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Right to Social Security of Employment Migrants in European Union
Ivan Yatskevych
NaUKMA Research Papers. Law , DOI: 10.18523/2617-2607.2018.62-67
Abstract: The article deals with the issue of social security of employment of migrants from third-countries to the European Union. This publication gives a short overview of literature and more detailed outlook of international, interstate, and national legal sources, conferring rights of third-countries workers employed in the EU. The author commences the analysis from the legal background for social security right safeguards. Following this goal, the documents of the Council of Europe are researched, particularly European Social Charter (revised). As per the EU regulation of migrants’ right to social security guarantees, there are sources studied or referred to in the article. The Treaty of Lisbon and the EU directives are mentioned as legal sources, including latest development in the EU social security law. It is stated on different approaches to social security provisions exercised by a Member State. The vision of problem of insufficient attention to victims of illegal employment of immigrants and their vulnerability is developed. Certain analysis of Association Agreement between Ukraine and the EU regarding social security, migration issues, and principles of cooperation in given sphere is presented.
European Social Standards in the Context of a Modern Model of Sources of Social Security Law: A Scientific and Theoretical Aspect
Viktor Kostiuk
NaUKMA Research Papers. Law , DOI: 10.18523/2617-2607.2018.68-73
Abstract: The article reveals the issues related to the legal characteristic of European social standards and their impact on the development of the latest model of sources of social security law. It is noted that the European model of social security (protection) is characterized by such features as promoting the development of an inclusive society; implying the responsibility of society and the state for effective social policy; availability of an effective and accessible system of social rights; aiming at forming a high level of social standards, guarantees, as well as the quality of life of a person; sufficiency, efficiency, accessibility of organizational forms and types of social security (protection); availability of effective and flexible legal regulation in the field of social security (protection). The emphasis is on the fact that European social standards should be considered broadly and narrowly. Broadly speaking, European social standards are a set of norms, provisions, and standards of a conceptual nature, contained in international legal acts approved by authorized European institutions and aimed at developing an effective model of social security (protection). In the narrow sense, European social standards are a set of recognized and enshrined in accordance with international legal acts adopted by authorized European institutions of social human rights. The basic features of European social standards are the following: they are the result of the normative activity of authorized European institutions (the Council of Europe, the EU); enshrined in international legal acts of the Council of Europe and the EU; include a system of rules, regulations, and standards for social security; include a system of fundamental social rights; act as a legal basis for the development of social legislation of individual member states of the Council of Europe and the EU; act as a legal basis for the formation of a new system of sources of social security law. The key role of the European Social Charter (revised) and the European Code of Social Security in shaping European social standards is noted, with emphasizing the need to take into account European social standards when formulating a system of sources of social security law, and in particular, in the process of codification of legislation in this area. The basic trends of development of the latest model of sources of social security law are emphasized...
SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN TIMES OF ECONOMIC AUSTERITY: A SPARKLE OF LIGHT FOR THE ECONOMIES IN CRISIS?  [PDF]
Evangelia ZIKOU,Paraskevi GATZIOUFA,Aikaterini SARRI
Scientific Bulletin : Economic Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Even though Social entrepreneurship as a concept dates back to the second half of the 18th, it is still poorly defined. It has been defined via the use of terms such as social enterprise, social innovation, nonprofit ventures and social responsibility. Its boundaries to the other fields are unclear and its practice is in low level. However, social entrepreneurship is an emerging area of entrepreneurship, and literature on this field, has grown the last two decades. It attracts attention mainly to its high importance for the economies in terms of social and economic value creation. This paper studies social entrepreneurship and its role in economies of austerity, with emphasis placed on European countries and it provides a mapping of the situation. “When we will stop thinking the poor people as victims and instead recognize them as creative and future entrepreneurs the sparkle of light will be the sun”.
Enhancing Europeanisation through European sport-related Programmes: The case of Greece
Stavroula Sakka,Efthalia Chatzigianni
Choregia , 2012,
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to explore the contribution of the European sport-related Programmes in developing Europeanisation. The research argues that the European Programmes represent a supranational policy mechanism that brings change at European and national level. In particular, this work concentrates on the importance of the social function of sport and the domestic impact of the European Community Programmes as a supranational funding opportunity for sport in the case of Greece. In this paper, the concept of Europeanisation is adapted as a framework for studying the contribution of EC Programmes to the creation of convergence mechanisms through sport in Greece, such as networking, in order to strengthen European values and European Identity. The first part explains the EU interest in sport as a social function and presents the progress towards the EU interventions in sport. The next section attempts to identify EU pressures, mechanisms and the degree of domestic change as a result of engaging sport in European Community Programmes implemented in Greece.
APPROACHES TO EUROPEAN UNION MILITARY COLLABORATION IN THE CURRENT ECONOMIC AUSTERITY ENVIRONMENT
Maria CONSTANTINESCU
Journal of Defense Resources Management , 2012,
Abstract: The effects of the economic crisis on European countries has led to serious cuts of the defense budgets and a perceived reduction in the EU’s ability to provide capabilities required by other allies, especially the US. Cooperation, in the form of pooling and sharing may not be an easy and “ready to use” solution to Europe’s defense issues generated by the budget austerity and economic downturn, but it may provide ways to lessen the defense cuts impact on the military capabilities. Nonetheless, the success of the initiative is strongly related to the degree of political and military commitment of the EU countries to put into practice the concept.
EUROPEAN AUSTERITY WITHOUT GROWTH? EUROPEAN GROWTH WITHOUT EUROPEAN DEMOCRACY?  [PDF]
Montani Guido
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2011,
Abstract: The European project is facing a crisis. Citizens no longer understand what the EU is about. Young people and the new ruling class have forgotten the clear message of the European project launched just after the Second World War "No wars ever again among Europeans." The founding fathers of the European Union are mentioned in history textbooks, but today Europe is felt as an irritating bureaucracy. In Europe, peace and economic stability are considered as a natural state, a gift from above. Why keep a useless EU alive? The state of the European Union is swiftly degenerating. In almost all the member states, the anti-European forces are gaining ground. Populism is not a new ideology and is not necessarily European: let's recall Peronism. In today's Europe populism is the new manifestation of nationalism. In Italy the Lega Nord is in Berlusconi's eurosceptic government. In France, the National Front is endangering UMP's hegemony. In Belgium the rows between the Flemish and the Walloons threatens the state's unity. In the Netherlands, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Austria and Finland, populist forces are either in the government or strongly influencing the government. National-populism is different from the nationalism of the past. De Gaulle's nationalism was an ideology founded on the "grandeur" of France's history and on a certain idea of Europe, which was "l'Europe de patrie", a kind of European unity accepting French leadership in world politics. Today national-populism is a form of micro-nationalism: it opposes the European project but without having a serious alternative. This is why populism is dangerous. Its real goal is not only the breaking down of the European Union but also the disintegration of the old nation states into micro-ethnic states, as what happened in former Yugoslavia.
The European Union Education Programmes and the Change
Fatih HASDEM?R,Melih Rü?tü ?ALIKO?LU
Yüksek??retim ve Bilim Dergisi , 2011,
Abstract: The European Union Education and Youth Programmes aim to develop personal and institutional collaboration between the countires that participate in the Programmes and contribute to vocational and individual development of the beneficiaries. These programmes serve as a tool to reach the aims of the Lisbon Strategy and the EU 2020 Strategy. The programmes, which have been implemented under the rubric of Lifelong Learning and Youth have had positive impact on higher education institutions, their personnel, and students.
IDEOLOGY IN THE CAMPAIGN PROGRAMMES OF PORTUGUESE POLITICAL PARTIES: THE 2009 EUROPEAN ELECTIONS  [cached]
Paula Espírito Santo
Revista Debates , 2011,
Abstract: This contribution is focused upon the electoral campaign programme messages of the political parties competing for the 2009 European elections. The contents of the parties electoral programmes reflect their political and ideological importance and serve as a fundamental basis for understanding each parties place and positions concerning their project for developing the State. The importance of the parties electoral programmes is evident from what they reflect, or should reflect, in terms of their political concept of the State in national terms as well as, from a broader political perspective, in European and in international terms. The starting point for this research is the assumption that ideology is a fundamental political category, though its loss of impact and of social and political relevance in Western democratic States, at least since late sixties. This research analysis as a working corpus considers the programmes of the five most representative Portuguese political parties campaigning for the 2009 European Elections. This study is based upon applying content analysis technique to the programme contents of Portuguese political parties (political parties with national Parliamentary representation) for the 2009 European elections and it will focus upon ideology as a central category as well as upon several other key political concepts basic to the programmes being analysed. The expected results will focus upon the importance of ideology and of political values of the principal Portuguese political parties in relation to their proposals, their vision and their projects for the Portuguese State as well as European representation.
Ethics in an age of austerity: Social work and the evolving New Public Management  [cached]
Sarah Banks
Journal of Social Intervention : Theory and Practice , 2011,
Abstract: Ethics in an age of austerity: Social work and the evolving New Public Management This article examines the growth of interest in social work ethics in the context of neo-liberal policies and the growth of managerialism in public service professions. Taking the United Kingdom as an example, while drawing links with trends across Europe and other countries in the global North, the article traces the development of the “New Public Management” (NPM) since the 1990s. NPM is characterized as stressing the importance of measurable outputs, targets and cost effectiveness in the provision of public services. The article considers the extent to which the growth of interest in ethics in social work is part of a progressive movement to offer a critique of NPM through emphasizing professional agency and social justice. Alternatively, the growth of interest in ethics can be viewed as part of the NPM, with a focus on ethics as regulation of professional conduct. The article concludes by emphasizing the importance of reclaiming professional ethics for social work, outlining a preliminary framework for a situated ethics of social justice. Ethiek in een tijd van schaarste: sociaal werk en opkomend New Public Management In dit artikel wordt de groeiende belangstelling voor ethiek in het sociaal werk onder de loep genomen, en in de context geplaatst van het huidige neo-liberaal beleid en het groeiende managerialism in de publieke sector. De ontwikkeling van New Public Management (NPM) vanaf de jaren negentig wordt beschreven, waarbij de situatie in Groot-Brittanie als uitgangspunt wordt genomen, maar eveneens verbindingen worden gelegd met tendensen die elders in Europa waarneembaar zijn. Kenmerkend voor NPM is de nadruk die deze stroming legt op meetbare output, meetbare doelen en effici ntie bij de levering van publieke diensten. In het artikel vraagt de auteur zich af of de groeiende belangstelling voor ethiek in het sociaal werk onderdeel is van een progressieve beweging die kritiek op NPM geeft, onder andere door nadruk te leggen op professionele autonomie en sociale rechtvaardigheid. Een alternatief is dat ethiek vooral als regulerings- en sturingsmechanisme voor professionals wordt gezien, waarmee de groeiende belangstelling voor ethiek juist als onderdeel gezien kan worden van NPM. Tot besluit wordt benadrukt dat het van belang is om aandacht te besteden aan ethiek in de sociale sector, waarbij de auteur een eerste kader voor een situationele ethiek van sociale rechtvaardigheid schetst, die daarbij bruikbaar kan zijn.
CONVERGENCE IN THE EUROPEAN SOCIAL POLICY  [PDF]
Mariana Iovitu
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2012,
Abstract: The European Union has developed a series of strategies that aim to limit the consequences of non-employment (due to the continuing crisis). These strategies aim by the objectives and mechanisms specific to the eco-social area, to improve the access to employment, social services, professional education and a more efficient European fund management. All this are subordinated to the coupling policy public-private in terms of partnerships both at a national level and European level. The problem is related to differences manifested between the social objectives at the national level and those imposed by the European context. The differences come from different degrees of economic development of the member states, economic development which is reflected on the living standards. The convergence between the social policies is based on the economic convergence, which represents the only way to ameliorate the discrepancies between the united nations of Europe. Social Europe dream or certainty? The answer can be found in the words of Jean Monnet: a€ we are not bringing together states, we are uniting peoplea€ . The efforts to define the four types of actions regarding the free movement of labor force and the correlation of the social security schemes, ensuring equal opportunities, respecting labor rights and the fight against discrimination can be found in the results obtained on these priorities.
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