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楚简《周易》革卦“改日”考释  [PDF]
于茀
- , 2016,
Abstract: 革卦“巳日”一词,古来或释为已然之日,或释为干支己日,难成定谳,成为易学疑案。“巳日”,楚简《周易》作“改日”,为解决疑案提供了契机,然学界对于“改日”或释为“攺日”,或释为“改革之日”等,于义皆有未安。其实“改日”与关乎古礼的“改邑”、“改火”、“改岁”等语在形式上相似,上古有“日官”、“日御”,皆掌历数,“改日”之“日”应指“历数”。再以《象传》“治历明时”证之,“改日”当指改革历法,即所谓“改正朔”。革卦“大人虎变”、“君子豹变”之语,以《礼记》“虎犆”、“豹犆”证之,当指“易服色”。传世本“巳日”之“巳”,以甲骨卜辞“改”省作“巳”之例证之,当读作“改”,由此推测传世本可能有更早的文献来源。
Abstract:There are many different interpretations on“巳日”in the hexagram of Ge in I-Ching (The Book of Changes). It is written as“改日gai-ri”in the Chu bamboo slips, which provided a guideline to solve the problem. However, scholars' explanation of this word is controversial. In fact, the“日”of the“改日” referred to calendar, and“改日”should be interpreted as calendar reform. Moreover, this article speculates that the popular version of I-Ching may have earlier literature sources.
戈革诗词选  [PDF]
戈革
物理 , 2003,
Abstract: ?戈革,号红莩,一号拜鞠,北京石油大学物理学教授,退休。1922年1月22日生于河北献县前南宫村。1949年毕业于北京大学物理系,1952年毕业于清华大学物理研究所。原习理论物理学,中年后改治量子物理学史,专研尼耳斯·玻尔的生平、工作和思想。平生著译数十种,约1500万言,包括独立完成的尼耳斯·玻尔全集。所撰物理学史文章结集成《史情室文帚》一编。2001年受丹麦女王册封“国旗骑士”,授勋章。专业外,有多种文化爱好,尤嗜治印。
Expansion mechanism of farmland at a village in Horqin steppe of northern China.
半干旱草原牧区村庄的农田扩张机制

ZHANG Le,LIU Zhi-min,
张乐
,刘志民

应用生态学报 , 2008,
Abstract: Based on a multilevel model, the expansion mechanism of farmland in Horqin steppe of northern China was studied at field, household, and village levels. The results showed that there was no significant difference among households in reclaiming the steppe. The households with extra labor force and relatively higher basic education tended to reclaim steppe if they lived mainly on cultivation and animal breeding, while those with large livestock number were not favorable for farmland expansion. Corn cultivation was more sensitive to economic situations, while rice planting was more constrained by natural conditions. Therefore, relatively good basic education might favor the conversion of grassland to farmland, while transferring residual labor forces might detain the trend.
土地流转背景下的村干部角色冲突与调适
Conflicts and Adjustments of Roles of Village Cadres Under Background of Farmland Circulation
 [PDF]

王海军,简小鹰
- , 2015,
Abstract: 村干部扮演角色的多重性与复杂性,在土地流转过程中常会出现冲突的情况,如角色内冲突、角色间冲突与角色外冲突。角色内冲突基于村民社会分化以及村干部理想与现实角色的差异,角色间冲突基于村干部的多种代理人身份的张力、应然角色与实然角色的分歧,角色外冲突基于乡镇干部对村干部的领导与被领导关系的界定以及村庄政治的竞争性格局等。经过对土地流转过程中村干部角色冲突类型及冲突原因的分析,提出了从三个层面来缓解角色冲突的调适策略:即要在社会与政策层面、村庄层面和村干部层面开展具体的行动,采取具体的措施,如此才能让土地流转规范有序,乡村治理有序转型。
Because of the multiplicity and complexity of roles of the village cadres, the roles of village cadres often appear role conflict in the process of farmland circulation, such as intra-role conflict based on the social differentiation of the villagers and the differences of the ideal and the reality of the role of village cadres, inter-role conflict based on the inconsistent multi-identity of village cadres and the difference of the ideal and factual roles of village cadres, and conflicts with other roles based on the leadership definition between leaders and village cadres and the village political competition pattern. Therefore, after the analysis of role conflict types and reasons of the role conflict, suggestions are put forward in the aspects of social policy, village management and village cadres training to solve role conflict by carrying out specific actions and taking concrete measures to promote farmland circulation and transform the rural governance.
?横轴改?  [PDF]
程滋民
地质与勘探 , 1957,
Abstract: 103?利用500m?机?横?改?成300m??用横?,解决了备件缺乏??。其方法是将500m?横轴的键槽用雷焊填补,再车成300m转机横轴的设计尺寸,即可使用.
人民胜利渠灌区稻改  [PDF]
尚三林,冯光伟,朱传令,余祥海
人民黄河 , 2000,
Abstract: ?对人民胜利渠灌区稻改情况进行调查研究,肯定稻改在"改水土,治碱荒,改良洼区低产田"方面的主导作用.论述因种植结构的变化而引起的灌溉制度变革及其对灌区造成的各种影响,提出灌区应保持相对稳定的种植结构,并从黄河水资源日益短缺、灌区可引用水量严重不足的现实出发,适时对灌区水稻进行分类整改,推广水稻早种及节水灌溉技术,发展节水农业,维持灌区水量供需的动态平衡.
Public Participation in Village Relocation and Annexation in Land Use Planning:A Case Study of Northern Haidian District of Beijing Municipality
土地利用规划中“迁村并点”的公众参与——以北京市海淀北部地区为例

SONG Wei,ZHANG Feng-rong,CHEN Xi-wei,
宋伟
,张凤荣,陈曦炜

资源科学 , 2008,
Abstract: 论文探讨了土地利用规划中村庄迁并工作的公众参与方法、结果和结论。首先,运用自助法(Bootstrap)抽取了北京市海淀北部地区15个村的150家农户,然后通过问卷调查的形式让农民参与到土地利用规划中村庄迁并方案的制定之中。问卷调查的内容主要涉及到了农村村民的基本情况、居住现状,村民对土地利用规划中村庄迁并模式、房屋拆迁安置方式的看法等几个方面的内容。问卷调查的结果表明:①64.67%的农民对于目前的居住现状表示非常满意或比较满意,表示不太满意和很不满意的只有12.00%; ②38.90%的农民表示愿意居住楼房,而不愿意居住楼房的农民比例则达到61.10%;随着文化程度的增加、年龄的降低、收入的降低,农民愿意居住楼房的比例逐渐上升; ③农村房屋拆迁后,希望得到货币、房屋和另行审批宅基地安置方式的农民比例分别为20%、32.94%和44.71%;假如农民失去耕地,56.94%的农民希望政府帮助解决社会保险,25%的农民希望解决就业,其他选择较少。由此,我们可以得出以下结论:①村庄的迁并工作应该谨慎进行; ②村庄的迁并模式应该多元化,不应过分强调居住楼房; ③房屋拆迁安置方式应自主化,征地应社会保障先行。
信息不对称下的农地流转“柠檬”市场困境——以黑龙江省西城村例证
Study on “Lemon” Market Dilemma of Farmland Circulation Market under Information Asymmetry——A Case Study in Xicheng Village,Heilongjiang Province
 [PDF]

周敏,雷国平,匡兵
- , 2017,
Abstract: 新型农业经营模式构建背景下,农地大规模流转成为必然,其核心问题是价格。以黑龙江省克山县西城村为例,基于Akerlof经典理论,探究信息不对称下的农地流转市场交易边界、均衡条件及其逆向选择问题。结果表明,政府参与农地流转在激发农户农地流转积极性、提高农地流转效率、促进农地适度规模经营等方面发挥了积极作用。在信息不对称市场环境下,政府定价对农地流转市场的干预和扭曲作用日益凸显,导致农地流转实际价格低于市场机制运行下的应然价格,引发逆向选择市场行为,农地流转市场陷入“柠檬”困境,价格倒逼机制导致农地质量下降成为趋势,产生具有恶性传导效应的市场效率损失。提出利用外来资本及价格信号显示机制,构建公开市场条件下的农地流转价格体系将有助于推动农地有序流转。
Under the background of building a new type of agricultural management mode,large-scale farmland circulation becomes inevitable and its core problem is renting price.Based on the case study in Xicheng village,Keshan county of Helongjiang province and Akerlof theory,this paper analyzes the transaction boundary of farmland circulation market under asymmetric information as well as equilibrium condition and its adverse selection in order to provide a new perspective to promote orderly and sustainable farmland circulation.Government’s participation in farmland circulation is playing an important role in arousing farmer’s enthusiasm in farmland circulation,increasing the efficiency of farmland circulation and promoting the moderate operation of farmland.Under the environment of information asymmetry,intervention and distorting effect of setting price by government are increasingly prominent in which the actual price is lower than the proper price under market mechanism operation,which causes “adverse selection” market behavior,and farmland circulation market falls into “lemon” difficulties.Price forced mechanism leads to the decrease of farmland quality which results in the loss of market efficiency with malignant conduction effect.Therefore,this paper proposes that taking advantage of foreign capital and signal display mechanism of renting price to construct farmland circulation price system under the open market conditions will promote the orderly farmland circulation.
管钳子改??活  [PDF]
直爽
地质与勘探 , 1957,
Abstract: ?探??常用的工具――管?子,在工作中损坏是?多的,特?是?子?和?子箍更易?坏,而?子把损坏的?少。因此利用?子把再加工改??活成管?子是一?有效的节?措施。105勘探?已??用?一方法,解?了管?子改??活?题。他们的改??程是:???的???加?剁?,每????可?成????。剁?后,再加?至可??度(?1150°~200℃左右),?行?加工成?子?形?,再???工加工即成成品。其次再利用??粒??(如?之1)改??子箍,首先作成如?之2及3所示的???模,其中3?芯模,4??模。具?作法是???粒??按改?管?子箍所需的?度在?床上切好,放在?中加?,
The input-output features of farmland eco-economic system-A case study from Wugou Village, Gongyi City, Henan Province
村域农田生态经济系统投入产出特征研究——以河南省巩义市吴沟村为例

QIAO Jia-Jun,XIONG Jian,
乔家君
,熊 剑

中国生态农业学报 , 2006,
Abstract: The input-output features of farmland eco-economic system in Wugou Village,Henan Province are studied.The results show that different types of farmland eco-economic systems have significant differences.In the respect of the material flow and the fund flow,the dry-flat farmland system is a high-input,high-output and low-ratio utilization(system.) In the respect of the energy flow,the dry-flat one is a high-input and high-output and high-ratio utilization(system.) In different farmland systems,the ratio of output to input of planting soybean is relatively higher.Comparing the structures of output and input of two major crops such as wheat and maize,the ratio of the dry slope farmland system is (higher) than that of the dry flat farmland system.When wheat is planted in the (farmland) system,the former is 1.31 times as the latter,when maize is planted in the farmland system,the former is 1.27 times as the latter.
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