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On Canard Homoclinic of a Liénard Perturbation System  [PDF]
Makoto Hayashi
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/am.2011.210170
Abstract: The classification on the orbits of some Liénard perturbation system with several parameters, which is relation to the example in [1] or [2], is discussed. The conditions for the parameters in order that the system has a unique limit cycle, homoclinic orbits, canards or the unique equilibrium point is globally asymptotic stable are given. The methods in our previous papers are used for the proofs.
Homoclinic Orbits of the FitzHugh-Nagumo Equation: Bifurcations in the Full System  [PDF]
John Guckenheimer,Christian Kuehn
Quantitative Biology , 2012, DOI: 10.1137/090758404
Abstract: This paper investigates travelling wave solutions of the FitzHugh-Nagumo equation from the viewpoint of fast-slow dynamical systems. These solutions are homoclinic orbits of a three dimensional vector field depending upon system parameters of the FitzHugh-Nagumo model and the wave speed. Champneys et al. [A.R. Champneys, V. Kirk, E. Knobloch, B.E. Oldeman, and J. Sneyd, When Shilnikov meets Hopf in excitable systems, SIAM Journal of Applied Dynamical Systems, 6(4), 2007] observed sharp turns in the curves of homoclinic bifurcations in a two dimensional parameter space. This paper demonstrates numerically that these turns are located close to the intersection of two curves in the parameter space that locate non-transversal intersections of invariant manifolds of the three dimensional vector field. The relevant invariant manifolds in phase space are visualized. A geometrical model inspired by the numerical studies displays the sharp turns of the homoclinic bifurcations curves and yields quantitative predictions about multi-pulse and homoclinic orbits and periodic orbits that have not been resolved in the FitzHugh-Nagumo model. Further observations address the existence of canard explosions and mixed-mode oscillations.
An iterative method for the canard explosion in general planar systems  [PDF]
Morten Br?ns
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: The canard explosion is the change of amplitude and period of a limit cycle born in a Hopf bifurcation in a very narrow parameter interval. The phenomenon is well understood in singular perturbation problems where a small parameter controls the slow/fast dynamics. However, canard explosions are also observed in systems where no such parameter is present. Here we show how the iterative method of Roussel and Fraser, devised to construct regular slow manifolds, can be used to determine a canard point in a general planar system of nonlinear ODEs. We demonstrate the method on the van der Pol equation, showing that the asymptotics of the method is correct, and on a templator model for a self-replicating system.
On the approximation of the canard explosion point in epsilon-free systems  [PDF]
Morten Br?ns,Kristian Uldall Kristiansen
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: A canard explosion is the dramatic change of period and amplitude of a limit cycle of a system of non-linear ODEs in a very narrow interval of the bifurcation parameter. It occurs in slow-fast systems and is well understood in singular perturbation problems where a small parameter epsilon defines the time scale separation. We present an iterative algorithm for the determination of the canard explosion point which can be applied for a general slow-fast system without an explicit small parameter. We also present assumptions under which the algorithm gives accurate estimates of the canard explosion point. Finally, we apply the algorithm to the van der Pol equations and a Templator model for a self-replicating system with no explicit small parameter and obtain very good agreement with results from numerical simulations.
The Existence of Homoclinic Solutions for Second Order Hamiltonian System  [cached]
Jie Gao
International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies , 2011, DOI: 10.5815/ijwmt.2011.05.08
Abstract: The research of homoclinic orbits for Hamiltonian system is a classical problem, it has valuable applications in celestial mechanics, plasma physis, and biological engineering. For example, homoclinic orbits rupture can yield chaos lead to more complex dynamics behaviour. This paper studies the existence of homoclinic solutions for a class of second order Hamiltonian system, we will prove this system exists at least one nontrivial homoclinic solution.
Constructing path curve for a class of generalized phase tracks of canard system

Ouyang Cheng,Yao Jing Sun,Wen Zhao-Hui,Mo Jia-Qi,

物理学报 , 2012,
Abstract: A class of generalized phase tracks of canard system is obtained. Firstly, the solutions to the generalized Lienard system are considered. Then the possessed head canard solutions are constructed, and illustrated the examples to construct the canard. Using this same method, we may construct also more extensive canards.
Twistless KAM tori, quasi flat homoclinic intersections, and other cancellations in the perturbation series of certain completely integrable hamiltonian systems. A review  [PDF]
Giovanni Gallavotti
Physics , 1993, DOI: 10.1142/S0129055X9400016X
Abstract: Rotators interacting with a pendulum via small, velocity independent, potentials are considered. If the interaction potential does not depend on the pendulum position then the pendulum and the rotators are decoupled and we study the invariant tori of the rotators system at fixed rotation numbers: we exhibit cancellations, to all orders of perturbation theory, that allow proving the stability and analyticity of the dipohantine tori. We find in this way a proof of the KAM theorem by direct bounds of the $k$--th order coefficient of the perturbation expansion of the parametric equations of the tori in terms of their average anomalies: this extends Siegel's approach, from the linearization of analytic maps to the KAM theory; the convergence radius does not depend, in this case, on the twist strength, which could even vanish ({\it "twistless KAM tori"}). The same ideas apply to the case in which the potential couples the pendulum and the rotators: in this case the invariant tori with diophantine rotation numbers are unstable and have stable and unstable manifolds ({\it "whiskers"}): instead of studying the perturbation theory of the invariant tori we look for the cancellations that must be present because the homoclinic intersections of the whiskers are {\it "quasi flat"}, if the rotation velocity of the quasi periodic motion on the tori is large. We rederive in this way the result that, under suitable conditions, the homoclinic splitting is smaller than any power in the period of the forcing and find the exact asymptotics in the two dimensional cases ({\it e.g.} in the case of a periodically forced pendulum). The technique can be applied to study other quantities: we mention, as another example, the {\it homoclinic scattering phase shifts}.}
Bifurcations and Stability of Nondegenerated Homoclinic Loops for Higher Dimensional Systems  [PDF]
Yinlai Jin,Feng Li,Han Xu,Jing Li,Liqun Zhang,Benyan Ding
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/582820
Abstract: By using the foundational solutions of the linear variational equation of the unperturbed system along the homoclinic orbit as the local current coordinates system of the system in the small neighborhood of the homoclinic orbit, we discuss the bifurcation problems of nondegenerated homoclinic loops. Under the nonresonant condition, existence, uniqueness, and incoexistence of 1-homoclinic loop and 1-periodic orbit, the inexistence of -homoclinic loop and -periodic orbit is obtained. Under the resonant condition, we study the existence of 1-homoclinic loop, 1-periodic orbit, 2-fold 1-periodic orbit, and two 1-periodic orbits; the coexistence of 1-homoclinic loop and 1-periodic orbit. Moreover, we give the corresponding existence fields and bifurcation surfaces. At last, we study the stability of the homoclinic loop for the two cases of non-resonant and resonant, and we obtain the corresponding criterions. 1. Introduction With the rapid development of nonlinear science, in the studies of many fields of research and application of medicine, life sciences and many other disciplines, there are a lot of variety high-dimensional nonlinear dynamical systems with complex dynamic behaviors. Homoclinic and heteroclinic orbits and the corresponding bifurcation phenomenons are the most important sources of complex dynamic behaviors, which occupy a very important position in the research of high-dimensional nonlinear systems. We know that in the study of high-dimensional dynamical systems of infectious diseases and population ecology we tend to ignore the stability switches and chaos when considered much more the nonlinear incidence rate, population momentum, strong nonlinear incidence rate, and so forth. The existence of transversal homoclinic orbits implies that chaos phenomenon occur; therefore, it is of very important significance to study the cross-sectional of homoclinic orbits and the preservation of homoclinic orbits for the system in small perturbation. In addition, in the study of infectious diseases and population ecology systems, we sometimes require the existence of periodic orbits. And, homoclinic and heteroclinic orbits bifurcate to periodic orbits in a small perturbation means that we can get the required periodic solution only by adding a small perturbation when using the similar system which exists homoclinic or heteroclinic orbits to represent the natural system. This also explains the importance of homoclinic and heteroclinic orbits bifurcating periodic orbits in real-world applications. Therefore, by using the research methods and theoretical
Autonomous Bursting in a Homoclinic System  [PDF]
R. Meucci,A. Di Garbo,E. Allaria,F. T. Arecchi
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.88.144101
Abstract: A continuous train of irregularly spaced spikes, peculiar of homoclinic chaos, transforms into clusters of regularly spaced spikes, with quiescent periods in between (bursting regime), by feeding back a low frequency portion of the dynamical output. Such autonomous bursting results to be extremely robust against noise; we provide experimental evidence of it in a CO2 laser with feedback. The phenomen here presented display qualitative analogies with bursting phenomena in neurons.
Coexisting attractors and chaotic canard explosions in a slow-fast optomechanical system  [PDF]
Francesco Marino,Francesco Marin
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.87.052906
Abstract: The multiple time scale dynamics induced by radiation pressure and photothermal effects in a high-finesse optomechanical resonator is experimentally studied. At difference with two-dimensional slow-fast systems, the transition from the quasiharmonic to the relaxational regime occurs via chaotic canard explosions, where large-amplitude relaxation spikes are separated by an irregular number of subthreshold oscillations. We also show that this regime coexists with other periodic attractors, on which the trajectories evolve on a substantially faster time scale. The experimental results are reproduced and analyzed by means of a detailed physical model of our system.
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