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Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B among Blood Donors in Mbuji-Mayi, “Case of Dipumba General Hospital” (DRC)
Ciamala Mukendi Paul, Kanyiki Katala Moise, Banza Ndala Deca Blood, Ntumba Mukendi Kennedy, Jean Mukendi Mukendi Réne, Kolela Kolela Alain, Kaya Tompa Brigitte, Gabriel Mbuyi Lubemba, Bukasa Lumbayi Laurent, Kabamba Nzaji Michel
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103503
Abstract:
Seroprevalence among blood donors is a major public health problem, both in developed and developing countries, in its magnitude. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of hepatitis B in blood donors. This is a descriptive study carried out in the city of Mbuji-Mayi at the General Hospital of Dipumba in blood donors (family, volunteer and remunerated) recorded from 01/to31/December 2016; the data were collected in a transverse fashion. The following observations were made: During the study period, 1584 blood donors were registered. After analyzing the data, the seroprevalence of hepatitis B in blood donors was 2.2%, 77.8% were male (sex ratio M/F 3.5 and voluntary donors were 50.4%.
Mayi-Mayi: Young Rebels in Kivu, DRC
L Jourdan
Africa Development , 2011,
Abstract: Mayi-Mayi militias have played a central role in the Congo war. Mostly active in North and South Kivu, these rural militias are not a unified movement. Nevertheless, they share a nationalist ideology and a number of war rituals centered on the belief that the mayi, a specially treated water, can protect warriors from bullets. In this article, I have traced the history of these beliefs and ritual practices that are rooted in the precolonial and colonial periods. Far from being a symptom of regression or new-barbarism, I have tried to show that the recourse to war rituals, as well as the nationalistic discourse, were effective in compensating the lack of weapons and military organization, and in mobilizing youth in a context of state collapse. Nevertheless, most of Mayi-Mayi commanders have proved to be opportunists and many young people have become involved in a spiral of violence that needs to be broken.
Prevalence of Low Birth Weight in Mbuji-Mayi City, Democratic Republic of Congo
Kanyiki Katala Moise, Banza Ndala Deca Blood, Ciamala Mukendi Paul, Mukendi Mukendi Jean Réne, Kanyeba Mulumba Odette, Kabulo Kasongo Benjamin, Kabumba Kabumba Francois, Kabamba Nzaji Michel
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103474
Abstract:
Low birth weight is a major public health problem, both in developed countries and developing countries, by its magnitude and its strong association with morbidity and mortality. The aim in this study was to determine the prevalence of low birth weight in Mbuji-Mayi. This is a descriptive study conducted in the city of Mbuji-Mayi in three health zones targeted by the study which DUILU, Dibindi and KANSELE among natal women and their newborns respectively registered for the period of one month, from 1 June to 30 June 2015. Data were collected in an integrated way. The following observations were made: in the study period, 1266 women were interviewed. After analysis: the prevalence of low weight was 14.3%; gestational age at birth superior to 36 SA represented 89.9% and 50.6% of newborns were female.
Prognostic of the New Nests of Seropositive Mothers Beneficiaries of the Prevention of Mother-Child Transmission in the City of Mbuji-Mayi/Drc
Jean Christophe Bukasa Tshilonda, Ivon Kasonga, Isaac Kalenda Ilunga, Moise Kanyiki Katala, Justin Tshibangu Kandala, Valentin Kabambi Bukasa, Ennock Mbuyi Kabeya, Nana Dikoma Misenga, Thérèse Kapenga Mitanta, Bertin Mpaka Mpaka, Mediatrice Kasheta Mabondo, Olivier Ejiba Nyongonyi, Paulin Kabamba Lupueka, Alain Ngoyi Kibambe, Alexis Ntambwe Mayombo, Emmanuel Mubala Mpetemba, Michel Kabamba Nzaji
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105267
Abstract:
Objective: The objective of this study is to evaluate the success of Moth-er-to-Child Transmission Prevention (PMTCT) is reducing the morbidity and mortality of newborns related to HIV/AIDS. Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive correlational study whose data collection is done in a transversal way from 01 to 30 June 2017 among HIV-positive women screened and we antiretroviral treatment in the health area targeted by this study. To collect this data, we used the semi-structured technical interview face-to-face using a questionnaire. Results: The results of the bivariate analysis revealed the HIV positive outcome in newborns of HIV-positive mothers is significantly related to the following factors (i.e,. p < 0.05): the parity of more than 5 children; lack of knowledge of some HIV infection pathways; lack of knowledge of some factors that promote the transmission of HIV from mother to child, such as: several infections in the mother; mixed feeding; lack of treatment of the mother; multiple pregnancies; non-monitoring of PMTCT activities; childbirth at home; mixed feeding and non-monitoring of PMTCT services with all pregnancies after-positive HIV diagnosis; lack of knowledge of the center offering the PMTCT service in service within its radius; poor monitoring of antiretroviral therapy and the effect of not HAVING applied to family planning method. Conclusion: The WHO advises inside this box to promote education, information and communication services for health that are ignored by the population using the available communication channels in the respective areas; apply mass communication to inform pregnant women about the existence of PMTCT services in health centers or hospitals.
Factors Associated with Acquired Infections Caesarian Wounds in Maternity Mbuji-Mayi/DR Congo
Jean Christophe Bukasa, Augustin Kadiata, Andre Guillaume Kabongo, Didier Lepelletier, Decas Blood Banza, Jean Jacques Bukasa, Félicien Ilunga, Andre Mutombo, Senghor Ngoyi Mbo, Angelique Bandimuna, Sébatien Kashimpo, Alexis Ntambwe, Stany Wembonyama
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104437
Abstract:
Introduction: The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors associated with nosocomial infections of caesarean section wounds in the maternity hospitals of the city of Mbuji-Mayi. Methods: This study was conducted in 25 maternities of general referral hospitals, clinics and hospitals in the city of Mbuji-Mayi during the period from 1 February to 1 June 2017, out of 171 parturients cesarized that were followed during a period of 4 months. A survey questionnaire was used to collect the data. Results: Out of 171 parturients monitored, surgical site infection developed 52 (SSI), an incidence of 30.4%. After analysis, nine factors were identified as associated post-caesarean SSI in Mbuji-Mayi city (p ≤ 0.05): age (p = 0.000), anemia (p = 0.000), prolonged duration of labor delivery (p = 0.001), premature rupture of the membranes before caesarean section (p = 0.044), prolonged duration after-rupture of the membranes (p = 0.000), preparation of the operative site by shaving (p = 0.029), surgery by general practitioner (p = 0.023), duration of operation greater than 60 minutes (p = 0.040), non-compliance with asepsis during dressing (p = 0.000). Conclusion: The fight against nosocomial infections must be a permanent concern: the prevention and regular monitoring of these infections must be the control strategies of each hospital structure, under the watchful eye of a coordination center for the fight nosocomial infections.
Isotopic (Sr, Nd and O) study of eclogite nodules from the Mbuji Mayi kimberlites (Kasai, Congo)
D. Demaiffe,S. El Fadili,M. Javoy
Chinese Science Bulletin , 1998, DOI: 10.1007/BF02891408
Abstract:
Protection from sexual violence in DRC  [cached]
Sarah Mosely,Talita Cetinoglu,Marit Glad
Forced Migration Review , 2010,
Abstract: While service provision for survivors of sexual violence is the top priority, protection for women and girls can also be improved in DRC.
Displacement trends in DRC
Greta Zeender,Jacob Rothing
Forced Migration Review , 2010,
Abstract: Internal displacement has plagued the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) for nearly 20 years. This article provides an overview of the scale and causes of displacement during this period as well as efforts to address the assistance and protection needs of internally displaced persons (IDPs).
Congolese women activists in DRC and Belgium  [cached]
Marie Godin,Mado Chideka
Forced Migration Review , 2010,
Abstract: Congolese women are energetically engaged in peacebuilding, both in DRC and abroad.Their voices – inspired by different experiences and presenting different perspectives – deserve greater recognition.
Evictions from DRC’s protected areas  [cached]
Kai Schmidt-Soltau
Forced Migration Review , 2010,
Abstract: There is an increasing number of people who are being evicted from DRC’s ‘protected areas’ both by the government and by international conservation organisations.
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