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Cultural Sensitivity of a Community-Based Falls Prevention Program Targeting Older Arab American  [PDF]
Lan Yao, Suha A. Kridli
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2018.811063
Abstract: Falls are a frequent and costly cause of injuries and functional decline in the elderly. Tai Chi is a cost-effective strategy for preventing falls in older adults. Many senior centers have introduced Tai Chi programs to increase mobility and decrease the risk of falls. However, the practice has yet to be widely disseminated to ethnic minorities who are not culturally connected to Tai Chi. This paper describes implementation barriers and recruitment and retention challenges of Arab American participants in a Tai Chi intervention-based health promotion program, including issues related to community organization and staffing, recruitment and retention, need for building relationships, need for translation and interpreters, and cultural barriers & misconceptions. Understanding and paying adequate attention to these challenges may help facilitate in planning other health promotion interventions targeting Arab American population.
Vietnamese Domestic Tourism: An Investigation of Travel Motivations
Huong Thanh Bui,Lee Jolliffe
ASEAS : ?sterreichische Zeitschrift für Südostasienwissenschaften , 2011,
Abstract: This article approaches domestic tourism in Vietnam from a native Asian perspective aiming to examine Vietnamese domestic travel motivations. This quantitative study is based on a self-administered questionnaire to survey 230 Vietnamese domestic travellers. Results highlight the significant roles of the employer sponsoring the trip, family, travel promotion, and favourable weather in determining travel, in addition to their motivations to seek time for leisure and recreation. Moreover, the study detected a perception gap between the tourist’s demand and the travel agent’s supply. The behaviour of Vietnamese domestic travellers reflects the characteristics of a transition economy and reveals certain aspects which are also peculiar to other Asian countries. --- Die hier pr sentierte quantitative Studie untersucht Reisemotive vietnamesischer InlandstouristInnen mittels eines an 230 ProbandInnen gerichteten Fragebogens. Die Ergebnisse heben neben dem Motiv der Freizeitgestaltung und Erholung die signifikante Rolle der Reisefinanzierung durch Arbeit- geberInnen, der Familie, der Tourismuswerbung sowie der Wetterbedingungen für die Reiseentscheidung hervor. Au erdem ergab die Studie, dass sich die touristischen Motivationen vom Angebot der Reiseagenturen unterscheiden. Die Autorinnen argumentieren, dass das Urlaubsverhalten vietnamesischer InlandstouristInnen Charakteristika eines im wirtschaftlichen Umbruch befindenden Landes widerspiegelt sowie Aspekte aufzeigt, die auch in anderen asiatischen L ndern eine wichtige Rolle spielen.
Linear Sensitivity of Helioseismic Travel Times to Local Flows  [PDF]
A. C. Birch,L. Gizon
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1002/asna.200610724
Abstract: Time-distance helioseismology is a technique for measuring the time for waves to travel from one point on the solar surface to another. These wave travel times are affected by advection by subsurface flows. Inferences of plasma flows based on observed travel times depend critically on the ability to accurately model the effects of subsurface flows on time-distance measurements. We present a Born approximation based computation of the sensitivity of time distance travel times to weak, steady, inhomogeneous subsurface flows. Three sensitivity functions are obtained, one for each component of the 3D vector flow. We show that the depth sensitivity of travel times to horizontally uniform flows is given approximately by the kinetic energy density of the oscillation modes which contribute to the travel times. For flows with strong depth dependence, the Born approximation can give substantially different results than the ray approximation.
AN ASSESSMENT OF THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN THE CULTURAL HERITAGE, TRAVEL n TOURISM, AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES  [PDF]
Dugulan Diana,Popescu Ioana Cecilia,Veghes Calin
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2012,
Abstract: The cultural heritage, including, according to the UNESCO definition, the assembly of monuments, groups of buildings, and sites which are of outstanding universal value from the historical, aesthetic, ethnological or anthropological point of view, represents an important asset that can be engaged and capitalized in order to support the sustainable development. Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of the future generations to meet their own needs in order to provide a better quality of life for everyone, now and for generations to come, has become a concern and, in the same time, a priority for all the stakeholders of the society. Turning to the best account of the cultural heritage also represents an important driver for the sustainable development of the travel and tourism industry, as the cultural sites, institutions, goods and services, appropriately capitalized, represent significant attractions for the international and domestic tourists. The integration of the principles of sustainable development in the current functioning of the travel and tourism industry led to the development and implementation of the concept of sustainable tourism. The paper explores in a distinctive manner the relationships between the cultural heritage and the travel and tourism industry, respectively the cultural heritage and the sustainable development based on a set of related statistical indicators, and the specific secondary data, expressing the extent of the cultural heritage, the development of the travel and tourism industry, and the attained level of sustainable development in ten Central and Eastern European countries, members of the European Union. There are two major research questions the paper aims to answer: (1) How significant is the relationship between the cultural heritage and the development of the travel and tourism industry? (2) Is there a noteworthy connection between the cultural heritage and the sustainable development in the selected countries?
Interpretation of Helioseismic Travel Times - Sensitivity to Sound Speed, Pressure, Density, and Flows  [PDF]
Raymond Burston,Laurent Gizon,Aaron C. Birch
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1007/s11214-015-0136-0
Abstract: Time-distance helioseismology uses cross-covariances of wave motions on the solar surface to determine the travel times of wave packets moving from one surface location to another. We review the methodology to interpret travel-time measurements in terms of small, localized perturbations to a horizontally homogeneous reference solar model. Using the first Born approximation, we derive and compute 3D travel-time sensitivity (Fr\'echet) kernels for perturbations in sound-speed, density, pressure, and vector flows. While kernels for sound speed and flows had been computed previously, here we extend the calculation to kernels for density and pressure, hence providing a complete description of the effects of solar dynamics and structure on travel times. We treat three thermodynamic quantities as independent and do not assume hydrostatic equilibrium. We present a convenient approach to computing damped Green's functions using a normal-mode summation. The Green's function must be computed on a wavenumber grid that has sufficient resolution to resolve the longest lived modes. The typical kernel calculations used in this paper are computer intensive and require on the order of 600 CPU hours per kernel. Kernels are validated by computing the travel-time perturbation that results from horizontally-invariant perturbations using two independent approaches. At fixed sound-speed, the density and pressure kernels are approximately related through a negative multiplicative factor, therefore implying that perturbations in density and pressure are difficult to disentangle. Mean travel-times are not only sensitive to sound-speed, density and pressure perturbations, but also to flows, especially vertical flows. Accurate sensitivity kernels are needed to interpret complex flow patterns such as convection.
Evaluation of Aboriginal Programs: What Place is Given to Participation and Cultural Sensitivity?
Steve Jacob,Geoffroy Desautels
International Indigenous Policy Journal , 2013,
Abstract: Aboriginal populations in Northern Canada have, for many years, been confronted with socio-economic problems affecting their development. In the early 1990s, the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples (1996) report concluded that it was important to integrate Aboriginal people into the management of public policies that concern them and to encourage their autonomy. In order to produce a quality evaluation that is useful in particular cultural contexts, measures have been developed to assure that the evaluation highly regards cultural sensitivity while integrating local participants in the evaluation process. This study, based on the systematic analysis of a non-probability sample of 27 program evaluation reports, presents an inventory of evaluation practice in Aboriginal contexts and estimates in what measure a culturally sensitive and participatory approach was applied. It was apparent that cultural sensitivity is gradually being integrated into Aboriginal program evaluation and that certain indicators show that there has been a positive evolution in this direction. Finally, the study shows an occasional recourse to participatory approaches, but this is not a strong tendency as systematically technocratic approaches are more broadly employed.
Domestic Violence Subjected to Different Patterns of Cultural Marriage  [PDF]
Nazanin Boujarian, Mohd Tajudin Ninggal, Ssekamanya Siraje Abdallah, Masoud Noroozi
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2016.45012
Abstract: Violence against women and girls and its legal, social, psychological and related issues are not a new topic in social science. However, it has attracted a significant amount of attention from many researchers and still needs further investigation. Among different sources provoking violence against females such as gender inequality, insufficient protective legal systems, cultural pressure and etc., different marital patterns have been reported by the informants of this research. Child marriage, consanguineous marriage and unregistered/white marriage put girls and women in a vulnerable position. For example, under the pressure of abusive behavior in family, females escape from patriarchal family, leave their city/country and live as a refugee. In more severe cases, they attempt suicide under the pressure of pain and suffering. In comparison with developed countries where the human rights of the female are well-established and such marital patterns are not seen, these types of martial patterns are reported in patriarchal societies. Therefore, this study introduces these patterns and describes their effects on provoking the domestic violence. Through interview sessions with victims of domestic violence, a qualitative methodology was used to gain in-depth information. To avoid or reduce the financial, emotional and physical costs of domestic violence, it is necessary that counselors, health care provider systems, society and authorities prioritize prevention methods and intervention programs to improve the cultural level of the society and to encourage people toward developing a violence-free society.
Cultural Sensitivity of Septic Wound in Animals  [PDF]
M.M. Rahman,D.B. Biswas,M.M. Rahman,M.M. Islam
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2003,
Abstract: Bacteriological examination of septic wounds in animals was conducted in the Veterinary Clinic, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh during the period of January 2001 to July 2002. A total of 250 samples were collected for the identification of bacteria from the wound and 227 (90.8%) were found infected with bacteria. Staphylococcus aureus was the most common organism (33.92%) and then Escherichia coli (18.94%) and the lowest prevalence was the Streptococcus spp. (9.25%). In vitro drug sensitivity study revealed that Gentamycin, Cephalosporin, Neomycin and Streptomycin are potent antibiotic for the treatment of infected wound and Penicillin and Sulphamethaxazole are less sensitive to contaminated wound. For better conception and accurate treatment of complicated wounds, it is necessary to have cultural isolation of the microorganisms and antibiotic sensitivity of each isolate before the treatment.
Helioseismic Travel-Time Definitions and Sensitivity to Horizontal Flows Obtained From Simulations of Solar Convection  [PDF]
S. Couvidat,A. C. Birch
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1007/s11207-009-9371-4
Abstract: We study the sensitivity of wave travel times to steady and spatially homogeneous horizontal flows added to a realistic simulation of the solar convection performed by Robert F. Stein, Ake Nordlund, Dali Georgobiani, and David Benson. Three commonly used definitions of travel times are compared. We show that the relationship between travel-time difference and flow amplitude exhibits a non-linearity depending on the travel distance, the travel-time definition considered, and the details of the time-distance analysis (in particular, the impact of the phase-speed filter width). For times measured using a Gabor wavelet fit, the travel-time differences become nonlinear in the flow strength for flows of about 300 m/s, and this non-linearity reaches almost 60% at 1200 m/s (relative difference between actual travel time and expected time for a linear behaviour). We show that for travel distances greater than about 17 Mm, the ray approximation predicts the sensitivity of travel-time shifts to uniform flows. For smaller distances, the ray approximation can be inaccurate by more than a factor of three.
Cultural Sensitivity of Japanese Nurses: Exploring Clinical Application of the Intercultural Sensitivity Scale  [PDF]
Tomiko Toda, Mitsue Maru
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2018.89048
Abstract: Unlike Western countries, Asian countries have a brief history of caring for patients with various cultural and linguistic backgrounds. Healthcare professionals face difficulty in providing care to foreign patients. Presumably, those with higher cultural sensitivity possess higher cultural competency, and cultural indicators are associated with personal factors, such as interest in or learning experience of foreign languages. We examined correlations between Intercultural Sensitivity Scale (ISS) and Cultural Competence in Nursing Scale (CCNS) scores in Japanese nurses and discussed implications of our findings in increasing cultural sensitivity in countries with limited exposure to foreign culture. A questionnaire survey on ISS, CCNS, and personal factors was conducted among 156 nurses. Correlations among the two scales and personal factors were analyzed. Total ISS scores were comparable with previously reported scores. ISS and CCNS scores were moderately correlated. ISS subscale scores were moderately correlated with the learning experience of foreign languages. Nurses most commonly learned English; most foreign patients were Chinese. Experiences of providing care to foreign patients were not related to cultural sensitivity. The lowest ISS score was obtained in “interaction confidence” subscale. Languages used by foreign patients did not match languages that nurses had interest in or had learned; this may contribute to their low confidence in interacting with foreigners. Nurses in a country with limited exposure to different cultures need educational intervention for providing care to foreigners regardless of their cultural experiences. ISS may be useful to identify nurses who need further education to foster confidence while interacting with foreigners.
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