Abstract:
Let I be a finitely supported complete m-primary ideal of a regular local ring (R, m). A theorem of Lipman implies that I has a unique factorization as a *-product of special *-simple complete ideals with possibly negative exponents for some of the factors. The existence of negative exponents occurs if the dimension of R is at least 3 because of the existence of finitely supported *-simple ideals that are not special. We consider properties of special *-simple complete ideals such as their Rees valuations and point basis. Let (R, m) be a d-dimensional equicharacterstic regular local ring with m = (x_1, ..., x_d)R. We define monomial quadratic transforms of R and consider transforms and inverse transforms of monomial ideals. For a large class of monomial ideals I that includes complete inverse transforms, we prove that the minimal number of generators of I is completely determined by the order of I. We give necessary and sufficient conditions for the complete inverse transform of a *-product of monomial ideals to be the *-product of the complete inverse transforms of the factors. This yields examples of finitely supported *-simple monomial ideals that are not special. We prove that a finitely supported *-simple monomial ideal with linearly ordered base points is special *-simple.

Abstract:
Let I be a complete m-primary ideal of a regular local ring (R,m). In the case where R has dimension two, the beautiful theory developed by Zariski implies that I factors uniquely as a product of powers of simple complete ideals and each of the simple complete factors of I has a unique Rees valuation. In the higher dimensional case, a simple complete ideal of R often has more than one Rees valuation, and a complete m-primary ideal I may have finitely many or infinitely many base points. For the ideals having finitely many base points, Lipman proves a unique factorization involving special star-simple complete ideals with possibly negative exponents of the factors. Let T be an infinitely near point to R with dim R = dim T and T having residue field equal to R/m. We prove that the special star simple complete ideal associated with the sequence from R to T has a unique Rees valuation if and only if either dim R = 2 or there is no change of direction in the unique finite sequence of local quadratic transforms from R to T. We also examine conditions for a complete ideal to be projectively full.

Abstract:
In this manuscript we shall give an explicit formula for the jumping numbers of a simple complete ideal in a two-dimensional regular local ring. In particular, we obtain a formula for the jumping numbers of an analytically irreducible plane curve. We then show that the jumping numbers determine the equisingularity class of the curve.

Abstract:
We prove that a quadratic $A[T]$-module $Q$ with Witt index ($Q/TQ$)$ \geq d$, where $d$ is the dimension of the equicharacteristic regular local ring $A$, is extended from $A$. This improves a theorem of the second named author who showed it when $A$ is the local ring at a smooth point of an affine variety over an infinite field. To establish our result, we need to establish a Local-Global Principle (of Quillen) for the Dickson--Siegel--Eichler--Roy (DSER) elementary orthogonal transformations.

Abstract:
We introduce here a method which uses etale neighborhoods to extend results from smooth semi-local rings to arbitrary semi-local rings A by passing to the henselization of a smooth presentation of A. The technique is used to show that etale cohomology of A agrees with Galois cohomology, the Merkuriev-Suslin theorem holds for A, and to describe torsion in K_2(A).

Abstract:
Let $(R,{\bf m})$ be a two-dimensional regular local ring with infinite residue field. We prove an analogue of the Hoskin-Deligne length formula for a finitely generated, torsion-free, integrally closed $R$-module $M$. As a consequence, we get a formula for the Buchsbaum-Rim multiplicity of $F/M$, where $F = M^{**}$.

Abstract:
Numerical invariants of a minimal free resolution of a module $M$ over a regular local ring $(R,\n)$ can be studied by taking advantage of the rich literature on the graded case. The key is to fix suitable $\n$-stable filtrations ${\mathbb M} $ of $M $ and to compare the Betti numbers of $M$ with those of the associated graded module $ gr_{\mathbb M}(M). $ This approach has the advantage that the same module $M$ can be detected by using different filtrations on it. It provides interesting upper bounds for the Betti numbers and we study the modules for which the extremal values are attained. Among others, the Koszul modules have this behavior. As a consequence of the main result, we extend some results by Aramova, Conca, Herzog and Hibi on the rigidity of the resolution of standard graded algebras to the local setting.

Abstract:
Let R be a two-dimensional regular local ring with maximal ideal \mathfrak m, and let \wp be a simple complete \mathfrak m-primary ideal which is residually rational. Let R_0:= R\subsetneqq ...\subsetneqq R_r be the quadratic sequence associated to \wp, let \Gamma_\wp be the value-semigroup associated to \wp, and let ((e_j(\wp))_{0\leq j\leq r} be the multiplicity sequence of \wp. We associate to \wp a sequence of natural integers, the formal characteristic sequence of \wp, and we show that the value-semigroup, the multiplicity sequence and the formal characteristic sequence are equivalent data. Furthermore, we give a new proof that \Gamma_\wp is symmetric, and give a formula for c_\wp, the conductor of \Gamma_\wp, in terms of entries of the Hamburger-Noether tableau of \wp.

Abstract:
In three preprints [Pan1], [Pan3] and the present one we prove Grothendieck-Serre's conjecture concerning principal G-bundles over regular semi-local domains R containing a finite field (here $G$ is a reductive group scheme). The preprint [Pan1] contains main geometric presentation theorems which are necessary for that. The present preprint contains reduction of the Grothendieck--Serre's conjecture to the case of semi-simple simply-connected group schemes (see Theorem 1.0.1). The preprint [Pan3] contains a proof of that conjecture for regular semi-local domains R containing a finite field. The Grothendieck--Serre conjecture for the case of regular semi-local domains containing an infinite field is proven in joint work due to R.Fedorov and I.Panin (see [FP]). Thus the conjecture holds for regular semi-local domains containing a field. The reduction is based on two purity results (Theorem 1.0.2 and Theorem 10.0.29).

Abstract:
In three preprints [Pan2],[Pan3] and the present one we prove Grothendieck-Serre's conjecture concerning principal G-bundles over regular semi-local domains R containing a finite field (here G is a reductive group scheme). The present preprint contains main geometric presentation theorems which are necessary for that. The preprint [Pan2] contains reduction of the Grothendieck-Serre's conjecture to the case of a simple simply-connected group scheme. The preprint [Pan3] contains a proof of Grothendieck-Serre's conjecture for regular semi-local domains R containing a finite field. One of the main result of the present preprint is Theorem 1.1. The Grothendieck--Serre conjecture for the case of regular semi-local domains containing an infinite field is proven in joint work due to R.Fedorov and I.Panin (see [FP]). Thus the conjecture holds for regular semi-local domains containing a field.