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Psychosocial risks within prison service
Giuseppe Ferrari
Journal of Health and Social Sciences , 3, DOI: 10.19204/2016/psyh4
Abstract: We aimed to identify the psychosocial risks that penitentiary police officers face. To do so, we developed the police stress risk questionnaire–prison (PSrQ–p), a questionnaire for psychosocial risk assessment at workplace, consisting of 22 items that investigated five macro dimensions: isolation, social image, firearms license, variety of work and roles/responsibilities. We tested this tool on a sample of 1,346 subjects, and testing is on-going. From the data obtained, we confirmed the hypothesis of psychophysical and negative social image relative to the isolation experienced by penitentiary police officers.
Validación de un cuestionario para evaluar riesgos psicosociales en el ambiente laboral en Chile Validation of a questionnaire for psychosocial risk assessment in the workplace in Chile
Rubén Alvarado,Juan Pérez-Franco,Nadia Saavedra,Claudio Fuentealba
Revista médica de Chile , 2012,
Abstract: Background: The measurement of psychosocial risk among workers is becoming increasingly important. Aim: To adapt, validate and standardize a questionnaire to measure psychosocial risks in the workplace. Material and Methods: The Spanish version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire was adapted and evaluated. Its contents were first validated with a panel of experts. Afterwards a semantic adaptation of the questionnaires was carried out applying it to a pilot sample. Finally, it was applied to 1,557workers (65% men). Results: A preliminary questionnaire containing 97 questions was constructed. A good item-test correlation was found, the factorial structure was similar to the original questionnaire and it had a good internal consistency, convergent validity with the Goldberg Health Questionnaire and test-retest correlation. Ranges for the different dimensions and sub-dimensions of psychosocial risk were calculated by tertiles. Conclusions: The resulting questionnaire is useful for measuring psychosocial risk factors at work, with good psychometric properties.
Riesgos psicosociales en el trabajo y salud ocupacional Psychosocial risks at work and occupational health  [cached]
Pedro R. Gil-Monte
Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública , 2012,
Abstract: Los cambios que han ocurrido en las últimas décadas sobre los procesos laborales y el dise o del trabajo son de carácter sociodemográfico, económico, político, y tecnológico. Estos cambios han originado nuevos riesgos psicosociales en el trabajo que afectan a la salud y la calidad de vida laboral, pues incrementan los niveles de estrés de los trabajadores. El objetivo del estudio es presentar este tipo de riesgos, sus consecuencias, y algunas recomendaciones para promover la salud en el trabajo como estrategia para mejorar la salud pública de la población. El estudio se estructura en cinco puntos en los que: (1) se presenta el concepto de factores y riesgos psicosociales en el trabajo, (2) se describen los principales riesgos psicosociales laborales emergentes, (3) se ofrecen algunos datos sobre la prevalencia de los riesgos psicosociales en el trabajo en Europa y de sus consecuencias, (4) se presentan algunas recomendaciones sobre promoción de la salud en el lugar de trabajo, y (5) se describe el objetivo la Psicología de la Salud Ocupacional y se concluye con la recomendación de fomentar la salud psicosocial en el lugar de trabajo como estrategia para mejorar la salud pública de la población. The changes on work processes and job design in recent decades are focused in the demographic, economic, political, and technological aspects. These changes have created new psychosocial risks at work that affect the health and quality of workplace, increasing stress levels among workers. The aim of this study is to present such risks, their consequences, and some recommendations to promote health at the workplace as a strategy to improve public health of the population. The study is divided into five points in which: (1) introduces the concept of risk factors and psychosocial work, (2) describes the main emerging psychosocial risks labor, (3) provides some information on the prevalence of psychosocial risks at work in Europe and its consequences, (4) recommendations for health promotion in the workplace, and (5) describes the objective of Occupational Health Psychology and concludes with the recommendations to promote psychosocial health in the workplace as a strategy to improve public health of the population.
PSYCHOSOCIAL RISKS FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE QUALITY OF WORKING LIFE
GARRIDO-PINZóN,JOHANNA; URIBE-RODRíGUEZ,ANA FERNANDA; BLANCH,JOSEP MARíA;
Acta Colombiana de Psicología , 2011,
Abstract: the present research aimed to identify the psychosocial risks from the perspective of quality of working life, of 221 workers belonging to different institutions of santander, colombia, by applying themeasuring instrumententitled calidad de vida laboral [quality of working life]. the study was conducted using a non-experimental design of descriptive transversal type, from a quantitative approach. the questionnaire used for data collection consists of two parts: the first one consists of 14 numerical scales and the second one corresponds to census data of participants. a bivariated analysis of obtained data with respect to professional practice and type of institution was carried out.among the findings of the study, the affectation of teachers of academic institutions, brought about by the influence of their current working conditions is high lighted. finally, as part of the measurement process,strategies for improvement designed tominimize psychosocial risk factors are suggested, referring to the organization of workin different institutions, that is,intra-labor issues.
Self-perceived stress reactivity is an indicator of psychosocial impairment at the workplace
Heribert Limm, Peter Angerer, Mechthild Heinmueller, Birgitt Marten-Mittag, Urs M Nater, Harald Guendel
BMC Public Health , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-10-252
Abstract: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 174 industrial employees were assessed for psychosocial and biological stress parameters. Differences between groups with high and low stress reactivity were analysed. Logistic regression models were applied to identify which parameters allow to predict perceived high versus low stress reactivity.In our sample various parameters of psychosocial stress like chronic stress and effort-reward imbalance were significantly increased in comparison to the normal population. Compared to employees with perceived low stress reactivity, those with perceived high stress reactivity showed poorer results in health-related complaints, depression, anxiety, sports behaviour, chronic stress, and effort-reward imbalance. The educational status of employees with perceived low stress reactivity is higher. Education, cardiovascular complaints, chronic stress, and effort-reward imbalance were moderate predictors for perceived stress reactivity. However, no relationship was found between stress reactivity and cardiovascular risk factors in our sample.Job stress is a major burden in a relevant subgroup of industrial employees in a middle management position. Self-perceived stress reactivity seems to be an appropriate concept to identify employees who experience psychosocial stress and associated psychological problems at the workplace.Organisational restructuring, downsizing, and increasing pressure on management in keeping up with performance figures have radically transformed the nature of work [1]. Chronic job stress can be associated with a range of debilitating health outcomes, including cardiovascular diseases [2,3], depression and anxiety [4-7], musculoskeletal problems [8,9], or alcohol dependence [10,11]. Stress-associated health problems at the workplace lead to approximately 50-60% of total sick leave days [12]. Within the European Union, 350 million work days are lost because of stress-related ill-health, resulting in an overall cost of a
THE WORK SYSTEM AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR THE PREVENTION OF PSYCHOSOCIAL RISKS AT WORK
JOSé M. PEIRó
Universitas Psychologica , 2004,
Abstract: This paper offers an analysis of the implications of the work system for the analysis and prevention ofrisks at work and health promotion in companies. The work system is perhaps the central aspect ofproductive organizations and the one that most directly determines the characteristics of work activityand its potential psychosocial risks. It is an organization-related component, thus psychosocial, fruit ofthe design and can be improved and adapted to the workers' basic needs. Nevertheless, in many occasionsit is taken for granted in organizations, something which requires the adaptation of workers. Anadequate understanding of the work system and its different components is basic for the psychosocialintervention towards the prevention of work risks. At work, specific characteristics of the work systemin service organizations are given attention, because in this context, psychosocial emerging risks areidentified, in which the interventions of psychologists can be appropriate and accurate.
Negative feelings experienced by people with mental disorder in the workplace: A qualitative study  [PDF]
Hatsumi Yoshii
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.59185
Abstract:

Mental disorders are a significant cause of disability and loss of workplace productivity. Many people with mental illness want to work. Occupational health in the world has to face up to psychosocial risks to protect the health of employees. My study aims are to improve negative feelings in work place and work functioning and to stimulate better coping mechanisms. Participants were collected from “Mental health daycare facility”, “Regional living assistance center” and “B-type employment assistance office” in Japan. I took interviews with 25 members. The content of the interviews was categorized about negative feelings in work place. A total of 33 small category negative feelings of mental disorder were extracted and were classified into 11 subcategories. These subcategories were then classified into two higher-level categories: inward-directed feelings and outward-directed feelings. Inward-directed feelings include “reserve or timidity,” “hesitation about being open about the illness,” “anxiety about being dismissed,” “regrets about resigning,” “sense of isolation,” “feelings of remorse,” and “suffering.” Outward-directed feelings include “failure in interpersonal relationships,” “distrust,” “frustrations,” “negative feelings toward those with mental disorder.” Employment has been linked to having better social networks, to enhanced quality of life and to overall wellbeing. We will have to defend them legally. The legal and moral obligations placed on the employer require that it provides a healthy, harassment-free work environment.

Early prediction of psychosocial risks and their prevention in preschools  [PDF]
M.S. Mirimanova
Psihologi?eskaa Nauka i Obrazovanie , 2013,
Abstract: We review approaches to creation of safe learning environment in preschools: protecting, training, personally developing, creative. We explore the possibilities of this environment examination. We reveal child development risks and threats to educational environment security of preschool institutions. A special emphasis is on personal developmental and constructive approaches. Tolerance development in children is seen as a means of prevention and creation conditions for psychological security of educational environment, and indirect control of children social development process. At the same time, the aim is development of interactional culture in preschool educational institution, built on important tolerance principles: non-violence, voluntary choice, personal responsibility, accepting the Other.
Visibility and Social Recognition as Psychosocial Work Environment Factors among Cleaners in a Multi-Ethnic Workplace Intervention  [PDF]
Kirsten Hviid,Louise Hardman Smith,Karen Bo Frydendall,Mari-Ann Flyvholm
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/ijerph10010085
Abstract: This article focuses on the psychosocial work environment of immigrant cleaners at a Danish workplace. Today, many cleaners working in Danish cleaning jobs are women from the established immigrant communities, but also labour migrants from the newer EU member states have found their way to the cleaning industry. Studies have drawn attention to immigrants’ low position in the cleaning industry and their increased risk of work injuries. This article is based on a case study of an intervention called “Make a Difference” designed to improve the work environment among cleaners at a multi-ethnic workplace. We used semi-structured interviews, photo logs, observation and participation to investigate how the cleaners experienced their work environment. The cleaners reported an overload of heavy work, related to the concept of a classroom’s “readiness for cleaning”, and they expressed strained social relations and communication in addition to a lack of social recognition and invisibility at the workplace, a school. We analysed these psychosocial work environmental problems by investigating the different forms of social relationships and communication within the group of cleaners, and between the cleaners and the teachers and pupils at the school. Moreover, we discussed why the intervention, based on training of language and cleaning skills and social interaction, only partially improved the cleaners’ psychosocial work environment problems. In this article, we argue that social divisions based on ethnicity between the new and the established group of cleaners, combined with their marginal position and poor work organisation at the school, reinforced the cleaners’ experiences of psychosocial work environment problems. This article suggests that increased effort towards social inclusion at work and improved work organisation, especially for the new labour migrants from newer EU-countries, should be considered.
Psychosocial risks and work-related stress in developing countries: health impact, priorities, barriers and solutions
Evelyn Kortum, Stavroula Leka, Tom Cox
International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health , 2010, DOI: 10.2478/v10001-010-0024-5
Abstract: Objectives: The current research explores experts' perceptions of psychosocial risks and work-related stress in emerging economies and developing countries1. This paper focuses on knowledge of potential health impact of psychosocial risks and preliminary priorities for action, and discusses potential barriers and solutions to addressing psychosocial risks and work-related stress in developing countries. Materials and Methods: This research applied a mixed methodology including semi-structured interviews, two rounds of an online Delphi survey, and four focus groups. Twenty nine experts with expertise in occupational health were interviewed. Seventy four experts responded to the first round of an online Delphi survey and 53 responded to the second round. Four groups of experts with a total of 37 active participants with specific or broader knowledge about developing country contexts participated in focus group discussions. Results: High concern was expressed for the need to address psychosocial risks and work-related stress and their health impact. Developing country experts' knowledge about these issues was comparable to knowledge from industrialized countries, however, application of expert knowledge was reported to be weak in developing countries. Socio-economic conditions were regarded as important considerations. Priorities to be addressed were identified, and barriers to implementing possible solutions were proposed. Conclusion: The future research and action paradigms in relation to psychosocial risk management will need to be broadened to include the larger social, political and economic contexts in developing countries beyond issues focusing solely on the working environment. Work-related psychosocial risks and the emerging priority of work-related stress should urgently be included in the research and political agendas and action frameworks of developing countries.
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