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生命的超越――从“复归于婴儿”到“死而不亡”  [PDF]
陆建华
安徽大学学报(哲学社会科学版) , 2009,
Abstract: 生命因有限而具有悲剧色彩。突破生命的有限性,实现生命的超越,便是生命之“梦”。在老子看来,生命超越之路就是“复归于婴儿”。“婴儿”是生命的初始形态,也是生命永恒的象征。由于“复归于婴儿”的方法“常德不离”、“专气致柔”在经验世界和理论层面均面临无法克服的困难,老子只得从“复归于婴儿”转向“死而不亡者寿”,由从“生”的角度追求生命的超越,转向从“死”的角度寻求生命的超越,从而使生命超越本身蕴涵悲剧色彩。
论宋亡“诗史”  [PDF]
方勇
浙江大学学报(人文社会科学版) , 2001,
Abstract: ?宋末士子在经历了空前的鼎革动乱之后,对杜甫“诗史”精神有了比唐人更为深刻的认识。而在艺术形式方面,他们对杜甫“诗史”又有了重大的突破和发展。尤其是汪元量主要用联章组诗手法创作出来的宋亡“诗史”长卷,舒岳祥主要用以序代题手法创作出来的反映宋末元初东南沿海地区动乱现实的“诗史”巨卷,则更成了我国“诗史”发展史上的两座里程碑。
Effect of Superovulation on Piglet Production  [cached]
RA Mege,W Manalu,N Kusumorini,SH Nasution
Journal of Animal Production , 2006,
Abstract: Sixty gilts with average body weight of 107.80 + 5.10 kg were used in an experiment to study the use of PMSG and hCG as superovulation agent to increase piglet production. In this experiment 60 gilts were assigned into a completely randomized design with 4 treatments of superovulation with dose level 0, 600, 1200 and 1800 IU/gilt. Injections were conducted 3 days before estrus. During gestation, gilts were placed in single pigpen, and maintained to term. The parameters were birth weight, preweaning growth and mortality. The results showed that superovulation dose levels of 600 and 1200 IU/gilt increased the piglet birth weight, litter size, preweaning growth and piglet production at 90 days. It is concluded that superovulation with dose levels of 600 to 1200 IU can improve productivity. (Animal Production 8(1): 8-15 (2006) Key Words : Superovulation, gilts, piglet production
《史记》亡缺研究述评  [PDF]
李景文,宋立
图书情报工作 , 2009,
Abstract: ?针对两千年来历代学者对《史记》亡佚情况进行考辨的情况,分类梳理历代学者的研究结果,将其归纳为“十篇全亡说”、“部分亡佚说”、“十篇未亡说”三大类进行述评,并提出今后研究应当关注的方向。
Expulsión fetal postmortem Postmortem fetal extrusion  [cached]
E. Lasso,M. Santos,A. Rico,J.V. Pachar
Cuadernos de Medicina Forense , 2009,
Abstract: Un evento extremadamente inusual en patología forense es la "expulsión postmortem de un feto" también denominado parto postmortem. El "parto postmortem" se define como la expulsión de un feto muerto tras el fallecimiento de una mujer embarazada cuando el útero materno muestra claros signos de putrefacción. Se considera que los gases generados en la fase enfisematosa de la putrefacción cadavérica dentro de la cavidad abdominal pueden prolapsar el útero y causar la expulsión total o parcial del feto. Presentamos el caso de una mujer embarazada de siete meses que desapareció y fue hallada muerta varios días más tarde en avanzado estado de putrefacción. Antes de practicar la autopsia se procedió a retirar la ropa interior y se encontró el feto fuera de la cavidad pélvica. Al mismo tiempo se realiza una revisión histórica del tema. An extremely unusual event in forensic pathology is the postmortem fetal extrusion or "coffin birth". It is defined as the expulsion of a dead fetus after the death of a pregnant woman when the maternal uterus shows signs of putrefaction. It is considered that the gases generated during the emphysematous phase of the cadaveric putrefaction may distend the uterus causing partial or total fetal extrusion. We present the case of a seven month pregnant woman who disappeared and was found dead some days later in a state of advanced putrefaction. The fetus was discovered inside the woman’s underwear at the moment of undressing the body before autopsy. At the same time, an historical review of the issue is carried out.
Postmortem Object Type Identification  [PDF]
Bryan M. Cantrill
Computer Science , 2003,
Abstract: This paper presents a novel technique for the automatic type identification of arbitrary memory objects from a memory dump. Our motivating application is debugging memory corruption problems in optimized, production systems -- a problem domain largely unserved by extant methodologies. We describe our algorithm as applicable to any typed language, and we discuss it with respect to the formidable obstacles posed by C. We describe the heuristics that we have developed to overcome these difficulties and achieve effective type identification on C-based systems. We further describe the implementation of our heuristics on one C-based system -- the Solaris operating system kernel -- and describe the extensions that we have added to the Solaris postmortem debugger to allow for postmortem type identification. We show that our implementation yields a sufficiently high rate of type identification to be useful for debugging memory corruption problems. Finally, we discuss some of the novel automated debugging mechanisms that can be layered upon postmortem type identification.
Expulsión fetal postmortem
Lasso,E.; Santos,M.; Rico,A.; Pachar,J.V.; Lucena,J.;
Cuadernos de Medicina Forense , 2009, DOI: 10.4321/S1135-76062009000100009
Abstract: an extremely unusual event in forensic pathology is the postmortem fetal extrusion or "coffin birth". it is defined as the expulsion of a dead fetus after the death of a pregnant woman when the maternal uterus shows signs of putrefaction. it is considered that the gases generated during the emphysematous phase of the cadaveric putrefaction may distend the uterus causing partial or total fetal extrusion. we present the case of a seven month pregnant woman who disappeared and was found dead some days later in a state of advanced putrefaction. the fetus was discovered inside the woman?s underwear at the moment of undressing the body before autopsy. at the same time, an historical review of the issue is carried out.
Postmortem Changes in Myoglobin Content in Organs
Miura,Masanobu,Naka,Toru,Miyaishi,Satoru
Acta Medica Okayama , 2011,
Abstract: Postmortem changes in myoglobin concentrations in blood and organs were investigated using an enzyme immunoassay by animal experiments in combination with immunohistochemical staining of human cases. Blood myoglobin concentrations were found to increase drastically within a very short time after death. Those in striated muscle, however, did not change by day 14 postmortem. Myoglobin content in the liver and kidney increased slightly by day 5 postmortem, and more obviously by day 7 or later. However, almost no change was observed by day 5 in the kidney when the renal artery and vein had been ligated just after death. In the thyroid gland and the lung, the myoglobin content markedly increased by day 7 postmortem, with the logarithmical values rising nearly linearly as the time after death passed. In the thyroid gland, concentrations reached the level of the striated muscle. The mechanisms of postmortem myoglobin increase in organs are thought to be direct diffusion from the striated muscle and/or distribution through the blood. To estimate the postmortem interval, the determination of myoglobin content in the thyroid gland or the lung appears to be useful.
Piglet Survival in Early Lactation: A Review
M. Alonso-Spilsbury,R. Ramirez-Necoechea,M. Gonzlez-Lozano,D. Mota-Rojas,M.E. Trujillo-Ortega
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012,
Abstract: Piglet death during the perinatal and lactation period is one of the more easily identified causes of reduced production efficiency in swine herds. Pre-weaning mortality rates vary between 12 and 25%. The present review analyses factors related with non-infectious pre-weaning mortality. Among the maternal factors, farrowing and intra-uterine asphyxia, behaviour and maternal ability are discussed. Piglet factors include newborn vigour, teat seeking ability, acidosis, hypothermia and hypoglucemia. Even though there had been technological changes and improvements in husbandry, housing designs and preventive measures, piglet mortality in lactation remains a major economical and welfare problem. The major causes of pre-weaning mortality are those associated with basic husbandry skills, starvation and crushing by the sow. One potential alternative to reduce neonatal mortality in pigs is the monitoring of foetal stress during birth, it is also important to consider the physiological, behavioural and biochemical changes that take place during early lactation which subsequently affect the vitality, maturity and development of neonatal pigs. A mortality rate of say 8% of piglets born alive is possible and should be the target, getting more knowledge of factors influencing piglet non-infectious mortality within the first three days may help improve piglet welfare.
Postmortem Cerebrospinal Fluid Pleocytosis: A Marker of Inflammation or Postmortem Artifact?
James A. Morris,Linda M. Harrison,David R. Telford
International Journal of Pediatrics , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/964074
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to reassess the significance of postmortem cerebrospinal fluid pleocytosis. Published articles of CSF changes after death were reviewed, and reanalysis, in the light of modern views on the significance of bacterial postmortem isolates, was undertaken. There is theoretical and experimental evidence that the blood brain barrier to the movement of protein and cells is preserved in the first few hours after death. The number of mononuclear cells in the cerebrospinal fluid does rise in the first 24 hours after death, and this is most probably due to detachment of leptomeningeal lining cells. But the marked increase in lymphocyte counts seen in some cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and in other deaths in the paediatric age range could well be a marker of inflammation.
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