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A new species of Moneuptychia Forster (Lepidoptera: Satyrinae: Euptychiina) from central Brazil
Freitas, André V L;Emery, Eduardo O;Mielke, Olaf H H;
Neotropical Entomology , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-566X2010000100011
Abstract: this paper describes a new species of moneuptychia forster from the cerrado in the federal district and goiás region in central brazil, and from highland open vegetation (campos de altitude) of minas gerais and paraná. we provide details of the adult morphology and discuss the new species placement in the genus moneuptychia.
Taxonomic considerations on the genera Moneuptychia Forster and Carminda Dias, reval. (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Satyrinae)
Dias, MM;
Brazilian Journal of Biology , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-69842011000300026
Abstract: euptychia soter butler, 1877, the type species of moneuptychia forster, 1964, is compared to satyrus paeon godart, 1824, the type species of carminda dias, 1998. the male genitalia and wing design patterns of these species are dealt with. some additional data from other species from both genera are also presented. the morphological comparisons carried out in this study indicate that carminda is not a junior synonym of moneuptychia. thus, carminda is revalidated.
From the Phylogeny of the Satyrinae Butterflies to the Systematics of Euptychiina (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): History, Progress and Prospects
Marín, MA;Pe?a, C;Freitas, AVL;Wahlberg, N;Uribe, SI;
Neotropical Entomology , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-566X2011000100001
Abstract: we review the various proposals of evolutionary and classification schemes for satyrinae and particularly euptychiina butterflies, assessing progress and prospects of research for the group. among the highlights is the proposal to include morphini, brassolini and amathusiini as part of satyrinae. although it is clear that this hypothesis requires further investigation, phylogenetic studies recently conducted recover this clade as part of satyrinae with high support. the phylogenetic analyses for euptychiina carried out to date recover the monophyly of the group and have identified a variety of genera as non-monophyletic. further work is necessary to resolve the position of the subtribe and the evolutionary relationships of several genera.
Caracterización molecular de Euptychiina (Lepidoptera: Satyrinae) del norte de la Cordillera Central de los Andes Molecular characterization of Euptychiina (Lepidoptera: Satyrinae) from the northern Central Cordillera of the Andes
MARIO ALEJANDRO MARíN,ANDRéS LóPEZ,ANDRé VICTOR LUCCI FREITAS,SANDRA INéS URIBE
Revista Colombiana de Entomología , 2009,
Abstract: Euptychiina es considerado un grupo de difícil taxonomía debido a que presenta una alta diversidad de especies de homogeneidad morfológica aparente haciendo compleja su identificación. En este sentido, las secuencias de ADN proporcionan una herramienta útil para la diferenciación de especies al aportar información valiosa y complementaria al uso de caracteres morfológicos tradicionales. Se realizó una caracterización molecular de trece especies de Euptychiina comunes en el norte de la cordillera central de los Andes Colombianos empleando secuencias de ADN mitocondrial de la región 3- del gen Cyt b, el ARNtSer y el extremo 3- de ND1. En las secuencias del fragmento secuenciado se evidenciaron grados de variación que permitieron diferenciar todas las especies. La variación nucleotídica intraespecífica fue inferior a 2% y la interespecífica superior a 4%. Adicionalmente, se encontró en la región secuenciada un espaciador intergénico entre el Cyt b y el ARNtSer, el cual no había sido reportado para Nymphalidae. La variación nucleotídica en el espaciador a nivel interespecífico fue similar y complementaria a la encontrada en la región codificante. El fragmento secuenciado se presenta como una nueva herramienta para mejorar y complementar los estudios taxonómicos en grupos como este, donde se incluyen especies morfológicamente similares. La región propuesta combina varios genes con diferentes grados de variación nucleotidica aportando información útil en la identificación de especies. Euptychiina is considered a taxonomically difficult group given a high diversity of species and morphological homogeneity among them, making their identification complex. In this sense, DNA sequences offer a useful tool for species differentiation, providing valuable and complementary information to traditional morphological characters. The molecular characterization of thirteen Euptychiina species common to the northern Central Cordillera of the Colombian Andes was carried out using mitochondrial DNA sequences of the 3- Cyt b gene, the tRNA Ser and the terminal portion of 3- ND1. Sequences of the DNA fragments exhibited a degree of variation adequate for differentiating all species. Nucleotide variation was less than 2% at the intraspecific level and greater than 4% at the interspecific level. Additionally, an intergenic spacer was found in the Cyt b and the tRNA Ser that has not previously been reported for the Nymphalidae. Nucleotide variation in the spacer at the interspecific level was similar and complementary to that found in the coding region. The sequenced fragment is p
A new genus and species of Euptychiina (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae) from southern Brazil
Freitas, AVL;Mielke, OHH;Moser, A;Silva-Brand?o, KL;Iserhard, CA;
Neotropical Entomology , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-566X2011000200012
Abstract: this paper describes a new genus and a new species of euptychiina from open grassland habitats (campos de cima da serra) in southern brazil. the systematic position of this new taxon is discussed based on morphological and molecular data, and it is considered sister to taydebis freitas. since the campos vegetation is considered endangered due to anthropogenic activities, this butterfly species deserves attention and should be included in future conservation plans for this biome.
Caracterización molecular de Euptychiina (Lepidoptera: Satyrinae) del norte de la Cordillera Central de los Andes
MARíN,MARIO ALEJANDRO; LóPEZ,ANDRéS; LUCCI FREITAS,ANDRé VICTOR; URIBE,SANDRA INéS;
Revista Colombiana de Entomología , 2009,
Abstract: euptychiina is considered a taxonomically difficult group given a high diversity of species and morphological homogeneity among them, making their identification complex. in this sense, dna sequences offer a useful tool for species differentiation, providing valuable and complementary information to traditional morphological characters. the molecular characterization of thirteen euptychiina species common to the northern central cordillera of the colombian andes was carried out using mitochondrial dna sequences of the 3- cyt b gene, the trnaser and the terminal portion of 3- nd1. sequences of the dna fragments exhibited a degree of variation adequate for differentiating all species. nucleotide variation was less than 2% at the intraspecific level and greater than 4% at the interspecific level. additionally, an intergenic spacer was found in the cyt b and the trnaser that has not previously been reported for the nymphalidae. nucleotide variation in the spacer at the interspecific level was similar and complementary to that found in the coding region. the sequenced fragment is presented as a new tool to improve and complement taxonomic studies in groups like this, which include morphologically similar species. the proposed region combines various genes with different degrees of nucleotide variation, providing useful information for species identification.
Immature stages of the butterfly Magneuptychia libye (L.) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae, Satyrinae)
Kaminski, Lucas A.;Freitas, André V.L.;
Neotropical Entomology , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-566X2008000200010
Abstract: the immature stages of the butterfly magneuptychia libye (l.) are described, and their morphology is compared with other neotropical satyrinae.
E. M. Forster: An Enabling Modesty  [cached]
John LUCAS
E-rea : Revue électronique d’études sur le Monde Anglophone , 2006, DOI: 10.4000/erea.229
Abstract: On the first day of 1959 E. M. Forster celebrated his eightieth birthday. Among events held to mark the occasion was an hour-long BBC television programme, the gist of which was printed in the following week’s Listener, and articles of a more or less adulatory nature appeared in most of the quality weeklies and periodicals. There was also an interview in the Observer conducted by its chief book reviewer, Philip Toynbee. This is of interest, if only because it shows that Forster was keeping up...
Nomenclatural notes on Satyrinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae)  [cached]
G. Lamas
SHILAP Revista de Lepidopterología , 2010,
Abstract: Se exponen y discuten 19 problemas nomenclaturales que afectan a diversos nombres del grupo de especie de los Satyrinae del mundo. Se proponen los siguientes nombres de reemplazo (entre paréntesis los nombres reemplazados): Elymnias esaca tateishii (E. e. lautensis Tateishi), E. hypermnestra uemurai (E. nigrescens meliophila Fruhstorfer), Lethe confusa kalisi (L. rohria borneensis Kalis), L. sinorix xironis (L. s. obscura Mell), Oeneis buddha pelhami (O. b. pygmea Gross), Pharneuptychia haywardiana (Euptychia phares boliviana Hayward), e Ypthima taiwana (Y. methora formosana Fruhstorfer). Bicyclus denina (Godart, [1824] es una nueva combinación, y Mycalesis safitza Westwood, 1850 es un nuevo sinónimo de B. denina. Se restablece el estatus específico de Melanargia nemausiaca (Esper, 1789) y el de Quilaphoetosus limonias (Philippi, 1859), siendo esta última una nueva combinación. En cinco de los casos, la resolución de sus problemas nomenclaturales deberá ser efectuada por la Comisión Internacional de Nomenclatura Zoológica por medio de su poder plenario.
Forster’s Ambiguity in A Passage to India  [cached]
Hong MAO,Ru-jia XU
Canadian Social Science , 2006,
Abstract: A Passage to India has long been interpreted as a classic anti-colonial text since its publication in 1924. This paper intends to explore Forster’s changing impression about India and analyze the ambiguity and contradicted idea of Forster, which makes the novel complex. As a middle-class English writer of the early twentieth century, Forster is anti-imperial in some way, yet he does not entirely give up the idea of the English Empire. This clearly shows Forster’s colonial stand in his subconscious mind, which causes his ambiguity in the novel. Keywords: A Passage to India, E.M. Forster, Ambiguity, colonial Résumé: A Passage to India a été longtemps interprété comme un texte classique anticolonial depuis sa publication en 1924. Cette thèse a l’intention d’exploiter l’impression changeante de Forster sur l’Inde et elle a fait une analyse sur l’ambigu té et l’idée contradictoire de Forster, qui fait un roman complexe. En tant qu’écrivain anglais de la classe moyenne dans la première moitié du IIe siècle, Forster est dans certain sens anti-impérial, pourtant, il n’abandonne pas complètement les idées de l’Empire anglaise. Cela montre clairement la position coloniale de Forster dans sa mentalité consciente qui produit son ambigu té dans son roman. Mots-clés: A Passage to India, E.M. Forster, Ambigu té, colonial
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