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Elderly Men Sexuality in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)  [PDF]
Brahima Kirakoya, Moussa Kabore, Fanéwendé Aristide Kabore, Abdoul Karim Pare, Abubakar Babagana Mustapha, Ky Bienvenue Désiré, Barnabé Zango
Open Journal of Urology (OJU) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oju.2019.93007
Abstract: Background: In general, sexuality is a taboo subject. It is more so in elderly people, as it is believed that they do not complain about sexual disorder. Objective: To analyse the sexual activity of elderly men in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study on the sexual activity of men aged at least 60 years old. The study was carried out in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, from 1st June to 31st August 2014. All consenting males who were aged 60 and above at the time of the study were included. Results: We contacted 652 men, but only 200 responded i.e. a response rate of 30.67%. The age of the respondents was between 60 years and 89 years with a mean age of 66.38 ± 5.72 years. 80.15% of the respondents had at least one sexual intercourse in a month. Erection was considered satisfactory or very satisfactory in 45.8% (60/131) of respondents and 63.36% of them always had orgasm during sexual intercourse. Premature ejaculation was noted in 23.66% of respondents, while a decline in libido was noted in 82.44% of them. Conclusion: This study which is the first of its kind in Burkina Faso has helped reveal the importance of sexuality in the lives of elderly men.
Isolation and Characterization of Hydrocarbon-Degrading Bacteria from Wastewaters in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso  [PDF]
Adama Sawadogo, Otoidobiga C. Harmonie, Joseph B. Sawadogo, Aminata Kaboré, Alfred S. Traoré, Dayéri Dianou
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2014.512115
Abstract: Lubricants are very often found in nature under waste-oil forms and represent for the environment a real danger of pollution due to the difficulty of their biodegradation. The situation is especially worrying in most developing countries in particular those of Sub-Saharan Africa due to the absence of regulation or control. The present work aims to isolate bacterial strains able to degrade hydrocarbons which can later be used in biotechnology for environments depollution. Oil-contaminated wastewater samples were collected in Ouagadougou city (Burkina Faso) and then used as source of bacterial isolation. Appropriate amounts of samples were inoculated to a mineral salt medium (MS) with Total Quartz 9000 oil as sole carbon and energy source and then incubated for enrichment, prior to microbe isolation. Two bacterial strains namely S2 and S7 were isolated from the enrichment cultures. The strains were tested for their ability to degrade other hydrocarbons (i.e. gasoline, diesel oil, brake oil) and for temperature, pH and salt concentration ranges for growth before their biochemical characteristics were defined. Based on their morphological, physiological and biochemical traits, strains S2 and S7 belong to Acinetobacter and Pseudomonas genera, respectively.
Analyse des déterminants de la demande en poisson des ménages au Burkina Faso: cas du milieu rural (Vallée du Kou) et du milieu urbain (Bobo Dioulasso et Ouagadougou)
Sankara, N.,Nacro, S.,Ouédraogo, SH.,Kabré, AT.
Tropicultura , 2008,
Abstract: Analysis of the Determinants of Households'Fish Demand in Burkina Faso: the Case of a Rural Area (Vallée du Kou) and Urban Areas (Bobo-Dioulasso and Ouagadougou). A study was conducted in 2004 in Burkina Faso in order to analyze the determinants of households' fish demand in both rural (Vallée du Kou) and urban (Bobo-Dioulasso and Ouagadougou) areas. To achieve this objective, 535 households were surveyed, the data collected were analyzed and a double-log regression function was constructed. The results of this study showed that households' fish consumption varied considerably according to the area (rural or urban). Households' fish demand was influenced by the availability of the product in the market. In addition to that, when the fish supply frequency increased, the duration of the conservation of the product was reduced or was annulled. The study revealed that the determinants of fish demand in rural area in Vallée du Kou included the size of the household, the prize of the fish in the market, the level of education and the revenue of the head of the household. In urban areas, these determinants include mainly the revenue of the head of the household, fish supply frequency, and conservation methods of the product.
Factors Associated with Infection of the Central Venous Catheter for Hemodialysis in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)  [PDF]
Gérard Coulibaly, Gildas Ilboudo, Kongnimissom Apoline Sondo, Adama Roger Karambiri, Fran?ois P Kissou, Adama Lengani
Open Journal of Blood Diseases (OJBD) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojbd.2015.54009
Abstract: Goal: The goal is to evaluate infections associated with central venous catheters of hemodialysis (CRI) in hemodialysis patients in Ouagadougou. Patients and methods: The study was cross-sectional, from February 15th to June 30th, 2015. It was conducted in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso). We included patients with a new central venous catheter (CVC) inserted in the hemodialysis unit. The timeout for making an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) for chronic hemodialysis in Ouagadougou may exceed six months. The CVCs used at the time of the study were made of polyurethane and non-tunneled. Sociodemographic, clinical and paraclinical data were collected and analyzed. Results: During the study period, 156 CVCs were installed in 114 patients, and the average age was 41.8 ± 17.1 years. A CRI occurred on 39 CVCs for a rate of 9.5/1000 days-catheter. The frequency of CRI was 28.4%, 20.6% and 20% respectively in femoral, jugular, and subclavian veins. The culture of the tip of the catheter was done in 21 cases. Fifteen germs have been identified: eight cases of Gram-positive cocci (53.3%) and seven cases of Gram-negative bacilli (46.7%). It was essentially staphylococci (eight cases). In univariate analysis, a period of use of the CVC in chronic hemodialysis over 10 days was significantly (p = 0.01; r = 2.91) associated with the catheter-related infection (CRI). Conclusion: The impact of the CRI was very high in our series. The associated factor in the univariate analysis was the long period of use of the CVC. The most diligent production of AVFs at the YO-UHC would contribute to a significant reduction of the CRI.
Prevalence of Diabetes and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Ouagadougou (Burkina-Faso)
Rayangnewinde Donald Auguste Yanogo, Yempabou Sagna, Hervé Tieno, Oumar Guira, Youssouf Joseph Drabo
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1100595
Abstract:

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a pathological condition whose worldwide prevalence is growing, particularly in Africa, contrasting with an inadequacy of screening and diagnosis. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of this ailment in an urban environment of Burkina-Faso, as well as the prevalence of cardiovascular comorbid risk factors, such as arterial hypertension and obesity. Patients and methods: We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study based on the compilation of clinical and biological data randomly collected from participants to a diabetes screening day organized at Ouagadougou (Burkina-Faso) in December 2012. Participants aged <25 years were excluded. The evaluated parameters were age, gender, waist circumference, body mass index, blood pressure, and random (non) fasting capillary plasma glucose measurement, and presence of a metabolic syndrome. Results: There were overall one hundred and sixty five participants: 107 wo- men and 58 men (sex ratio F/H = 1.84). The mean age (±1 SD) of participants was 42.81 ± 11.7 years. The prevalence of screened diabetes was 7.27%, with a prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes of 4.97%. The prevalence of arterial hypertension was 34.55%. The prevalence of obesity was 15.15% (obesity class 1), 5.45% (obesity class 2) and 1.21% (obesity class 3). About 27% of women were obese versus 19.44% of men (p = 0.01). The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 6.06%, and its presence was significantly associated with the female gender (9.35% in women vs 0% in men, p = 0.005). 50% of subjects screened with diabetes also had a metabolic syndrome versus 2.61% in non-diabetic subjects (p < 0.01). Conclusion: (Un)diagnosed diabetes was highly-preva- lent in this urban environment of Burkina Faso undergoing the nutritional transition phase cur- rently prevailing in sub-Saharan Africa. Its presence was significantly co-morbid with the meta- bolic syndrome, as well as with other major cardiovascular risk factors such as arterial hyper- tension and obesity.

Social and environmental malaria risk factors in urban areas of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Meili Baragatti, Florence Fournet, Marie-Claire Henry, Serge Assi, Herman Ouedraogo, Christophe Rogier, Gérard Salem
Malaria Journal , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2875-8-13
Abstract: The study was designed to identify the determinants of malaria transmission estimated by the prevalence of anti-circumsporozoite (CSP) antibodies, the prevalence and density of Plasmodium falciparum infection, and the prevalence of malarial disease in areas of Ouagadougou, Burkina-Faso. Thick blood smears, dried blood spots and clinical status have been collected from 3,354 randomly chosen children aged 6 months to 12 years using two cross-sectional surveys (during the dry and rainy seasons) in eight areas from four ecological strata defined according to building density and land tenure (regular versus irregular). Demographic characteristics, socio-economic information, and sanitary and environmental data concerning the children or their households were simultaneously collected. Dependent variables were analysed using mixed multivariable models with random effects, taking into account the clustering of participants within compounds and areas.Overall prevalences of CSP-antibodies and P. falciparum infections were 7.7% and 16.6% during the dry season, and 12.4% and 26.1% during the rainy season, respectively, with significant differences according to ecological strata. Malaria risk was significantly higher among children who i) lived in households with lower economic or education levels, iii) near the hydrographic network, iv) in sparsely built-up areas, v) in irregularly built areas, vi) who did not use a bed net, vii) were sampled during the rainy season or ii) had traveled outside of Ouagadougou.Malaria control should be focused in areas which are irregularly or sparsely built-up or near the hydrographic network. Furthermore, urban children would benefit from preventive interventions (e.g. anti-vectorial devices or chemoprophylaxis) aimed at reducing malaria risk during and after travel in rural areas.According to the UN Population Fund's State of World Population 2007 report, Africa had an urbanization level of 38% in 2005, and 72% of sub-Saharan Africa's urban po
Reasons for attending dental-care services in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Varenne,Beno?t; Msellati,Philippe; Zoungrana,Célestin; Fournet,Florence; Salem,Gérard;
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0042-96862005000900009
Abstract: objective: to determine why patients attend dental-care facilities in ouagadougou, burkina faso and to improve understanding of the capacity of oral health-care services in urban west africa. methods: we studied a randomly selected sample of patients attending 15 dental-care facilities in ouagadougou over a 1-year period in 2004. data were collected using a simple daily record form. findings: from a total of 44 975 patients, the final sample was established at 14 591 patients, of whom 55.4% were new patients and 44.6% were "booking patients". most patients seeking care (71.9%) were aged 15-44 years. nongovernmental not-for-profit dental services were used by 41.5% of all patients, 36% attended private dental-care services, and 22.5% of patients visited public services. the most common complaint causing the patient to seek dental-care services was caries with pulpal involvement (52.4%), and 60% of all complaints were associated with pain. the patients' dental-care requirements were found to differ significantly according to sex, health insurance coverage and occupation. conclusion: urban district health authorities should ensure provision of primary health-care services, at the patients' first point of contact, which are directed towards the relief of pain. in addition to the strengthening of outreach emergency care, health centres should also contribute to the implementation of community-based programmes for the prevention of oral disease and the promotion of oral health. exchange of experiences from alternative oral health-care systems relevant to developing countries is urgently needed for tackling the growing burden of oral disease.
Economic integration in an urban labor market: Does migration matter? The case of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso  [cached]
Younoussi Zourkaleini,Victor Pich????
Demographic Research , 2007,
Abstract: This study explores the relationship between migration and employment in Ouagadougou. Using both a cross-sectional and a longitudinal approach, we compare the economic integration of migrants to that of non-migrants. Contrary to most studies based on urban samples, the data used here come from a national survey. It is thus possible to reintegrate into the analysis the migration episodes to Ouagadougou of those respondents elsewhere in Burkina Faso. Results indicate that, contrary to the dominant hypothesis, with the introduction of time-dependent variables, migrants are not more disadvantaged than non-migrants in the labour market, whether we consider the situation at the time of the survey or at their time of arrival in the city hunting for their first paid job.
Environmental Impacts of Waste Management Deficiencies and Health Issues: A Case Study in the City of Kaya, Burkina Faso  [PDF]
Patricia Kafando, Bila Gérard Segda, Jean Fidèle Nzihou, Jean Koulidiati
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2013.410124
Abstract:

In this study, a stratified survey sampling was used in order to broaden our knowledge on the management systems of household waste in the town of Kaya/Burkina Faso. Population study consists of households of the town of Kaya. The sample size was fist determined using the sample size calculation formula. Then four (04) strata comprising the town of Kaya sectors that have a Health and Social Promotion Center (HSPC) have been considered. A random household selection method, used inside each stratum and a number of 468 households representative of the town’s population, was surveyed. We have addressed all solid and liquid waste management strategies in those four strata. For each stratum, waste disposal infrastructure, its management in the households and its impacts on the town’s environment and populations’ health were screened. Data collected are presented through descriptive statistics in mean of tables and graphs. Frequently reported diseases in the four HSPCs have been correlated with waste management and disposal methods in the town. Poor handling, evacuation and disposal of waste have numerous negatives impacts on the city’s environment such as proliferation of mosquitoes and flies, bad odors, visual pollution. These negatives impacts on the environment in turn have negatives impacts on the health of the city residents. Malaria appears the most encountered disease followed by Acute Respiratory Infection and Diarrhea. Suggestions aimed at improving waste management and the reduction of its deficiencies impacts on the health of the population has been made.

The Role of Methodology and Spatiotemporal Scale in Understanding Environmental Change in Peri-Urban Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso  [PDF]
Yonatan Kelder,Thomas Theis Nielsen,Rasmus Fensholt
Remote Sensing , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/rs5031465
Abstract: In recent decades, investigations of NPP (net primary production) or proxies here of (normalized difference vegetation index, NDVI) and land degradation in Sahelian West Africa have yielded inconsistent and sometimes contradicting results. Large-scale, long-term investigations using remote sensing have shown greening and an increase in NPP in locations and periods where specific, small scale field studies have documented environmental degradation. Our purpose is to cast some light on the reasons for this phenomenon. This investigation focuses on the south of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, a city undergoing rapid growth and urban sprawl. We combine long-term MODIS (moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer) image analysis of NDVI between 2002 and 2009, and by using high resolution satellite images for the same area and a field study, we compare trends of NDVI to trends of change in different categories of land cover for a selected number of MODIS pixels. Our results indicate a strong, positive association between changes in tree cover vegetation and trends of NDVI and moderate association between man-made constructions and trends of NDVI. The observed changes are discussed in relation to the unique processes of urban sprawl characterizing Ouagadougou and relative to their spatiotemporal scale.
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