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Item Order of Propositional Representation in Understanding Chinese Initiative and Passive Sentences
汉语主动句、被动句的命题表征项目顺序特点

Zhang Jinqiao,Mo Lei,
张金桥
,莫雷

心理学报 , 2006,
Abstract: 以中国大学生为被试,采用句子-图画验证任务(sentence-picture verification task )探讨了中国学生理解汉语主动句、被动句所形成的命题表征中项目顺序特点.结果表明,无论是语义水平较高的不可逆句,还是语义水平较低的可逆句,中国学生理解汉语主动句、被动句所建构的命题表征中项目顺序均为"施事→受事".本研究结果初步表明,中国学生理解汉语主动句和被动句时,能根据它们不同的表层结构(汉语主动句的语言表达顺序为"施事→受事"、汉语被动句的语言表达顺序为"受事→施事")建构相同的深层结构(语义内容的命题表征项目顺序"施事→受事"),可能是一个按照"施事→受事"固定方向进行的系列认知心理加工的过程.
Mining Chinese comparative sentences and relations based on CRF algorithm
基于CRF算法的汉语比较句识别和关系抽取

HUANG Gao-hui,YAO Tian-fang,LIU Quan-sheng,
黄高辉
,姚天昉,刘全升

计算机应用研究 , 2010,
Abstract: 比较句是表明事物之间关系的常见表达方式,对于文本挖掘,特别是情感分析,具有重要的价值。目前汉语比较句的研究还是一个新颖的课题,包括汉语比较句的识别和比较关系的抽取。对于汉语比较句的识别,在前人研究的基础上,以SVM为分类器,以特征词和CSR序列规则为特征,同时利用CRF算法抽取实体对象,并增加以实体对象的信息作为特征,显著提高了比较句识别的准确率、召回率和F-度量,最高分别达到96.55%、88.63%和92.43%。对于汉语比较关系的抽取,在CRF算法抽取实体对象的基础上,通过定义一些规则,抽取比较主体和比较基准,也取得了较好的效果,其中比较主体的抽取效果要好于比较基准。
类指句的体验哲学基础及认知理据
The Embodied Basis and Cognitive Motivation of Generic Sentences
 [PDF]

付正玲
- , 2017, DOI: 10.13718/j.cnki.xdsk.2017.06.016
Abstract: 类指句基于认知主体对客观存在的主观体验,对一类事物的某种属性进行概括性描述。结合体验哲学理论和概念转喻理论,对类指句的体验哲学基础及认知理据进行研究发现:(1)类指思维具有体验性、无意识性和转喻性;(2)类指句的认知推理主要体现在“类”与“例”之间的转喻映射关系,可将类指句分为“类代例”“例代类”“类代例和例代类叠加”三种转喻模型;(3)类指句中反例的存在是转喻思维的结果。从体验哲学及认知语言学视角研究类指句是一个具有前瞻性的尝试,意义在于为指称研究提供新的视角。
Generic sentences make generalizations about certain properties of a category. By employing embodied philosophy and conceptual metonymy theory, this paper attempts to discuss the basis and cognitive motivations of generic sentences and the conclusions are as follows. First, generic thinking is embodied, unconscious and metonymic. Second, cognitive inference of generic sentences manifests itself in the interaction between type and instance, and generic sentences accordingly fall into three metonymic models:TYPE FOR INSTANCE, INSTANCE FOR TYPE, Combination of TYPE FOR INSTANCE and INSTANCE FOR TYPE. Third, exceptions are the result of metonymic thinking. The study of generics from the perspective of embodied philosophy and cognitive linguistics is a forward-looking attempt and provides a new perspective to the research of reference
意象图式在日语被动句教学中的探索与应用
Exploration and Application of Image Schema on the Japanese Teaching about Passive Sentences
 [PDF]

刘莉, 雷振新, 朱婷婷
Modern Linguistics (ML) , 2015, DOI: 10.12677/ML.2015.32007
Abstract:
借鉴日本語文法記述協会关于被动句的分类标准,将日语被动句划分为:直接被动句、间接被动句和所有者被动句。运用认知语言学中的意象图式理论,探讨日语各被动句的表现形式与其体现的事态构造之间的关系,在此基础上进一步指出:直接被动句是原型,所有者被动句介于直接被动句与间接被动句之间,与二者构成连续的统一体。这一发现为日语被动句的教学提供了新的思路和手段,同时也为日语学习者提供了一种非传统语言学的可行方式。
According to the Classification of the Japanese Grammar-Account Association (JGAA) about passive sentences, Japanese passive sentences are divided into three types: direct passive sentences, indi-rect passive sentences and owner passive sentences. In this paper, the relation between the ex-pression forms of all types of Japanese passive sentences and their event structure is discussed by ap- plying the image schema theory of cognitive linguistics. Based on it, a conclusion is further pointed out, i.e., of the unity constituted by the three types of Japanese passive sentences, direct passive sentences are the prototype while owner passive sentences are linked between the other two types. The presented conclusion provides new ideas and means for Japanese teaching of passive sentences. Meanwhile, it also provides a feasible learning style of non-traditional linguistics for Japanese learners.
ERP Investigation into English Sentence Processing of Chinese ESL Learners: Taking English Active Sentences as An Example
中国二语学习者英语句子加工的心理机制初探:以主动句为例

CHANG Xin,ZHANG Guo-Li,WANG Pei,
常欣
,张国礼,王沛

心理学报 , 2009,
Abstract: 操纵不同违例类型(语义单违例、句法单违例、双违例)及不同的违例词位置(句中、句尾),运用ERPs技术初步探讨了中国大学生二语(英语)学习者英语简单句的心理加工过程。结果发现,中间句法单违例诱发了早期左前负波(ELAN),句尾句法单违例引发了正波(P600)。句尾语义单违例诱发的负波(N400)波幅显著大于中间语义单违例。即存在违例关键词的位置效应。较之单违例,语义-句法双违例诱发的N400与P600波幅变化呈非对称性。语义-句法双违例句诱发的P600波幅大于句法单违例句;语义-句法双违例引发的N400波幅均小于语义单违例句。这说明句法与语义加工之间存在交互作用,句法加工在很大程度上受到语义加工的影响,句法加工对语义加工的影响较小。
汉语否定处置句研究  [PDF]
张俊阁
浙江大学学报(人文社会科学版) , 2015,
Abstract: ?否定是语言中普遍存在的一种现象,是语法中的重要范畴。就汉语处置句而言,根据否定词出现的位置,否定处置句可分为两种类型:否定前置处置句,否定后置处置句。这两种否定处置句的产生与处置介词语法化的句法环境有密切的关系。否定词前后位置的不同,其否定辖域及否定焦点也随之有所变化。否定词否定辖域及否定焦点和语用因素是两种否定处置句一直广泛存在于汉语方言的一个重要的内在动因,同时阿尔泰语否定词紧靠动词的语序对新疆、甘肃等地汉语方言处置句否定词的位置也有一定影响。
四川短尾鼠句(Anourosorex squamipes)行为生态学的研究  [PDF]
宗浩,冯定胜
四川师范大学学报(自然科学版) , 1998,
Abstract: 在野外和实验室对四川短尾鼠句的行为生态学进行了研究.四川短尾鼠句的食性以蚯蚓、昆虫及其幼虫为主,也有部分植物茎叶和果实,同时喜食鱼虾等水产品.人工饲料中,对甜味食品具有良好的适口性.家庭结构为“一夫一妻制”,睡眠的固定行为模式为∩形.在人工养殖的情况下显示出强烈的自残行为,利用味觉辩别和觅食在取食行为中占有突出的地位.四川短尾鼠句食量甚大,平均取食干重为(4.212±0.858)g/(只·d).四川短尾鼠句可用试错学习分辨毒饵,同时也表现出利用物品的高等悟性学习行为.以上研究为成功地防治该动物提供了理论依
“句吴”与“吴”  [PDF]
陆振岳
- , 2015,
Abstract: 作为吴国名号的"句吴"与"吴",在先秦迄汉的载籍中,仅见于司马迁的《史记·吴太伯世家》。二者既有同一性,又存在区别。前者是太伯的自号,为俗辞;后者为周武王给予的封号,是中国之辞。不仅有元典的记载,有经史的注释,而且有相当的考古发现的器物铭文,证据充足,说理有凭。
汉语块扩句的自动分析  [PDF]
韦向峰,张全?
计算机科学 , 2010,
Abstract: 块扩句是一类概念预期知识十分明确的句子。基于概念层次网络理论介绍了块扩句对应的块扩句类,总结了能够激活块扩句类的典型块扩动词。根据块扩动词的概念知识得到句子的特征语义块及块扩句类,依据块扩句类的知识对句子进行检验后可给出句子句类的分析结果。在已有的句类分析系统的基础上对真实语料中的块扩句进行了自动分析,实验表明正确率达到了71.29%,错误主要来自特征语义块动词辨识、动词多句类代码等。正确分析块扩句将有助于解决汉语句子的多动词处理难点。
从事件到语言编码:小句及物性的认知识解生成机制研究
Cognitive Construal Mechanism of Clausal Transitivity from Event to Language Encoding
 [PDF]

王惠静
- , 2018, DOI: 10.13718/j.cnki.xdsk.2018.03.018
Abstract: 以类型学为代表的前期及物性研究取得了一些突破,但在视角和研究内容上存在局限性。已有研究主要采用的是静态视角,仅从语言内部出发,关注小句及物性的高低不等问题,忽略了语言使用者的认知加工对小句及物性高低及意义的影响。对于同一情景事件,由于语言使用者认知加工不同,编码的小句及物性的高低和意义都可能不同。从认知语言学视角出发,以认知识解理论为分析工具,可以探讨相同情景事件下影响不同小句及物性编码的识解维度、识解受制因素及制约关系,提炼为影响小句及物性的识解机制,从理论上为小句及物性差异作出解释。
Some breakthroughs have been made in the previous transitivity studies, such as the typological approach, but there are some limitations due to the inappropriate perspective and limited research focus. With a static observation of linguistic facts, most of the past researches focus more on different degrees of transitivity while less on the role of the language user's cognitive processing in the conceptualization of transitivity. With different ways of cognitive processing, the same event may be encoded into different degrees and semantics of clausal transitivity. From the perspective of cognitive linguistics, this paper uses construal as a theoretical instrument to probe into the construal dimensions and factors that affect the linguistic encoding of events so as to offer a theoretical interpretation of the different manifestations of transitivity
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