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Towards a Global Carbon Integrity System: Learning from the GFC1 and avoiding a GCC2  [PDF]
Charles Sampford
Low Carbon Economy (LCE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/lce.2011.24026
Abstract: This paper examines some of the central globalethical and governance challenges of climate change and carbon emissions reduction in relation to globalization, the ‘global financial crisis’ (GFC), and unsustainable conceptions of the ‘good life’,and argues in favour ofthe development of a global carbon ‘integrity system’. It is argued that a fundamental driver of our climate problems is the incipient spread of an unsustainable Western version of the ‘good life’, whereresource-intensive, high-carbon western lifestyles,although frequently criticized as unsustainable and deeply unsatisfying, appear to have established anunearned ethical legitimacy.While the ultimate solution to climate change is the development of low carbon lifestyles, the paper argues that it is also important that economic incentives support and stimulate that search: the sustainable versions of the good life provide an ethical pull, whilst the incentives provide an economic push. Yet, if we are going to secure sustainable low carbon lifestyles, it is argued, we need more than the ethical pull and the economic push. Each needs to be institutionalized – built into the governance of global, regional, national, sub-regional, corporate and professional institutions. Where currently weakness in each exacerbates the weaknesses in others,it is argued that governance reform is required in all areas supporting sustainable, low carbon versions of the good life.
Towards a Cloud-Based Integrity Measurement Service
John Zic and Thomas Hardjono
Journal of Cloud Computing: Advances, Systems and Applications , 2013, DOI: 10.1186/2192-113X-2-4
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to propose the use of a cloud-based integrity management service coupled with a trustworthy client component - in the form of the Trust Extension Device (TED) platform - as a means to to increase the quality of the security evaluation of a client. Thus, in addition to performing authentication of the client (e.g. as part of Single Sign-On), the Identity Provider asks that the integrity of the client platform be computed and then be evaluated by a trustworthy and independent Cloud-based Integrity Measurement Service (cIMS). The TED platform has been previously developed based on the Trusted Platform Module (TPM), and allows the integrity measurement of the client environment to be conducted and reported in a secure manner. Within the SSO flow, the portable TED device performs an integrity measurement of the client platform, and sends an integrity report to the cIMS as part of the client authentication process. The cIMS validates the measurements performed by the TED device, and reports a trust score to the Identity Provider (IdP). The IdP takes into account the reported trust score when the IdP computes and issues a Level of Assurance (LOA) value to the client platform. In this way the Service Provider obtains a greater degree of assurance that the client's computing environment is relatively free of unrecognized and/or unauthorized components.
Zul Hilmi Abdullah,Nur Izura Udzir,Ramlan Mahmod,and Khairulmizam Samsudin
International Journal of New Computer Architectures and their Applications , 2011,
Abstract: File is a component of a computer system that has importance value of its own, either in terms of availability, integrity, confidentiality and functionality to a system and application. If unintended changes happen on the related file, it may affect the security of related computer system. File integrity monitor (FIM) tools is widely used to minimize the file security risk. This paper proposed dynamic schedule for FIM. This paper presents a dynamic scheduling for FIM by combining on-line and off-line monitoring based on related files security requirement. Files are divided based on their security level group and integrity monitoring schedule is defined based on related groups. The initial testing result shows that our system is effective in on-line detection of file modification.
The Influences of Halal Integrity on Product Adaptation Strategy for Global Trade
Abdul Basir Mohamad,Hazlinda Hassan
International Business Management , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/ibm.2011.421.426
Abstract: The integrity of halal product is highly demanded by Muslim consumers worldwide. As there is no unified understanding on the halal concept that meets universal standard, some countries may place different concern on the level of halal integrity. Markets with high sensitivity on halal issues might demand high level of halal integrity to be integrated in the product. This scenario might force the exporting firms to adapt its marketing strategy so as to meet their expectation of halal qualities and also to secure its halalness from any potential risk of cross-contaminations. Based on pilot survey with 51 halal exporters, the study found that there is a significance influence of halal integrity on product adaptation strategy. However, there is no significance difference on mean scores for halal integrity and product adaptation strategy among product categories and market segments. The findings have given some thoughts on the development of export marketing strategy in the context of halal industry.
Avoiding HFC growth is critical for keeping global warming below 2 °C during the 21st century  [PDF]
Y. Xu,D. Zaelke,G. J. M. Velders,V. Ramanathan
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions , 2012, DOI: 10.5194/acpd-12-32613-2012
Abstract: There is growing international interest in mitigating climate change during the early part of this century by reducing emissions of short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs), in addition to reducing emissions of CO2. The SLCPs include methane (CH4), black carbon aerosols (BC), tropospheric ozone (O3) and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). Recent studies have estimated that by mitigating emissions of CH4, BC, and O3 using available technologies, about 0.5 to 0.6 °C warming can be avoided by mid-21st century. Here we show that avoiding production and use of high-GWP (global warming potential) HFCs by using technologically feasible low-GWP substitutes to meet the increasing global demand can avoid as much as another 0.5 °C warming by end of the century, therefore significantly reducing the rate of warming and lowering the probability of exceeding the 2 °C warming threshold during this century.
Block Level Data Integrity Assurance Using Matrix Dialing Method towards High Performance Data Security on Cloud Storage  [PDF]
P. Premkumar, D. Shanthi
Circuits and Systems (CS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/cs.2016.711307
Abstract: Data outsourcing through cloud storage enables the users to share on-demand resources with cost effective IT services but several security issues arise like confidentiality, integrity and authentication. Each of them plays an important role in the successful achievement of the other. In cloud computing data integrity assurance is one of the major challenges because the user has no control over the security mechanism to protect the data. Data integrity insures that data received are the same as data stored. It is a result of data security but data integrity refers to validity and accuracy of data rather than protect the data. Data security refers to protection of data against unauthorized access, modification or corruption and it is necessary to ensure data integrity. This paper proposed a new approach using Matrix Dialing Method in block level to enhance the performance of both data integrity and data security without using Third Party Auditor (TPA). In this approach, the data are partitioned into number of blocks and each block converted into a square matrix. Determinant factor of each matrix is generated dynamically to ensure data integrity. This model also implements a combination of AES algorithm and SHA-1 algorithm for digital signature generation. Data coloring on digital signature is applied to ensure data security with better performance. The performance analysis using cloud simulator shows that the proposed scheme is highly efficient and secure as it overcomes the limitations of previous approaches of data security using encryption and decryption algorithms and data integrity assurance using TPA due to server computation time and accuracy.
Readiness of Requirement Engineering towards Global Collaboration and Communication
Nor Azliana Akmal Jamaludin#1 , Shamsul Sahibuddin*2
International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology , 2011,
Abstract: Global collaboration is a very important key for nowadays industry integration. Projects fail because of lacks in Requirement Engineering (RE) practice. Software Engineering Education should be a kick-start to face the problem. The new technique develops for Requirement Engineering based on Project-Based Learning (PjBL) is suggested to encounter the problems through electronic Learning Industrial Environment (eLIN) system. Future work will be discussed on the eLIN system that will be proposed as a supportive tool to assist student to get feedback instantly from industry and to be a platform for core subject project's continuity and the effectiveness in using eLIN system as a supportive tool for PjBL in RE
Towards the Contribution of NEMDBs in Global Genetic Heterogeneity  [PDF]
Saman Majeed
International Journal of Emerging Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: Research into disease genetics has advanced many folds after the completion of Human Genome Project. Disease Genetics is a complex research area involving core databases, locus-specific databases, and National Ethnic/population Mutation Databases (NEMDBs). Recent progress in disease genetics has emphasized the need of population specific mutation repositories. This has given way to the development of NEMDBs worldwide. To emphasize its importance, a timely overview is presented highlighting the need for a Genetic Disease Database for Pakistan, stressing its over-riding importance and discussing the seriously lacking progress made so far in its accomplishment. Data management has been the greatest problem with the outburst of genetic data being generated in the subcontinent. Many factors contribute to this slow progress. The primary cause is limited funding. It is arguably the most fundamental problem for this kind of research to take place along with the intrinsic research bias towards acquiring new data rather than managing the old data. Valuable discoveries that deal with the genetic basis of disease are therefore being wasted, and this can only be remedied by creating a National Mutation Database specific to Pakistani population. Advancement in scale and sophistication has resulted in vast amount of data being generated. Therefore, there should be possibility to correlate all of this information to ascertain a detailed understanding of how genetic differences influence human health.
Contribution of the Energy Sector towards Global Warming in Malawi  [PDF]
Gregory E. T. Gamula, Liu Hui, Wuyuan Peng
Energy and Power Engineering (EPE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/epe.2013.53028

This paper presents the energy demand projection for Malawi considering implementation of two energy development strategies. The strategies are Malawi Biomass Energy Strategy (BEST) and Malawi electricity investment plan. Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) software was used as the simulation tool. Environmental effects of the energy sector towards global warming by the energy sector as a result of implementing the strategies have been investigated. Three scenarios were developed, the first one to reflect on business as usual, the second one depicting implementation of Malawi BEST and the third one depicting implementation of the Malawi Electricity Investment Plan. A fourth scenario was developed to depict implementation of both strategies. 2008 was used as the base year with energy mix of consisting of biomass consumption decrease in all the scenarios due to better efficiency in the utilization of biomass and change in life style by people as a direct response to available energy alternatives. Implementing both the Malawi BEST and Malawi Electricity Investment Plan for energy sector development would be better in terms of both energy supply and global warming effects.

Global mRNA expression analysis in myosin II deficient strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae reveals an impairment of cell integrity functions
José F Rodríguez-Qui?ones, Rafael A Irizarry, Nitza L Díaz-Blanco, Félix E Rivera-Molina, Diana Gómez-Garzón, José R Rodríguez-Medina
BMC Genomics , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2164-9-34
Abstract: Global mRNA expression profiles of myo1Δ strains and their corresponding wild type controls were obtained by hybridization to yeast oligonucleotide microarrays. Results for selected genes were confirmed by real time RT-PCR. A total of 547 differentially expressed genes (p ≤ 0.01) were identified with 263 up regulated and 284 down regulated genes in the myo1Δ strains. Gene set enrichment analysis revealed the significant over-representation of genes in the protein biosynthesis and stress response categories. The SLT2/MPK1 gene was up regulated in the microarray, and a myo1Δslt2Δ double mutant was non-viable. Overexpression of ribosomal protein genes RPL30 and RPS31 suppressed the hypersensitivity to Nikkomycin Z and increased the levels of phosphorylated Slt2p in myo1Δ strains. Increased levels of phosphorylated Slt2p were also observed in wild type strains under these conditions.Following this analysis of global mRNA expression in yeast myo1Δ strains, we conclude that 547 genes were differentially regulated in myo1Δ strains and that the stress response and protein biosynthesis gene categories were coordinately regulated in this mutant. The SLT2/MPK1 gene was confirmed to be essential for myo1Δ strain viability, supporting that the up regulated stress response genes are regulated by the PKC1 cell integrity pathway. Suppression of Nikkomycin Z hypersensitivity together with Slt2p phosphorylation was caused by the overexpression of ribosomal protein genes RPL30 and RPS31. These ribosomal protein mRNAs were down regulated in the myo1Δ arrays, suggesting that down regulation of ribosomal biogenesis may affect cell integrity in myo1Δ strains.In yeast cells as in animal cells, cytokinesis requires the formation of an actomyosin contractile ring [1]. Saccharomyces cerevisiae possesses a single MYO1 gene, which encodes the myosin II heavy chain protein (Myo1p), the only conventional myosin II of the budding yeast. Myo1p is associated with F-actin during formation of the cont
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