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Tuberculosis contact control in Brazil: a liberature review (1984-2004)
Gazetta, Cláudia Eli;Santos, Maria de Lourdes Sperli Geraldes;Vendramini, Sílvia Helena Figueiredo;Poletti, Nadia Antonia Aparecida;Pinto Neto, José Martins;Villa, Tereza Cristina Scatena;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692008000200021
Abstract: this study aims to review plans for tuberculosis control through the analysis of measures for tuberculosis contact tracing in brazil from 1984 to 2004. this article presents a literature review on tuberculosis control published in manuals of the ministry of health and the state department of health of sao paulo, and in medline and lilacs databases. there was a gap in the standardization of control measures in the decade from 1984 to 1994. it was concluded that health professionals need to incorporate tb control and prevention actions from the perspective of health surveillance and systematic monitoring.
Bovine cysticercosis in Ethiopia: A review
A Kumar, G Tadesse
Ethiopian Veterinary Journal , 2011,
Abstract: Bovine cysticercosis is an infection of cattle caused by Cysticercus bovis, the larval stage of Taenia saginata. It is an infection of public health significance as eating of raw or undercooked beef results taeniasis in human population and an important cause of economic loss mainly due to condemnation, refrigeration and downgrading of infected carcasses. Bovine cysticercosis is prevalent in cattle population of various regions of Ethiopia in a range of 2.2% to 26.25%. The reported rates of prevalence may be an underestimate because employment of the latest diagnostic methods is uncommon and the routine meat inspection is the only method in use. Habit of eating raw beef dishes, low level of toilet use by human population, backyard slaughter, low availability of taenicides, free access of cattle to surface water, and proximity of wastewater are important causes for transmission of bovine cysticercosis to a herd of cattle and taeniasis in human population and such practices are not uncommon in Ethiopia. Competent meat inspection procedure supported by immunodiagnostics, chemotherapy and vaccination are the recommended approaches to prevent bovine cysticercosis and therefore such approaches along with the current status of bovine cysticercosis in Ethiopia are highlighted in the present review.
Oral Cysticercosis - Review of Literature  [PDF]
Pavan Kumar B,Mohan A P,Jeevan Kumar K A,Brahmaji Rao J
Indian Journal of Dental Advancements , 2011,
Abstract: By oral infestation in man, their definite host, the large taenias (T. solium and T. saginata) of the Taeniidae family, Cyclophyllidea order, Cestoidea class, may cause two different types of disease: teniasis and cysticercosis. Although infestation in these parasitic diseases always takes place by ingestion, the manifestations or localizations within the oral region are extremely rare and, therefore, are hardly ever mentioned in studies of oral pathology.
High prevalence of drug-resistant tuberculosis and other mycobacteria among HIV-infected patients in Brazil: a systematic review
Bammann, Ricardo H;Zamarioli, Liliana A;Pinto, Valdir S;Vázquez, Carla MP;Litvoc, Marcelo N;Klautau, Giselle B;Melo, Fernando A Fiúza de;Cavalcante, Nilton J;Ferrazoli, Lucilaine;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762010000600019
Abstract: there is a little-noticed trend involving human immunodeficiency virus (hiv)-infected patients suspected of having tuberculosis: the triple-treatment regimen recommended in brazil for years has been potentially ineffective in over 30% of the cases. this proportion may be attributable to drug resistance (to at least 1 drug) and/or to infection with non-tuberculous mycobacteria. this evidence was not disclosed in official statistics, but arose from a systematic review of a few regional studies in which the diagnosis was reliably confirmed by mycobacterial culture. this paper clarifies that there has long been ample evidence for the potential benefits of a four-drug regimen for co-infected patients in brazil and it reinforces the need for determining the species and drug susceptibility in all positive cultures from hiv-positive patients.
Taeniasis and cysticercosis prevalence in a small village from Northeastern Brazil
Gomes, Irenio;Veiga, Marielza;Embiru?u, Emília Katiane;Rabelo, Rosangela;Mota, Bernardo;Meza-Lucas, Antonio;Tapia-Romero, Raquel;Carrillo-Becerril, Bertha Laura;Alcántara-Anguiano, Isabel;Correa, Dolores;Melo, Ailton;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X2002000200006
Abstract: although not considered as an endemic region, the northeast of brazil has the necessary conditions for the development of taeniasis-cysticercosis complex. in a previous paper, we demonstrated that mulungu do morro municipality, in the state of bahia, has a high seroprevalence to cysticercosis in epileptic patients. objective: to determine the prevalence of taeniasis and positive cysticercosis serology in the population of mulungu do morro. method: blood and stool samples were collected from a random sampling of the population, by family. the identification of antibodies against t. solium cysticerci was made by eitb and t. solium antigens were identified using a polyclonal antibody-capture elisa. results: the cysticercosis seroprevalence was 1.6% (c.i. = 0.8 to 2.8%) and the taeniasis prevalence 4.5% (c.i. = 3.0 to 6.5%). seropositivity to cysticercosis was higher among those who lived in a house of a person testing positive for coproantigen, p=0.017. conclusion: our results demonstrate that the taeniasis-cysticercosis complex is endemic in mulungu do morro. we believe that all areas in the world with the same socio-economic and sanitary characteristics are likely to have high prevalence of this parasite.
Taeniasis and cysticercosis prevalence in a small village from Northeastern Brazil
Gomes Irenio,Veiga Marielza,Embiru?u Emília Katiane,Rabelo Rosangela
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2002,
Abstract: Although not considered as an endemic region, the Northeast of Brazil has the necessary conditions for the development of taeniasis-cysticercosis complex. In a previous paper, we demonstrated that Mulungu do Morro municipality, in the State of Bahia, has a high seroprevalence to cysticercosis in epileptic patients. OBJECTIVE: to determine the prevalence of taeniasis and positive cysticercosis serology in the population of Mulungu do Morro. METHOD: blood and stool samples were collected from a random sampling of the population, by family. The identification of antibodies against T. solium cysticerci was made by EITB and T. solium antigens were identified using a polyclonal antibody-capture ELISA. RESULTS: the cysticercosis seroprevalence was 1.6% (C.I. = 0.8 to 2.8%) and the taeniasis prevalence 4.5% (C.I. = 3.0 to 6.5%). Seropositivity to cysticercosis was higher among those who lived in a house of a person testing positive for coproantigen, p=0.017. CONCLUSION: our results demonstrate that the taeniasis-cysticercosis complex is endemic in Mulungu do Morro. We believe that all areas in the world with the same socio-economic and sanitary characteristics are likely to have high prevalence of this parasite.
Evolution of the health sector and tuberculosis control in Brazil
Ruffino-Netto,Antonio; Souza,Ana Maria Azevedo Figueiredo de;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49892001000500004
Abstract: objective. to summarize the epidemiological situation of tuberculosis (tb) in brazil, especially as it relates to the evolution of the health sector in recent decades, the process of health sector reform, and current proposals of the brazilian ministry of health. methods. a review was conducted of data from the ministry of health of brazil on tuberculosis in the country over the last 20 years, as well as of the history of changes in the health sector. results. there have been major changes in the epidemiological situation of tb and also in the structure of the health system in brazil. conclusions. the overall prospects are promising for brazil's national plan for tuberculosis control.
Evolution of the health sector and tuberculosis control in Brazil  [cached]
Ruffino-Netto Antonio,Souza Ana Maria Azevedo Figueiredo de
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 2001,
Abstract: Objective. To summarize the epidemiological situation of tuberculosis (TB) in Brazil, especially as it relates to the evolution of the health sector in recent decades, the process of health sector reform, and current proposals of the Brazilian Ministry of Health. Methods. A review was conducted of data from the Ministry of Health of Brazil on tuberculosis in the country over the last 20 years, as well as of the history of changes in the health sector. Results. There have been major changes in the epidemiological situation of TB and also in the structure of the health system in Brazil. Conclusions. The overall prospects are promising for Brazil's National Plan for Tuberculosis Control.
Oral cysticercosis: case report and review of the literature
Elias, Fernando Melhem;Martins, Marília Trierveiler;Foronda, Rodrigo;Jorge, Waldyr Ant?nio;Araújo, Ney Soares de;
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de S?o Paulo , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-46652005000200007
Abstract: cysticercosis is a condition that occurs when man is infested by the larvae of taenia solium, acting as an intermediate host instead of definitive. oral cysticercosis is a rare event, and it represents a difficulty in clinical diagnosis. a case of oral cysticercosis in a 23-year-old white female who presented a painless swelling in the dorsal portion of the tongue is reported. an excisional biopsy was performed and histopathological examination revealed a cystic cavity containing the tapeworm.
Spinal Intramedullary Cysticercosis: A Case Report and Literature Review  [cached]
Bin Qi, Pengfei Ge, Hongfa Yang, Chunhua Bi, Yiping Li
International Journal of Medical Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: Neurocysticercosis, involvement of the central nervous system by taenia solium, is one of the most common parasitic diseases of the CNS. However, spinal involvement by neurocysticercosis is uncommon. Here, we reported a 40-year-old woman with intramedullary cysticercosis in the thoracic spinal cord. MRI revealed two well-defined round intramedullary lesions at T4 and T5 vertebral levels, which were homogeneously hypointense on T1WI and hyperintense on T2WI with peripheral edema. Since the patient had progressive neurological deficits, surgery was performed to decompress the spinal cord. Histopathology examination of the removed lesion proved it was intramedullary cysticercosis. In this report, we also discussed the principles of diagnosis and treatment of intramedullary cysticercosis in combination of literature review.
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