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Behavioral Economics: Where Is It Heading?  [PDF]
Magda Osman
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.69109
Abstract: The addition of “behavioral” to economics has given rise to a highly successful field of research. But, is it just a fashionable new trend or is it here to stay? More to the point, how does it differ from its close relative psychology? To answer these questions, the present article considers what behavioral economics is, and where it started, with the aim of trying to forecast what the status of it will be in the future. In forecasting where behavioral economics might be heading, the argument proposed here is that the best clues can be found in psychological research. If, as has been proposed here, behavioral economics partners research trends in psychology, then the futures of both will almost certainly be moving in the same direction. Both are beginning to, and will start to rely on online tools/mobile phone applications to collect richer data revealing dynamic tends over long time horizons, and as technology continues to facilitate ways of looking at group behaviour online, then larger scale studies examining interactions amongst multiple groups of people will become the norm rather than the exception. More specifically this article speculates on the future research focus of researchers in behavioral economics and the extent to which this will overlap with psychological research on judgment and decision-making.
The Diffusion of Networking Technologies  [PDF]
Sharon Goldberg,Zhenming Liu
Computer Science , 2012,
Abstract: There has been significant interest in the networking community on the impact of cascade effects on the diffusion of networking technology upgrades in the Internet. Thinking of the global Internet as a graph, where each node represents an economically-motivated Internet Service Provider (ISP), a key problem is to determine the smallest set of nodes that can trigger a cascade that causes every other node in the graph to adopt the protocol. We design the first approximation algorithm with a provable performance guarantee for this problem, in a model that captures the following key issue: a node's decision to upgrade should be influenced by the decisions of the remote nodes it wishes to communicate with. Given an internetwork G(V,E) and threshold function \theta, we assume that node $u$ activates (upgrades to the new technology) when it is adjacent to a connected component of active nodes in G of size exceeding node $u$'s threshold \theta(u). Our objective is to choose the smallest set of nodes that can cause the rest of the graph to activate. Our main contribution is an approximation algorithm based on linear programming, which we complement with computational hardness results and a near-optimum integrality gap. Our algorithm, which does not rely on submodular optimization techniques, also highlights the substantial algorithmic difference between our problem and similar questions studied in the context of social networks.
Networking technologies for robotic applications  [PDF]
Vibekananda Dutta,Teresa Zielinska
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: The ongoing progress in networking security, together with the growing range of robot applications in many fields of everyday life, makes robotics tangible reality in our near future. Accordingly, new advanced services, depends on the interplay between the robotics and cyber security, are being an important role in robotics world. This paper addresses technological implications of security enhancement to the Internet of Thing (IoT)-aided robotics domain, where networked robots are expected to work in complex environments. The security enhancement suggested by the NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) creates a security template for secure communications over the network are also discussed.
Behavioral welfare economics  [PDF]
Bernheim Douglas B.
Panoeconomicus , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/pan1001001b
Abstract: U radu se raspravlja o nekoliko predloga za op ti normativni okvir koji bi obuhvatio nestandardne modele izbora. Ve ina postoje ih predloga izjedna ava blagostanje sa dobrobiti. Neki pretpostavljaju da dobrobit proizilazi iz dobro definisanih ciljeva, i da ti ciljevi tako e dovode do izbora; trik je u tome da se formuli e okvir u kom obrasci nepotpuno koherentnih izbora otkrivaju ciljeve koji nisu posmatrani. Drugi ostaju pri stavu da se dobrobit, a samim tim i blagostanje, mogu direktno meriti. Oba pristupa nailaze na ozbiljne konceptualne pote ko e. Jedan mogu i pristup, koji su razvili Bernheim i Rangel (2009), defini e blagostanje direktno u smislu izbora. On podrazumeva op te kriterijume blagostanja koji se direktno odnose na izbor, bez potrebe za bilo kakvom racionalizacijom koja potencijalno uklju uje pretpostavke u vezi sa ciljevima i njihov odnos prema izboru. Kako korisne bihevioristi ke teorije uop teno predvi aju visok stepen koherentnosti u pona anju, takav kriterijum dovodi do iscrpnog i upotrebljivog normativnog okvira. (Izvorno, rad je objavljen pod naslovom Behavioral Welfare Economics u Journal of the European Economic Association, 7:2-3 (April-May, 2009), pp. 267-319. 2009 by the European Economic Association. Zahvaljujemo se profesoru B. Douglas Bernheim i MIT Press Journals na dozvoli za prevod i objavljivanje u na em asopisu.).
Networking Technologies and the Rate of Technological Change
Charles Mitchell
Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics , 2005,
Abstract: Network technology is changing rapidly and those adept at ICT analysis need resolve rate of change issues. Developments in networking now are in the direction of heuristic intelligence. Since about 1980, networking techniques have encouraged combining bits of information with imagination cognitively to improve ideas about reality. ICT enterprise projects utilize networking to sustain requisite imagination. Assumptions and misassuptions of project builders are rationally comprehended as networking sustains creative processes. The monopolization of valuable network techniques influences in the direction of esoteric networking. Data presents that substantial knowledge and networking is now occurring globally. As a netaphor, networking
Scientific blogging as a model for professional networking online
Alexey Bersenev
Cellular Therapy and Transplantation , 2010,
Abstract: Scientific blogging is a relatively new kind of activity that scientists and people related to science do online. In this essay I’m sharing my own experience about how scientific blogging could be used to establish and advance your professional networking online. The model I use proposes blogging analytical content in a precise scientific niche and sharing discussion and expert opinions through web tools. I use a blog as a central hub for analysis of information flowing from my personal filters and for setting up collaborative filters online, based on professional trusted content. Overall, I think a blog could be one of the best web tools for scientists to build a professional network online.
The Principle of Purposefulness in the System Dynamics With the Approaches of Behavioral Economics Принцип целеустремленности в системной динамике с учетом подходов поведенческой экономики  [PDF]
Chernaya Oksana Ye.
Business Inform , 2013,
Abstract: The article presents the theoretical definition of the purposefulness principle in the system dynamics, taking into account the approaches of behavioral economics, prospect theory and framing effect. There has analyzed the significance of the choice of subjects for dynamic systems under their control in terms of rational, emotional and cultural approaches. There has proved classification of systems depending on their behavior: reactive, inactive, proactiveе and interactive, that allowing to formulate principles of purposeful systems. В статье рассмотрены теоретические походы определения принципа целеустремленности в системной динамике с учетом подходов поведенческой экономики, теории перспектив и фреминг эффекта. Проанализировано значение выбора для субъектов динамических систем в процессе их управления с точки зрения рационального, эмоционального и культурного подходов. Обоснована классификация систем в зависимости от их поведения: реактивного, инактивного, преактивного и интерактивного, что позволило сформулировать принципы функционирования целеустремленной системы.
PRESENTATION. Experimental and behavioral economics. Theory, tools and topics  [cached]
Bra?as-Garza, Pablo,Georgantzís, Nikolaos
Revista Internacional de Sociologia , 2012,
Abstract: This note presents the special issue on Experimental and Behavioral Economics. The volume includes some recent contributions from these correlated disciplines –empirical the former and theoretical the latter– and their potential contribution to the intersection of Economics with Psychology and Sociology. The project “El papel de la comparación social en las decisiones económicas bajo incertidumbre” (Junta de Andalucía, P07- SEJ-03155)” provided us with inspiration and financial support to publish this volume. Este trabajo presenta el número especial de Revista Internacional de Sociología dedicado a la Economía Experimental y del Comportamiento. El volumen se compone de una serie de trabajos tanto teóricos como empíricos ubicados en la intersección de la Economía con la Psicología y la Sociología. El proyecto “El papel de la comparación social en las decisiones económicas bajo incertidumbre” (Junta de Andalucía, P07- SEJ-03155)” nos proporcionó inspiración y financiación para publicar este volumen.
The Economics of professional team sports: content, trends and future developments  [PDF]
Choregia , 2007,
Abstract: The objective of this paper is to present the prevailing content, trends and future developments of professional team sports economics. The purpose of this paper is not to provide a full record of all professional team sports related research with an economic content, but rather to point out the main issues that sports economics tackle since their birth and track the evolution of these issues as a response to the changing environment of team sports. League market structure, team objectives, demand, financing, labour markets and sports broadcasting are the most prominent areas of interest in professional team sports economics. Differences in organizational structure of professional team sports in Europe and U.S.A. shape the research agenda on the two sides of the Atlantic accordingly. Future developments should capture both economic and social aspects of contemporary professional team sports.
Insights from Behavioral Economics to Decrease Pollution and Reduce Energy Consumption  [PDF]
Furui Guan
Low Carbon Economy (LCE) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/lce.2019.102002
Abstract: This paper is written to help relieve existing environmental problems. This paper focuses on how insights from Behavioral Economics can be drawn and affect human behavior in order to reduce pollution and relieve environmental problems. This research involves several interviews with government officials involving the preservation of energy and water, managers of environment-related corporations, and leaders of non-government organizations that are trying to reduce pollution and save the environment. Reviewing the existing measures taken by governments, this paper analyzes different points of views and approaches and gives several practical suggestions on reducing pollution in the Behavioral Economics point of view, which can be referred to by legislations and other organizations and helps eco-friendly policies to be more efficient and accepted. This paper also evaluates different measures that could be taken and the costs and benefits of different alternatives, bringing a clearer understanding of the impacts of many possible actions that can be both vital and beneficial.
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