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大数据背景下地方政府治理工具创新与选择
Innovation and Choice of Governance Tools of Local Government on the Background of Big Data Time
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- , 2018,
Abstract: 政府治理工具是指参与治理的各主体为了解决公共问题,实现一定治理目标,而采用的可辨别的行动机制或策略。地方政府治理工具的创新与选择对提升地方政府治理能力,推进国家治理体系现代化有着关键作用。大数据为地方政府治理带来挑战,传统治理工具逐渐失去了治理效应,但同时大数据也为地方政府治理工具创新提供了空间和路径,整体性工具、网络化工具、契约化工具等成为大数据时代治理工具创新发展方向与选择。根据不同治理工具特征,针对不同治理目标、制度环境、行动者等制约因素,可以对地方政府治理工具进行评估与最优化选择。
The tools of governance refer to the distinguishable action mechanisms or strategies adopted by the various subjects, which are involved in governance in order to solve public problems and achieve certain governance goals. The innovation and choice of the tools of governance is the key to enhance the governance capability of local governments and promote the modernization of national governance system. Big data bring challenges to local government governance, when it also provides space and path for local government to innovate the tools of governance. For a long time, people have studied the government tools, and formed a more rich management toolbox, which laid a foundation for choosing tools . Holistic tools, networking tools, contract chemicals and so on are the main directions of innovation for local governments in the era of big data. According to the characteristics of different governance tools, we can evaluate and optimize the tools, and then choose the best one.
RUSSIAN MODEL OF CORPORATE GOVERNANCE, INVESTMENT AND INNOVATION BIG BUSINESS РОССИЙСКАЯ МОДЕЛЬ КОРПОРАТИВНОГО УПРАВЛЕНИЯ, ИНВЕСТИЦИИ И ИННОВАЦИИ КРУПНОГО БИЗНЕСА РОС ЙСЬКА МОДЕЛЬ КОРПОРАТИВНОГО УПРАВЛ ННЯ, НВЕСТИЦ ТА ННОВАЦ ВЕЛИКОГО Б ЗНЕСУ  [cached]
Р.С. ДЗАРАСОВ
Strategy of Ukraine : Economics, Sociology, Law , 2011,
Abstract: The article deals with corporate governance and capital accumulation in a major Russian business. Relevance of the topic in the fact that, despite the unprecedented favorable external conditions for economic development in the 2000s, the investment of domestic companies were insufficient in magnitude and too flawed in quality, to ensure the modernization of the production capacity of the country to overcome the raw material orientation of development, to ensure international competitiveness of the economy and a decent standard of living. This determined the purpose of the research - identifying institutional barriers to sustainable and innovative growth of the economy of our country. Статья посвящена проблеме корпоративного управления и накопления капитала в крупном российском бизнесе. Актуальность данной темы определяется тем, что, несмотря на беспрецедентно благоприятные внешние условия экономического развития страны в 2000-е годы, инвестиции отечественных компаний оказались недостаточны по величине и слишком ущербны по своему качеству, чтобы обеспечить модернизацию производственного потенциала страны, преодолеть сырьевую ориентацию развития, обеспечить международную конкурентоспособность экономики и достойный уровень жизни людей. Этим была определена цель проведенного исследования – выявление институциональных препятствий на пути устойчивого, инновационного роста народного хозяйства нашей страны. Стаття присвячена проблем корпоративного управл ння накопичення кап талу
政府大数据治理的成熟度评测指标体系构建
Construction of Maturity Evaluation Index System for Government Big Data Governance
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张宇杰,安小米,张国庆
- , 2018,
Abstract: 摘要 文章针对政府大数据治理的现状、能力和发展路径不清晰等问题,提出评估和优化政府数据治理计划和策略的成熟度测评指标体系。通过对成熟度概念、信息治理、数据治理和大数据治理等核心概念界定,对政府大数据治理的成熟度研究现状及成果进行归纳,总结形成大数据治理的成熟度要素,结合《关于促进大数据发展行动纲要》的实践需求,构建出政府大数据治理成熟度评测指标体系,提出政府大数据成熟度评测模型,可以作为当前政府大数据发展自我测评和改进的工具,同时还可以作为不同地区之间政府大数据治理能力的比较基准。
Abstract: To deal with existing problems in current situation that ability and development path in government's big data governance is not clear, this paper puts forward a big data governance maturity assessment indicator system for theevaluation and optimization of government’s data governance plan and policy. By defining definitions of maturity, information governance, data governance and big data governance, this paper summarizes the research status and result ofgovernment's big data governance maturity studies, formulates key components of a big data governance maturity, andcombines practical needs of Action Outline on Promoting Big Data Development, finally proposes a evaluation index system of government’s big data governance maturity, and a government’s big data maturity evaluation model.The researchresults can be used as self-evaluation and improvement tools for current government big data development, at the sametime might be used as benchmark criteria for comparison big data governance abilities between different regions.
业务驱动的政府大数据平台数据治理
Business-driven Government Big Data Platform Data Governance
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马广惠,安小米,宋懿
- , 2018,
Abstract: 摘要 为研究跨系统和跨部门的政府大数据平台如何实现数据治理,文章采用案例研究法,选取宁波市三个政府部门建设的政府大数据平台,对各平台的高层管理者、负责人和技术人员开展了半结构化访谈以收集定性数据。案例分析揭示出跨系统和跨部门的数据治理路径涌现为数据集成、数据一致性、数据处理、数据存储和数据共享五个方面。研究表明:业务驱动是决定政府大数据平台数据治理路径的关键。
Abstract: This paper aims to investigate how across systems and sectors big data platforms in government agencies implement big data governance, three representative departments constructing big data platforms in Ningbo City are selected for case studies, in the meanwhile, top management, managers and technicians of every platform were interviewed to collect qualitative data. Research findings show that data integration, data consistency, data processing, datastorage and data sharing are the key approaches of big data governance in building the big data platforms. Through multiple case analyses, this study concludes that the most effective approach to big data platform data governance is business-driven.
美英澳政府大数据治理能力研究——基于大数据政策的内容分析
A Study on Big Data Governance Capability of the United States, UK and Australia:Based on the Content Analysis of Big Data Policy
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宋懿,安小米,马广惠
- , 2018,
Abstract: 摘要 文章以提升中国政府大数据治理能力为目的,在政策工具论的指导下,采用政策内容分析法,借助文本抽样、内容编码等具体手段对美国、英国及澳大利亚三国的大数据治理专项政策进行数据提取与理论分析。研究表明:除基础建设及技术发展等共性关注要素外,三国政府大数据治理要素的关联方式与各国治理目标及其对政府大数据的概念认知有关。三国政府大数据治理政策在治理目标的明确、治理要素关联性且政策具有针对性特征等方面,对我国政府大数据治理能力的提升有一定的借鉴意义。
Abstract: This paper aims at improving Chinese big data governance capability. Under the guidance of the policy tooltheory, the paper adopts the method of policy content analysis to extract the data of big data governance policies of thethree countries, including the United States, Britain and Australia. Data analysis results show that, in addition to common factors such as infrastructure construction and technological development, the relationships between the governance factors of the three countries' governments and their governance objectives are related to the definitions of government big data. In conclusion, providing clear governance objectives, emphasizing the relevance of governance elements and enhancing policy targets will help our government to enhance big data governance capabilities.
电子治理下的政府民主决策研究
On Government Democratic Decision-Making under Electronic Governance
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杨兴玉, 张义勇
Management Science and Engineering (MSE) , 2013, DOI: 10.12677/MSE.2013.22006
Abstract: 社会信息化、信息网络化时代的到来,人民政府对民主决策的关注从价值层面转向价值层面与技术层面相结合,电子治理作为一种新的政府治理模式,它为政府提供了一种新的管理架构。本文通过电子治理模式下为政府民主决策提供的新思路以及存在的问题进行分析,以期进一步完善电子治理,提高政府决策民主性。
With the advent of the information-based society, in the network era, the focus of government democratic decision-making is transferred from the values to the combination of the values and the technique. The electronic governance has been regarded as a new model of government management. It offers a new managerial frame. This paper provides new ideas for government democratic decision-making under the electronic governance model, and analysis on the existing problems so as to improve the electronic governance and raise the democracy of government decision-making.
New Dynamic of China National Governance since the 18th National Congress—Based on the Inspecting Spots of the Politburo’s Standing Committee  [PDF]
Muhesen Aleqing, Xudong Qi
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2017.72018
Abstract: Based on the Axial Coding from the inspecting spots and themes of the members of the Political Bureau in 2013-2016, this article is intended to explore the recent trends of national governance after 18th CPC National Congress. The Chinese politburo’s standing committee members have been to all provinces in China, however, the visiting spots and themes are unbalanced. In order to achieve governance objectives, they have to think about the national policy and the particularity of each province. All the politburo’s standing committee members have been paid more attention on decentralization and innovation. As we can see, the decentralization of authority between government and market has constituted strategic consensus. We found that the reform and innovation are the main policy and dynamic. The power of Chinese government and the activity of market have formed. They are willing to make a difference. Politburo’s standing committee members are the third energy of Chinese reform or economy. Based on inspections of all the provinces of China, they can change any policy if they think it is not appropriate for the local development.
Is It Possible for Government and Society Co-Governance Come True?—Take the Town of Houjie, Dongguan City, as an Example  [PDF]
Mengyuan Deng
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2019.72022
Abstract: As a kind of promotion theory of strong democracy and deliberative democracy, participatory governance is characterized by emphasizing the flattening, empowerment, participation, government-social cooperation of government management organizations. This paper is intended to be in Houjie Town, Dongguan City, Guangdong Province in 2016. The “Internet + National Chuangan” initiated in the year is a research case. The analysis of the successful reasons and the promotion of “Houjie Sample” from the perspective of participatory governance provide a possibility for all grassroots governments to realize social governance innovation.
INNOVATION ACTIVITY GOVERNANCE SYSTEM IMPROVEMENT PUBLIC PROPERTY
Viacheslav Prigozhin,Dmitriy Ognev
Sovremennye Issledovania Social?nyh Problem , 2012,
Abstract: The article deals with governance system improvement with public property in the course of innovation activity. The main governance principles with public property are picked out and innovation tendencies of governance system improvement with public property are determined.
Knowledge governance, innovation and development
Burlamaqui, Leonardo;
Revista de Economia Política , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-31572010000400002
Abstract: this paper aims to be a very preliminary effort to contribute to a better understanding of the interaction among innovation, competition and intellectual property policies from an evolutionary-developmental perspective. as such, it seeks to build a more coherent framework within which the discussions of both institution building and policy design for development can proceed. in order to accomplish that, the paper introduces the concept of "knowledge governance" as an alternative analytical and policy-oriented approach, and suggests that from a public policy/public interest perspective, and within an evolutionary framework, it is a better way to address the problems concerning the production, appropriability and diffusion of knowledge. in doing so, it also intends contribute to broaden the ongoing discussions on the "new developmentalism".
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