Abstract:
We present the usefulness of the diagrammatic approach for analyzing two dimensional elastic collision in momentum space. In the mechanics course, we have two major purposes of studying the collision problems. One is that we have to obtain velocities of the two particles after the collision from initial velocities by using conservation laws of momentum and energy. The other is that we have to study two ways of looking collisions, i.e. laboratory system and center-of-mass system. For those two major purposes, we propose the diagrammatic technique. We draw two circles. One is for the center-of-mass system and the other is for the laboratory system. Drawing these two circles accomplish two major purposes. This diagrammatic technique can help us understand the collision problems quantitatively and qualitatively.

Abstract:
We present a new approach to the theory of static deformations of elastic test bodies in general relativity based on a generalization of the concept of frame of reference which we identify with the concept of quo-harmonic congruence. We argue on the basis of this new approach that weak gravitational plane waves do not couple to elastic bodies and therefore the latter, whatever their shape, are not suitable antennas to detect them.

Abstract:
Recently there have been suggestions that the Lorentz force law is inconsistent with special relativity. This is difficult to understand, since Einstein invented relativity in order to reconcile electrodynamics with mechanics. Here we investigate the momentum of an electric charge and a magnetic dipole in the frame in which both are at rest, and in an infinitesimally boosted frame in which both have a common velocity. We show that for a dipole composed of a magnetic monopole-antimonopole pair the torque is zero in both frames, while if the dipole is a point dipole, the torque is not zero, but is balanced by the rate of change of the angular momentum of the electromagnetic field, so there is no mechanical torque on the dipole.

Abstract:
A key observable in strongly interacting resonant Fermi gases is the contact parameter C, which governs both the pair correlation function at short distances and the momentum distribution at large momenta. The temperature dependence of C was recently measured at unitarity, where existing theoretical predictions differ substantially. We report accurate data for the contact and the momentum distribution in the normal phase of the unitary gas, obtained by Bold Diagrammatic Monte Carlo. In our scheme, C is extracted from the pair correlation function, while the C/k^4 tail of the momentum distribution, being built in at the analytical level, is free of k-dependent noise.

Abstract:
There are several definitions of the notion of angular momentum in general relativity. However non of them can be said to capture the physical notion of intrinsic angular momentum of the sources in the presence of gravitational radiation. We present a definition which is appropriate for the description of intrinsic angular momentum in radiative spacetimes. This notion is required in calculations involving radiation of angular momentum, as for example is expected in binary coalescence of black holes.

Abstract:
We present an introduction to mass and angular momentum in General Relativity. After briefly reviewing energy-momentum for matter fields, first in the flat Minkowski case (Special Relativity) and then in curved spacetimes with or without symmetries, we focus on the discussion of energy-momentum for the gravitational field. We illustrate the difficulties rooted in the Equivalence Principle for defining a local energy-momentum density for the gravitational field. This leads to the understanding of gravitational energy-momentum and angular momentum as non-local observables that make sense, at best, for extended domains of spacetime. After introducing Komar quantities associated with spacetime symmetries, it is shown how total energy-momentum can be unambiguously defined for isolated systems, providing fundamental tests for the internal consistency of General Relativity as well as setting the conceptual basis for the understanding of energy loss by gravitational radiation. Finally, several attempts to formulate quasi-local notions of mass and angular momentum associated with extended but finite spacetime domains are presented, together with some illustrations of the relations between total and quasi-local quantities in the particular context of black hole spacetimes. This article is not intended to be a rigorous and exhaustive review of the subject, but rather an invitation to the topic for non-experts. In this sense we follow essentially the expositions in Szabados 2004, Gourgoulhon 2007, Poisson 2004 and Wald 84, and refer the reader interested in further developments to the existing literature, in particular to the excellent and comprehensive review by Szabados (2004).

Abstract:
We reexamined the elastic collision problems in the special relativity for both one and two dimensions from a different point of view. In order to obtain the final states in the laboratory system of the collision problems, almost all textbooks in the special relativity calculated the simultaneous equations. In contrast to this, we make a detour through the center-of-mass system. The two frames of references are connected by the Lorentz transformation with the velocity of the center-of-mass. This route for obtaining the final states is easy for students to understand the collision problems. For one dimensional case, we also give an example for illustrating the states of the particles in the Minkowski momentum space, which shows the whole story of the collision.

Abstract:
We prove the local existence of solutions to the Einstein-Elastic equations that represent self-gravitating, relativistic elastic bodies with compact support.

Abstract:
the method of fusion barrier distribution has been widely used to interpret the effect of nuclear structure on heavy-ion fusion reactions around the coulomb barrier. we discuss a similar, but less well known, barrier distribution extracted from large-angle quasi-elastic scattering. we argue that this method has several advantages over the fusion barrier distribution, and offers an interesting tool for investigating unstable nuclei.

Abstract:
The method of fusion barrier distribution has been widely used to interpret the effect of nuclear structure on heavy-ion fusion reactions around the Coulomb barrier. We discuss a similar, but less well known, barrier distribution extracted from large-angle quasi-elastic scattering. We argue that this method has several advantages over the fusion barrier distribution, and offers an interesting tool for investigating unstable nuclei.