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Awareness of glaucoma in the rural population of Southern India  [cached]
Krishnaiah Sannapaneni,Kovai Vilas,Srinivas Marmamula,Shamanna Bindiganavale
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology , 2005,
Abstract: PURPOSE: To explore the awareness of glaucoma amongst the rural population of Andhra Pradesh, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 7775 subjects of all ages, representative of the rural population of Andhra Pradesh, participated in the Andhra Pradesh Eye Disease Study. The responses of subjects older than 15 years (n = 5573) who completed a structured questionnaire regarding awareness (heard of glaucoma) and knowledge (understanding of disease) of glaucoma formed the basis of this study. RESULTS: Awareness of glaucoma (n = 18; 0.32%) was very poor in this rural population, and females were significantly less aware (p = 0.007). Awareness of glaucoma was also significantly less among illiterate persons (p < 0.0001), and socially backward population (p < 0.0001). Majority of the respondents who were aware of glaucoma (n = 10; 55.6%) did not know if visual loss due to glaucoma was permanent or reversible. The major source of awareness of glaucoma in this population was TV/magazines and other media followed by information from a relative or acquaintance suffering from the disease. CONCLUSION: Awareness of glaucoma is very poor in the rural areas of southern India. The data suggest the need for community-based health education programmes to increase the level of awareness and knowledge about glaucoma.
Glaucoma Awareness and Knowledge, and Attitude to Screening, in a Rural Community in Ebonyi State, Nigeria  [PDF]
C. E. Ogbonnaya, L. U. Ogbonnaya, O. Okoye, N. Kizor-Akaraiwe
Open Journal of Ophthalmology (OJOph) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojoph.2016.62017
Abstract: Awareness, knowledge, beliefs and the sociocultural and religious practices, are believed to influence the treatment-seeking behavior of people as well as their uptake of services. This study was carried out to assess the awareness and knowledge about glaucoma, and the attitude to glaucoma screening in Nchokko village in Igbeagu community, Izzi Local Government Area, Ebonyi State, Nigeria. This was a cross-sectional descriptive study. Data were collected using an interviewer-administered questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS 22. Results show that a total of 402 respondents— 228 (56.7%) women and 174 (43.3%) men—were interviewed. The mean age of respondents was 31.7 ± 11.9 years; 82.8% of the respondents had secondary education or less; 53% were married; and 38.1% were farmers. Only 21.1% of the respondents were aware of glaucoma. Gender, education, and positive family history were significantly associated with awareness. Only 6.3% of the respondents had good knowledge about the disease. A large proportion of respondents (62.1%) exhibited a positive attitude towards glaucoma screening; however, only 5% had ever undergone glaucoma screening. We conclude that glaucoma awareness and knowledge were poor in this rural community, but a high proportion of respondents had a positive attitude towards glaucoma screening. We therefore recommend a focused community health education campaign that will raise awareness and impart adequate knowledge about glaucoma. Eye care providers should make use of every opportunity to convey information on glaucoma to patients.
Lens-Induced Glaucoma: The Need to Spread Awareness about Early Management of Cataract among Rural Population  [PDF]
Raghunandan Kothari,Sandeep Tathe,Pratik Gogri,Akshay Bhandari
ISRN Ophthalmology , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/581727
Abstract: Purpose. To determine the clinical profile of lens-induced glaucoma (LIG), reasons for late presentation, and outcome of current management. Methods. Retrospective analysis of 50 eyes with LIG over a 6-year period between 2005 and 2011 at a tertiary care centre in rural India. Visual acuity and intraocular pressure (IOP) were assessed preoperatively and postoperatively along with postoperative complications. Results. Fifty (2.4%) of 12,004 senile cataracts operated at Pravara Rural Hospital, Loni, presented with LIG. There were 39 (78%) phacomorphic cases and 11 (22%) phacolytic glaucoma. Following cataract surgery, 21 of 50 operated eyes (42%) had visual acuity 6/60 or worse. Conclusion. The results highlight the importance of early diagnosis and treatment of visually disabling cataract. There is a need to educate both the patient and the cataract surgeon about the dangers of lens-induced glaucoma and of about poor outcome if treatment is delayed. 1. Introduction There are twenty million blind people in India; eighty percent of this blindness is due to causes which are preventable. Cataract in India is the most important cause of preventable blindness accounting to 63.7 percent [1]. Lens-induced glaucoma (LIG) was first described in the year 1900 by Gifford [2] and von Reuss [3] independent of each other. While the former described it as a glaucoma associated with hypermature cataract, the latter described it as a glaucoma associated with spontaneous absorption of lens substance through intact lens capsule. Subsequently, various workers [4–6] described such types of cases under different names like LIG, lens-induced uveitis and glaucoma, phacotoxic glaucoma, phacogenic glaucoma, and finally phacolytic glaucoma. These terms including the more popular term phacolytic glaucoma have been discarded for various reasons and convenience in favour of the term “LIG.” At present, LIG is a clinical condition characterised by (i) a violent secondary glaucoma (resembling acute angle closure glaucoma) in one eye with senile mature cataract, hyper mature senile cataract (rarely immature senile cataract) yet with an open angle, (ii) normal intraocular pressure and open angle in other eye, and (iii) a prompt relief of symptoms and restoration of vision after cataract extraction in the effected eye. Late reporting for treatment of cataract leading to serious complications like LIG remains one of the most important cause of irreversible loss of vision, especially so in the rural population. This preventable and curable condition, though rare in developed countries, is
Impact of ‘Child-to-Family’ Strategy for Health Awareness Improvement at Rural Sectors of Paschim Medinipur District, West Bengal  [cached]
Soumyajit Maiti,Kazi Monjur Ali,Siddhartha Sankar Dash,Debidas Ghosh
Online Journal of Health & Allied Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: The present study was carried out to assess the impact of health awareness package through ‘Child-to-Family' strategy for empowerment of knowledge, change in the attitude and practice regarding communicable diseases and nutritional deficiency diseases among rural sectors of Paschim Medinipur district of West Bengal from April 2009 to October 2009. School children of 523 from VII to IX standard and their family members (25%) were included in the study. Health awareness level was monitored by self-administered peer reviewed questionnaire method. The study showed that majority of the participants had poor knowledge regarding the concerned diseases at pre-awareness stage. But after imparting the awareness package, knowledge about the said diseases improved markedly in both children and their family members. Therefore, school children have the potential for transmitting their newly acquired knowledge to their family members. The present study enlighted that ‘Child-to-Family' Strategy is powerful tool for community health improvement at rural sectors.
BLOOD PRESSURE AWARENESS AMONG GENERAL POPULATION: A RURAL WEST BENGAL EXPERIENCE WITH LOGISTIC REGRESSION  [cached]
Sanjoy Kumar Sadhukhan,Swati Khan
National Journal of Medical Research , 2012,
Abstract: Objectives: The study was conducted with an objective to find out the awareness of self blood pressure in a rural community of West Bengal and factors associated with it. Methods: A community based cross-sectional study on self BP awareness among adults (≥18 years) was carried out in a rural community of West Bengal through house to house visits. Total study subjects were1201 (Male=598; Female=603) of which 132 (11%) were hypertensive. Results: Only 17.2% of all study subjects were aware of their own BP readings with no male-female difference. This awareness was significantly associated with age, education, economic status and hypertension, which remained significant, even after multiple logistic regressions. Even among hypertensives, only 38% were aware of their self BP. Nearly 67.11% of the study subjects had no knowledge about complications of hypertension. About 86.92% of the study subjects were ignorant about the life style changes required to prevent hypertension. Regarding hypertension control/treatment, 72.85% of study subjects were unaware. In general, males had better knowledge compared to females,although not always statistically significant. Conclusion: Self BP awareness among this study population was very poor even among the hypertensives leading to a high risk of cerebrovascular accidents and coronary heart diseases. Interpersonal communication in medical facilities as well as other strategies like group-discussions (general and focal), mass media and general education system can be utilized to improve the situation. [National J of Med Res 2012; 2(1.000): 55-58]
Raising public awareness of glaucoma in Ethiopia
Mabeba T Giorgis
Community Eye Health Journal , 2012,
Abstract: In Ethiopia, glaucoma is the fifth most common cause of blindness and the disease caused irreversible blindness in an estimated 62,000 people in 2006.1Due to the nature of the disease, an inadequate and inaccessible eye care service, and a very poor level of public awareness, glaucoma patients tend to come for help after they have become either unilaterally or bilaterally blind. Even among some health professionals in Ethiopia, awareness and understanding of glaucoma is low. There are many instances of parents being told that their child does not have an eye problem when in fact they are suffering from congenital glaucoma, and I have seen many people with acute angle-closure glaucoma who have been treated for conjunctivitis!
Determinants of glaucoma awareness and knowledge in urban Chennai  [cached]
Sathyamangalam Ramesh,Paul Pradeep,George Ronnie,Baskaran Mani
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology , 2009,
Abstract: Aim: To assess the awareness and knowledge levels about glaucoma and its determinants in an urban population of Chennai in south India. Materials and Methods: Chennai glaucoma study (CGS) was a population based prevalence study to estimate the prevalence of glaucoma in a rural and urban south Indian population. A total of 3850 subjects aged 40 years or above participated in the urban arm of CGS. A systematic random sample of 1926 (50.0%) subjects completed a questionnaire that assesses their awareness and knowledge level of glaucoma. Respondents "having heard of glaucoma" even before they were contacted/recruited for the study were defined as "aware" and respondents having some understanding of the eye disease were defined as "knowledgeable". Results: Overall 13.5% were aware of glaucoma, the age-gender adjusted rate for awareness was 13.3% (95% CI: 11.57 to 15.03). Two clinicians graded knowledge on glaucoma, based on the subject′s knowledge of risk factors, definitions and treatment aspects of glaucoma. Overall 8.7% had some knowledge about glaucoma. Among those who had knowledge 0.5% had good knowledge about glaucoma, 4% had fair knowledge and 4.2% had poor knowledge. We observed a very good agreement between the clinicians in grading knowledge (k =0.92). Determinants of glaucoma awareness and knowledge were higher levels of education, females, age, religion and family history of glaucoma. Conclusion: Awareness and knowledge about glaucoma was very low among the urban population of Chennai. We have found that younger subjects and men were less aware of glaucoma. Subjects with lower levels of education were less aware and knew less about glaucoma than their counterparts. The study findings stress the need for health education for effective prevention of blindness due to glaucoma.
Weaving in Ekiti Land, Nigeria: The Gender Perspective
Adeyinka Theresa Ajayi
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Weaving in Nigeria is an ancient craft and the evolution of the weaving industry in the country, like in any part of the world, must have resulted from the effort of the people to device a means to produce coverings for their naked bodies. The value attached to clothing made weaving one of the earliest basic arts of civilization among the Yoruba people of South West Nigeria. This craft was based on gender and age. Different tasks in craft were undertaken by children, men and women. In Ekiti land, Eastern Yorubaland in Nigeria, there exist a weaving tradition quite different from what obtains in other part of Yorubaland. Basically, both men and women participate in the cloth weaving process in Yorubaland with the exception of Ekiti,where the existence of preponderance of skilled women weavers with their peculiar weaving technology obtains. Cloth weaving in Ekiti land is therefore, distinctly gendered so much that all attempts made even by the Colonial government to encourage the indigenous men to participate proved abortive. The main purpose of this study is to investigate women s role in weaving industry in Ekiti land. In this study, attempts are made to explore other factors that have contributed to the failure of all attempts made particularly by the Colonial government at encouraging Ekiti men to participate in weaving. The study also analysis, the reasons for the continued dominant role of women in weaving in this part of Nigeria. Other data used were collected through interviews with professional weavers and knowledgeable individuals, other supplementary data came from interviews with indigenous men and women. Data were collected from the National Archives, Ibadan, Nigeria.Weaving in Nigeria is an ancient craft and the evolution of the weaving industry in the country, like in any part of the world, must have resulted from the effort of the people to device a means to produce coverings for their naked bodies. The value attached to clothing made weaving one of the earliest basic arts of civilization among the Yoruba people of South West Nigeria. This craft was based on gender and age. Different tasks in craft were undertaken by children, men and women. In Ekiti land, Eastern Yorubaland in Nigeria, there exist a weaving tradition quite different from what obtains in other part of Yorubaland. Basically, both men and women participate in the cloth weaving process in Yorubaland with the exception of Ekiti,where the existence of preponderance of skilled women weavers with their peculiar weaving technology obtains. Cloth weaving in Ekiti land is therefore, distinctly gendered so much that all attempts made even by the Colonial government to encourage the indigenous men to participate proved abortive. The main purpose of this study is to investigate women s role in weaving industry in Ekiti land. In this study, attempts are made to explore other factors that have contributed to the failure of all attempts made particularly by the Colonial government
Information Needs and Characteritics of the Users of Rural Libraries in Ekiti State, Nigeria
FA Fabunmi, O Olabode
African Research Review , 2010,
Abstract: The paper examines the information needs and characteristics of the users of rural libraries in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Users of libraries in three rural areas of the three senatorial districts of Ekiti State were surveyed. This was aimed at investigating the reading needs, sources of information, level of education of users and benefits of rural libraries to them. Questionnaire was used to collect data; tables and simple percentage were adopted in the data analysis. A major revelation of the study is that the library constitutes the major source of information for rural dwellers. Books are the major reading materials of rural people. It concluded by giving recommendations towards the improvement of information needs of rural dwellers by improving the provision of library services to them.
ASSESSMENT OF AWARENESS, ATTITUDE AND WILLINGNESS OF PEOPLE TO PARTICIPATE IN HOUSEHOLD SOLID WASTE RECYCLING PROGRAMME IN ADO-EKITI, NIGERIA
J.J. MOMOH,D.H. OLADEBEYE
Journal of Applied Sciences in Environmental Sanitation , 2010,
Abstract: Indiscriminate dumping of household solid wastes on our streets, rivers and drainages has contributed in no small measure to drainage blockage, flooded road and the spread of offensive odours and diseases. Recycling has been viewed as a veritable tool in minimizing the amount of household solid wastes that enter the dump sites. It also provides the needed raw materials for industries. More so, it has been established that, it is the best, efficient and effective method of solid waste management system. Awareness and attitude of people in the community appear to be crucial as their points of understanding of household solid waste management ultimately play an important role in providing answer to environmental problem. For a successful recycling programme, householders’ support cannot be ruled out. In this study, the success of Ado–Ekiti Plastic Bag Waste Recycling Innovation (APBWRI) was tested and gauged by investigating the awareness, attitude and willingness of householders to participate. The research methods employed include questionnaire, interviews, and observational study within the administrative boundary of Ado – Ekiti. Chi–square test was carried out, using WINKS SDA Statistical Data Analysis Software Package. It was discovered that awareness of household solid waste recycling activities in Ado-Ekiti was still at its lowest ebb. There is a positive attitude towards recycling in Ado-Ekiti with an inclination towards a pro-environmental attitude and ecological motives for participation in the programme.
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