oalib
Search Results: 1 - 10 of 100 matches for " "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item
Environmental Laws and Sustainability: An Introduction
John C. Dernbach,Joel A. Mintz
Sustainability , 2011, DOI: 10.3390/su3030531
Abstract: In this introduction to the special issue of Sustainability on environmental laws and sustainability, we attempt to synthesize key lessons from the issue’s ten substantive articles. These lessons involve the use of law to achieve integrated decision-making, the use of pre-existing laws to foster sustainability, the centrality of sub-national governments in achieving sustainability, the background law of unsustainable development, the growing importance of climate change, the need to use law to protect and restore ecological integrity, the importance of judicial review and nongovernmental organizations, the need to translate sustainability into specific legal principles, the challenge of creating an appropriate national legal structure for sustainability, the importance of sustainability assessment tools and institutions before and after laws are adopted, and the importance of “soft” law.
Laws of thermodynamics and sustainability of the economy  [PDF]
Remigijus ?iegis,Raimondas ?iegis
Engineering Economics , 2008,
Abstract: The consequences of mass and energy conservationand the laws of thermodynamics for economic activity areanalysed. As the objectives, for this content of the relationsbetween thermodynamics and economics is criticallyinvestigated. First, the relations between mass and energyconservation and the Laws of Thermodynamics arediscussed. Then the analysis of neoclassical economicsattitudes to the Laws of Thermodynamics is given. Afterthis the analysis of the concept of weak sustainability andthe Laws of Thermodynamics are discussed. Methods ofsystematic scientific literature analysis, general andlogical analysis, comparison and generalization were usedas the methods of the research.
Editorial: Governance for sustainability
Derk Loorbach
Sustainability : Science, Practice and Policy , 2007,
Abstract: The concepts of transition and transition management are an inspiring basis for debate and action between scholars and different scientific disciplines. They also offer a fruitful context for cooperation and debate among scientists, policy makers, and business managers. As an analytical concept, it stimulates interdisciplinary analysis and offers a framework within which to discuss similarities, contradictions, and the relative value of various disciplines in contributing to different problems. In the Netherlands a broad transition research network exists, including economists, historians, political scientists, technology and innovation experts and consumption researchers that each focus on particular aspects of transitions at different levels. The possibilities for this area of activity to contribute to substantial methodological advances appear to be parallel to its opportunities to enrich social and policy practices. As a governance approach, the concepts of transition and transition management are being used to facilitate cooperation and coproduction between science and policy, as well as for the development and use of new scientific methods. New coalitions, strategies, and experiments involving pioneering scientists, “courageous political leaders, enlightened business executives and civil society at large” have been launched in its wake. This, in essence, is the definition of transition management as governance for sustainability: a collective process of learning-by-doing and doing-by learning based on an integrative way of thinking. Not to achieve fixed goals, but to gradually work towards shared ambitions through innovation, integration and transition. And the beauty is, that everyone can contribute in his or her own way.
Corporate Governance and Sustainability Disclosures and the Assessment of Default Risk  [cached]
Christina James-Overheu,Julie Cotter
Asian Journal of Finance & Accounting , 2009, DOI: 10.5296/ajfa.v1i1.93
Abstract: This paper investigates whether the quality of a firm’s corporate governance practices and its sustainability disclosures are inversely related to its assessed default risk. It is expected that high reported standards of corporate governance will reduce the assessment of a company’s default risk by lenders, underwriters and ratings agencies, and therefore reduce the cost of debt for such companies. A corporate governance index based on annual report disclosures was developed to rate each company’s corporate governance quality. Derivation of this index was centred on corporate governance indicators suggested by prior research and best practice; particularly the Australian Stock Exchange “Principles of Good Corporate Governance and Best Practice Recommendations”. It is similarly expected that the voluntary disclosure of sustainability information (Corporate Social Reporting or CSR) will enhance a firm’s management reputation. The assessment of default risk is captured by a firm’s individual credit rating supplied by Standard and Poor’s. Our results indicate that neither annual report disclosures about corporate governance practices nor sustainability disclosures are significantly related to assessed default risk when firm size is controlled. Key words: corporate governance, sustainability, disclosure, default risk, credit rating JEL classifications: G32, G34, M14
Code Forking, Governance, and Sustainability in Open Source Software
Linus Nyman,Juho Lindman
Technology Innovation Management Review , 2013,
Abstract: The right to fork open source code is at the core of open source licensing. All open source licenses grant the right to fork their code, that is to start a new development effort using an existing code as its base. Thus, code forking represents the single greatest tool available for guaranteeing sustainability in open source software. In addition to bolstering program sustainability, code forking directly affects the governance of open source initiatives. Forking, and even the mere possibility of forking code, affects the governance and sustainability of open source initiatives on three distinct levels: software, community, and ecosystem. On the software level, the right to fork makes planned obsolescence, versioning, vendor lock-in, end-of-support issues, and similar initiatives all but impossible to implement. On the community level, forking impacts both sustainability and governance through the power it grants the community to safeguard against unfavourable actions by corporations or project leaders. On the business-ecosystem level forking can serve as a catalyst for innovation while simultaneously promoting better quality software through natural selection. Thus, forking helps keep open source initiatives relevant and presents opportunities for the development and commercialization of current and abandoned programs.
Deliberative Ecological Economics for Sustainability Governance  [PDF]
Christos Zografos,Richard B. Howarth
Sustainability , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/su2113399
Abstract: We discuss the recent emergence of ‘deliberative ecological economics’, a field that highlights the potential of deliberation for improving environmental governance. We locate the emergence of this literature in the long concern in ecological economics over the policy implications of limited views of human action and its encounter with deliberative democracy scholarship and the model of communicative rationality as an alternative to utilitarianism. Considering criticisms over methods used and the focus of research in deliberative decision-making, we put forward a research agenda for deliberative ecological economics. Given the promising potential of deliberative processes for improving the effectiveness and legitimacy of environmental decision-making, work in this area could help advance both theory and practice in environmental governance.
Disentangling Scale Approaches in Governance Research: Comparing Monocentric, Multilevel, and Adaptive Governance  [cached]
Catrien J.A.M. Termeer,Art Dewulf,Maartje van. Lieshout
Ecology and Society , 2010,
Abstract: The question of how to govern the multiscale problems in today's network society is an important topic in the fields of public administration, political sciences, and environmental sciences. How scales are defined, studied, and dealt with varies substantially within and across these fields. This paper aims to reduce the existing conceptual confusion regarding scales by disentangling three representative approaches that address both governance and scaling: monocentric governance, multilevel governance, and adaptive governance. It does so by analyzing the differences in (1) underlying views on governing, (2) assumptions about scales, (3) dominant problem definitions regarding scales, and (4) preferred responses for dealing with multiple scales. Finally, this paper identifies research opportunities within and across these approaches.
Green social cooperatives in Italy: a practical way to cover the three pillars of sustainability?
Giorgio Osti
Sustainability : Science, Practice and Policy , 2012,
Abstract: This article provides an introductory description of Italian green social cooperatives which are democratic nonprofit organizations specializing in the provision of environmental services. The background to this topic is the literature on the “third sector,” usually called social entrepreneurship, and the “sociology of environment,” mainly that part concerned with consumption and lifestyles. Green social cooperatives are a concrete attempt to unify the three pillars of sustainability. The analysis is divided into two parts. The first part highlights the challenges that the environmental crisis raises for social enterprises and considers three dimensions in particular: work integration, generalized or linear exchange, and the theory of the commons. The discussion reveals mismatches between the urgency of moving toward a sustainable world and the competences of social enterprises. The second part examines this asymmetry and uses the social cooperative, the main empirical expression of social enterprise in Italy, as its point of departure. The article proposes a typology with which to frame green social cooperatives and employs a qualitative approach to outline a concrete case for each type. The result is the emergence of a social area, at present decidedly underdeveloped and undersized, but with considerable potential for job creation and environmental services. The analysis demonstrates that social enterprises are interesting hybrids of economic and social sustainability, but to promote the environmental pillar of sustainability they must combine work and habitation (or production and consumption) according to a logic of sufficiency.
Governance, Sustainability and Decision Making in Water and Sanitation Management Systems
Martín Alejandro Iribarnegaray,Lucas Seghezzo
Sustainability , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/su4112922
Abstract: We explore the connections between the concepts of governance and sustainability and discuss their possible roles in water and sanitation management systems (WSMS). We see governance as a decision-making process that drives the relationship between social institutions and the public affairs of a given society. We understand sustainability as a combination of spatial, temporal, and personal aspects, and we argue that this definition is more comprehensive than the traditional triple bottom line of economy, environment, and society. We combined these two concepts into a new conceptual framework of “governance for sustainability” that is theoretically sound and arguably appropriate to understand local WSMS. To illustrate this framework, we developed and estimated a Sustainable Water Governance Index (SWGI) for the city of Salta, Argentina. This aggregated index was calculated with data from literature, information from the city’s water company and other local institutions, field visits, and interviews. The SWGI for Salta obtained an overall score of 49 on a 0–100 scale, which fell into the “danger” range. We discuss the advantages and limitations of the method and conclude that aggregated indices such as the SWGI, complemented with contextual information, can be a helpful decision-making tool to promote more sustainable WSMS.
Governance and the Gulf of Mexico Coast: How Are Current Policies Contributing to Sustainability?  [PDF]
Stephen Jordan,William Benson
Sustainability , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/su5114688
Abstract: The quality of life and economies of coastal communities depend, to a great degree, on the ecological integrity of coastal ecosystems. Paradoxically, as more people are drawn to the coasts, these ecosystems and the services they provide are increasingly stressed by development and human use. Employing the coastal Gulf of Mexico as an example, we explore through three case studies how government policies contribute to preventing, mitigating, or exacerbating the degradation of coastal ecosystems. We consider the effectiveness of the current systems, what alternate or additional policy solutions might be needed to ensure the sustainability of the region and its quality of life, and what this example can tell us about the sustainability of coastal systems globally. In our examples, among other aspects, policies that are proactive and networked governance structures are observed to favor sustainable outcomes, in contrast to reactive policies and hierarchical models of governance.
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.