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RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN JEALOUSY AND PERSONALITY
嫉妒与人格的关系

Wang Xiaojun,
王晓钧

心理学报 , 2002,
Abstract: In this study, the relationship of jealousy and personality dimension, as well as jealousy and personality traits were examined. Four jealousy scales, such as the Bringle self report jealousy scale, the Hupka romantic jealousy scale, the White habit and relationship jealousy scale, the Buunk jealousy scale, and the NEO PI R has been administered to a sample of 231 student subjects. The correlation analysis and stepwise regression analysis method were used to examine the relationship of the four jealousy assessment scales and NEO PI R scale. The result showed that a significant correlation had been found between jealousy and neuroticism dimension of NEO PI R; the relationship was not clear between jealousy and extroversion dimension of NEO PI R; but were irrelevant between jealousy and openness, agreeableness, conscientiousness dimension of NEO PI R. The result directed also which the significant correlation had showed between jealousy and anxiety, self consciousness, positive emotions and trust among thirty personality traits of NEO PI R; the relationships were not clear or were irrelevant between jealousy and other personality traits of NEO PI R. The results of this study pointed out which neuroticism personality dimension was an important influence factor to jealousy. The four personality traits namely anxiety, self consciousness, positive emotion and trust also served as significant factors with influence on jealousy psychology and behavior.
Personality, Sex and Systemic Inflammation  [PDF]
Leah FitzGerald, Paul M. Macey, Mary-Lynn Brecht
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.59118
Abstract:

Objective: Certain personality traits have been associated with increased risk of chronic systemic inflammation. Since the expression of personality traits differs by sex, this factor may also influence the associations between personality and inflammation. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between the five dimensions of personality and high-sensitivity interleukin-6 (IL6) in a healthy population, and to determine whether these relationships were different in men and women. Methods: IL6 was measured in 91 medically healthy participants, and per-sonality was assessed using the Five-Factor Model (FFM) of personality. Physical activity was also measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), since physical activity is known to influence inflammation. Multivariable regression models were estimated for each sex, including personality domains and level of physical activity, controlling for age and body mass index (BMI). Results: Higher ratings in the dimension of Openness to Experience predicted higherIL6 values in men only, after adjusting for age and BMI, variables known to affect inflammation (p < 0.05). Similarly in women only, higher Agreeableness predicted lower IL6 levels. Level of physical activity did not predict IL6 in either sex. Conclusion: Relationships between IL6 and personality traits exist in both men and women, but the nature of these associations differs by sex. These associations appear to be independent of other factors including physical activity. The findings raise the possibility that certain personality domains may make people more vulnerable to, or more protected from, conditions usually associated with pathological, chronic systemic inflammation.

The Distance Between Mars and Venus: Measuring Global Sex Differences in Personality  [PDF]
Marco Del Giudice, Tom Booth, Paul Irwing
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0029265
Abstract: Background Sex differences in personality are believed to be comparatively small. However, research in this area has suffered from significant methodological limitations. We advance a set of guidelines for overcoming those limitations: (a) measure personality with a higher resolution than that afforded by the Big Five; (b) estimate sex differences on latent factors; and (c) assess global sex differences with multivariate effect sizes. We then apply these guidelines to a large, representative adult sample, and obtain what is presently the best estimate of global sex differences in personality. Methodology/Principal Findings Personality measures were obtained from a large US sample (N = 10,261) with the 16PF Questionnaire. Multigroup latent variable modeling was used to estimate sex differences on individual personality dimensions, which were then aggregated to yield a multivariate effect size (Mahalanobis D). We found a global effect size D = 2.71, corresponding to an overlap of only 10% between the male and female distributions. Even excluding the factor showing the largest univariate ES, the global effect size was D = 1.71 (24% overlap). These are extremely large differences by psychological standards. Significance The idea that there are only minor differences between the personality profiles of males and females should be rejected as based on inadequate methodology.
Big Five Personality Traits and Occupy Wall Street  [PDF]
Costas Panagopoulos, Jonathan M. Lehrfeld
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.615193
Abstract: We investigated Big Five personality traits for a novel sample of individuals engaged in politically and economically-charged protest activity at the Occupy Wall Street demonstrations in New York City. We gathered data about protesters’ personality traits by administering the TIPI battery in a survey conducted in October 2011. We compared distributions of Big Five traits for the sample with population norms. We expected our sample to show higher levels of extraversion, openness, and emotional stability, and lower levels of agreeableness, compared to norms, with no difference in conscientiousness. We found mixed support for our hypotheses: our sample showed higher levels of emotional stability and extraversion, lower levels of agreeableness, and no differences in conscientiousness, but lower levels of openness.
Big Five Personality Factors and Library Anxiety  [PDF]
Mohammad-Hossein Biglu, Mostafa Ghavami, Sahar Dadashpour
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2016.69036
Abstract: Library anxiety is an unpleasant feeling that is experienced in a library location; it has behavioral, psychological, emotional and cognitive effect, which can be harmful for students’ academic career. The purpose of current study was to investigate the relationship between Library anxiety and the Big Five personality factors (neuroticism, extraversion, openness-to-experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness) using a multivariate approach among students in Ardabil university. The participants were students of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences of which a sample of 580 students was randomly selected. And the assessment methods were revised. The short form of NEO Inventory [1] and the library anxiety questionnaire [2] were used to gather the data. The results showed that Neuroticism increased library anxiety in students, and with increasing the level of education, library anxiety is reduced, whereas by increasing the semester the library anxiety of students increases.
SEX DIFFERENCES IN THE SUBJETIVE EXPERIENCE OF JEALOUSY AMONG CHILEAN YOUNG PEOPLE: A TEST
ANA MARíA FERNáNDEZ,ROGELIO OLCAY,PEDRO CASTRO,LETICIA ESCOBAR
Universitas Psychologica , 2003,
Abstract: In the present study we investigated sexual assymetries in the subjective experience of jealousy amongChilean young people. The sample included a total of 241 participants (132 females and 109 males) thatanswered two forced-choice questions developed by Buss, Larsen, Westen & Semmelroth (1992), askingwether sexual or emotional infidelity would cause them the most distress. The evolutionary hypothesispredicted that men would be more distressed than women by the sexual infidelity, and that womenwould be more distressed than men by the emotional infidelity. The results support the evolutionaryprediction, providing an important tool to understand mate choice in Latin America, and are comparedto the results from other countries, analyzing some of the criticisms that have arised from socioculturalperspectives.
What is infidelity? Perceptions based on biological sex and personality
Thornton V, Nagurney AJ
Psychology Research and Behavior Management , 2011, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S16876
Abstract: t is infidelity? Perceptions based on biological sex and personality Original Research (8102) Total Article Views Authors: Thornton V, Nagurney AJ Published Date May 2011 Volume 2011:4 Pages 51 - 58 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S16876 Victoria Thornton, Alexander Nagurney Texas State University – San Marcos, San Marcos, Texas, USA Abstract: The study examines perceptions of infidelity, paying particular attention to how these perceptions differ based on biological sex and personality traits, specifically agency and communion and their unmitigated counterparts. The study utilizes a sample of 125 male and 233 female college students. In addition to the personality measures, participants completed a 19-item checklist that assessed their perceptions of specific items that could potentially be construed as infidelity. It was hypothesized that females would construe more items as infidelity than would males. It was also predicted that unmitigated communion and communion would be positively correlated with these perceptions and that unmitigated agency would be negatively correlated with these perceptions. No correlation was predicted between agency and infidelity. All hypotheses were supported. Implications and suggestions for future research are discussed.
What is infidelity? Perceptions based on biological sex and personality  [cached]
Thornton V,Nagurney AJ
Psychology Research and Behavior Management , 2011,
Abstract: Victoria Thornton, Alexander NagurneyTexas State University – San Marcos, San Marcos, Texas, USAAbstract: The study examines perceptions of infidelity, paying particular attention to how these perceptions differ based on biological sex and personality traits, specifically agency and communion and their unmitigated counterparts. The study utilizes a sample of 125 male and 233 female college students. In addition to the personality measures, participants completed a 19-item checklist that assessed their perceptions of specific items that could potentially be construed as infidelity. It was hypothesized that females would construe more items as infidelity than would males. It was also predicted that unmitigated communion and communion would be positively correlated with these perceptions and that unmitigated agency would be negatively correlated with these perceptions. No correlation was predicted between agency and infidelity. All hypotheses were supported. Implications and suggestions for future research are discussed.Keywords: infidelity, communion, agency, questionnaire, relationship
The Significance of Preschool Teacher’s Personality in Early Childhood Education: Analysis of Eysenck’s and Big Five Dimensions of Personality
International Journal of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.5923/j.ijpbs.20120202.05
Abstract: Considering the significance of the preschool teacher’s influence on early childhood, it is relevant to put in the research focus their personality characteristics. Therefore, the main question of this study was to explore personality traits of preschool teachers. A personality analysis was run and discussed within two personality models: Eysenck’s and Big Five personality model. Subjects were preschool teachers (N=92), all females, with the mean age of 30 years, ranged from 21 to 49 years. Personality traits analyses within both personality models showed higher levels of extraversion, agreeableness, consciousness, openness to experience and social conformity than normative sample. Psychoticism level was similar to the one from normative sample, and neuroticism levels (Eysenck’s and Big5) were lower than in normative sample. The results were discussed in the frame of the significance of preschool teacher personality as a role models and (none)desirable personality traits in the context of early and preschool care and education.
Linking the Big Five personality domains to Organizational citizenship behavior
Kuldeep Kumar,Arti Bakhshi,Ekta Rani
International Journal of Psychological Studies , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ijps.v1n2p73
Abstract: The aim of the present study is to explore the linkages between personality and organization citizenship behavior (OCB) using a field sample. Big-Five personality model was used to explore the relationship between personality and OCB. The participants in the study were 187 doctors working in medical college in north India. Four of the big five factors except Neuroticism were positively correlated with OCB. Hierarchical regression analysis on data after controlling for demographic variables indicated that, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness and Neuroticism were valid predictors for OCB. However, Openness to experience showed no significant relationship with overall measure of OCB. Theoretical and practical implications of the study are discussed. Keywords: Personality, OCB, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism, India
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