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Morbilidad y mortalidad materna en San Carlos, Cojedes-Venezuela. 2001-2008  [PDF]
Nugged Aure,Vicenta Oropeza,Gilberto Bastidas
Salus Online , 2011,
Abstract: The objective of this study was to learn about maternal morbidity and mortality in the San Carlos municipality, Cojedes Sate, Venezuela, in order to determine the health status of the population from that state. A descriptive and retrospective study of maternal morbidity and mortality of patients who visited the "Dr. Egor Nucete" Hospital in San Carlos, Venezuela, during 2001-2008. Data was processed and analyzed using relative frequencies, and comparisons were done with parametric tests in a quantitative scale. A total of 23.228 patients visited that hospital, which is 28% of the hospital discharge rate. The average age was 22.6 years, with predominance of female adolescents. There were 24.530 live births. 76.9 % of the cases were spontaneous deliveries, with an average time of hospital stay of 1.3 days, and 2.4 days for patients undergoing C-sections. Adolescent pregnancies predominated (22.1%) as cause of consultation, followed by miscarriages (19.6%). The maternal mortality rate was of 114. 1/100.000 live births, and 85 % of deaths occurred in the first 48 hours after admission. Conclusion: maternal morbidity and mortality follow a similar pattern to that of the rest of the country and of other South American populations, This information will be useful for the strengthening of health services
Environmental risk factors for Cryptosporidium infection in an island from Western Venezuela
Chacín-Bonilla, Leonor;Barrios, Fernando;Sanchez, Yulaicy;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762008005000007
Abstract: few investigations have been conducted on risk factors for cryptosporidium infection in communities from developing countries. a study was conducted to determine the prevalence and risk factors for cryptosporidiosis in san carlos island, venezuela. a sample of 515 subjects (mean age ± sd: 21.4 ± 17.8 years) was surveyed. single fecal specimens were collected and modified ziehl-neelsen carbolfuchsin staining of formalin-ether concentrate stools were examined for identification of the parasite. infections with cryptosporidium (67 of 515, 13%) were common. prevalence of the parasite varied among sectors of the community; 34 of 67(50.7%) cases of cryptosporidiosis clustered in two sectors with extreme poverty. variables strongly associated with a higher risk for the infection (p < 0.01) were residing in these sectors versus the remainder, living in a hut or small residence versus a brick or larger house, using an area of backyard rather than a toilet or latrine for defecation, and having contact with soil contaminated with human feces. crowding was also a risk (p < 0.05). contact with human feces contaminated-soil may be an important mode of transmission and poverty a predisposing factor for the infection.
Evaluación de la Inmunidad Contra los Virus de Encefalitis Equina Venezolana y Dengue en la Población Humana de San Carlos, Municipio Insular Almirante Padilla, Estado Zulia, Venezuela. A?o 1996
Valero,Nereida; A?ez,Florencio; Larreal,Yraima; Arias,Julia; Rodríguez,Zulay; Espina,Luz Marina;
Investigación Clínica , 2001,
Abstract: the insular municipality of almirante padilla, historically, has been affected by venezuelan equine encephalitis (vee) epidemics, that have occurred cyclically in the paez, mara and almirante padilla municipalities of the state of zulia. during the last epidemic outbreak (1995), the studies reported a great number of cases of vee in humans, based on epidemiologic-clinical diagnosis; occupying this municipality, the first place in the attack rate by the virus. at the same time, dengue has been defined as an endemic illness affecting different regions, whose etiologic agent has previously circulated in the studied zone. in order to evaluate the immunity acquired against these viruses, a serological study was conducted in san carlos island. two hundred and ten blood samples were obtained at random, among individuals of an age range between < 1 and 69 years, with and without antecedents of viral illness symptomatology at the moment of the epidemic outbreak, occurred in 1995. the samples were classified according to sex and age, and analyzed through the test of elisa for specific igg antibodies against the vee and dengue viruses. from the total of the samples processed, 116 (55,2 %) were positive for vee, affecting uniformly all age - groups with a slight masculine predominance. likewise, 88 cases (41,9 %) were determined positive for dengue virus, affecting mainly the group ranging from 10 to 19 years. these results let us suggest that the epidemic outbreak occurred in 1995 at the almirante padilla insular municipality, had a double nature with both viruses being involved in the etiology of febrile cases.
Evaluación de la Inmunidad Contra los Virus de Encefalitis Equina Venezolana y Dengue en la Población Humana de San Carlos, Municipio Insular Almirante Padilla, Estado Zulia, Venezuela. A o 1996 Evaluation of the immunity against the Venezuelan equine Encephalitis and dengue virus in the human population ofSan Carlos, insular municipality of Almirante Padilla, state of Zulia. 1996
Nereida Valero,Florencio A?ez,Yraima Larreal,Julia Arias
Investigación Clínica , 2001,
Abstract: El Municipio Insular Almirante Padilla, históricamente ha sido afectado por las epidemias de Encefalitis Equina Venezolana (EEV), que se han presentado en forma cíclica, principalmente en los Municipios Páez, Mara y Almirante Padilla de la región zuliana. En la última epizoodemia (1995), los informes epidemiológicos reportaron un gran número de casos de EEV en humanos, basados en el diagnóstico clínico-epidemiológico, ocupando así este Municipio, el primer lugar en tasa de ataque por el virus de EEV. De forma similar, el Dengue se ha definido como una enfermedad endémica afectando diferentes regiones, cuyo agente etiológico tiene antecedente de circulación en la zona en estudio. Con el propósito de evaluar la inmunidad adquirida contra estos virus, se realizó un estudio serológico en la Isla de San Carlos. Se recolectaron 210 muestras de sangre obtenidas al azar, de individuos en un rango de edad comprendido entre < 1 hasta 69 a os, con y sin antecedentes de haber presentado sintomatología viral al momento del brote epidémico ocurrido en 1995. Las muestras se clasificaron según el sexo y la edad, y fueron analizadas mediante la prueba de ELISA para determinar anticuerpos IgG específicos contra los virus de EEV y Dengue. Del total de las muestras procesadas, 116 (55,2%) fueron positivas para el virus de EEV, afectando uniformemente a los grupos etarios, con ligero predominio del sexo masculino. Así mismo, se determinaron 88 casos (41,9%) positivos para el virus Dengue, cuya frecuencia se ubicó mayormente en el grupo comprendido entre 10 a 19 a os de edad. Estos resultados nos permiten sugerir que la epidemia ocurrida en el a o 1995, en el Municipio Insular Almirante Padilla, tuvo un carácter dual, al estar implicados en la etiología de los casos febriles ambos virus. The Insular Municipality of Almirante Padilla, historically, has been affected by Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis (VEE) epidemics, that have occurred cyclically in the Paez, Mara and Almirante Padilla Municipalities of the State of Zulia. During the last epidemic outbreak (1995), the studies reported a great number of cases of VEE in humans, based on epidemiologic-clinical diagnosis; occupying this municipality, the first place in the attack rate by the virus. At the same time, Dengue has been defined as an endemic illness affecting different regions, whose etiologic agent has previously circulated in the studied zone. In order to evaluate the immunity acquired against these viruses, a serological study was conducted in San Carlos Island. Two hundred and ten blood samples were obtained at ran
Cuartel San Carlos. Yacimiento veterano  [cached]
Mariana Flores
Memorias: Revista Digital de Historia y Arqueología desde el Caribe , 2007,
Abstract: El Cuartel San Carlos es un monumento histórico nacional (1986) de finales del siglo XVIII (1785-1790), caracterizado por sufrir diversas adversidades en su construcción y soportar los terremotos de 1812 y 1900. En el a o 2006, el organismo encargado de su custodia, el Instituto de Patrimonio Cultural del Ministerio de Cultura, ejecutó tres etapas de exploración arqueológica, que abarcaron las áreas Traspatio, Patio Central y las Naves Este y Oeste de la edificación. Este trabajo rese a el análisis de la documentación arqueológica obtenida en el sitio, a partir de la realización de dicho proyecto, denominado EACUSAC (Estudio Arqueológico del Cuartel San Carlos), que representa además, la tercera campa a realizada en el sitio. La importancia de este yacimiento histórico, radica en su participación en los acontecimientos que propiciaron conflictos de poder durante el surgimiento de la República y en los sucesos políticos del siglo XX. De igual manera, se encontró en el sitio una amplia muestra de materiales arqueológicos que rese an un estilo de vida cotidiana militar, así como las dinámicas sociales internas ocurridas en el San Carlos, como lugar estratégico para la defensa de los diferentes regímenes que atravesó el país, desde la época del imperialismo espa ol hasta nuestros días.
Orality and Writing on San Andrés Island  [cached]
Juliana Botero Mejía
Universitas Humanística , 2007,
Abstract: The objective of this article is to explain the characteristics of orality and literacy amid the people of San Andrés Island, and to explore the existing relationships among them. The San Andrés people come from an oral tradition with an African origin, and at the same time, they have a literacy inheritance both from England and from Spain that has defined and characterized their orality and the uses they have given to writing. This article is based on bibliographic documentation and information collected by the author during four months of ethnographic fieldwork in San Andrés Island
Memory and history of violence in San Carlos and Apartadó  [PDF]
Gloria Inés Restrepo
Universitas Humanística , 2011,
Abstract: This paper inquires into the production of memories on violent events in two Antioquia municipalities, which from the 80’s have shown alarming violence indicators. Thus, in the municipality of San Carlos violent events memories are framed within a context of a catholic society having homogeneous economic conditions, elites historically pertaining to the Conservative party, accelerated development processes, and living under hegemonic armed rule. In this scenario a certain consensus is achieved in the narrative of violence, aiming at dignifying victims and highlighting the high costs armed confrontation entails. In the municipality of Apartadó, violence memory is framed within a pluri-ethnic, lay and marginal society, immerse in accelerated development processes and unstable armed rule. There, a split memory is produced, featuring political identities routinizing and eventually justifying violent events. In the face of these cases, an attempt is made to keep the reflection on what kind of memories are required to stop reproducing war?
Varipes (Ephemeroptera: Baetidae) en Venezuela: descripción de nueva especie
CASTILLO,MARíA MERCEDES; PéREZ,BELKYS;
Revista Colombiana de Entomología , 2011,
Abstract: the genus varipes is reported for the frst time for venezuela. a new species of the genus varipes is described. nymphs of v. sancarlos n. sp. were collected in the san carlos river, cojedes. the morphology of the nymphs similar to descriptions of other varipes species. physical habitat and water quality conditions at the san carlos river suggest that v. sancarlos can occur in moderately disturbed rivers.
Melting of San Carlos olivine in the presence of carbon at 6-12 GPa  [PDF]
Jozsef Garai,Tibor Gasparik
Physics , 2003,
Abstract: Experiments at 6-12 GPa showed that San Carlos olivine surrounded by carbon melts incongruently at 1400 C and higher temperatures, producing olivine with lower Fe contents, pyroxene, carbide, and carbonate melt. The relatively low melting temperature of 1400 C, independent of pressure, is consistent with carbonate melting. The new evidence for the reduced stability of olivine at high temperatures in the presence of carbonate melts is consistent with geophysical observations, and results in a substantially improved agreement between the experimentally determined phase relations and the observed seismic velocity structure of the upper mantle.
Varipes (Ephemeroptera: Baetidae) en Venezuela: descripción de nueva especie Varipes (Ephemeroptera: Baetidae) in Venezuela: description of a new species
MARíA MERCEDES CASTILLO,BELKYS PéREZ
Revista Colombiana de Entomología , 2011,
Abstract: Se registra el género Varipes por primera vez para Venezuela, describiéndose una nueva especie de este género. Se encontraron las ninfas de V. sancarlos n. sp. en el río San Carlos, Estado Cojedes. La morfología de las ninfas es similar a las descripciones de algunas especies del género. Las características del hábitat físico y de la calidad del agua en el Río San Carlos sugieren que V. sancarlos puede habitar ríos moderadamente afectados por actividades humanas. The genus Varipes is reported for the frst time for Venezuela. a new species of the genus Varipes is described. Nymphs of V. sancarlos n. sp. were collected in the San Carlos river, Cojedes. The morphology of the nymphs similar to descriptions of other Varipes species. Physical habitat and water quality conditions at the San Carlos River suggest that V. sancarlos can occur in moderately disturbed rivers.
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