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Soil Fertility Management a Century Ago in Farmers of Forty Centuries  [PDF]
Joseph R. Heckman
Sustainability , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/su5062796
Abstract: Published just over a century ago, Farmers of Forty Centuries or Permanent Agriculture in China, Korea, and Japan, served to document the viability and productivity of traditional agricultural systems that relied on composting, and complete recycling of all types of natural waste materials, as a means of sustaining soil fertility. This cardinal rule of waste management and organic soil husbandry became known as “the law of return” to organic farming. With regards to nutrient management, organic farming methods uses restorative cultural practices that include the law of return principle which encourages the closure of nutrient cycles. In these respects, organic farming methods are arguably more firmly grounded in ecology and sustainability than the promotions of the chemical fertilizer industry which has largely displaced traditional soil fertility practices. Farmers of Forty Centuries is a classic with valuable lessons and experience to offer towards teaching modern concepts in sustainable agriculture.
A Taxonomic Review of the Sword-tailed Cricket Subfamily Trigonidiinae (Orthoptera: Ensifera: Gryllidae) from Korea
Tae-Woo Kim
Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity , 2013, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5635/ased.2013.29.1.74
Abstract: The Korean population of the sword-tailed cricket subfamily Trigonidiinae is reviewed for the first time. Four members of the crickets are confirmed based on the examined material, those are Metioche japonica (Ichikawa, 2001), Svistella bifasciata (Shiraki, 1911), Homoeoxipha obliterata (Caudell, 1927) and Natula matsuurai Sugimoto, 2001, each of them belonging to a different genera. Among them, the former two are reconfirmed since earlier records, and latter two are newly recognized genera and species from the far southern provinces Jeollanam-do and Jeju-do Island in Korea. The type locality of both crickets is Japan, and are also only previously referred to in Japan, but their distributional ranges include neighboring South Korea. A key to the species, descriptions, photographs, figures, and oscillograms of male’s calling sounds are provided to aid their identification.
Politics of Race in East Asia: The Case of Korea and the Chinese community in South Korea  [cached]
Hyun Jin Kim
Provincial China , 2012,
Abstract: The influx of Chinese into Korea has a long history. The earlier migrants were rapidly absorbed into mainstream Korean society and quickly assimilated. However, the Chinese migrants who arrived in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the huaqiao, chose to maintain their separate, non-Korean identity. This later led to open discrimination towards the huaqiao in post-independence Korea. The adoption of modern nationalism and racial theories in Korea also facilitated the disenfranchisement of the huaqiao, whose loyalty to the Korean national state was suspected and whose economic and social rights were appropriated. The recent revival of Chinese power has led to the mellowing of Korean attitudes towards China and the Chinese. The left-aligned political parties in Korea are especially in favour of cultivating closer ties with China. The composition of the Chinese community in Korea has also been altered by the influx of new migrants from mainland China. This has led to the renaissance of the once moribund Chinese communities in Incheon and Busan, both of which now boast sizable Chinatowns. Yet the huaqiao still face problems with integrating fully into Korean society and being openly huaqiao can still lead to unwelcome attention and prejudice from native Koreans. The integration of the Chinese community in Korea remains a challenge for Korea that still holds firmly to the old nationalist ideology of the 20th century.
Grouping in the stock markets of Japan and Korea  [PDF]
Woo-Sung Jung,Okyu Kwon,Taisei Kaizoji,Seungbyung Chae,Hie-Tae Moon
Physics , 2005,
Abstract: We investigated the temporally evolving network structures of the Japanese and Korean stock markets through the minimum spanning trees composed of listed stocks. We tested the validity of conventional grouping by industrial categories, and found a common trend of decrease for Japan and Korea. This phenomenon supports the increasing external effects on the markets due to the globalization of both countries. At last the Korean market are grouped with the MSCI Korea Index, a good reference for foreigners' trading, in the early 2000s \cite{Jung2006}. In the Japanese market, this tendency is strengthened more and more by burst of the bubble in 1990's.
Dentistry in Korea during the Japanese Occupation
Korean Journal of Medical History , 2004,
Abstract: The Japanese introduction of dentistry into Korea was for treating the Japanese residing in Korea Noda-Oji was the first Japanese dentist for Japanese people in Korea in 1893. and Narajaki doyoyo, an invited dentist was posted in the Korean headquarter of Japanese army in september, 1905. The imperialist Japan licensed the dental technicians(yipchisa) without limit and controled them generously so they could practice dentistry freely. This measure was contrary to that in Japan. (In Japan no new dental technician was licensed.) Komori, a dental technician opened his laboratory at Chungmuro in 1902. The dental technician had outnumerbered by 1920. In 1907, the first Korean dental technician Sung-Ryong Choi practiced dentistry in Jongno. The imperialist Japan made the regulation for dental technicians to set a limit to the advertisement and medical practice of dental technicians. The first Korean dentist Suk-Tae Ham was registered No. 1 in the dentist license. The Kyungsung dental school was established by Nagira Dasoni for the purpose of educating some korean people that contributed to Japanese colonization. It made progress with the help of Japan. it was given the approval of the establishment of the professional school in January the 25th, 1929. it was intended to produce Korean dentists in the first place but became the school for Japanese students later on. The association of Chosun dentist, which had been founded by Narajaki doyoyo, was managed by Japanese dentists in favor of the colonial ruling. The Hansung Association of Dentists established in 1925 was the organization made by the necessity of the association for Koreans only. the Japanese forcefully annexed the Association of Hansung Dentists (Koreans only) to the Association of Kyungsung Dentists to avoid collective actions of Korean dentists in the name of 'Naesunilche'--'Japan and Korea are one'. Their invading intention was shown in the event of 'decayed tooth preventive day'. Japanese controled the gold for dental treatment by licensing and limited the stuff for dental treatment by rationing. The association of Chosun dentists was a group organized for the academic purpose by Nagira Dasoni and etc. In October of 1919, where as the association of kyungsung dentists was constructed on the background of Nagira Dasoni. This establishment of the association of Kyungsung dentists represented a backlash against Ikuda singho having a complete control over the association of Chosun dentists. The number of Koreans who wrote to the Chosun Dental Science Academy was 27, and they wrote 75 articles, which
On the first Solvay Congress in 1911  [PDF]
Norbert Straumann
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1140/epjh/e2011-20043-9
Abstract: Late in October 1911, eighteen leading scientists from all over Europe met to the first of a famous sequence of Solvay conferences in Brussels. This historical meeting was mainly devoted to "The Theory of Radiation and the Quanta", at a time when the foundations of physics were totally shaken. Although "nothing positive came out" (Einstein), it is interesting to see the diverging attitudes of Europe's most famous scientists in the middle of the quantum revolution. After a few general remarks about the conference, I shall focus on some of the most interesting contributions and discussions. Einstein, at 32 the youngest, was clearly most aware of the profound nature of the crises. He gave the final talk entitled "The Present State of the Problem of Specific Heats", but he put his theme into the larger context of the quantum problem, and caused a barrage of challenges, in particular from Lorentz, Planck, Poincar\'{e}, and others.
Outcome after endoscopic submucosal dissection for early gastric cancer in Korea  [cached]
Jun Haeng Lee,Su Jin Hong,Jae Young Jang,Seong Eun Kim
World Journal of Gastroenterology , 2011, DOI: 10.3748/wjg.v17.i31.3591
Abstract: Endoscopic treatment, such as endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), has been established as one of the treatment options for selected cases with early gastric cancer (EGC). Most studies on this topic have been carried out by researchers in Japan. Recently, the experience in EMR/ESD for EGC outside Japan is increasingly reported. In Korea, gastric cancer is the most common malignant disease, and the second leading cause of cancer death. Currently, EMR for EGC is widely performed in many centers in Korea. Early results with a short-term follow-up period are very promising in Korea. The complete resection rate of EMR was 37.8%-94.3%, and that of ESD was 77.4%-93.1%. In this review, we will provide an overview of the outcomes of endoscopic treatments in Korea.
Forty Thousand Years of Advertisement Сорок тысяч лет рекламы  [cached]
Konstantin Lidin
Project Baikal , 2006,
Abstract: The roots of advertisement are connected with reclamations, claims and arguments. No surprise that many people treat it with distrust, suspicion and irritation. Nobody loves advertisement (except its authors and those who order it), nobody watches it, everybody despises it and get annoyed because of it. But newspapers, magazines, television and city economy in general cannot do without it. One keeps on arguing whether to prohibit advertisement, to restrict its expansion, to bring in stricter regulations on advertisement… If something attracts attention, intrigues, promises to make dreams true and arouses desire to join - it should be considered as advertisement. This definition allows saying with no doubts: yes, advertisement did existed in the most ancient strongest cultures. Advertisement is as old as the humane civilization. There have always been the objects to be advertised, and different methods appeared to reach those goals. Advertisement techniques and topics appear, get forgotten and appear again in other places and other times. Sometimes the author of advertisement image has no idea about his forerunners and believes he is the discoverer. A skillful designer with high level of professionalism deliberately uses images from past centuries. The professional is easily guided by historical prototypes. But there is another type of advertisement, its prototypes cannot be found in museums. It does not suppose any respect, because it is built on scornful attitude towards the spectator. However, basically the advertisement is made by professional designers, and in this case ignorance is inadmissible. Even if we many times appeal to Irkutsk designers to work on raising their cultural level of advertisements, anyhow, orders will be always made by those who pay. Unless Its Majesty Ruble stands for Culture, those appeals are of no use.
On Significance of The Classic of Filial Piety on Moral Development 〖JP2〗and Social Modernization Transformation between China and South Korea

- , 2015,
Abstract: 《孝经》及其蕴涵的孝道孝德是中国传统文化的文明精髓之一,也是中国传统道德的核心内容。它不仅形塑了中国古代的道德文化,化育了中国人的人格品质和行为范式,而且深深地影响了中国的近邻尤其是东亚的朝鲜民族的精神风貌和道德取向,成为中国和韩国在社会现代化转型过程中中和西方个体本位价值观念的冲击,克服现代文明病,构建社会和谐的重要精神资源。
The Classic of Filial Piety illustrates the core contents of Chinese traditional morality, namely filial piety and morality,which is one of the essence of Chinese traditional culture. On the one hand, it shapes moral culture in ancient Chinese society in terms of personality quality and behavior pattern. On the other hand, it deeply affects spirituality and moral orientation of Chinese neighbors, especially Korea. Therefore, in the course of modernization transformation, it becomes sources of important spirits to alleviate influences from individualism values of western people, to solve problems on modern civilization, and to build a harmonious society for China and South Korea.
Maps of geoelectric sections of Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Korea, and Japan
Y. B. Bashkuev, V. R. Advokatov, L. K. Angarkhaeva, V. S. Dorzhiev,M. Hayakawa
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS) & Discussions (NHESSD) , 2008,
Abstract: Results of geoelectric mapping of some Asian countries with high seismic activity are presented. The methodology of the geoelectric mapping is considered, and the corresponding maps of geoelectric sections of Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Korea, and Japan are constructed on a scale of 1:5 000 000.
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