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Marital Happiness of Married Couples in the U.A.E Society: A Sample from Sharjah  [cached]
Husein Mohammad Al-Othman
Asian Social Science , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v8n4p217
Abstract: The goal of this study is to examine the marital happiness of married couples in Sharjah Emirate, UAE, and its determinants. To achieve these goals, data from Family Cohesion Survey (FCS) are used; a cluster sample (1136) was randomly drawn from all local families in the Emirate of Sharjah, U.A.E.; descriptive statistics (percentages, means, and standard deviations) and analytical statistics (multiple regression) are used to analyze the data set. The results of the regression analysis reveal that there are statistically significant relation between couple's communication, education, sex, residence, self-reported health, family size, and religiosity and marital happiness of married couples. However, the analysis result reveals that family income, working status, and age are silent predictors of marital happiness.
Marital Adjustment, Stress and Depression among Working and Non-Working Married Women  [cached]
Ms. Hina Ahmed Hashmi,Ms. Maryam Khurshid,Dr. Ishtiaq Hassan
Internet Journal of Medical Update - EJOURNAL , 2007,
Abstract: The present study is aimed at exploring the relationship between marital adjustment, stress and depression. Sample of the study consisted of 150 working and non-working married women (working married women = 75, non-working married women = 75). Their age ranged between 18 to 50 years. Their education was at least gradation and above. They belong to middle and high socio-economic status. Urdu Translation of Dyadic Adjustment Scale (2000), Beck Depression Inventory (1996) and Stress Scale (1991) were used. Results indicated highly significant relationship between marital adjustment, depression and stress. The findings of the results also show that working married women have to face more problems in their married life as compared to non-working married women. The results further show that highly educated working and non-working married women can perform well in their married life and they are free from depression as compared to educated working and non-working married women.
Predictors of Extra-Marital Partnerships among Women Married to Fishermen along Lake Victoria in Kisumu County, Kenya  [PDF]
Zachary Kwena, Isaac Mwanzo, Chris Shisanya, Carol Camlin, Janet Turan, Lilian Achiro, Elizabeth Bukusi
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0095298
Abstract: Background The vulnerability of women to HIV infection makes establishing predictors of women's involvement in extra-marital partnerships critical. We investigated the predictors of extra-marital partnerships among women married to fishermen. Methods The current analyses are part of a mixed methods cross-sectional survey of 1090 gender-matched interviews with 545 couples and 12 focus group discussions (FGDs) with 59 couples. Using a proportional to size simple random sample of fishermen as our index participants, we asked them to enrol in the study with their spouses. The consenting couples were interviewed simultaneously in separate private rooms. In addition to socio-economic and demographic data, we collected information on sexual behaviour including extra-marital sexual partnerships. We analysed these data using descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression. For FGDs, couples willing to participate were invited, consented and separated for simultaneous FGDs by gender-matched moderators. The resultant audiofiles were transcribed verbatim and translated into English for coding and thematic content analysis using NVivo 9. Results The prevalence of extra-marital partnerships among women was 6.2% within a reference time of six months. Factors that were independently associated with increased likelihood of extra-marital partnerships were domestic violence (aOR, 1.45; 95% CI 1.09–1.92), women reporting being denied a preferred sex position (aOR, 3.34; 95% CI 1.26–8.84) and spouse longer erect penis (aOR, 1.34; 95% CI 1.00–1.78). Conversely, women's age – more than 24years (aOR, 0.33; 95% CI 0.14–0.78) and women's increased sexual satisfaction (aOR, 0.92; 95% CI 0.87–0.96) were associated with reduced likelihood of extra-marital partnerships. Conclusion Domestic violence, denial of a preferred sex positions, longer erect penis, younger age and increased sexual satisfaction were the main predictors of women's involvement in extra-marital partnerships. Integration of sex education, counselling and life skills training in couple HIV prevention programs might help in risk reduction.
Causes of suicide in married women
Memari A,Ramim T,Amirmoradi F,Khosravi Kh
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 2006,
Abstract: Background & Aim: Suicide is an intentional death that occurs three time in women to men. Nurses can influence in presentation of educational program and consultation in school, job environment and home as well as detection of person who suspected to suicide. This study has conducted to determine the causes of suicide in married women. Methods & Materials: This investigation is a descriptive study that has been made among women who admitted to Loghmanoddole-Adham poisoning emergency center in Tehran, Iran (the only poisoning emergency center in Tehran) during one year (from December 2001 to December 2002). Inclusion criteria were female, married, without history of medical, mental disorders and confession to suicide. Data were collected by a questionnaire and interview and were analyzed with descriptive statistics and a chi-square test. Results: According to the result, there was statistically significant differences between age groups, living areas, educational levels, jobs and financially states. 37.4% of women had forced marry; 50.5% had feared of their husband; 67.7% had experienced husband’s violence; 74.7% didn’t know any supportive sources in the society. 82.8% of women used of medications (tablets) for suicide. Conclusion: This research showed that family violence and marital conflict are the most important etiology of suicide in the women. Nurses can decrease of acting to suicide in married women with detection of family violence, increasing of clients' self-esteem, referring and follow up.
Effects of Demographic Variables on Marital Satisfaction  [cached]
Zainah A. Z.,Nasir R.,Ruzy Suliza Hashim,Noraini Md Yusof
Asian Social Science , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v8n9p46
Abstract: Marital satisfaction is an important aspect to study because it is a global evaluation of the state of one’s marriage and a reflection of marital happiness and functioning. This study aimed to ascertain the differences in marital satisfaction based on demographic variables. Subjects for this study were 423 married couples. The instrument used was ENRICH Marital Satisfaction Scale to measure marital satisfaction. The data were analyzed by inferential statistics using t-test and One-way Analysis of Variance. Results indicated significant differences in marital satisfaction based on the length of marriage and income. This study suggests that marriage counseling, with an emphasis on promoting awareness in marital happiness and satisfaction, would be helpful in addressing marital problems in married couples.
Katarzyna Slany
Studia Humanistyczne (Kraków. 2003) , 2008,
Abstract: The article titled The influence of the child’s birth on the marital relations and the parental roles made by the married couple treats issues connected with proper functioning of the married couple before and after the child’s birth and transforming the two-person familystructure into three-person one. It also mentions the influence of the quality of marital relations on the child’s development and the problem of married couple’s dealing with new social roles, namely becoming parents. The article begins with the presentation of the factors creating ethical attitude of spouses due to which they may develop parental values themselves. The following ruminations show the contemporary research concept according to which the child’s birth constitutes the transition from two-person family structure intothree-person one: mother – father – child. Subsequently, the family is depicted as the place of initial socialization where the personality of the child is formed. The final conclusionsare connected with the changes in the traditional perception of the roles of a mother and father in Polish patriarchal society, which occur as a result of intensifying women’s emancipation and civilization transformations. The article ends with the general conclusion concerning the contemporary crisis of fatherhood and the need of showing appreciation of it by motherhood.
Effect of Marital Counselling on Women s Attitude Towards Marital Stability
ID Dimkpa
Edo Journal of Counselling , 2010,
Abstract: This study investigated the effect of marital counselling on women’s attitude towards marital stability. The study adopted a pre-test post-test quasi experimental design. The sample consisted of 52 married women (academic and non-academic) staff of the Faculty of Education, University of Port-Harcourt, Rivers State of Nigeria. 26 each were assigned to experimental and control groups respectively. The participants were given a pre-test self-designed questionnaire titled ‘Women’s Attitude towards Marital Stability Questionnaire’ (WATMSQ). The experimental group was lectured for a period of four weeks on marital counselling programme. After four weeks, the post test programme was administered on both groups. The results were analyzed using mean scores and standard deviation for the research questions and t-test for the research hypothesis. Result of the hypothesis indicated that there was a significant difference between the experimental group’s mean scores which was higher than that of the control group. It showed that marital counselling had a significant effect on women’s attitude towards marital stability. Based on the findings, the implications for counselling include organizing seminars and workshops by counsellors to teach women skills that will enhance positive marital attitudes, adoption of marital counselling programmes by employers of labour to assist women maintain desirable marital attitudes in order to promote their input at work, amongst others. Key Words: Marital counselling, Marital stability, Women, Nigeria
Sexual Satisfaction and its Relation to Marital Happiness in Iranians
A Rahmani,E Merghati Khoei,L Alah Gholi
Iranian Journal of Public Health , 2009,
Abstract: "nBackground: Marital satisfaction is affected by many factors. Satisfaction with one's sexual life tends to be a pivotal factor in marital satisfaction. In Iran, Socio-cultural and political limitations are obstacles for sexuality-related studies, therefore, in-sufficient information is available in the area. Unique in its own, in this paper we report how sexual relationships relate to mari-tal satisfaction among Iranians."nMethods: This descriptive-correlation study was conducted in 2007 in Tehran, continuous sampling was used to recruit 292 mar-ried men, and women aged 19-58 yr from selected hospitals in Tehran while visiting their hospitalized relatives. Some-times the participants were couple too. Three questionnaires were used for data collection. The data were analyzed using de-scriptive and inferential statistics (x2 Fisher and Anova) with SPSS."nResults: Marital satisfaction significantly relates to sexual satisfaction (P= 0/00). There was also a significant relation be-tween sexual satisfaction and the following variables: age difference of couples (P= 0.04), length of marital life (P= 0.05), and a drug abused participant (P= 0.007). Of these variables, only the age difference of couples significantly relates to mari-tal satisfaction (0.00)."nConclusion: Findings suggest that sexual satisfaction plays a seminal role in marital satisfaction of Iranians. Therefore, we need to develop culturally appropriate practical strategies to improve Iranian couples' awareness in sexuality issues as well as training them in communication skills through their sexual encounters.
Relationships between happiness and gender, age and marital status Relaciones entre felicidad, género, edad y estado conyugal  [cached]
Reynaldo Alacón
Revista de Psicología , 2001,
Abstract: The present research examines the relationships between happiness and variables of gender, age and marital status as well as the degrees of happiness most frequently experienced by people. The sample was constituted by 163 males and females, between the ages of 20 and 60 years, single and married, and from middle class strata. They were administered the Scale of Satisfaction with Life, developed by Diener, with and added item to measure the degrees of happiness. There is no significan! statistically difference between genders; according to age the only significan contras! was between 30 and 50 years, with the notation that the highest means corresponded to ages 50 and 60 years old; married people were found to be happier than single ones. In general, the majority reported feeling happy, the other degrees contained very few frecuencies. Se examinaron las presuntas relaciones entre felicidad, género, edad y estado conyugal; asimismo, se determinaron los niveles de felicidad que con mayor frecuencia experimentan las personas. Se trabajó con 163 sujetos de clase media, solteros y casados, de 20 a 60 a os, quienes absolvieron la Escala de Satisfacción con la Vida de Diener más un ítem que indagó los niveles de felicidad. Los resultados se alan que no existen diferencias significativas entre las puntuaciones medias de felicidad de varones y mujeres. Según la edad, el único contraste significativo se encontró entre 30 y 50 a os y las medias más elevadas correspondieron a los 50 y 60 a os. Se halló que las personas casadas son más felices que las solteras. Finalmente, el mayor número de sujetos reportó sentirse feliz y los demás niveles agruparon muy pocas frecuencias.
Effects of Existential Issues Training on Marital Communication Among Iranian Women  [cached]
Seyed Mohammad Kalantarkousheh
Psychological Topics , 2012,
Abstract: Marital communication is acknowledged as a crucial indicator of matrimonial quality, and has undergone studies in recent times with respect to its determinants. While existing literature has focused on the value of existential issues from four existential counseling theories in improving matrimonial quality, there is a dearth of experimental research to substantiate the effects of the existential issues on marital communication. This study aims to fill the gap and highlight the potential of the existential issues by investigating the effects of a psycho-educational training, based on existential issues, on marital communication, among Iranian women. For the present study, sixty Iranian married women were randomly selected for experimental and control groups. During five sessions, the experimental group received psycho-educational training based on existential issues. The results of the study show significant enhancements in marital communication of the participants.
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