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Impact of Family Conflict on the Psychosocial Behaviour in Male Adolescents  [PDF]
GS Chhabra,MK Sodhi
Journal of Nepal Paediatric Society , 2012, DOI: 10.3126/jnps.v32i2.6147
Abstract: Introduction: Accepting and supportive family relationships during childhood and adolescence may have long-term associations with psychosocial functioning into adulthood. Cross-sectional studies provide evidence by which positive family relationships promote adolescent health by increasing the likelihood of positive outcomes including higher educational and occupational attainment and reducing the risk for negative outcomes including suicidal behaviour and poor health. Materials and Methods: The sample consisted of 500 male adolescents from the urban and rural field practice areas in the vicinity of Sri Guru Ram Das Medical College Amritsar. Cross sectional study was conducted to examine the relation between familial conflict problems and psychosocial/behavioural disorders in adolescents. Results: Almost one third (33%) adolescents were having parental and family dispute problems. These problems were significantly higher in middle adolescence (14-16 years), adolescents of large extended families (>8 members) and in lower socioeconomic status. Residence had no significant relation to family problems in the adolescents. On correlation, poor and unhealthy family atmosphere had more chances in adolescents of having greater academic problems, depression, suicidal thoughts, substance abuse and more sexual activity. Conclusion: Family involvement, family structure, parental values, parental monitoring and parent-child communication are important factors influencing critical life choices in teens. The family support and communication should be improved through these education programs to develop healthy psychosocial and sexual attitudes and counteract unsafe behaviours in the adolescents. Future research is needed to identify additional pathways underlying this association, and the extent to which these factors are modifiable. J. Nepal Paediatr. Soc. 32(2) 2012 124-131 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jnps.v32i2.6147
Psychosocial Factors of Different Health Behaviour Patterns in Adolescents: Association with Overweight and Weight Control Behaviours
Susana M. Veloso,Margarida G. Matos,Marina Carvalho,José A. Diniz
Journal of Obesity , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/852672
Abstract: Physical activity, nutrition, and sedentary behaviour combine to influence the risk of overweight among adolescents. This paper aims to identify psychosocial factors of different health behaviour patterns in adolescents and its association with overweight and weight control behaviours. The 3069 adolescents of both genders (average of 14.8 years old) from the 2010 Portuguese survey of Health Behaviour School-Aged Children (HBSC) answered the 2010 HBSC self-reported questionnaire. It used the cluster k-means (nonhierarchy method), qui-square, one-way ANOVA, and logistic regression. Three clusters with different behavioural patterns (physical activity, sedentary, and eating) composed the results obtained. The sedentary group (34%) had lower self-regulation, body satisfaction, health and wellness, family and classmates relationships, communication with the father than the other two groups. The active gamers (25%) had a smaller BMI but used more unhealthy weight control strategies than the other two groups. The healthy group (41%) was more motivated and more satisfied with school but was not different than the active gamers in most psychosocial variables. Differences were found between clusters for weight control behaviours and psychosocial variables. Different strategies for different patterns were necessary in order to promote obesity prevention and, simultaneously, target healthy lifestyle and wellbeing in adolescents.
Keep on Striving: The Impact of Psychosocial Support on Jordanian Adolescents with Cancer  [PDF]
Ghada Mohammad Abu Shosha
Health (Health) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/health.2016.810095
Abstract: Having cancer during adolescence stage causes stressors in patients’ lives. They are responsible for dealing with many new situations and stressors. Coping with such stressors can be influenced by psychosocial factors. This study aimed to explore the impact of psychosocial support on adolescents with cancer. A qualitative exploratory design was used to understand the experience of psychosocial support from the perspectives of the patients. Twenty adolescents with cancer were selected purposefully from two major cancer treatment centers in Jordan. Semi-structured face-to-face interviews were used to obtain the participants’ perspectives. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis approach. Findings revealed three major themes: “supportive structure”, “precious aspects of psychosocial support”, and “cancer could be defeated”. Participants expressed their satisfaction with the psychosocial support provided to them. However, they asked for further improvement in hospital facilities, playrooms and leisure activities. In conclusion, having a strong psychosocial support system will help adolescents to cope with cancer. Family, friends, and the surrounding environment are the key elements in installing hope and helping adolescents to go through cancer experience. Nurses are advised to adopt these psychosocial keys in order to create age-related activities that would improve the patients’ coping with cancer.
Psychosocial Factors in Children and Adolescents with Conversion Disorder
I. Sharma,D. Giri,Anna Dutta,P. Mazumder
Journal of Indian Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health , 2005,
Abstract: IntroductionIn view of the limited on study of the psychosocial environment of childreb presenting with conversiondisorders the present study was carried out to study the to psychosocial factors in patients of conversiondisorder in children.Method40 patients of Conversion Disorder, who presented with ‘pseudo seizures’ and were diagnosedaccording to DSM IV criteria, comprised the sample. They underwent detailed psychiatric assessment.The psychosocial events and factors and were elicited by administering the PSLES and by interviewingthe parent and child by a semi-structured interview, which covered details of school history, familyenvironment, psychosexual and other behavior: The intellectual level of the patients was assessed by abattery of psychological instruments Relevant investigations, hormonal assays, radiological, EEG etc.were done wherever necessary.ResultsMajority of the patients were educated up to 5th class, had rural domicile and belonged to poor andlower middle SES. They were about equally represented in the two sexesBorderline Intellectual functioning, improper schooling, family stress and current past/ physical illnesswere present in 37.5-40 % (N=15-16) of the cases. Incidental radiological and EEG findings andunusual status of the child; only son, only childor the youngest child; were present in 33% (N=13) of the cases. Conversion/ epilepsy in family/neighbour / friend and improper parenting was encountered in 22.5-20.5% (N=8-9) of the cases. Lastly,recent loss of loved one and sibling rivalry were seen to be significant in 7.5 to 12.5% (N=3-5) of thecases. 80 % of the patients had 2-3 contributory factors; the remaining had either 4 or 5 contributoryfactors.
Impact of demographic and psychosocial factors on hysterosalpingography pain and discomfort  [cached]
Anthony C. Ugwu,Augustine O. Imo,Okey F. Erondu
African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine , 2009, DOI: 10.4102/phcfm.v1i1.40
Abstract: Background: Hysterosalpingography (HSG) is an important diagnostic procedure in the investigation of infertility. It is the radiographic delineation of uterine and tubal cavities and is part of the diagnostic evaluation of conjugal infertility. This diagnostic procedure is associated with high levels of anxiety, pain and stress from various causes. This study was designed to investigate the impact of demographic and psychosocial factors on HSG pain and discomfort. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the impact of demographic and psychosocial factors on hysterosalpingography pain and discomfort. Method: One hundred hysterosalpingography referrals were recruited for this study. Verbal detector scales were used to assess pain perception, Likert scales were used to assess the psychosocial variables, while visual analogue scales were used to assess discomfort. Pearson’s correlations were conducted. Tests were two-tailed, with p < 0.05 indicating statistical signifcance. Results: Some of the patients (34%) indicated that the administration of analgesics prior to the procedure reduced the pain and discomfort associated with the procedure. Mean ± standard deviation of pain and discomfort were 2.82 ± 0.77 and 6.36 ± 2.19 respectively. Age correlated signifcantly with pain perception (r = -0.22, P < 0.05), while pain correlated signifcantly with perception of discomfort (r = -0.46, P < 0.05). Conclusion: Age signifcantly correlated with pain. This is a factor that could be harnessed for clinical use.How to cite this article: Ugwu AC, Imo AO, Erondu OF. Impact of demographic and psychosocial factors on hysterosalpingography pain and discomfort. Afr J Prm Health Care Fam Med. 2009;1(1), Art. #40, 3 pages. DOI: 10.4102/phcfm.v1i1.40
Family psychosocial characteristics influencing criminal behaviour and mortality - possible mediating factors: a longitudinal study of male and female subjects in the Stockholm Birth Cohort
Britt Klinteberg, Ylva Almquist, Ulla Beijer, Per-Anders Rydelius
BMC Public Health , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-756
Abstract: Data from Swedish subjects born in 1953 (n = 14,294) from the Stockholm Birth Cohort study were examined. Several indicators of adverse family factors and individual problems were included in the present study. The information was derived from various data sources, covering different periods. Gender-specific associations with incidence of criminality (1966-1980) and mortality (1981-2009) were analysed using logistic regression. Furthermore, the population attributable fraction (PAF) was calculated for all variables in the fully adjusted models which were positively related to the outcome.Overall incidence of criminality and mortality was (m/f 32.3/6.6) and (m/f 6.1/3.5), respectively. The results showed that all aspects of family psychosocial and individual problems studied were associated with criminality for both genders. Among males, individual problems seemed to partly mediate these relations, but the associations remained statistically significant. Interestingly, the PAF analysis revealed a reduction in criminality of 17.5% when individual problems with alcohol and/or drug use were considered. Among females, a significant impact of alcohol and/or drug use on the association between family psychosocial characteristics and subsequent criminality was obtained. Inclusion of father's occupational class only somewhat reduced the estimates for the genders. Concerning male mortality, father's alcohol abuse was significantly related to an increased risk. When individual criminality was accounted for, the association was substantially reduced but remained statistically significant. Among females, when adjusting for family psychosocial factors, only the association between parents' mental problems and females' mortality was significant. None of the individual problem variables managed to explain this association.Family psychosocial characteristics were associated with both subsequent criminal behaviour and mortality. These connections were partly explained by individual r
The impact of risk and protective factors on mental health and well-being-Austrian adolescents and migrant adolescents from war-affected countries  [cached]
Anita Buchegger-Traxler,Ulrike Sirsch
Italian Journal of Public Health , 2012, DOI: 10.2427/7530
Abstract: Background: young persons are most strongly affected by displacement through political/military actions. This is also a European problem as well as an issue for the European Union. Applying the social-ecological model by Bronfenbrenner we concentrated on micro- and mesosystems of Austrian adolescents and migrant adolescents of war-affected countries. Methods: a questionnaire was administered to adolescents in Austria attending schools beyond the mandatory school age, yielding a sample of about 1 100 students from Austrian and immigrant background. We used analysis of variance to compare host and immigrant youth as well as regression analysis to assess the impact of risk and protective factors on youth outcomes. Results: we do find sex differences for protective factors and youth outcomes but few differences between immigrant and Austrian adolescents. Youth outcomes analysed were somatic symptoms, anxiety, depression, self-esteem, anti-social behaviour, substance use, and academic performance. Important risk factors turned out to be intergenerational conflict, exposure to violence, and social distance. Protective factors include family connectedness, parental monitoring, school connectedness, peer support, and neighbourhood attachment. Conclusions: the most important protective factor is school connectsdness. Social distance and intergenerational conflict are the dominant risk factors influencing youth outcomes. Our research leads to a better understanding of factors determining the well-being of adolescents and contributes to finding new approaches to prevent or cope with mental health problems of young immigrants. In particular it appears to be important to keep young persons in education and/or training since school connectedness influences mental health and well-being positively.
The co-occurrence of non-suicidal self-injury and attempted suicide among adolescents: distinguishing risk factors and psychosocial correlates  [cached]
Andover Margaret S,Morris Blair W,Wren Abigail,Bruzzese Margaux E
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1753-2000-6-11
Abstract: Although attempted suicide and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) are distinct behaviors differing in intent, form, and function, the behaviors co-occur at a high rate in both adults and adolescents. Researchers have begun to investigate the association between attempted suicide and NSSI among adolescents. The purpose of this paper is to present current research on this association. First, we discuss definitional issues associated with self-injurious behaviors. Next, we present research on the co-occurrence of attempted suicide and NSSI, including prevalence and associations with self-injury characteristics. We then discuss psychosocial variables associated with engaging in both NSSI and attempted suicide or one type of self-injury alone. Finally, we present the research to date on risk factors uniquely associated with either attempted suicide or NSSI. Implications for mental health professionals and future avenues of research are discussed.
Influence of Selected Factors on Behaviour of Adolescents Involved in Political Violence  [cached]
Godwin G. Ogbebor
International Journal of Psychological Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ijps.v4n1p218
Abstract: The research is on “violence in politics among adolescents in the Nigerian society”. The research problems were to find out why adolescents have become violent when they are involved in politics. Certain factors were selected for investigation. The purpose was to find out the relationship between these factors and violence in polition in order to make recommendation on limiting the influence of these factors. The study was guided by five (5) hypotheses based on the relationship of socio-economic status, age of adolescents, parental care, discipline and situational background of violence occurrence. The descriptive design was used for the study and data collected through questionnaire. The chi-square method was adopted to analyse data collected. Findings showed the relationship of these factors with violence in adolescents in politics. Recommendations were made based on the results of data analyzed and findings of the research.
Prevalence of lower back pain and physical inactivity: the impact of psychosocial factors in pregnant women served by the Family Health Strategy  [PDF]
Wilma Ferreira Guedes Rodrigues,Leila Rangel da Silva,Maria Aparecida de Luca Nascimento,Carlos Soares Pernambuco
Einstein (S?o Paulo) , 2011,
Abstract: Objective: This study analyzed the impact of psychosocial factors on pregnant women with lower back pain and an associated lack of physical activity prior to pregnancy. Methods: The sample included 66 pregnant women who were randomly selected from a total of 84 patients in the waiting rooms of the Family Health Units in Cuitegí, Paraíba, from September to November 2009. An epidemiological questionnaire adapted from the Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale was used for data collection. The questions about back pain, physical activity, and psychosocial factors were emphasized. SPSS 16.0 was used for the data analysis. The prevalence of lower back pain and its relationship to gestational age, habitual physical activity, and psychosocial factors were studied using the descriptive statistics and relative percentages in the SPSS Crosstabs procedure. The odds ratio and 95% confidence interval for lower back pain were calculated. Results: The prevalence of lower back pain was 75%, which suggests that psychosocial factors were related to the presence of pain. Anxiety was reported in 42.8% of the women with lower back pain, and 38.7% of the women with lower back pain experienced physical fatigue at the end of the day. A higher percentage of pain (53%) was noted in the women who did not exercise prior to pregnancy. Conclusion: Lower back pain prior to pregnancy is associated with lack of physical activity and with psychosocial factors in the Family Health Strategy patients of Cuitegí county.
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