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Anatomical Pathology Laboratory Activity in Meknes, Morocco  [PDF]
Hajar El Hilali, Fatiha El Hilali, Bakary Traore, Fatiha Laziri
Open Journal of Pathology (OJPathology) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojpathology.2019.93006
Abstract: Cancer continues to be a major health problem in the world. During 2018, there were 9.6 million deaths and 18.1 million new cases registered across the globe. It is estimated that one in 5 men and one in 6 women will develop cancer during their lifetime. This disease kills one in 8 men and one in 11 women. Developing countries have seen an increase in cancer occurrence and change in type of cancers due to change in social and economic conditions. The objective of this research was to further evaluate 1659 specimens for anatomical pathology testing. The data was collected from the records of the pathological anatomy laboratory at the Mohamed V Hospital in Meknes, Morocco. It is one-year study period (January-December 2013). Results of the anatomy pathology exam showed cancer positive for 9.6% of specimens; inconclusive for 1%; and negative for 66.2%. For all specimens, the most analyzed organs are breast with 29.7%; skin with 21.3%; cervical with 2.6%. For cancer patients, the most affected organs are skin (21.3%) and breast (29.7%). For cancer patients, Neoplasm is present in 9.3% of patients. Patients with metastatic cancer represent 0.3%. Patients with non-neoplastic lesions represent 66.2%. 1% of patients represent uncertain results. Additional immunohistochemistry research is needed before conclusive recommendations are made.
Occurrence of Salmonella in Chicken Carcasses and Giblets in Meknes-Morocco
Chaiba Abdellah,Rhazi Filali Fouzia,Chahlaoui Abdelkader,Soulaymani Bencheikh Rachida
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2008,
Abstract: A study was conducted to estimate the occurrence and distribution of Salmonella in raw chicken meat and giblets (liver and gizzard) on the Moroccan market. From November 2005 to November 2006, a total of 576 samples were collected from retailers. Of these, 144 samples were from popular market, 144 from artisanal slaughterhouses, 144 from poulterers` shops and 144 from a supermarket at Meknes (centre-south Morocco). Of the total 576 samples examined, Salmonella was detected in 57 (9.90%) of the samples analyzed. Among the chicken samples examined high proportion of gizzard (13.88 %), liver (11.11 %), leg (8.33 %) and breast (6.25 %) were contaminated with Salmonella. In summary 30 (20.83 %) of the popular market samples, 24 (16.66 %) of the traditional slaughterhouses samples and 3 (2.08%) of the poulterers` shops were positive for one or more Salmonella. Out of the total 57 Salmonella isolates, 4 different serotypes were identified of which S. Typhimurium (40.35%) was the most frequent followed by S. Newport (26.31%). S. Montevideo (17.54 %) and S. Heidelberg (15.78 %). Results of the present study indicated that there was a high level of Salmonella contamination of chicken meat and giblets in popular market and artisanal slaughterhouses, which could be considered as one of the major potential source of human salmonellosis in Morocco.
Pesticide Use Pattern among Farmers in a Rural District of Meknes: Morocco
Berni Imane, Atassi Mariam, Nejjari Chakib, Zidouh Ahmed, El Jaafari Samir, El Rhazi Karima
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103125
Background: Pesticides in Morocco are extensively used for pest control in agriculture. Their usage practices may potentially result in high farmer exposures and adverse health effects. The objective of this study is to evaluate the risks to human health phytosanitary practices of rural farmers in the region of Meknes. Methods: This study was based on a transversal survey dealt with 402 farming households in 15 rural communes. The results of the survey have undergone statistical analysis. Results: A sample of 402 individuals were included in this survey; it was found that the age of the farmers surveyed is between 18 and 72 years. The potato vine crops and orchards record the most important use pesticides. The survey found that 74 commercial preparations are used, 14 insecticides, 23 fungicides, 26 herbicides, 3 insecticide-acaricide and 1 nematicide. Some of these substances are classified as to its carcinogenicity risk in group 1, 2A and 2B according to IARC monograph (International Center for Research on Cancer). The farmers use carcinogens products: 47.3% are already exposed to tobacco, and very few of these producers are confronted with the health rules for the phytosanitary treatment. Most reported that they have skin irritation after application of pesticides, a cold and hot flushes and other health problems such as respiratory problems including “allergies”. No significant correlation was found between the declaration of these health problems and the level of education. Among the farmers who reported these problems, 3.73% reported having headaches, and eleven having respiratory problems. The consumption of alcohol and tobacco to a certain degree had a strong correlation with the return of these health problems (p = 0.0057 and p = 0.052). Conclusions: This study shows that farmers in Meknes region are frequently exposed to dangerous and restricted pesticides, practicing their agricultural activities within adequate protection. The study establishes a diagnosis of farmers’ exposure to carcinogenic chemicals and is an important basis for the definition of preventive measures against the risk factors linked to cancer in the farms.
Potentiality of Clay Raw Materials from Northern Morocco in Ceramic Industry: Tetouan and Meknes Areas  [PDF]
M. El Ouahabi, L. Daoudi, F. De Vleeschouwer, R. Bindler, N. Fagel
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2014.23019
Abstract: This study aims at evaluating the potential suitability of Tetouan and Meknes (central Morocco) clay material as raw materials in various ceramic applications by investigating their textural, chemical, thermal and firing characteristics. Textural properties were identified by specific surface area, cation exchange capacity (CEC) and bulk density (ρs). Chemical and thermal properties were assessed using XRF and TG/DTA techniques, respectively. Firing characteristics at temperatures from 800℃ to 1100℃ were determined by linear firing shrinkage, loss on weight and water absorption capacity. The Meknes clays are characterised by medium cation exchange capacity (CEC) and specific surface area (SSA) values due to their moderate smectite content. The Tetouan clays have medium to low CEC and medium SSA values. The main oxides in the clayey samples are SiO2 (35 - 54.3 wt%), Al2O3 (20.6 - 43.9 wt%), and Fe2O3 (9.7 - 22.4 wt%). The amount of CaO in Meknes clays ranges from 8 to 12 wt%, whereas CaO is only present in some Tetouan clay (TE4, TE7, TN4 and TN5). A significant densification of ceramic behaviour could be noticed for most of Tetouan clays at firing temperatures above 1000℃. Meknes clays show earlier densification from 800℃. The chemical, textural and ceramic properties of Tetouan and Meknes clays indicate their suitability as raw materials for the production of structural ceramics. The high amount of Fe2O3 in all clays makes them inappropriate in fine ceramics.
Anthropogenic Impacts on the Distribution and Biodiversity of Benthic Macroinvertebrates and Water Quality of the Boufekrane River, Meknes, Morocco  [PDF]
L. Karrouch, A. Chahlaoui, A. Essahale
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2017.57014
Abstract: The area of the city of Meknes (Morocco) undergoes anthropic pressure, which acts mainly on the rivers. River water is used, without preliminary treatment, for farm irrigation. A study of the impacts of anthropogenic activities on the distribution and biodiversity of benthic macroinvertebrates and water quality of the Boufekrane River (Meknes) was conducted. Four pristine stations from the upstream and two stations at the downstream receiving anthropogenic impacts were selected along the River. For 12 consecutive months (from January to December 2010), based on the SEQ-V.2 scoring system, water quality index classes, the upstream stations recorded significantly higher biological monitoring scores and better water quality indices than those of the downstream. Four variables are involved actively in the individualization of the physico-chemical environment: COD, dissolved oxygen, TSS and temperature. The total number of macrobenthic taxa and their overall richness indices and diversity indices were significantly higher at the upstream stations than at the downstream stations. The relationships between the physicochemical and the macrobenthic data were investigated by biotypology analysis (PCA and FCA) and Pearson correlation analysis. The analyses showed that the richness and diversity indices were generally influenced by the total suspended solids, chemical oxygen demand and the electric conductivity of the river water. This study also highlighted the impacts of anthropogenic activities on the distribution and species diversity of macrobenthic invertebrate. Some sensitive (Trichoptera and Ephemeroptera) and resistant species (Oligochaeta such as Tubifex sp.) are identified as potential bioindicators of clean and polluted river ecosystems, respectively, in Morocco rivers. The data obtained in this study supported the use of the bioindicator concept (Innovative Biotechniques for controlling water quality) for North Africa rivers because it is more efficient than conventional methods.
Shared Memories and Oblivion: Is Israeli Jews’ Nostalgia for Morocco Shared by the Muslims in Morocco?  [cached]
Emanuela Trevisan Semi
Quest : Issues in Contemporary Jewish History. , 2012,
Abstract: In this article1 we debate whether nostalgia for an idyllic past such as that left in the memory of Israeli Jews of Moroccan origin, a past denied by official Jewish narrative and now re-surfacing in the creativity of second generations, is shared by the Muslims who have stayed in Morocco. In the face of Morocco’s post-colonial historiographical silence, it has been questioned how much has remained in the collective memory of Morocco, given a Jewish presence evidence of which continues to be found in Morocco in the form of spaces, objects and places of ritual. The article discusses the results of research carried out in 2005-2009 in the city of Meknes, in the course of which were interviewed both those who frequented Jews, especially until the 1960s-70s, when Jews were still numerous, and also young people who had barely the opportunity to meet them. In particular we highlight the aspects of such memories shared by both Jews and Muslims as well as the divergences.
Concentrations and chemical speciation of particulate matter in two Moroccan cities; Meknes and Kenitra
M. Tahri,Y. Noack
Journal of Environmental Science and Water Resources , 2012,
Abstract: An assessment of air quality in two Moroccan cities (Meknes and Kenitra) was performed by determining the elemental composition of particulate matter (fine and coarse) in a sampling campaign from June 2007 to May 2008 for Kenitra city and from March 2007 to April 2008 for Meknes city. The chemical composition of the collected samples was determined using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS), Total Reflection X-Ray Fluorescence (TXRF) and Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (ICP-AES). The results, for the both cities, show the highest concentrations of particulate matter in summer and the lowest in winter, particularly for coarse fractions. Furthermore, the fine/coarse ratios, for both cities, were in the most case lower than 0.5 indicating the importance of soil dusts and resuspension of deposited soil particles. The major emission sources identified in these two cities were traffic, soil dusts and resuspension of deposited particles.
"Special foot massage" as a complimentary therapy in palliative care  [cached]
Puthusseril Vijaya
Indian Journal of Palliative Care , 2006,
Abstract: Terminal illness often throws up challenges that conventional treatments fail to address satisfactorily. Complimentary therapies such as foot massages are being rediscovered for their particular benefits in palliative care. This article includes a brief description of the process and discusses the author′s experience with it′s use.
Attitudes towards English and ESP Learning for University Students: The Case of School of Economics and Law in Meknes  [PDF]
Nabila Elyazale
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2019.712033
Abstract: This paper reports the results of a research conducted and English and ESP learning attitude in the Moroccan context. The study specifically investigated the language attitude of first-year economy and economy and law master students at the school of Law and Economics in Meknes, (University Moulay Ismail). The results revealed that both undergraduate and graduate students hold a positive attitude towards English and ESP learning at the cognitive, affective and behavioral levels. They also reveal a high degree of motivation in this regard.
Morocco Integration Strategy Improvement
Samir Smuni
European Researcher , 2013,
Abstract: The article justifies the necessity of Morocco integration strategy improvement with regard to the Arab Spring consequences and the global financial crisis, gives general recommendations for the development of the integration strategy in order to improve the efficiency of participation in the processes of international integration, detects cooperation lines with the European Union and the Arab Maghreb Union in coordination of these integration strategy directions
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