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西伯利亚杏种质资源花表型变异
Flower phenotypic variations of germplasm resources of Siberian apricot (Armeniaca sibirica)
 [PDF]

尹明宇,朱绪春,刘慧敏,
- , 2018,
Abstract: 【目的】明确西伯利亚杏(Armeniaca sibirica (L.)Lam)花表型性状、花粉特性、雌蕊发育程度的变异特点和规律。【方法】以从13个种源地共筛选出的256份种质资源为材料,对西伯利亚杏的花数量性状(花长、花冠径、花瓣长、花瓣宽、雄蕊个数、雄蕊长、雌蕊长、花粉量、花粉活力)和质量性状(花瓣颜色、花萼颜色、花瓣形状、花瓣状态、花瓣类别)以及雌蕊发育程度进行调查,了解花数量性状变异规律,并对花表型性状与花粉特性以及雌蕊发育程度与坐果率的相关性进行分析。【结果】西伯利亚杏花数量性状存在丰富的遗传变异,数量性状的变异系数均值为19.77%,其中花粉量的变异系数最大(41.41%),雄蕊个数的变异系数最小(10.26%)。花长、花冠径、花瓣长、花瓣宽、雄蕊长、雌蕊长、花粉量及花粉活力均服从正态分布,雄蕊个数不完全符合正态分布。78.57%的样本花粉量12 290.00~40 101.00粒/朵,42.86%的样本花粉活力大于50%。西伯利亚杏的雌蕊败育率极低,具有巨大的丰产潜力,86.4%的西伯利亚杏完全花比例高于50%,随着完全花比例的增加,坐果率总体呈先上升后下降趋势。完全花比例与花长、花冠径、花瓣长、花瓣宽、雌蕊长呈显著或极显著正相关,在方位上表现为中>南>东>西>北,在层次上表现为中>上>下。西伯利亚杏花主要性状描述特征为:花瓣白色或浅粉红色;花瓣圆形或卵圆形;花萼红褐色或紫红色,极少数为绿色;花瓣状态平;花单瓣,鲜有重瓣。【结论】西伯利亚杏种质资源花数量性状变异程度高,存在丰富的多样性。
【Objective】This study was conducted to determine the variations and relationships in floral phenotypic traits, pollen and pistil development of Armeniaca sibirica in Nei Mongol.【Method】A total of 256 individuals from 13 A.sibirica provenances were selected and the floral quantitative traits (flower length,corolla diameter, petal length,petal width,stamen numbers,stamen length,c,pollen quantity and pollen viability),quantitative traits (petal color,calyx color,petal shape,petal smoothness and petal type) and pistil development degrees were surveyed.Then,the variations of quantitative traits,the correlations between floral phenotypic traits and pollen characteristics and between pistil development degree and fruit setting rate were analyzed.【Result】There were significant variations in floral quantitative traits.The average variation coefficient of quantitative traits was 19.77%,with the highest in pollen quantity (41.41%) and lowest in number of stamens (10.26%).The flower length,corolla diameter,petal length,petal width,stamen length,pistil length,quantity and viability of pollen obeyed the normal distribution,while the stamen numbers did not. The quantity of pollen ranged from 12 290.00 to 40 101.00 for 78.57% resources with 42.86% having pollen viability of higher than 50%.The rate of pistil abortion of A.sibirica was very low,but with great increasing potential.86.4% of resources had complete flower rate of higher than 50%,and the fruit setting rate generally increased at the first and then decreased with the increase of complete flower percentage.There were significant positive correlations among complete flower rate with flower length, corolla diameter,petal length,petal width and pistil length.The complete flower rates were in the order of middle>south>east>west>north spatially,and in the order of middle>upper>lower vertically.The main descriptive
抗寒西伯利亚杏花粉特性及其相关分析
Pollen Characteristics and Correlation of Armeniaca sibirica with Cold-resistance
 [PDF]

刘梦培,杜红岩,傅大立,赵罕,乌云塔娜
- , 2015, DOI: doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7461.2015.02.19
Abstract: 研究内蒙古居群抗寒西伯利亚杏花粉量和花粉萌发率的分布特征及其相关的因素,为生产上授粉树的合理选择提供参考依据。以12个种源同一树龄的178株西伯利亚杏为试验材料,研究其花粉量和花粉萌发率的分布特征。通过方差分析和相关分析对不同花色、花大小、完全花比率、长势与花粉量、花粉萌发率之间的相关性进行分析,并通过自交试验和荧光观察探讨花粉萌发率高低与花粉管在花柱内萌发长度的相关性。结果发现,花粉量和花粉萌发率的分布均呈偏态分布;检测指标之间无相互影响。从花粉育性上讲,仅34.86%的单株最适宜做授粉树。
In order to provide references for reasonable selection of pollination tree in production, the distribution characteristics and related factors of the pollen quantity and pollen germination rate of Armeniaca sibirica with cold-resistance in Inner Mongolia were examined. From 12 provenances, 178 individual plants were collected. Variance and correlation analyses were adopted to investigate correlationships among the relative factors, such as flower color, flower size, perfect flower ratio, growth and pollen quantity, and pollen germination rate. Through self-pollination test and fluorescence microscopic observation, the correlation between the different pollen germination rates and the length of pollen tube in the style was researched. The results showed that the distribution of the pollen quantity and pollen germination rate were in skewed distribution. No interactions were observed among the factors tested. Only 34.86% of individual trees were mostly suitable to be used as pollination trees from the view of pollen fertility
Effects of decomposition of mixed leaf litters of the Castanopsis platyacantha-Schima sinensis forest on soil organic carbon
栲-木荷林凋落叶混合分解对土壤有机碳的影响

ZHANG Xiaopeng,PAN Kaiwen,WANG Jinchuang,CHEN Qibing,
潘开文

生态学报 , 2011,
Abstract: Forest soils contain about 45% carbon(C) of the terrestrial soils,and thereby minor changes of C in forest soils can significantly alter the content of atmosphere carbon dioxide(CO2).Forest litters are the principal source of C pool in forest soils,which can change C and nitrogen(N) transformations by altering the soil moisture,temperature,pH,and nitrogen and N sources into soil during the process of decomposition.However,the effects of forest litters,especially litter mixtures on soil C,including total org...
A New Variety of Armeniaca sibirica (L.) Lam.
山杏一新变种

Liu Gui-Sen,Zhang Li-Bin,Wang Tong-Kun,
刘桂森
,张立彬,王同坤

中国科学院研究生院学报 , 1989,
Abstract:
Root constituents of Lactuca sibirica and a comparison of metabolite profiles of L. sibirica and L. tatarica
Wanda Kisiel,Klaudia Michalska
Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae , 2009, DOI: 10.5586/asbp.2009.004
Abstract: Nine known sesquiterpene lactones, including four lactucin-type guaianolides, four costuslactone-type guaianolides and one germacranolide, were isolated from roots of Lactuca sibirica (Asteraceae), six of which were glycoside derivatives. The chemosystematic significance of the compounds is discussed in the context of sesquiterpenoids present in roots of the closely related species Lactuca tatarica. A comparison of sesquiterpene lactone profiles indicate that the species can be differentiated on the basis of their germacranolide glycoside compositions.
The Quality Indicators of Osmotic Dried Apricot (Prunus armeniaca)
Ljiljana Babi?,Mirko Babi?,Ivan Pavkov
Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus (ACS) , 2007,
Abstract: Apricot (Prunus armeniaca) osmotic drying set of tests was conducted under controlled condition in laboratory. Current mean values of samples moisture content were obtained by measurement equipment and were used as data base for further statistical analysis. ANOVA statistical analysis proved that solution temperature and concentration are influential factors of osmotic drying. Empirical equation which predicts the changes of apricot halves moisture content in the time as a function of solution temperature and concentration was derived by the means of regression analysis. This equation was evaluated for solution temperatures of 45oC and 55oC, as well as for solution concentrations of 70% and 85% of saturated solution for chosen solution temperature. Results of chemical analyses results for “Keckemetska ruza”, “Novosadska rodna” and “Ambrosia” apricot varieties are also presented in this paper. The significant changes in phosphorous and calcium were not observed, but the contents of total sugar in samples changed during soaking in sugar solution, as a result of solids gain in apricot halves.
园 林 绿 化 节 水 途 径 探 究  [PDF]
朱永兴
北方园艺 , 2010, DOI: 10.11937/bfyy.201021049
Abstract:
Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Siberian apricot (Prunus sibirica L.) in China  [PDF]
Ming Li,Zhong Zhao,Xingjun Miao,Jingjing Zhou
International Journal of Molecular Sciences , 2014, DOI: 10.3390/ijms15010377
Abstract: The genetic diversity and population genetic structure of 252 accessions from 21 Prunus sibirica L. populations were investigated using 10 ISSR, SSR, and SRAP markers. The results suggest that the entire population has a relatively high level of genetic diversity, with populations HR and MY showing very high diversity. A low level of inter-population genetic differentiation and a high level of intra-population genetic differentiation was found, which is supported by a moderate level of gene flow, and largely attributable to the cross-pollination and self-incompatibility reproductive system. A STRUCTURE (model-based program) analysis revealed that the 21 populations can be divided into two main groups, mainly based on geographic differences and genetic exchanges. The entire wild Siberia apricot population in China could be divided into two subgroups, including 107 accessions in subgroup (SG) 1 and 147 accessions in SG 2. A Mantel test revealed a significant positive correlation between genetic and geographic distance matrices, and there was a very significant positive correlation among three marker datasets. Overall, we recommend a combination of conservation measures, with ex situ and in situ conservation that includes the construction of a core germplasm repository and the implement of in situ conservation for populations HR, MY, and ZY.
Diabetogenic property of charred meat on litters of pregnant albino rats
A.D Essien, J.O Akpan
Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: Intake of nitrosamine - rich food has been implicated in the pathogenesis of childhood type 1 diabetes mellitus. The present study therefore examines a possible relationship between consumption of charred meat, rich in nitrosamine during pregnancy and the corresponding development of type 1 diabetes in their litters. Determination of blood glucose and serum insulin levels in litters showed percent charred meat related increase in the mean blood glucose values of 64.1 +- 1.39mg/dl compared with the mean control value of 53.8 +- 3.78mg/dl and a corresponding reduction in the mean serum insulin values of 2.0 +- 0.43 μU/ml compared with 5.8 +- 0.29 μU/ml in the control (P<0.05). There were no significant changes in the mean blood glucose level and serum insulin level among the corresponding pregnant rats, hence, no evidence of diabetes mellitus. These results suggest that meat, when subjected to charcoal fire roasting may be harzardous to the foetus and a causative factor in the development of type 1 diabetes mellitus in the litters. Key Words: Charred meat, type 1 diabetes mellitus, serum insulin, blood glucose
Effect of natural and chemical insecticides on Hyalopterus pruni and Armeniaca vulgaris
A Ali, S Al-Quraishy
African Journal of Biotechnology , 2008,
Abstract: Experiments were carried out to evaluate the effect of water extracts of Fagonia arabica, Salix alba and Anthmis pseudocotula and their mixtures with chemical insecticide (Malathion) on growth of Hyalopterus pruni and characters of Armeniaca vulgaris plants and their soils. The data revealed that F.arabica extract at 20% concentration was the most effective followed by S. alba which recorded 62.66 and 56.16% reduction in H. pruni population density, respectively. While the mixture of Malathion with F.arabica or S. alba or A. pseudocotula extracts (each one at half concentration) results in 57.88, 57.42 and 60.86% reduction in aphid population, respectively. The plant extracts treatment resulted in significant increase in chlorophyll pigments and total carbohydrates in A. vulgaris whereas carotenoids and total protein content decreased (except S. alba extract treatment which increased total protein content). Soil cations; Ca++, Na+, Mg++, K+ and anions; SO4 2-, HCO3 -, Cl- increased with all plant extracts treatment with exception of A. pseudocotula extract treatment that decreased HCO3 - concentrations. This study recommended that natural insecticides were more effective and safe than chemical ones in pest control.
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