1994, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81751994000200001
Abstract: attrativeness of differents baits (fish, faeces and banana) upon ovarian development fases of calliphoridae and sarcophagidae was evaluated. the insects were captured in distrito federal (urban area) and rio de janeiro city (beach, zoological garden, urban area and tijuca forest). the most frequent species captured were: calliphoridae - chrysomya megacephala (fabricius, 1794) 78,9% and chtysomya puloria (wiedemann, 1818) 5,4% - and sarcophagidae - sarcophagula wulp, 1887 2,3% and peckya chrysostoma (wiedemann. 1830) 2,2%. fish was more attractive to females of calliphoridae flies in intense ovarian vitelogenesis, although banana atracted more flies with mature eggs. faeces and fish were more atractive for sarcophagidae in the beggining of vitelogenesis.
SUBSíDIOS DA PESQUISA DE BASE PARA A GEST O AMBIENTAL NA áREA DA BACIA DO PARAIBUNA-SP  [cached]
Antonio Carlos Colangelo
Revista do Departamento de Geografia , 1999, DOI: 10.7154/rdg.v0i13.146
Abstract: SUBSíDIOS DA PESQUISA DE BASE PARA A GEST O AMBIENTAL NA áREA DA BACIA DO PARAIBUNA-SP
A LEI DE PROTE O AOS MANANCIAIS VERSUS A PRáTICA SOCIAL DE OCUPA O NA BACIA DO GUARAPIRANGA  [cached]
Andréa Sp?rl,Odete Carvalho de Lima Seabra
Revista do Departamento de Geografia , 1997, DOI: 10.7154/rdg.v0i11.180
Abstract: A LEI DE PROTE O AOS MANANCIAIS VERSUS A PRáTICA SOCIAL DE OCUPA O NA BACIA DO GUARAPIRANGA
Escoamento superficial na bacia hidrográfica do Ribeir o Itaim  [cached]
Luiz Sérgio Gon?alves Aguiar,Marcelo dos Santos Targa,Getulio Teixeira Batista
Ambiente e água : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Science , 2007,
Abstract: Este trabalho realizado, na bacia hidrográfica do ribeir o Itaim, município de Taubaté, SP, visou estimar o escoamento superficial pelo método Curva-Número (CN) em área com cobertura vegetal de Brachiaria Decumbens, que é predominante na bacia. Valores do CN foram definidos em fun o do uso e cobertura do solo. O escoamento superficial (Q) foi estimado por três métodos: 1o) utilizaram-se-se valores de infiltra o acumulada (IAc) obtidos no campo, considerados como Infiltra o Potencial (S), os quais variaram de 15,37 mm a 51,88 mm com um valor médio de 23,46 mm. Com esses valores de infiltra o e utilizando-se valores de precipita es máximas para Taubaté, SP, com tempo de dura o de 3 horas: P = 54,4; 70,3; 80,8; 86,7; 90,9; 94,1 e 103,9 mm, respectivamente, para os tempos de retorno de Tr = 2, 5, 10, 15, 25, 50 e 100 anos, os seguintes valores de (Q) foram obtidos: 34,83; 49,33; 59,14; 64,71; 68,69; 71,73 e 81,10 mm, respectivamente; 2o) considerou-se a predominancia de Pasto Sujo na bacia e utilizando-se o valor adimensional CN = 75, obteve-se S = 84,7 mm e chegou-se aos valores de (Q) que variaram de 11 a 44 mm; 3o) considerou-se o valor ponderado para todas as classes de uso da bacia, CNponderado= 66,57, e obteve-se um valor mais elevado para infiltra o potencial, S =127 mm. Conseqüentemente, os resultados dos valores de (Q) foram mais baixos e corresponderam a 5,33; 11,64; 16,72; 19,83; 22,16; 23,98 e 29,83 mm, respectivamente. Dessa forma, concluiu-se que o método CN (tanto para a classe predominante quanto para o ponderado) subestimou o escoamento superficial na área estudada. Entretanto, é possível sua utiliza o desde que se promovam os ajustes para as situa es locais com base em medidas prévias de infiltra o em campo.
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