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BIM技术在建筑工程设计中的应用
Application of BIM technology in construction engineering design
 [PDF]

李志成,王飞龙,吉久茂, 黄林冲
LI Zhicheng
, WANG Feilong, JI Jiumao, HUANG Linchong

- , 2016,
Abstract: 基于建筑工程设计,描述BIM在设计行业应用的基本思路,对设计流程和设计平台进行详细表述,提出2种基本三维设计思路,BIM三维设计过程中遇到的常见问题,并对BIM技术在整个建筑行业的应用与发展进行了展望。
This paper describes the application of BIM in the design industry, and the design flow and design platform, with the two kinds of 3D design methods. The common problems in the process of BIM 3D design by BIM technology are described, and the application and development of BIM technology in the whole construction industry is also prospected
BIM辅助施工管理的模式及流程
The mode and process of BIM-aided construction management
 [PDF]

郭红领,潘在怡
- , 2017, DOI: 10.16511/j.cnki.qhdxxb.2017.25.048
Abstract: BIM (building information modeling)技术为工程建设行业注入了新的活力,但行业对BIM的应用集中于项目规划设计阶段,较少应用于施工阶段且相关研究主要关注BIM技术的实现,较少考虑BIM实施的管理和组织过程。为了有效拓展BIM在施工阶段的应用,该文通过分析传统工程管理流程存在的问题以及BIM辅助施工管理的优势和价值,提出了施工阶段的BIM应用模式,构建了由模拟BIM系统和实时BIM系统组成的施工管理平台架构,并设计了2个系统的实施流程。结果表明:该文可为施工阶段BIM的深化应用提供参考,也能够为施工阶段的综合信息化管理提供思路。
Abstract:BIM (building information modeling) is a promising approach for improving the efficiency of the construction industry, but it is mainly used in the planning and design of construction projects, with less use during construction. Although some research has been done to promote BIM during construction, most research has focused on the development of BIM methods with little work on the management and organization needed to implement BIM. This paper describes how to efficiently implement BIM during the construction phase by analyzing problems related to traditional construction management approaches. A conceptual framework is given for a BIM-aided construction management platform, which consists of a simulated BIM system and a real-time BIM system to further promote system implementation. This research will benefit application of BIM during the construction phase, as well as a comprehensive information management system.
Teaching Sustainable Design Using BIM and Project-Based Energy Simulations  [PDF]
Zhigang Shen,Wayne Jensen,Timothy Wentz,Bruce Fischer
Education Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/educsci2030136
Abstract: The cross-disciplinary nature of energy-efficient building design has created many challenges for architecture, engineering and construction instructors. One of the technical challenges in teaching sustainable building design is enabling students to quantitatively understand how different building designs affect a building’s energy performance. Concept based instructional methods fall short in evaluating the impact of different design choices on a buildings’ energy consumption. Building Information Modeling (BIM) with energy performance software provides a feasible tool to evaluate building design parameters. One notable advantage of this tool is its ability to couple 3D visualization of the structure with energy performance analysis without requiring detailed mathematical and thermodynamic calculations. Project-based Learning (PBL) utilizing BIM tools coupled with energy analysis software was incorporated into a senior level undergraduate class. Student perceptions and feedback were analyzed to gauge the effectiveness of these techniques as instructional tools. The findings indicated that BIM-PBL can be used to effectively teach energy-efficient building design and construction.
Developing a Modular Advanced BIM Course in Construction Management  [PDF]
Yilei Huang
Journal of Building Construction and Planning Research (JBCPR) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jbcpr.2018.64014
Abstract: Due to the rapid adoption of Building Information Modeling (BIM) in the architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) industry, many construction management (CM) programs in the US have introduced BIM in their curriculum. Previous research has revealed that most of the BIM courses offered in CM programs have mainly focused on modeling skills as well as BIM applications in scheduling and estimating. While these topics appear to be important to apply BIM technology, students will not be able to fully understand the BIM process in a construction project without knowing the fundamental workflow of BIM. This paper presents a modular BIM course which was developed to help CM students better understand the BIM workflow and focuses on advanced uses of BIM in construction projects. The course contains three modules: BIM workflow, basic BIM applications, and advanced BIM applications. The BIM workflow module discusses how BIM is addressed in project delivery method, contract, the execution plan, and team building. The basic BIM applications module explains the typical BIM applications in coordination, scheduling, estimating, logistics, visualization, etc. The advanced BIM applications module demonstrates the latest technology advances in the AEC industry that utilizes BIM applications, including laser scanning, virtual reality, and mixed reality. The course objectives and assessment methods ensure that CM students’ understanding of BIM will be considerably improved from as a modeling tools or software program to an efficient process, and their insights into BIM will be significantly broadened beyond the existing 3D, 4D, and 5D applications. The highly positive course evaluation demonstrates the effectiveness of these approaches in meeting course objectives, delivering course materials, as well as raising students’ interest. This paper will serve as a case study of an advanced level BIM course in CM programs.
Engagement of Facilities Management in Design Stage through BIM: Framework and a Case Study  [PDF]
Ying Wang,Xiangyu Wang,Jun Wang,Ping Yung,Guo Jun
Advances in Civil Engineering , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/189105
Abstract: Considering facilities management (FM) at the early design stage could potentially reduce the efforts for maintenance during the operational phase of facilities. Few efforts in construction industry have involved facility managers into the design phase. It was suggested that early adoption of facilities management will contribute to reducing the needs for major repairs and alternations that will otherwise occur at the operational phase. There should be an integrated data source providing information support for the building lifecycle. It is envisaged that Building Information Modelling (BIM) would fill the gap by acting as a visual model and a database throughout the building lifecycle. This paper develops a framework of how FM can be considered in design stage through BIM. Based on the framework, the paper explores how BIM will beneficially support FM in the design phase, such as space planning and energy analysis. A case study of using BIM to design facility managers’ travelling path in the maintenance process is presented. The results show that early adoption of FM in design stage with BIM can significantly reduce life cycle costs. 1. Introduction According to the International Facility Management Association (IFMA), facility management (FM) is defined as “a profession that encompasses multiple disciplines to ensure functionality of the built environment by integrating people, place, processes and technology” [1]. Industries in varieties of areas are adopting BIM for FM. Organizations such university, government, healthcare, retail, and information technology are taking a survey for the adoption of BIM-based FM [2]. Different parts of FM are adopted with BIM in these organizations. Figure 1 depicts the proportion of each function. Figure 1: Proportion of each function [ 2]. However, few efforts in the construction industry have involved facility FM into the design phase [3, 4]. It was suggested that early engagement of FM would contribute to reducing the needs for major repairs and alternations that will otherwise occur at the operational phase [2, 5]. There have been rare effective approaches or processes to engage FM in design stage. The proposed framework of this paper is going to integrate these FM works into early design stage which could potentially strengthen the collaboration between design team and FM team and reduce alternations. BIM is envisaged to be an effective tool, as proposed in this paper. Considering the multidisciplinary and interoperability of this process, there must be a data source providing convenient integration and access
Building information modelling (BIM): now and beyond  [cached]
Salman Azhar,Malik Khalfan,Tayyab Maqsood
Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building , 2012,
Abstract: Building Information Modeling (BIM), also called n-D Modeling or Virtual Prototyping Technology, is a revolutionary development that is quickly reshaping the Architecture-Engineering-Construction (AEC) industry. BIM is both a technology and a process. The technology component of BIM helps project stakeholders to visualize what is to be built in a simulated environment to identify any potential design, construction or operational issues. The process component enables close collaboration and encourages integration of the roles of all stakeholders on a project. The paper presents an overview of BIM with focus on its core concepts, applications in the project life cycle and benefits for project stakeholders with the help of case studies. The paper also elaborates risks and barriers to BIM implementation and future trends.
BIM as a Computer-Aided Design Methodology in Civil Engineering  [PDF]
Alcínia Zita Sampaio
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2017.102012
Abstract: Building Information Models (BIM) have revealed themselves as a good tool to support construction actions, due to their ability to store all the information in one digital model and to promote collaboration between all participants in a project. Teaching Civil Engineering requires a permanent updating of knowledge concerning procedures and technologies used in the construction industry. In this sense, the school should seek to adapt its curriculum to include innovative issues to support new technologies. So, in an educational context, the aim of the present work is to disseminate knowledge concerning the benefits provided when implementing BIM in several aspects within the construction activity. In a Civil Engineering school some topics of BIM application were developed by students within MSc researches. The text describes in detail some of the main topics, showing distinct use of BIM: Generation and use of a 4D/BIM model to support construction planning; coordination of construction project based on BIM methodology; conflict analysis based in an architectural 3D/BIM model. Several study cases were modelled and analyzed, confronting the BIM use with the traditional way when performing the same tasks, and consequently recommendations were carried out. This work contributed to demonstrate the advantages of employing BIM for building tasks purposes when compared with the traditional process, and in a didactic context the main objective is to add competitive skills in the training of future civil engineers.
An Automated BIM Model to Conceptually Design, Analyze, Simulate, and Assess Sustainable Building Projects  [PDF]
Farzad Jalaei,Ahmad Jrade
Journal of Construction Engineering , 2014, DOI: 10.1155/2014/672896
Abstract: Quantifying the environmental impacts and simulating the energy consumption of building’s components at the conceptual design stage are very helpful for designers needing to make decisions related to the selection of the best design alternative that would lead to a more energy efficient building. Building Information Modeling (BIM) offers designers the ability to assess different design alternatives at the conceptual stage of the project so that energy and life cycle assessment (LCA) strategies and systems are attained. This paper proposes an automated model that links BIM, LCA, energy analysis, and lighting simulation tools with green building certification systems. The implementation is within developing plug-ins on BIM tool capable of measuring the environmental impacts (EI) and embodied energy of building components. Using this method, designers will be provided with a new way to visualize and to identify the potential gain or loss of energy for the building as a whole and for each of its associated components. Furthermore, designers will be able to detect and evaluate the sustainability of the proposed buildings based on Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating system. An actual building project will be used to illustrate the workability of the proposed methodology. 1. Introduction Important decisions related to the design of sustainable buildings are made at the conceptual stage of their lives. This practice does not consider the integration between the design and energy analysis processes during early stages and leads to an inefficient way of backtracking to modify the design in order to achieve a set of performance criteria [1]. Energy efficiency is an important feature in naming building materials as being environmentally friendly. The ultimate goal in using energy efficient materials is to reduce the amount of artificially generated power that must be brought to a building site [2]. Generally, building materials consume energy throughout their life cycle starting by the manufacturing stage, passing through that of use, and finishing by the deconstruction phase. These stages include raw material extraction, transport, manufacture, assembly, installation as well as disassembly, deconstruction, and decomposition. The total life cycle energy of a building includes both embodied energy and operating energy [3]. Embodied energy is sequestered in building materials during all processes of production, on-site construction, transportation, final demolition, and disposal. Operating energy is expended in maintaining the inside
震后建筑进度BIM估计模型改进
Improvement of the BIM Estimation Model for Post-earthquake Construction Schedule
 [PDF]

武炜,崔邯龙,张丽丽
- , 2018, DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-0844.2018.04.841
Abstract: 传统震后建筑进度BIM估计模型,未考虑精益管理对建筑施工的影响,造成建筑成本浪费较多,影响后期建筑施工进度。本文构建基于BIM和精益管理的震后建筑进度评估模型,根据模型细分震后建筑进度评估过程,在此基础上根据BIM实施三维算量,采用进度计划编制子模型获取各分项工程量,确定建筑施工的主要进度计划,实现对建筑进度计划的编制;通过虚拟施工和现实施工两条主线,利用进度控制子模型实现对施工状态的模拟和精益管理。以此为基础,进行挣值分析比较计划施工成本、实际施工成本和挣值曲线,获取震后建筑的施工进度与成本情况。实验结果说明,本文构建的模型可对震后建筑进度和工程成本进行精准估计,能够减少成本浪费。
The traditional BIM estimation model of post-earthquake construction schedules ignores the effect of lean management on the construction schedule, thus wasting construction costs and affecting the later stages of the construction schedule. In this work, an evaluation model of post-earthquake construction schedule is constructed on the basis of BIM and lean management. In the proposed model, the evaluation of post-earthquake building schedule is subdivided. Then, three-dimensional calculation is implemented on the basis of BIM, and the submodel of schedule planning is used to obtain subproject quantities. The main schedule plan of building construction is determined, and the construction schedule plan is established. Construction state is simulated and refined by using the schedule control submodel in virtual and practical construction. On the basis of simulation and practical results, the planning construction cost, actual construction cost, and earned value curve of the post-earthquake construction project are analyzed and compared, and the construction schedule and cost of the project are obtained. Experimental results show that the proposed model can accurately estimate the schedule and costs of post-earthquake construction projects.
基于BIM的大型建设工程项目组织集成
Organizational integration of large-scale construction projects based on BIM
 [PDF]

徐勇戈,鹿鹏
XU Yongge
,LU Peng

- , 2016,
Abstract: 针对大型建设工程项目组织管理中存在的问题,提出应用组织集成模式的建议。首先对组织集成的内涵与特征进行分析,并阐述BIM信息集成管理平台的创建以及BIM与组织集成的相互作用。其次,基于业主方管理视角,利用BIM信息集成管理平台,并通过使参与方提早介入以及向后延伸的方法构建全寿命周期组织集成的基本框架模型。最后,从组织文化、组织契约和标准化制度3个方面探讨组织集成实现的保障措施,为大型建设工程项目集成管理的后续深入研究提供了理论基础。
According to the problems existed in the organization management of large-scale construction projects, organizational integration model should be adopted. The organizational integration connotation and characteristics are researched, and the interaction of BIM and organizational integration and the creative of information integrated management platform based on BIM are elaborated in detail. To achieve the whole life cycle organizational integration, information collaborative management platform is used to enable participants intervene in advance and extend rearward to build organizational integration basic framework mode based on the perspective of owner management. Safeguard measures are discussing to realize organizational integration based on organizational culture, organizational contract and standardization system. This paper may provide theoretical foundation for integrated management of large-scale construction projects
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