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Elderly Men Sexuality in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)  [PDF]
Brahima Kirakoya, Moussa Kabore, Fanéwendé Aristide Kabore, Abdoul Karim Pare, Abubakar Babagana Mustapha, Ky Bienvenue Désiré, Barnabé Zango
Open Journal of Urology (OJU) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oju.2019.93007
Abstract: Background: In general, sexuality is a taboo subject. It is more so in elderly people, as it is believed that they do not complain about sexual disorder. Objective: To analyse the sexual activity of elderly men in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study on the sexual activity of men aged at least 60 years old. The study was carried out in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, from 1st June to 31st August 2014. All consenting males who were aged 60 and above at the time of the study were included. Results: We contacted 652 men, but only 200 responded i.e. a response rate of 30.67%. The age of the respondents was between 60 years and 89 years with a mean age of 66.38 ± 5.72 years. 80.15% of the respondents had at least one sexual intercourse in a month. Erection was considered satisfactory or very satisfactory in 45.8% (60/131) of respondents and 63.36% of them always had orgasm during sexual intercourse. Premature ejaculation was noted in 23.66% of respondents, while a decline in libido was noted in 82.44% of them. Conclusion: This study which is the first of its kind in Burkina Faso has helped reveal the importance of sexuality in the lives of elderly men.
Factors Associated with Infection of the Central Venous Catheter for Hemodialysis in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)  [PDF]
Gérard Coulibaly, Gildas Ilboudo, Kongnimissom Apoline Sondo, Adama Roger Karambiri, Fran?ois P Kissou, Adama Lengani
Open Journal of Blood Diseases (OJBD) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojbd.2015.54009
Abstract: Goal: The goal is to evaluate infections associated with central venous catheters of hemodialysis (CRI) in hemodialysis patients in Ouagadougou. Patients and methods: The study was cross-sectional, from February 15th to June 30th, 2015. It was conducted in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso). We included patients with a new central venous catheter (CVC) inserted in the hemodialysis unit. The timeout for making an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) for chronic hemodialysis in Ouagadougou may exceed six months. The CVCs used at the time of the study were made of polyurethane and non-tunneled. Sociodemographic, clinical and paraclinical data were collected and analyzed. Results: During the study period, 156 CVCs were installed in 114 patients, and the average age was 41.8 ± 17.1 years. A CRI occurred on 39 CVCs for a rate of 9.5/1000 days-catheter. The frequency of CRI was 28.4%, 20.6% and 20% respectively in femoral, jugular, and subclavian veins. The culture of the tip of the catheter was done in 21 cases. Fifteen germs have been identified: eight cases of Gram-positive cocci (53.3%) and seven cases of Gram-negative bacilli (46.7%). It was essentially staphylococci (eight cases). In univariate analysis, a period of use of the CVC in chronic hemodialysis over 10 days was significantly (p = 0.01; r = 2.91) associated with the catheter-related infection (CRI). Conclusion: The impact of the CRI was very high in our series. The associated factor in the univariate analysis was the long period of use of the CVC. The most diligent production of AVFs at the YO-UHC would contribute to a significant reduction of the CRI.
Prevalence of Diabetes and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Ouagadougou (Burkina-Faso)
Rayangnewinde Donald Auguste Yanogo, Yempabou Sagna, Hervé Tieno, Oumar Guira, Youssouf Joseph Drabo
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1100595
Abstract:

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a pathological condition whose worldwide prevalence is growing, particularly in Africa, contrasting with an inadequacy of screening and diagnosis. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of this ailment in an urban environment of Burkina-Faso, as well as the prevalence of cardiovascular comorbid risk factors, such as arterial hypertension and obesity. Patients and methods: We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study based on the compilation of clinical and biological data randomly collected from participants to a diabetes screening day organized at Ouagadougou (Burkina-Faso) in December 2012. Participants aged <25 years were excluded. The evaluated parameters were age, gender, waist circumference, body mass index, blood pressure, and random (non) fasting capillary plasma glucose measurement, and presence of a metabolic syndrome. Results: There were overall one hundred and sixty five participants: 107 wo- men and 58 men (sex ratio F/H = 1.84). The mean age (±1 SD) of participants was 42.81 ± 11.7 years. The prevalence of screened diabetes was 7.27%, with a prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes of 4.97%. The prevalence of arterial hypertension was 34.55%. The prevalence of obesity was 15.15% (obesity class 1), 5.45% (obesity class 2) and 1.21% (obesity class 3). About 27% of women were obese versus 19.44% of men (p = 0.01). The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 6.06%, and its presence was significantly associated with the female gender (9.35% in women vs 0% in men, p = 0.005). 50% of subjects screened with diabetes also had a metabolic syndrome versus 2.61% in non-diabetic subjects (p < 0.01). Conclusion: (Un)diagnosed diabetes was highly-preva- lent in this urban environment of Burkina Faso undergoing the nutritional transition phase cur- rently prevailing in sub-Saharan Africa. Its presence was significantly co-morbid with the meta- bolic syndrome, as well as with other major cardiovascular risk factors such as arterial hyper- tension and obesity.

Social and environmental malaria risk factors in urban areas of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Meili Baragatti, Florence Fournet, Marie-Claire Henry, Serge Assi, Herman Ouedraogo, Christophe Rogier, Gérard Salem
Malaria Journal , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2875-8-13
Abstract: The study was designed to identify the determinants of malaria transmission estimated by the prevalence of anti-circumsporozoite (CSP) antibodies, the prevalence and density of Plasmodium falciparum infection, and the prevalence of malarial disease in areas of Ouagadougou, Burkina-Faso. Thick blood smears, dried blood spots and clinical status have been collected from 3,354 randomly chosen children aged 6 months to 12 years using two cross-sectional surveys (during the dry and rainy seasons) in eight areas from four ecological strata defined according to building density and land tenure (regular versus irregular). Demographic characteristics, socio-economic information, and sanitary and environmental data concerning the children or their households were simultaneously collected. Dependent variables were analysed using mixed multivariable models with random effects, taking into account the clustering of participants within compounds and areas.Overall prevalences of CSP-antibodies and P. falciparum infections were 7.7% and 16.6% during the dry season, and 12.4% and 26.1% during the rainy season, respectively, with significant differences according to ecological strata. Malaria risk was significantly higher among children who i) lived in households with lower economic or education levels, iii) near the hydrographic network, iv) in sparsely built-up areas, v) in irregularly built areas, vi) who did not use a bed net, vii) were sampled during the rainy season or ii) had traveled outside of Ouagadougou.Malaria control should be focused in areas which are irregularly or sparsely built-up or near the hydrographic network. Furthermore, urban children would benefit from preventive interventions (e.g. anti-vectorial devices or chemoprophylaxis) aimed at reducing malaria risk during and after travel in rural areas.According to the UN Population Fund's State of World Population 2007 report, Africa had an urbanization level of 38% in 2005, and 72% of sub-Saharan Africa's urban po
Reasons for attending dental-care services in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Varenne,Beno?t; Msellati,Philippe; Zoungrana,Célestin; Fournet,Florence; Salem,Gérard;
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0042-96862005000900009
Abstract: objective: to determine why patients attend dental-care facilities in ouagadougou, burkina faso and to improve understanding of the capacity of oral health-care services in urban west africa. methods: we studied a randomly selected sample of patients attending 15 dental-care facilities in ouagadougou over a 1-year period in 2004. data were collected using a simple daily record form. findings: from a total of 44 975 patients, the final sample was established at 14 591 patients, of whom 55.4% were new patients and 44.6% were "booking patients". most patients seeking care (71.9%) were aged 15-44 years. nongovernmental not-for-profit dental services were used by 41.5% of all patients, 36% attended private dental-care services, and 22.5% of patients visited public services. the most common complaint causing the patient to seek dental-care services was caries with pulpal involvement (52.4%), and 60% of all complaints were associated with pain. the patients' dental-care requirements were found to differ significantly according to sex, health insurance coverage and occupation. conclusion: urban district health authorities should ensure provision of primary health-care services, at the patients' first point of contact, which are directed towards the relief of pain. in addition to the strengthening of outreach emergency care, health centres should also contribute to the implementation of community-based programmes for the prevention of oral disease and the promotion of oral health. exchange of experiences from alternative oral health-care systems relevant to developing countries is urgently needed for tackling the growing burden of oral disease.
Economic integration in an urban labor market: Does migration matter? The case of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso  [cached]
Younoussi Zourkaleini,Victor Pich????
Demographic Research , 2007,
Abstract: This study explores the relationship between migration and employment in Ouagadougou. Using both a cross-sectional and a longitudinal approach, we compare the economic integration of migrants to that of non-migrants. Contrary to most studies based on urban samples, the data used here come from a national survey. It is thus possible to reintegrate into the analysis the migration episodes to Ouagadougou of those respondents elsewhere in Burkina Faso. Results indicate that, contrary to the dominant hypothesis, with the introduction of time-dependent variables, migrants are not more disadvantaged than non-migrants in the labour market, whether we consider the situation at the time of the survey or at their time of arrival in the city hunting for their first paid job.
The Role of Methodology and Spatiotemporal Scale in Understanding Environmental Change in Peri-Urban Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso  [PDF]
Yonatan Kelder,Thomas Theis Nielsen,Rasmus Fensholt
Remote Sensing , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/rs5031465
Abstract: In recent decades, investigations of NPP (net primary production) or proxies here of (normalized difference vegetation index, NDVI) and land degradation in Sahelian West Africa have yielded inconsistent and sometimes contradicting results. Large-scale, long-term investigations using remote sensing have shown greening and an increase in NPP in locations and periods where specific, small scale field studies have documented environmental degradation. Our purpose is to cast some light on the reasons for this phenomenon. This investigation focuses on the south of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, a city undergoing rapid growth and urban sprawl. We combine long-term MODIS (moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer) image analysis of NDVI between 2002 and 2009, and by using high resolution satellite images for the same area and a field study, we compare trends of NDVI to trends of change in different categories of land cover for a selected number of MODIS pixels. Our results indicate a strong, positive association between changes in tree cover vegetation and trends of NDVI and moderate association between man-made constructions and trends of NDVI. The observed changes are discussed in relation to the unique processes of urban sprawl characterizing Ouagadougou and relative to their spatiotemporal scale.
Electrophoretypes Characterization of Human Rotavirus in Two Pediatric Services, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso  [PDF]
I.J.O. Bonkoungou,N. Barro,I. Sanou,L. Toe
Journal of Medical Sciences , 2008,
Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of rotavirus infection and characterized group A rotavirus in stool by immunochromatographic test and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Then 150 specimens of stools were collected from patient children between December 2006 and April 2007 and analyzed. The antigenic detection of rotaviruses carry out by immunochromatographic has revealed the presence of group A rotavirus antigen in 21 (14%), adenovirus were also found in 8 (5.33%) and a co-infection rota-adenovirus in 2 (1.33%) of the 150 stool samples tested. Infants were most frequently affected, 15 (71, 43%) of the 21 children rotavirus-positive, were infants ≤ 1 year of age. Based on migration patterns of RNA segments of 21 rotavirus isolates, two distinct groups of electropherotypes of group A rotaviruses were identified: 7 (36.84%) isolates were Long (L) and 12 (63.15%) were Short (S) electrophoretypes but any co-infection by both was identified. This first study in the Burkina-Faso has shown the main genomic patterns of rotavirus. There is a need for further detailed studies on the molecular characterization of rotavirus which would have important implications in vaccine evaluation programs.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis drug-resistance in previously treated patients in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso  [cached]
Sangare L,Diande S,Kouanda S,Dingtoumda B
Annals of African Medicine , 2010,
Abstract: Background: Tuberculosis drug-resistance becomes common in sub-Saharan Africa; however, very few data are available in Burkina Faso. The aim of this study is to assess the acquired resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex strains identified in TB patients to four first-line drugs in Ouagadougou. Methods: One hundred and ten (110) pulmonary tuberculosis patients with acid-fast bacilli-positive sputum and in situation of failure, relapse, or treatment abandonment were included in the study. Ninety six strains, including 92 (95.8%) M. tuberculosis and 4 (4.2%) M. africanum, were isolated from the sputum samples of these patients. Their drug susceptibility testing was performed using the proportion method. The first-line drugs tested were isoniazid (INH), streptomycin (STR), ethambutol (EMB), and rifampicin (RIF). Results: The overall drug-resistance rate of M. tuberculosis was 67.4% (n=60), including 3.4% to one drug, 18% to two, 10.1% to three, and 35.9% to four drugs. The resistance to INH, RIF, EMB, and STR were 67.4%, 51.7%, 50.6%, and 44.9%, respectively. Two strains of M. africanum were resistant to all drugs. Forty-six (51.7%) strains were multidrug-resistant (resistant to at least INH and RIF). Conclusions: In previously treated patients, the level of resistance of M. tuberculosis complex to commonly used anti-tuberculosis drugs is very high in Ouagadougou. Our results showed that multidrug-resistant tuberculosis could be a public health problem in Burkina Faso.
Aetiology of Acute Gastro-Enteritis in Children at Saint Camille Medical Centre, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
J. Simpore,D. Ouermi,D. Ilboudo,A. Kabre
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: The present study aims at identifying the infectious agents responsible for child Acute Gastro-Enteritis (AGE) in Ouagadougou. From May 5 2006 to June 22 2008, 648 children aged from 2 to 41 months, with at least an average of 3 loose stools per day have been enrolled for coproculture, parasitology and virology test. Among them, 34 (5.25%) were HIV seropositive. A single sample of faeces from each child was used to identify enteropathogens. An infectious aetiology was identified in 41.20% of cases. The pathogenic agents detected as responsible for the AGE are: Rotavirus 21.1%; Adenovirus 1.9%; Giardia 7.6% Entamoeba; 1.08%; entero-pathogenic E. coli 41.7%; Salmonella 3.40%; Shigella 1.85% and Yersinia 1.70%. Conclusion: Therefore, these AGE etiologic agents constitute a problem of public health in Burkina Faso. Their control for the child would require: (1) a regular paediatric and clinical follow up; (2) health education of the population for food hygiene; (3) and in case of absence of HIV infection in the mother, a promotion of exclusive breast-feeding up to the age of 4 months.
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