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 Judge Louis Harms Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal/Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad , 2012, Abstract: Terence McKenna, in Wild Ducks Flying Backwards, said that he did not believe thatthe world is made of quarks or electro-magnetic waves, or stars, or planets, or of anysuch things. ’I believe’ he said, ‘the world is made of language.’ It would have beenmore correct to have said that the world is made of languages, many of them.The subject, Law and Language in a Multilingual Society, raises critical issues notonly for us in this country but also for others because language is part – the greaterpart – of one's culture. A people without a culture is said to be like a zebra withoutstripes. Culture, and not race, nationality, religion or border (natural or political),determines one's identity. As one of the founding fathers of the Afrikaans language,Rev SJ du Toit, wrote in 1891: language is a portrait of the soul and life of a nation;and it mirrors the character and intellectual development of a people (my translation).Unfortunately language tends to divide, more particularly, a multilingual society. Lawis supposed to close the divide but more often than not widens it and is used todeepen divisions. This is because the ruler determines the law and, consequently,the language of the law, in the belief that the use of language can be enforced fromabove. Law and language, like oil and water, do not mix although the former isdependent on the latter.
 Wei-sen LI Cross-Cultural Communication , 2005, DOI: 10.3968/1705 Abstract: With the development of Chinese marketing reform, the lack of honesty, social corruption, and whether the trend of increasing economy can continue have currently become the three biggest realist problems disturbing the Chinese government and people of all circles. The author argues that something must be done to construct the national law system, otherwise the problems in the marketing honest system and prevalence of corruption will eventually hold back the high increasing of the Chinese economy. Beginning from the differentiation of the two concepts of “to rule according to law” and “the rule of law”, the author then suggests that law should be returned to its objective reality as the justice incarnation on the basis of jurisprudence, and the utilitarian view of pragmatic jurisprudence in Chinese traditional culture should be discarded, otherwise it’s impossible to develop the sacredness and authority of the law, then it will take an unconscionable time to practice the rule of law in China, and there will be no way to cure the institutionalized corruption problem once and for all. Key words: further the market reform, legal system，rule of law, justice，law, utilitarianism, tension of system change Résumé: Avec le développement de la réforme du marché chinois d’aujourd’hui , le manque de confiance , la corruption sociale et la croissance rapide font l’objet des problémes réels qui obsèdent le gouvernement chinois et les hommes clairvoyants de tous les milieus . On constate , dans ce texte que , la croissance rapide de l’économie Chinoise stagnera t t ou tard à cause des problèmes de l’édification du système de honnêté et confiance pour le bon fonctionnement du marché , et ceux de la généralisation de corruption , si on ne fait pas de progrès réels sur l’édification constitutionnelle et politique . Ayant pour point de départ la distinction entre les deux concepts “Gouverner selon les lois ”et “Gouverner avec les lois ” , ce texte affirme encore que la divinité et l’autorité des lois ne sauront être respectés , si on ne reconna t pas la vérité que la loi est l’incarnation de la justice à la base des principe du droit , si on ne rejète pas le concept utilitaire du droit qui a un lien très étroit avec l’esprit philosophique de l’utilitarisme imprégné dans la culture traditionnelle chinoise . Par conséquent , on est toujours trop loin de suivre la voie de construire une société chinoise de droit , et les problèmes de corruption du système ne sauront jamais réglés de fa on radicale . Mots-clés: l’approfondissement du marché, système du droit, justice , utilita
 Physics , 2005, Abstract: The distribution of wealth in the Hungarian medieval aristocratic society is reported and studied. The number of serf families belonging to a noble is taken as a measure of the corresponding wealth. Our results reveal the power-law nature of this distribution function, confirming the validity of the Pareto law for such a society. The obtained Pareto index $\alpha=0.92$ is however smaller than the values currently reported in the literature. We argue that the value close to 1, of the Pareto index is a consequence of the absence of a relevant economic life in the targeted society, in agreement with the prediction of existing wealth distribution models for the idealized case of independently acting agents. Models developed to explain city populations may also be adapted to justify our results.
 José ángel Martínez Usero Revista de Universidad y Sociedad del Conocimiento , 2008, Abstract: The article analyses the main contributions of the 2007 Law on Universities that concern access to higher education, university entrance and continuation of studies and the exercise of academic rights of the students with disabilities. It begins with the definition and characterization of people with disabilities in Spain. The use of ICT and the Internet in university training promotes the development of information management skills among the students and their integration into the knowledge society. Education organizations must ensure that web sites and electronic educative content are accessible to all members of the university community. The Law on Universities anticipates a series of innovative measures related to modern education adjusted to the principles of the knowledge society, guaranteeing equal opportunities for students with disabilities, establishing: special payment terms, such as reductions or waiving of university fees; measures to ensure that universities offer means, aid and resources that guarantee full integration of these students; programs to ensure accessibility of the information in presential and virtual contexts; and curricula developed according to principles of universal accessibility and respect for all. Finally, universities must elaborate action plans oriented to cover the needs of people with disabilities.
 Simon Pemberton Outlines : Critical Practice Studies , 2005, Abstract: This article seeks to explain the acceptance of the rising numbers of police custody deaths in England and Wales over the last 20 years. It argues that these deaths are a consequence of the transformation in the U.K., from a social democratic to an increasingly neo-liberal mode of social organisation. The article links the characteristics of the authoritarian state, which emerged at this point in time, to the current profile of police custody deaths. Then, by using interview material with those who have investigated these cases, the article seeks to understand the narratives which are mobilised to legitimate these deaths as the ‘acceptable’ consequences of a ‘law and order’ society.
 Mathematical Problems in Engineering , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/969087 Abstract: Statistical properties of the human comment behavior are studied using data from “Tianya” and “Tieba” which are very popular online social systems (or forums) in China. We find that both the reply number R and the view number V of a thread in a subforum obey the power-law distributions ()= and ()∝, respectively, which indicates that there exists a kind of highly popular topics. These topics should be specially paid much attention, because they play an important role in the public opinion formation and the public opinion control. In addition, the relationship between R and V also obeys the power-law function ∝. Based on the human comment habit, a model is introduced to explain the human view and reply behaviors in the forum. Numerical simulations of the model fit well with the empirical results. Our findings are helpful for discovering collective patterns of human behaviors and the evolution of public opinions on the virtual society as well as the real one.