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Adrian Neculau (ed.) Viata cotidian n communism (Everyday Life in Communism)  [cached]
Marius Jucan
Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies , 2006,
Abstract: Adrian Neculau (ed.) Viata cotidian n communism (Everyday Life in Communism) Polirom, Iaoi, 2005, 367 pages
Lucian Boia, The Scientific Mythology of Communism  [cached]
Codruta Cuceu
Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies , 2006,
Abstract: Lucian Boia, The Scientific Mythology of Communism Bucharest, Humanitas Publishing House, 2005
Caracteriza??o epidemiológica da doen?a meningocócica na área metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, 1976 a 1994
Gama,Silvana Granado N.; Feldman Marzochi,Keyla B.; Borges da Siveira Filho,Getúlio;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1997, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101997000300006
Abstract: introduction: meningococcal disease continues to warrant assessment as to its endemic and epidemic multicausality and temporal trends in various locations. material and method: based on a standardization of epidemiological investigation of meningococcal disease in the municipality of rio de janeiro county, southeastern brazil, as from epidemic of the 1970s a study to characterized the epidemiological characteristics of the disease, was realized. the total of 4,155 cases reported between 1976 and 1994 were analyzed in a retrospective, descriptive, and analytical study, using the epidemiological investigation forms issued by the municipal health secretariat. statistical analysis was performed using the c2, wilcoxon-mann-whitney, and kruskal-wallis tests. results: the study resulted in the definition of three periods, classified as post-epidemic (1976-79), endemic (1980-86), and epidemic (1987-94), differentiated by the incidence rates and the predominant meningococcal serogroup. the mean incidence rates per period in the municipality were 3.51, 1.67, and 6.53 cases/100,000 inhabitants, respectively. serogroups a and c predominated during the post-epidemic period, b and a in the endemic, and b in the epidemic. conclusion: the mean case fatality rate remained virtually unchanged over time, but it varied by hospital, and during all three periods was lower in the state government reference hospital than in the other hospitals, whetter public or private. the highest incidence and case fatality rates were associated with patients under one year of age, and the risk of acquiring the disease was greater among males. the highest incidence coefficients tended to occur in the same areas of the conunty during the three epidemiological periods, and the shanty-town population was at twice the risk of acquiring the disease.
Caracteriza o epidemiológica da doen a meningocócica na área metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, 1976 a 1994  [cached]
Gama Silvana Granado N.,Feldman Marzochi Keyla B.,Borges da Siveira Filho Getúlio
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1997,
Abstract: INTRODU O: A doen a meningocócica (DM) continua merecendo avalia es quanto a sua multicausalidade endêmica e epidêmica e seu comportamento evolutivo, nos diferentes locais. MATERIAL E MéTODOS: Partindo da padroniza o da investiga o epidemiológica da DM no Município do Rio de Janeiro a partir da epidemia da década de 70, foram analisados 4.155 casos notificados de 1976 a 1994, através de estudo retrospectivo, descritivo e analítico, com base nas fichas de investiga o epidemiológica da Secretaria Municipal de Saúde. Os testes utilizados para análise estatística foram: o chi2, o de Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney e de Kruskal-Wallis. RESULTADOS: O estudo resultou na defini o de três períodos, classificados como pós-epidêmico (1976/79), endêmico (1980/86) e epidêmico (1987/94), diferenciados pelas taxas de incidência e pelo sorogrupo do meningococo predominante. As taxas de incidência médias por período no município foram, respectivamente, de 3,51; 1,67 e 6,53 casos/100.000 habitantes. Os sorogrupos A e C predominaram no período pós-epidêmico, o B e o A no endêmico e o B no epidêmico. A letalidade média praticamente n o se modificou no decorrer do tempo, mas variou segundo o hospital de interna o, tendo sido sempre menor no hospital estadual de referência em rela o aos demais públicos e privados. CONCLUS O: As maiores taxas de incidência e letalidade corresponderam aos menores de um ano e o risco de adoecer foi maior no sexo masculino. Os maiores coeficientes de incidência tenderam a ocorrer nas mesmas áreas do município, nos três períodos epidemiológicos, e a popula o que reside em favelas teve um risco de adoecimento duas vezes maior.
Modernity and the Belgian Congo
P-P Fraiture
Tydskrif vir letterkunde , 2009,
Abstract: This article will explore the intellectual context in which French-Belgian colonial writing developed from the turn of the twentieth century to the late 1930s. This period is marked by a gradual shift from evolutionism to cultural relativism. The analysis will first focus on the Tervuren colonial exhibition of 1897 and the progressive emergence of Belgian africanism in the early twentieth century. Secondly, it will account for the ways in which this overall context bore witness to new and somewhat less Eurocentric conditions of possibility. Subsequently, the article will attempt to draw parallels between these more inclusive and seemingly less orientalising anthropological paradigms and the advent, first in France and then in Belgium, of a rejuvenated brand of colonial literature (or indigenous realism) which, for all its openness and eagerness to embrace modernity, did not result in radical rejections of colonialism on the part of its promoters. Finally, two Belgian novels in French – M. L. Delhaise-Arnould's Amedra (1926) and H. Drum's Luéji (1932) – will be analysed to appraise whether or not their authors' objective to reconstitute Congolese indigeneity is a strategy to oppose Belgian modernity against Congolese supposed pre-odernity.
THE MANDATE SYSTEM FOR THE BELGIAN PUBLIC PROSECUTION
Bruno BROUCKER,Caroline VERVAET,Roger DEPRé
Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: The law of 22 December 1998 introduced the mandate system for the heads of the Public Prosecution offices, which were appointed permanent before that. Theoretically, such a system needs to enhance, within the organization, effectiveness, efficiency, responsabilisation, and goal-orientation. However, the mandate system within the Belgian Public Prosecution was introduced prematurely, for dubious reasons and in a precipitate manner. In the current situation, the position of the mandate holder is uncertain, with a bounded autonomy and a low wage increase. Moreover, it remains impossible to intervene in the policy of appointed heads of office (during their mandate), the efficiency and effectiveness is only increased in some prosecution offices and a contract containing actual management responsibilities is absent. In sum: there is a large gap between the theoretical principles of mandate systems and the way it is introduced in the Belgian Public Prosecution.
International Conference: Post-Communism and the New European Identity
JIMS
Journal of Identity and Migration Studies , 2009,
Abstract: The Research Centre on Identity and Migration Issues within the Faculty of Political Science and Communication, University of Oradea is organizing the International Conference “Post-Communism and the New European Identity”, that will be held on November 5th -7th , 2009 in Oradea, Romania. The main topics of the conference are:1. Identity and mobility in Europe2. The image of the New Europe in the mass-media3. Institutional changes and democratic reforms after the fall of communism
Gen, corp, politic n comunism/ Gender, Body, and Politics during Communism  [cached]
Codruta Cuceu
Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies , 2005,
Abstract: This paper represents a reading of communism from the perspective of corporality. The essay aims at discussing the excessive communization of the human body during communism. This communization brought about a vulgarization of corporality, its uniformization, and hyper-egalitarianism between genders. It also resulted in a mechanical treatment of the human body in order to place it at the disposal of the body politic. This work aims to demonstrate that one of the major mistakes of communist ideology, at least in its Romanian form, was the fact that it tried to control and to interfere with human needs such as nourishment and sexuality.
$L^2$ vanishing theorems for positive line bundles and adjunction theory, Lecture Notes of a CIME course on "Transcendental Methods of Algebraic Geometry" (Cetraro, Italy, July 1994)  [PDF]
Jean-Pierre Demailly
Mathematics , 1994,
Abstract: The notes start with an elementary introduction to a few important analytic techniques of algebraic geometry: closed positive currents, $L^2$ estimates for the $\dbar$-operator on positive vector bundles, Nadel's vanishing theorem for multiplier ideal sheaves (a generalization of the well-known Kawamata-Viehweg vanishing theorem). Applications to adjoint line bundles are then discussed. T.~Fujita conjectured in 1987 that $K_X+(n+2)L$ is very ample for every ample line bundle $L$ on a non singular projective variety $X$ with $\dim X=n$. The answer is known only for $n\le 2$ (I.~Reider, 1988). In the last years, various bounds have been obtained for integers $m$ such that $2K_X+mL$ is very ample (by J.~Koll\'ar, L.~Ein-R.~Lazarsfeld, Y.T.~Siu and the author, among others). Two approaches are discussed: an analytic approach via Monge-Amp\`ere equations and current theory, and a more algebraic one (due to Siu) via multiplier ideal sheaves and Riemann-Roch. Finally, an effective version of the big Matsusaka theorem is derived, in the form of an explicit bound for an integer $m$ such that $mL$ is very ample, depending only on $L^n$ and $L^{n-1}\cdot K_X$; these bounds improve Siu's results (1993), and essentially contain the optimal bounds obtained by Fernandez del Busto for the surface case.
SPECIAL REPORT: Filipino Communism and the Spectre of the Communist Manifesto
P.N. Abinales
Kasarinlan : Philippine Journal of Third World Studies , 2000,
Abstract: The Communist Manifesto and communism in the Philippines are like father and son who have grown apart. The Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) declares itself a progeny of Marx and Engels and a faithful of proletarian internationalism but has since the 1970s dedicated itself to a less than global cause under a Maoist influence. While the CPP did adapt itself to local conditions, it was less prepared to handle the changing political economy as well as the alteration of the Filipino class structure. Unable to adjust to the changes under the Marcos administration and the emergence of migrant labor as the new Filipino proletariat, the CPP has become a national party committed to winning a national revolution while giving perfunctory attention to global processes and only ceremonially acknowledging its obligations to proletarian internationalism. More than a century and a half in existence, the Manifesto serves as a reminder for communists in general that capital is still very much the dominant force as perceived by Marx and Engels. The struggle against the dominant social formation will even be more difficult now that people and societies are driven to fight for other constructed and invented identities such as race, ethnicity and religion.
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