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Role of Personality Styles (Sociotropy/Autonomy) and Moderating Effects of Social Support in Clinically Depressed Patients  [PDF]
N.M. Bakhshani
Journal of Medical Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: This study was done to investigate the moderating effects of social support on severity of depressive symptoms of clinically depressed patients with different personality configurations (sociotropy/autonomy). The participants were 92 unipolar MDD patients (58 female and 34 male) that completed BDI, PSI, LES and ISSB questionnaires. Based on results of regression analysis, social support can moderate severity of depressive symptoms, but its contribution can be influenced by dominant personality configurations. In highly sociotropic depressed patients, the effect of social support on depressive symptoms (BDI score) is significant, but in highly autonomous patients is not significant. In general, highly sociotropic or dependent people value close relationships thus may show more severe depressive symptoms after negative interpersonal events such as loss of perceived social support.
A Review of Proactive Personality
主动性人格的研究现状与展望

Liu Mi,Long Lirong,Zu Wei,
刘密
,龙立荣,祖伟

心理科学进展 , 2007,
Abstract: In recent years,more and more researchers and managers started to pay attention to employee's proactive behavior.Proactive behavior could improve the organization's efficiency and enhance the competitive power.Proactive behavior was influenced by many factors,which one is proactive personality.Proactive personality is a stable disposition toward proactive behavior.Many researches demonstrated that proactive personality was closely related to many behavioral outcomes,including job performance,career success,leadership,team performance,and entrepreneurship.The future research should discuss several questions,for example,the relationship between proactive personality and contextual performance,the relationship between proactive personality and new standard of career success.
Fraud Risk Assessment and Detection of Fraud: The Moderating Effect of Personality  [cached]
Nahariah Jaffar,Hasnah Haron,Takiah Mohd Iskandar,Arfah Salleh
International Journal of Business and Management , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v6n7p40
Abstract: External auditors are required by the auditing standards to provide reasonable assurance that the financial statements are free from material misstatements. Inability of the external auditors to detect material misstatements, particularly fraud, may expose the external auditors to litigation. The present study aims to examine the moderating effect of personality factors (that are neuroticism, extraversion, conscientiousness, openness to experience and agreeableness) on the relationship between the external auditors’ ability to assess fraud risk and their ability to detect the likelihood of fraud. The present study utilizes an experimental approach by sending case materials to audit partners or audit managers attached to auditing firms operating in Malaysia. The result, however, shows that none of the personality factors has moderating effect on the relationship between the external auditors’ ability to assess fraud risk and their ability to detect the likelihood of fraud.
Close Friendships and Mental Health of Korean American Adolescents: The Moderating Effect of Personality  [PDF]
Minjeong Kim, Jyu-Lin Chen, Susan Kools, Sandra Weiss
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2018.91007
Abstract: During adolescence, the youth increasingly rely on peers for intimacy and support. Since traditional Korean values emphasize the centrality of the family, this shift in emotional attachment may be especially challenging for Korean American youth. However, it is not known whether adolescents who lack a supportive close friendship may be at greater risk for mental health problems. The aims of this study were to determine whether the quality of the adolescents’ closest friendship is associated with the mental health of Korean American adolescents, and whether specific personality traits of the youth may moderate any association between the quality of their friendships and their mental health problems. This cross-sectional study included 138 Korean American adolescents from community settings in California. A demographic questionnaire, the Relationship Quality Questionnaire, the NEO Five-Factor Inventory-3, and the Youth Self Report were completed by adolescents. Hierarchical regression analyses were used to examine the aims. Quality of the closest friendship was not a significant predictor of mental health problems for youth in general. However, the personality trait of agreeableness did predict better mental health. Agreeableness also showed a moderating effect, indicating that for youth who had less agreeable, more antagonistic personalities, a high quality relationship with their best friend was associated with fewer mental health problems. Longer residence in the U.S. was also related to better mental health. Findings suggest the need for early identification of youth who have poor relationships with close friends or a more antagonistic personality. It may be especially important to provide supportive mental health interventions for Korean American adolescents with these combined risks.
The moderating effects of sample type as evidence of the effects of faking on personality scale correlations and factor structure  [PDF]
KEVIN M. BRADLEY,NEIL M. A. HAUENSTEIN
Psychology Science , 2006,
Abstract: Motivational differences as a function of sample type (applicants versus incumbents) have frequently been suspected of causing meaningful differences in the psychometric properties of personality inventories due to the effects of faking. In this quantitative review, correlations among the Big Five personality constructs were estimated and sample type was examined as a potential moderator of the personality construct inter-correlations. The resulting subgroup meta-analytic correlation matrices were factor-analyzed, and the second order factor solutions for job incumbents and job applicants were compared. Results of the meta-analyses indicate frequent, but small moderating effects. The second order factor analyses indicated that the observed moderation had little effect on the congruence of factor loadings. Together, the results are consistent with the position that faking is of little practical consequence in selection settings.
AUTONOMIA PRIVADA E DIREITOS DA PERSONALIDADE – PERSONALITY RIGHTS AND PRIVATE AUTONOMY
Rafael da Silva Rocha
Revista da SJRJ , 2011,
Abstract: Os direitos da personalidade s o inerentes à condi o humana e, como tais, s o irrenunciáveis e intransmissíveis. No entanto, além da renúncia e da transmiss o, existem outras formas de disposi o, que devem ser admitidas. O sujeito n o pode transmitir o direito propriamente dito, mas pode ceder o exercício e até consentir na sua les o, em situa es excepcionais. Para tanto, em primeiro lugar, a vontade há de ser livre, sem influências de condicionamentos externos, e deve ser manifestada por um sujeito capaz de discernir, que esteja devidamente informado sobre as consequências dos seus atos. Além disso, para ser eficaz, o ato de disposi o deve promover a dignidade da pessoa humana. Do contrário, desde que n o seja ilícita, a conduta poderá até ser protegida pelo ordenamento jurídico a título de manifesta o positiva da liberdade individual, mas n o receberá san o positiva nem negativa. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Rela es existenciais. Dignidade da pessoa humana. Liberdade individual. Consentimento informado. ABSTRACT: Personality rights are inherent to the human condition and therefore are non-renounceable and not transferable. However, besides renouncement and transmission, there are other ways of disposal, which must be accepted. The person cannot transmit the right itself, but may transfer the exercise and might consent to its injury, in exceptional situations. Firstly, it is required a free will, with no influence of external constraints, and must be a decision manifested by a subject able to discern, properly informed about the consequences of his actions. Furthermore, to be effective, the act of disposal must promote human dignity. Otherwise, unless it is illegal, the conduct is likely to be protected by law as a positive manifestation of individual freedom, but will not receive a positive or negative sanction. KEYWORDS: Existential relations. Human dignity. Individual freedom. Informed consent.
组织社会化策略与新员工工作适应研究
How Organizational Socialization Tactics Affects Millennial Newcomer Adjustment:A Moderating Effect of Proactive Behavior and Newcomer Identity
 [PDF]

何辉,黄月
HE Hui
,HUANG Yue

- , 2015,
Abstract: 摘要 通过对300余名新员工的调查,检验了组织社会化策略对新员工工作适应的影响,以及主动社会化行为和新员工类别对组织社会化策略与新员工工作适应之间关系的调节效应。研究结果表明,制度化社会化策略对毕业生工作适应的影响大于工作转换者;新员工的主动社会化行为在组织社会化策略和工作适应的关系之间起正向调节作用;新员工的主动社会化行为和新员工类别在组织社会化策略与工作适应之间会产生协同调节效应。
Based on samples from more than 300 new employees, an empirical research is conducted to test the impact of organizational socialization tactics on newcomer adjustment, and examine how proactive behavior and newcomer type moderate the relationship between socialization tactics and newcomer adjustment. The empirical results show that institutionalized socialization tactics are more positively related to newcomer adjustment on the graduates than on the experienced job transferers, the proactive behavior of newcomer moderates the relationship positively between socialization tactics and their adjustment. Moreover, the interaction of proactive behavior and newcomer type have moderating effects on the relationship between organizational socialization tactics and newcomer adjustment
Control Improvisation  [PDF]
Daniel J. Fremont,Alexandre Donzé,Sanjit A. Seshia,David Wessel
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: We formalize and analyze a new automata-theoretic problem termed control improvisation. Given an automaton, the problem is to produce an improviser, a probabilistic algorithm that randomly generates words in its language, subject to two additional constraints: the satisfaction of an admissibility predicate, and the exhibition of a specified amount of randomness. Control improvisation has multiple applications, including, for example, generating musical improvisations that satisfy rhythmic and melodic constraints, where admissibility is determined by some bounded divergence from a reference melody. We analyze the complexity of the control improvisation problem, giving cases where it is efficiently solvable and cases where it is #P-hard or undecidable. We also show how symbolic techniques based on Boolean satisfiability (SAT) solvers can be used to approximately solve some of the intractable cases.
海归知识员工组织支持和主动性人格对归国适应的影响研究
A Study of the Effect of Organizational Support and Proactive Personality on Readjustment for Returnees
 [PDF]

闫燕
Advances in Psychology (AP) , 2015, DOI: 10.12677/AP.2015.56047
Abstract:
本文以重返文化为研究背景,以海归知识员工为研究对象,探讨了组织支持和主动性人格对归国适应的影响和作用边界。本研究从生活环境、工作环境和沟通环境这三方面分别考察了组织支持和主动型人格对归国适应的直接影响。特别地,本文以特质激活理论为理论基础考察了组织支持和主动型人格的交互作用对归国适应的影响。对229名海归知识员工的调查数据显示,经济支持能够帮助他们适应生活环境;职业支持对工作环境有显著的积极作用;而适应支持有利于海归知识员工更加适应沟通环境。本研究还发现主动性人格对归国适应有促进作用,特别是当职业支持和适应支持高时,主动性人格对工作适应和互动适应的促进作用更显著。
Based on reentry research, this paper studies the effect of perceived organizational support and proactive personality on reentry adjustment for retuned knowledge workers. This paper examines the relationship between organizational support, proactive personality and reentry adjustment from general work and interaction environment. Specifically, based on trait activation theory, it ex-plores the interaction effect of organizational support and proactive personality on reentry adjust-ment. Data are collected from 229 returned knowledge workers. The results show that financial or-ganizational support, career organizational support and adjustment organizational support have significant positive effect on general adjustment, work adjustment and interaction adjustment re-spectively. Moreover, proactive personality has positive effect on reentry adjustment. Specifically, proactive personality shows more significant positive effect when financial organizational support and adjustment organizational support are high.
Is There Any Overtrading in Stock Markets? The Moderating Role of Big Five Personality Traits and Gender in a Unilateral Trend Stock Market  [PDF]
Jian Zhang, Haocheng Wang, Limin Wang, Shuyi Liu
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0087111
Abstract: Overtrading is a common anomaly among stock investors. This study examines the relationship between overtrading and investment returns and the impact of the Big Five traits and gender on overtrading in a unilateral trend stock market using a simulated stock investment system. The data were derived from a sample of undergraduates from six universities who performed in a simulated stock investment situation and had their personality traits measured by the Big Five Personality Questionnaire. The results indicate that: (1) Overtrading was significant in rising stock markets, but not significant in falling markets. (2) The degree of female investors who overtraded was significant in rising markets. (3) The degree of overtrading investors who were high in extroversion or agreeableness was significant in rising markets. The implications of these results for more effective investment strategies are discussed.
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