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Citizenship, Space and Democracy: Political Changes in the Context of Globalization  [PDF]
Gabriel Pérez Pérez
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2017.71003
Abstract: The article makes a theoretical reflection of space, which has been traditionally studied by geographers and citizenship, without making aside the empirical elements of this relationship. The first paragraph provides that studying the citizenship is necessarily linking it to the issue of democracy, and that, if there have been different approaches for spatial analysis at different scales, we have a diversity of forms and developments that have embraced democracy and citizenship. The second section is central to the theme of the city and it shows how they are given different manifestations and expressions of citizenship that responds to the transformation of public space and the fragmentation of the city. Finally, the third section deals with the theme on how their times currently can observe the emergence of new or different formations citizens. As a consequence of the global transformations, migratory transnational flows or social movements, citizens can be studied through different scales and spaces.
Democracy and Citizenship in Indigenous Socio-Political Institutions in the Cordillera: Focus on Sagada, Mountain Province  [cached]
Jessica K. Carino
Kasarinlan : Philippine Journal of Third World Studies , 1996,
Abstract: While village members in Sagada, Mountain Province do not perceive local institutions and practices in terms of western concepts of democracy and citizenship, comparable indigenous values underlie their socio-political institutions. The dap-ay (ward) and the amam-a (council of elders), for example, encompass the democratic values of consultation, participation in decision-making, consensus-building, representative government and commitment to common good, while simpangbon embodies the concept of citizenship. Moreover, oral tradition and customary law provide the rules for exemplary and acceptable behavior. They guide the operation of the dap-ay and decision-making by the amam-a. These rules and institutions also co-exist with local government structures which, in turn, have not been indigenized to operate within the context of customary laws. In sum, Sagada may not have a formal democratic and representative government, nor a formal conception of citizenship, but the village democracy embodied in the dap-ay and the amam-a, along with the indigenous concept of citizenship as reflected in the simpangbon, have endured for centuries. Less bureaucratic and structured than formal democracy, these institutions have effectively sustained life in the village and helped enhance peace and social justice.
The Political Dimension of Global Education: Global Governance and Democracy
Bettina L?sch
Journal of Social Science Education , 2011,
Abstract: "Political and economic global transformation processes are encompassing the field of political education. The subject matter of political education, namely the political, has itself undergone a radical transformation. The changes have had a particular effect on democratic structures and opportunities for participation in the political process. Focusing on a conception of critical education for democracy, this article will highlight the democratic deficits of the globalisation process, and shed light on political-theoretical conceptions of global governance. As opposed to the paradigmatic reorientation of political education into democratic and (European) citizenship education, which has taken place in Germany, the case will be put forward for political education for global democracy which goes beyond Eurocentric thinking and the concept of the nation state. Global political education involves a broad conception of politics and incorporates the new democratisation processes as well as the accompanying expanded forms of participation.Die globalen Transformationsprozesse von Politik und konomie erfassen auch die politischen Bildungsprozesse. Der Gegenstand der politischen Bildung: das Politische ist einem radikalen Wandel unterzogen. Die Ver nderungen wirken sich insbesondere auf die demokratischen Strukturen und Partizipationsm glichkeiten aus. Im Fokus einer Konzeption kritischer Demokratiebildung werden in diesem Artikel die Demokratiedefizite des Globalisierungsprozesses sowie der politiktheoretischen Konzeptionen einer Global Governance beleuchtet. In Kontrast zur paradigmatischen Neuausrichtung politischer Bildung in Deutschland als Demokratie-P dagogik und european citizenship education wird in diesem Beitrag für eine globale Perspektive politischer Bildung pl diert, die über ein nationalstaatliches und eurozentristisches Denken hinausweist. Eine globale politische Bildung legt einen weiten Begriff von Politik an und greift die Impulse neuer Demokratisierungsbewegungen sowiedie damit einhergehenden erweiterten Partizipationsformen auf."
Political participation, digital democracy and e-citizenship for the protagonism of adolescents and young people  [PDF]
Juan Bautista Marti?nez Rodri?guez
Revista Electronica Interuniversitaria de Formación del Profesorado , 2011,
Abstract: This article presents the political, legal and educational for the participation of adolescents and youth in public and political, for it deals with digital citizenship: how adolescents and youth policy reconstruct inhabiting public spaces. We present the e‐Participation and the production of social gaps, cultural and political under the idea that the public is no longer common. Are some suggestions from the theory of communication and power in order to identify those who have power and where to find them. It is suggested to know the mindset of teens and their modes of interpretation that structure and give meaning to the messages circulating on the networks to increase capacity to produce their own messages. The article proposes deliberative policy for media education and the use of social networks.
The problem of legitimacy of democracy: Citizenship, participation, deliberation  [PDF]
Sláde?ek Michal
Filozofija i Dru?tvo , 2006, DOI: 10.2298/fid0630123s
Abstract: In this text the problem of legitimacy of democracy is considered through particular aspects of its crisis. On theoretical and philosophical level, the crisis of legitimacy of democracy is reflected as the primacy which some of the liberal thinkers give to judicial review in relation to self-determination and democratic will. On practical level, crisis as citizens’ distrust in democratic institutions, as well as diminished participation in bringing of political decisions are being discussed. In the text the legitimacy of democracy is considered together with analysis of concepts of citizenship, participation in political processes and deliberative democracy. In this context of distrust in democratic processes the text considers the problem of Serbia on its way of integration into European institutions.
Prácticas políticas, imaginarios y ciudadanía: las disonancias entre cultura y democracia en la ciudad de México Political Practices, Imagination and Citizenship: The Lack of Fit between Culture and Democracy in Mexico City
Héctor Tejera Gaona
Revista mexicana de sociología , 2009,
Abstract: El texto explora el vínculo entre ciudadanía, partidos políticos y gobierno en la ciudad de México. Sustentado en una investigación del periodo 1997-2006, muestra los efectos político-culturales de dicho vínculo y su repercusión en la democracia en la capital del país. The text explores the link between citizenship, political parties and goverment in Mexico City. Based on a research of the period 1997-2006, the article shows the politico-cultural effects of this link and its repercussions on democracy in the capital of the country.
Del Gobierno por el pueblo a la posdemocracia económica transnacional, global y cosmopolita From the Government for the People to the Economic Transnational, Global and Cosmopolitan Postdemocracy  [cached]
José G. Vargas-Hernández
Cuadernos de Administración (Universidad del Valle) , 2009,
Abstract: Este trabajo tiene por objetivo analizar el concepto evolutivo y dinámico de la democracia como argumento de legitimidad de la acción de los gobiernos. Se inicia con el análisis del modelo de la democracia sustentada en los valores del liberalismo político y económico como una forma de organización política capaz de equilibrar las aspiraciones individuales. El modelo republicano de democracia se centra en la construcción de un espacio público para la participación de los ciudadanos. La participación ciudadana se ejercita limitadamente a través de una democracia representativa o a plenitud en la democracia participativa. Entre las disfuncionalidades del ejercicio democrático se analiza la democracia delegativa y los alcances limitados que ha tenido la socialdemocracia. Finalmente, se concluye con la emergencia de la posdemocracia postnacional que estrecha los vínculos entre la ideología del libre mercado que orienta a la política económica neoliberal y la democracia liberal. Esta posdemocracia se manifiesta como una democracia económica transnacional que promueve el libre mercado y los valores del neoliberalismo y la posmodernidad a escala global y cosmopolita, para justificar el avance de los procesos de globalización económica. This paper has as the objective to analyze the evolution and dynamic concept of democracy as an argument of legitimacy of government action. It begins with the analysis of the model of democracy sustained in the values of the political and economic liberalism as a form of political organization capable to equilibrate individual aspirations. The Republican model of democracy is centered in the construction of a public space for citizenship participation. Citizenship participation is limited exercised through of a representative democracy or plenty in the participative democracy. Among dysfunctional of democratic exercise it is analyzed the delegative democracy and the limited scope that has had the social democracy. Finally it is concluded with the emergency of post national posdemocracy which stretches the ties between the ideology of free market which leads to the neoliberal political economy and liberal democracy. This posdemocracy manifests as a transnational economic democracy which promotes free market and the neoliberal and postmodern values at global and cosmopolitan scale, to justify the advancement of economic globalization processes.
Political space of ecological citizenship  [PDF]
Vasiljevi? Jelena
Filozofija i Dru?tvo , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/fid1201102v
Abstract: This paper examines the concept of ecological citizenship by looking at two sets of arguments. Those justifying the concept itself, and those criticizing the need to devise a new concept of citizenship and political community in relation to ecological problems. The paper argues for a shift in focus: instead of searching for (or readily dismissing) a new concept of citizenship, we should adopt a different perspective capable of capturing the explanatory potentials of citizenship-related notions - especially citizenship action and political space in which it is constituted - in the context of contemporary global ecological problems. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 43007 i br. 41004]
Political Culture and Political Democracy
Gang-li QI,Yan-jie HE
Cross-Cultural Communication , 2007, DOI: 10.3968/682
Abstract: As a new concept in the research of political party, political culture has its unique content, function and characteristics, which are different from any other culture organizations. It confines and influences the existence, development and realization degree of political democracy (refers to democracy inside political parties in particular). The essay analyzes how traditional political cultures enhanced and hindered political democracy and proposes to construct a new political culture that features openness, democracy, law, weakening ideology, and web-relationship to promote the development and realization of political democracy. The essay also points out that such a construction of political culture should be approached from the establishment of Political Parties Act, the revolution of traditional pyramid organization and rights organization, the establishment of democratic systems and programs inside political parties and the cultivation of democratic spirits. Key words: political culture, political democracy, realization approaches Résumé: La culture de parti, un nouveau concept dans les recherches de parti, revêt des connotations, fonctions et caractéristiques différentes des autres cultures organisationnelles. Elle conditionne l’existence, le développement et le niveau de réalisation de la démocratie de parti( on se réfère particulièrement à la démocratie intérieure du parti ). Le présent article analyse les r les positifs et négatifs de la culture de parti traditionnelle sur la démocratie de parti et propose de construire, sous les angles de la création de la Loi de parti , la réforme de la structure organisationnelle traditionnelle en pyramide et de la structure de pouvoir, l’établissement du système démocratique du parti et de son processus, la formation de l’esprit démocratique, une nouvelle culture de parti caractérisée par l’ouverture, la démocratie, la gérance selon la loi, l’affaiblissement idéologique et la relation en réseau dans le but de promouvoir le développement et la réalisation de la démocratie de parti. Mots-clés: culture de parti, démocratie de parti, moyen de réalisation 摘要:政黨文化作為政黨研究中一個新概念,具有不同于其他組織文化的內涵、功能和特點。它制約和影響著政黨民主(特指政黨內部民主)的存在、發展和實現程度。文章分析傳統政黨文化對政黨民主的促進和阻礙,提出從《政黨法》的創建,傳統金字塔型組織結構、權力結構的變革,政黨內部民主制度及程式的建立,民主精神的培育等方面入手,構建以開放,民主、法治、意識形態弱化、網路狀關係為特徵的新型政黨文化,以促進政黨民主的發展和實現。 關鍵詞:政黨文化;政黨民主;實現途徑
Turkey’s New Citizenship and Democracy Education Course: Search for Democratic Citizenship in a Difference-Blind Polity?
Kenan ?ay?r
Journal of Social Science Education , 2011,
Abstract: The paper introduces and critically evaluates the new Citizenship and Democracy Education course in the Turkish curriculum. This course has been introduced as a mandatory subject in grade 8 per one hour a week in the 2011-2012 academic year. Following the comprehensive 2005 curriculum reform, Citizenship and Human Rights Education courses had been abolished and these themes had been distributed to the curriculum of different courses. However, recommendations of academics and international bodies such as the Council of Europe on the advantages of having a distinct course on citizenship and human rights have led the Ministry of National Education to reintroduce a compulsory course covering these themes. The new course seems to be a human rights education course with its emphasis on rights and responsibilities. It could be considered a progressive step in this regard. However, the implication that educating people about their rights could be a basis of democratic citizenship might not be realized in present Turkey where internal conflicts based on religious, ethnic and language-based differences are becoming salient. The paper argues that democratization of citizenship in Turkey requires not only an education about rights but also the questioning of the current difference-blind civic republican notion of citizenship. It draws attention to the necessity of the development of a new political framework and a related citizenship course that would allow for peaceful coexistence of cultural differences.
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