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 High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2007, DOI: 10.1088/0954-3899/34/8/S54 Abstract: We introduce a generalized definition of parton distribution functions (PDFs) for a more consistent all-order treatment of power corrections. We present a new set of modified DGLAP evolution equations for nuclear PDFs, and show that the resummed $\alpha_s A^{1/3}/Q^2$-type of leading nuclear size enhanced power corrections significantly slow down the growth of gluon density at small-$x$. We discuss the relation between the calculated power corrections and the saturation phenomena.
 BioResources , 2009, Abstract: In order to improve the acid-resistant property of papermaking grade precipitated calcium carbonate filler and to obtain modified filler in powder form, sodium silicate/zinc chloride based modifiers were used in filler modification, and the use of modified filler in papermaking of deinked pulp derived from recycled newspaper was also preliminarily investigated. Under the preliminarily optimized experimental conditions, when sodium silicate, zinc chloride, sodium hexametaphosphate, and phosphoric acid with dosages of 10 wt%, 3 wt%, 1 wt% and 0.2 wt%, respectively, were used as modifiers, and when the temperature, aging time, and PCC concentration during the filler modification process was 70 oC, 7 h and 9.1 wt%, respectively, the acid-resistant property of filler was significantly improved after modification, as evaluated using alum consumption and pH methods. The use of modified precipitated calcium carbonate filler prepared under the optimized conditions provided considerably more brightness and light scattering improvement in comparison to unmodified filler, and filler modification was found to have only negligible influence on tensile and burst strength of the paper, air permeability of the paper, and retention performance of the filler. Surface analysis of the modified filler using XPS and SEM confirmed the occurring of surface encapsulation and modification of precipitated calcium carbonate filler when the relevant modifiers were used in filler modification. The encapsulating effect of modifiers on filler was thought to be favorable to improvement in acid-resistant property, and optical properties of the filled paper.
 Amir H. Rezaeian Physics , 2009, Abstract: We provide predictions for the nuclear modification factor R_{pA} for pions and direct photon production in p+A collisions at LHC energy at midrapidity within different saturation models fitted to HERA data. In our approach we have no free parameters to adjust and all model parameters are fitted to other reactions. Our approach gives a rather good description of PHENIX data for R_{pA} for pions. We show that, in various saturation models, the pion Cronin enhancement is replaced by a moderate suppression at LHC energy at midrapidity due to gluon shadowing effects. However, Cronin enhancement of direct photons can survive at LHC energy in models with a larger saturation scale. We show that both shadowing and saturation effects are important at LHC in p+A collisions and give rise to a rather sizable effect in the nuclear modification factor R_{pA}. Therefore, a precise measurement of p+A collisions at LHC is crucial in order to understand the underlying dynamics of heavy ion collisions.
 Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-8711.2000.03838.x Abstract: A rotation rate and X-ray luminosity analysis is presented for rapidly rotating single and binary M-dwarf systems. X-ray luminosities for the majority of both single & binary M-dwarf systems with periods below $\simeq 5-6$ days (equatorial velocities, V$_{eq}>$ 6 km~s$^{-1}$) are consistent with the current rotation-activity paradigm, and appear to saturate at about $10^{-3}$ of the stellar bolometric luminosity. The single M-dwarf data show tentative evidence for the super-saturation phenomenon observed in some ultra-fast rotating ($>$ 100 km~s$^{-1}$) G & K-dwarfs in the IC 2391, IC 2602 and Alpha Persei clusters. The IC 2391 M star VXR60b is the least X-ray active and most rapidly rotating of the short period (P$_{rot}<$ 2 days) stars considered herein, with a period of 0.212 days and an X-ray activity level about 1.5 sigma below the mean X-ray emission level for most of the single M-dwarf sample. For this star, and possibly one other, we cautiously believe that we have identified the first evidence of super-saturation in M-dwarfs. If we are wrong, we demonstrate that only M-dwarfs rotating close to their break up velocities are likely to exhibit the super-saturation effect at X-ray wavelengths.