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The Relationship between Internet Addiction and Personality Traits of High School Students
Mohammad R. Tamannaifar,Fariborz Seddighi-Arfai,Zeinab Gandomi
Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Internet addiction is a kind of dependence that some personality characteristics leave an important effect on using internet. On this basis, research is designed to assess the relationship between personality characteristics and internet addiction.Materials and Method: A cross-sectional descriptive study in 12,480 of second and third high school students in Kashan was conducted. 400 students were selected by random cluster sampling. To measure internet addiction we used twenty questions to test internet addiction and to measure personality characteristics of students we used sixty questions questionnaire of Neo To analyze data we used Pearson correlation coefficient and regression analysis.Results: There is significant relationship between internet addiction with neuroticism and extroversion, but there was not any significant relationship between being conscientious with internet addiction. Conclusion: Internet addiction relates to some personality traits of students, including neuroticism and extroversion
PREDICTIVE ROLE OF PERSONALITY TRAITS ON INTERNET ADDICTION  [PDF]
Serkan ?ELIK ,,Hasan ATAK,,Ahmet BA?AL, Y?ld?z Technical University Faculty of Education, TURKEY
The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education , 2012,
Abstract: Aiming to develop a model seeking to investigate the direct effects of personality types on internet addiction, this study was set and tested on tertiary level students receiving education within two learning modes: face to face and distance education. The participants of the study, selected through maximum variety method within purposive sampling, included 210 students enrolled on face-to-face and distance education programs of computer programming department. In addition to a personal data form aiming to obtain information on demographic features of the participants, a personality inventory and an Internet addiction scale were utilized to gather data. As an analysis model concurrently exerting both the mediation and direct effects, path analysis with observed variables was utilized in the current study to test the developed model. The findings revealed that while the most powerful predictor variable of internet addiction was conscientiousness, openness to experience was found as the weakest independent variable predictor. Additionally the developed model was observed as valid for both face to face and distance education students.
The Relationship between Five Main Factors of Personality and Addiction to SMS in High School Students  [cached]
Atefeh Beydokhti,Ramazan Hassanzadeh,Bahram Mirzaian
Current Research Journal of Biological Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Today, mobile phones compared with computers and Internet technology, have a greater impact on social life, people's lifestyle and their consumer behavior, because mobile phones are cheap and easy to use. This paper aims to examine the relationship between 5 main personality factors, neuroticism, extroversion and addiction of students to SMS. The statistical population consisted of all high school students studying in the academic year (2011-2012) which totally are 7520 people of which 364 students were selected as study samples using random sampling method. Research tools include questionnaire for addiction to text messaging and NEO-FFI questionnaire for 5 main personality factors. Pearson correlation coefficient and t-test were used for data analysis. Data analysis results showed that neuroticism and addiction to text messaging are positively related and it has a significant negative correlation with extraversion. Other findings indicate that there is no significant difference between male and female students in terms of addiction to SMS and personality characteristics. Results show the importance of the personality characteristics in predictions of SMS addiction.
Prediction of Addiction Potential in Youth According to Personality Trait  [cached]
Mahdiyeh Adrom,Zahra Nikmanesh
Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Bakground: The aim of this study was to predict the psychological tendency to drug abuse in youths according to their personality characteristics.Materials and Method: The research sample includes male and female students of Zahedan Medical Science University with the average age of 19-24years. The proportional cluster random sampling was used for selection of participants. The hypotheses were analyzed, using Pearson correlation method, regression analysis, one way ANOVA and t- test for two independent groups.Result: The results indicated positive relationships among addiction aptitude and personality characteristics. It also was demonstrated that in the personality characteristics domain, determined 47% of the addiction aptitude.Conclusion: It is necessary to focus training prevention and intervention on all students
Excessive Internet Use: The Role of Personality, Loneliness and Social Support Networks in Internet Addiction
Hardie, Elizabeth,Tee, Ming Yi
Australian Journal of Emerging Technologies and Society , 2007,
Abstract: An online survey of 96 adults showed that, based on Young's (1998) criteria for the Internet Addiction Test, 40% of the sample could be classified as average internet users, 52% as problem over-users and 8% as pathologically addicted to the internet. The three groups differed on a range of factors, with over-users and addicts spending increasingly more time in online activities, being more neurotic and less extraverted, more socially anxious and emotionally lonely, and gaining greater support from internet social networks than average internet users. Further analysis revealed that only neuroticism and perceived support from online social networks were significant predictors of excessive internet use. In addition, over-users were found to be younger and less experienced in computer use than average or addicted users. Further research is needed to explicate the role of personality and track the possible pathways from novice over-use to eventual average use or pathological addiction.
Lormetazepam addiction: data analysis from an Italian medical unit for addiction
Faccini M, Leone R, Pajusco B, Quaglio GL, Casari R, Albiero A, Donati M, Lugoboni F
Risk Management and Healthcare Policy , 2012, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/RMHP.S31745
Abstract: rmetazepam addiction: data analysis from an Italian medical unit for addiction Original Research (1569) Total Article Views Authors: Faccini M, Leone R, Pajusco B, Quaglio GL, Casari R, Albiero A, Donati M, Lugoboni F Published Date June 2012 Volume 2012:5 Pages 43 - 48 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/RMHP.S31745 Received: 13 March 2012 Accepted: 18 April 2012 Published: 12 June 2012 Marco Faccini,1 Roberto Leone,2 Benedetta Pajusco,1 Gianluca Quaglio,1 Rebecca Casari,1 Anna Albiero,1 Monia Donati,2 Fabio Lugoboni1 1Department of Internal Medicine, Addiction Unit, 2Pharmacology Unit, Reference Center for Education and Communication within the World Health Organization Program for International Drug Monitoring, University Hospital of Verona, Verona, Italy Background: The purpose of this study was to determine, in the context of a hospital addiction unit, which benzodiazepines were abused and to look for correlations with the characteristics of detoxified patients. Methods: A retrospective study was carried out using the database of hospital admissions to the addiction unit for detoxification from 2003 to 2010. Results: Of 879 admissions to the addiction unit during the seven-year period, 281 were for benzodiazepines. The percentage of patients addicted only to benzodiazepines was higher among females than males. Benzodiazepine consumption had started as a drug addiction behavior in only 10% of cases. The main sources of prescription identified were general practitioners (52% of cases) or compliant pharmacists (25%). Overall, 15 different benzodiazepines were abused, with lormetazepam being the most commonly used (by 123 patients, 43.8% of the total). Conclusion: Our data show that, outside the population of multidrug addicts, there is an underestimated group of chronic benzodiazepine consumers who are often not referred to medical institutions for treatment. Even in the group of patients addicted to one substance only, we observed an abnormal number of requests for detoxification from lormetazepam, which appears to be more "popular" than other benzodiazepines. This drug should be prescribed according to stricter criteria and submitted to closer control.
Lormetazepam addiction: data analysis from an Italian medical unit for addiction  [cached]
Faccini M,Leone R,Pajusco B,Quaglio GL
Risk Management and Healthcare Policy , 2012,
Abstract: Marco Faccini,1 Roberto Leone,2 Benedetta Pajusco,1 Gianluca Quaglio,1 Rebecca Casari,1 Anna Albiero,1 Monia Donati,2 Fabio Lugoboni11Department of Internal Medicine, Addiction Unit, 2Pharmacology Unit, Reference Center for Education and Communication within the World Health Organization Program for International Drug Monitoring, University Hospital of Verona, Verona, ItalyBackground: The purpose of this study was to determine, in the context of a hospital addiction unit, which benzodiazepines were abused and to look for correlations with the characteristics of detoxified patients.Methods: A retrospective study was carried out using the database of hospital admissions to the addiction unit for detoxification from 2003 to 2010.Results: Of 879 admissions to the addiction unit during the seven-year period, 281 were for benzodiazepines. The percentage of patients addicted only to benzodiazepines was higher among females than males. Benzodiazepine consumption had started as a drug addiction behavior in only 10% of cases. The main sources of prescription identified were general practitioners (52% of cases) or compliant pharmacists (25%). Overall, 15 different benzodiazepines were abused, with lormetazepam being the most commonly used (by 123 patients, 43.8% of the total).Conclusion: Our data show that, outside the population of multidrug addicts, there is an underestimated group of chronic benzodiazepine consumers who are often not referred to medical institutions for treatment. Even in the group of patients addicted to one substance only, we observed an abnormal number of requests for detoxification from lormetazepam, which appears to be more "popular" than other benzodiazepines. This drug should be prescribed according to stricter criteria and submitted to closer control.Keywords: lormetazepam, benzodiazepines, addiction, inpatient detoxification
An Analysis on the Correlation and Gender Difference between College Students’ Internet Addiction and Mobile Phone Addiction in Taiwan  [PDF]
Shao-I Chiu,Fu-Yuan Hong,Su-Lin Chiu
ISRN Addiction , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/360607
Abstract: This study is aimed at constructing a correlative model between Internet addiction and mobile phone addiction; the aim is to analyse the correlation (if any) between the two traits and to discuss the influence confirming that the gender has difference on this fascinating topic; taking gender into account opens a new world of scientific study to us. The study collected 448 college students on an island as study subjects, with 61.2% males and 38.8% females. Moreover, this study issued Mobile Phone Addiction Scale and Internet Addiction Scale to conduct surveys on the participants and adopts the structural equation model (SEM) to process the collected data. According to the study result, (1) mobile phone addiction and Internet addiction are positively related; (2) female college students score higher than male ones in the aspect of mobile addiction. Lastly, this study proposes relevant suggestions to serve as a reference for schools, college students, and future studies based on the study results. 1. Introduction The current modes of information and communication technology such as computers, the Internet, and mobile phones have changed adolescents’ daily life drastically. In addition to being a convenience to people’s communication methods, technology unfortunately has negative side-effects. The most frequent negative side-effect is chronic addiction to technological mediums or excessive human-machine interactions involved. People rely on technological devices to a level of full-blown addiction to obtain pleasure as a psychological benefit. They depend on technology significantly in the hope that it would lessen negative moods or increase positive outcomes [1–4]. According to Griffiths [5], technological addiction is a subcategory of behavioural addiction. He defines it as a behavioural addiction which involves human-machine interaction and is nonchemical in nature. However, if speaking from the perspective of substance-based addictions, technological addiction does not produce recognizable signs or features (e.g., the biological indicators of nicotine addiction), and the addicts may develop unacceptable social behaviour and attitude in their daily routines or social life [5, 6]. In this case, there is no denying that technological addiction has caused a negative impact on an individual’s life in a harmful manner. For the time being, studies on Internet addiction and mobile phone addiction are common occurrences. The Internet services and games provided by mobile phones may be considered a way to alleviate loneliness [7]. Besides, a great deal of
Simple and Multiple Relationships between Big-Five Personality Dimensions and Addiction in University Students
Y Zargar,M Ghaffari
Iranian Journal of Public Health , 2009,
Abstract: "nBackground: This study aimed at investigating the simple and multiple relationships between personality traits and addic-tion potential in university students."nMethods: Three hundred and forty two students were selected by cluster sampling from the Shahid Chamran University (Iran). The scales used for this descriptive study were NEO-FFI personality inventory and Iranian Addiction Potential Scale (IAPS). To analyze the data, we used descriptive and inferential statistic test via spss-13."nResults: There were simple and multiple relationships between personality traits and addiction potential. Multiple regres-sion analysis (stepwise method) showed that neuroticism, conscientiousness and agreeableness had significant multiple correla-tion with addiction potential (F=32.89, P<0.001). The components of openness and extroversion eli-minated from regres-sion."nConclusion: Personality traits predicted addiction potential in university students. The most important suggestion of this re-search was to pay attention scientifically to personality characters as a fundamental factor of this difficulty, rather than just empha-sizing on the cessation of drug or alcohol using.
Italian Validation of Smartphone Addiction Scale Short Version for Adolescents and Young Adults (SAS-SV)  [PDF]
Concetta De Pasquale, Federica Sciacca, Zira Hichy
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2017.810100
Abstract: Objectives: To establish a valid and reliable translated version of Smartphone Addiction Scale for adolescent (SAS-SV) in Italian languages. It is a 10-item, monodimensional, self-administered questionnaire, which was validated using a large Korean sample. Methods: We reported the linguistic validation process and the metric validity of the Italian version of SAS-SV in the Italy. The sample consisted of 633 adolescents and young adults, recruited from High Public School and University in Italy, with a mean age of 18 years. The validation process consisted in forward-backward translation, and factor structure testing. Results: Results showed a good reliability (Cronbach’s alpha = .79) and an almost acceptable factor structure. Conclusion: A valid and reliable Smartphone Addiction Scale in Short Version was developed which can be used for research and clinical assessment of adolescents and young adults with smartphone addiction.
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