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Research Status and Development Direction of Piezoelectric Wind Energy Harvesting Technology  [PDF]
Hongbing Wang, Chunhua Sun
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2019.73001
Abstract: In recent years, with the rapid development of large-scale distributed wireless sensor systems and micro-power devices, the disadvantages of traditional chemical battery power supply mode are becoming more and more obvious. Piezoelectric energy collector has attracted wide attention because of its simple structure, no heating, no electromagnetic interference, environmental protection and easy miniaturization. Wind energy is a reproducible resource. Wind energy harvester based on piezoelectric intelligent material can be named piezoelectric wind energy harvesting which converts wind energy into electric power and will have great application prospect. To promote the development of piezoelectric wind energy harvesting technology, research statuses on piezoelectric wind energy harvesting technology are reviewed. The existing problem and development direction about piezoelectric wind energy harvester in the future are discussed. The study will be helpful for researchers engaged in piezoelectric wind energy harvesting.
Non Linear Techniques for Increasing Harvesting Energy from Piezoelectric and Electromagnetic Micro-Power-Generators  [PDF]
Yasser Ammar,S. Basrour
Computer Science , 2007,
Abstract: Non-linear techniques are used to optimize the harvested energy from piezoelectric and electromagnetic generators. This paper introduces an analytical study for the voltage amplification obtained from these techniques. The analytical study is experimentally validated using a macro model of piezoelectric generator. Moreover, the integration influences on these techniques is studied. Through all the obtained results, a suitable structure for autonomous microsystems is proposed.
多向振动压电发电关键技术的研究
Research on Key Technology of Multi-direction Vibration Piezoelectric Power Generation
 [PDF]

顾亚雄,张同
- , 2017,
Abstract: 环境中振动能量收集效率低的问题是当前压电发电技术研究的焦点。为了提高环境中振动能量的收集效率,研究了一种可以收集环境中多个方向振动能量的压电发电关键技术。首先,利用压电发电技术的基础理论建立压电悬臂梁的数学模型,并对其进行振动力学分析;然后利用ANSYS对压电悬臂梁进行有限元仿真分析,优化结构使其固有频率与环境振动频率相符;最后制作多向压电发电装置,对其进行理论分析和实验测试。实验结果证明,多向振动压电发电关键技术可以有效地提高环境中振动能量的收集效率。
The problem of low efficiency of vibration energy collection in the environment is the focus of the research on piezoelectric power generation technology. In order to improve the collection efficiency of the vibration energy in the environment, the piezoelectric power generation technology for multi-direction collecting environment vibration energy is studied. First, the mathematical model of the piezoelectric cantilever is built by the basic theory of the piezoelectric power generation technology, and the vibration mechanics analysis is carried out. Then, the piezoelectric cantilever is analyzed using ANSYS finite element simulation, and the structure is optimized so that the natural frequency of the vibration frequency is consistent with the environment. And finally, the multi-direction piezoelectric device is developed, and its theoretical analysis and experimental testing are finished. The experimental results show that the multi-direction vibration of piezoelectric power generation key technologies can effectively improve the collection efficiency of vibration energy
Multi-Wave and Hybrid Imaging Techniques: A New Direction for Nondestructive Testing and Structural Health Monitoring  [PDF]
Yuhua Cheng,Yiming Deng,Jing Cao,Xin Xiong,Libing Bai,Zhaojun Li
Sensors , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/s131216146
Abstract: In this article, the state-of-the-art multi-wave and hybrid imaging techniques in the field of nondestructive evaluation and structural health monitoring were comprehensively reviewed. A new direction for assessment and health monitoring of various structures by capitalizing the advantages of those imaging methods was discussed. Although sharing similar system configurations, the imaging physics and principles of multi-wave phenomena and hybrid imaging methods are inherently different. After a brief introduction of nondestructive evaluation (NDE) , structure health monitoring (SHM) and their related challenges, several recent advances that have significantly extended imaging methods from laboratory development into practical applications were summarized, followed by conclusions and discussion on future directions.
Recent Progress in Piezoelectric Conversion and Energy Harvesting Using Nonlinear Electronic Interfaces and Issues in Small Scale Implementation  [PDF]
Daniel Guyomar,Micka?l Lallart
Micromachines , 2011, DOI: 10.3390/mi2020274
Abstract: This paper aims at providing an up-to-date review of nonlinear electronic interfaces for energy harvesting from mechanical vibrations using piezoelectric coupling. The basic principles and the direct application to energy harvesting of nonlinear treatment of the output voltage of the transducers for conversion enhancement will be recalled, and extensions of this approach presented. Latest advances in this field will be exposed, such as the use of intermediate energy tanks for decoupling or initial energy injection for conversion magnification. A comparative analysis of each of these techniques will be performed, highlighting the advantages and drawbacks of the methods, in terms of efficiency, performance under several excitation conditions, complexity of implementation and so on. Finally, a special focus of their implementation in the case of low voltage output transducers (as in the case of microsystems) will be presented.
Energy harvesting efficiency of piezoelectric flags in axial flows  [PDF]
Sebastien Michelin,Olivier Doare
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2012.494
Abstract: Self-sustained oscillations resulting from fluid-solid instabilities, such as the flutter of a flexible flag in axial flow, can be used to harvest energy if one is able to convert the solid energy into electricity. Here, this is achieved using piezoelectric patches attached to the surface of the flag that convert the solid deformation into an electric current powering purely resistive output circuits. Nonlinear numerical simulations in the slender-body limit, based on an explicit description of the coupling between the fluid-solid and electric systems, are used to determine the harvesting efficiency of the system, namely the fraction of the flow kinetic energy flux effectively used to power the output circuit, and its evolution with the system's parameters. The role of the tuning between the characteristic frequencies of the fluid-solid and electric systems is emphasized, as well as the critical impact of the piezoelectric coupling intensity. High fluid loading, classically associated with destabilization by damping, leads to greater energy harvesting, but with a weaker robustness to flow velocity fluctuations due to the sensitivity of the flapping mode selection. This suggests that a control of this mode selection by a careful design of the output circuit could provide some opportunities of improvement for the efficiency and robustness of the energy harvesting process.
Autonomous Wireless Sensors Network Based on Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting  [PDF]
Alex Mouapi, Nadir Hakem, Gilles Y. Delisle
Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation (OJAPr) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojapr.2016.43011
Abstract: Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) offer an attractive solution to many environmental, security and process monitoring. However, their lifetime remains very limited by battery capacity. Through the use of piezoelectric energy harvesting techniques, ambient vibration can be captured and converted into usable electricity to create selfpowering WSN which is not limited by finite battery energy. This paper investigates analytically and experimentally the performance of a WSN powered by a Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting System (PEHS) and a material block-level modeling considering most key energy consumption of a wireless sensor node in a star topology network is proposed. By using real hardware parameters of existing components, the proposed model is used to evaluate the energetic budget of the node. The sensor node performance is evaluated regarding transmit packet size, duty cycle and the number of nodes that can be deployed. From the spectral properties of the available vibration inside two moving vehicles (automobile and train), the maximal recoverable power for each type of vehicle is estimated. Using a PEHS based on a cantilever beam optimized for low-frequency applications, 6 mW power is recovered in the case of the train while a 12.5 mW power is reached in the case of the automobile. It is observed that the sink may not operate with the recovered energy. However, the sensor node can sense and transmit data with a maximum size of 105.5 kbits when the duty cycle is 4 × 10-15. It is also achieved that the node is most effective when the measured physical phenomena vary slowly, such as the variations in temperature due to thermal inertia. Considering an optimized PEHS based on non-linear processing, it is shown that the sink can operate for 190% improvement of the recovered power.
Energy Harvesting Strategy Using Piezoelectric Element Driven by Vibration Method  [PDF]
Dong-Gun Kim, So-Nam Yun, Young-Bog Ham, Jung-Ho Park
Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/wsn.2010.22014
Abstract: This study demonstrates a method for harvesting the electrical power by the piezoelectric actuator from vibration energy. This paper presents the energy harvesting technique using the piezoelectric element of a bimorph type driven by a geared motor and a vibrator. The geared motor is a type of PWM controlled device that is a combination of an oval shape cam with five gears and a speed controller. When using the geared motor, the piezoelectric element is size of 36L×13W×0.6H. The output voltage characteristics of the piezoelectric element were investigated in terms of the displacement and vibration. When using the vibrator, the electric power harvesting is based on piezoelectric effect and piezoelectric vibrator consists of a magnetic type oscillator, a cantilever, a bimorph actuator and controllers. Low frequency operating technique using piezoelectric vibrator is very important because normal vibration sources in the environment such as building, human body, windmill and ship have low frequency characteristics. We can know from this study results that there are many energy sources such as vibration, wind power and wave power. Also, these can be used to the energy harvesting system using smart device like piezoelectric element.
On Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting from Human Motion  [PDF]
Chunhua Sun, Guangqing Shang, Hongbing Wang
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2019.71008
Abstract: With the rapid development of low-power communication technology and microelectronics technology, wearable and portable embedded health monitoring devices, micro-sensors, and human body network positioning devices have begun to appear. For seeking reliable energy sources to replace battery on these devices, it is of great significance for developing low power products to explore the research of piezoelectric effect in conversion of human motion into electricity. Based on the different human motions, the existing technology of piezoelectric energy harvester (PEH) is firstly classified, including PEHs through heel-strike, knee-joint, arm motion, center of mass. The technology is then summarized and the direction of future development and efforts is further pointed out.
Design and characterization of a fractal-inspired multi-frequency piezoelectric energy converter
Davide Castagnetti
Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale , 2013,
Abstract: A promising harvesting technique, in terms of simplicity and efficiency, is the conversion of ambient kinetic energy through piezoelectric materials. This work aims to design and investigate a piezoelectric converter conform to a fractal-inspired, multi-frequency structure previously presented by the author. A physical prototype of the converter is built and experimentally examined, up to 120 Hz, in terms of modal response and power output. Three eigenfrequencies are registered and the power output is particularly good at the fundamental eigenfrequency. Also the effect of the resistive load applied to the converter is investigated.
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