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Measurement Theory in the Philosophy of Science  [PDF]
Shiro Ishikawa
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: The philosophy of science is a discipline concerning the metaphysical aspect of science. Recently, I proposed measurement theory, which is characterized as the metaphysical and linguistic interpretation of quantum mechanics. I assert that this theory is one of the most fundamental languages in science, and thus, it is located at the central position in science. This assertion will be examined throughout this preprint, which is written as the draft of my future book (concerning the philosophy of science). Hence, I hope to hear various opinions about this draft.
Continental Contributions to Philosophy of Science
Prolegomena , 2006,
Abstract: The author reviews the book Continental Philosophy of Science, edited by Gary Gutting. Introductory remarks about the historical relationship between philosophy and science are followed by a presentation and discussion of different philosophies of science and commentaries on the eleven German and French authors whose texts are found in this volume. In addition to her assessment of Guttings’s collection, the author’s overall conclusion is that one characteristic trait of the Continental philosophy of science is its attempt to elaborate a more complete picture of the world, one that takes lived experience into consideration and examines questions excluded by the methodology and concepts of science.
From the traditional philosophy of science towards the contemporary philosophy of science  [PDF]
Sin?eli? Svetozar
Theoria, Beograd , 2009, DOI: 10.2298/theo0902005s
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to present the character and reason of the drastic change in the understanding of science that happened in the twentieth century. To do this, author describes the main points of the traditional philosophy of science: then, he argues that reason of the revolution in the philosophy of science used to be the careful philosophical analysis of the great scientific revolutions from 1905. Finally, he concludes that the consequence of mentioned analysis was a number of antagonistic views being the contemporary philosophy of science. To give a monolitic and integral presentment of this philosophy, author enumerated and explained the points shared by the majority of contemporary philosophers of science. In brief, he describes the traditional philosophy of science, the reasons of its fall, and the main tenets of the contemporary philosophy of science.
Boltzmann's philosophy of science
Mari? Ilija
Theoria, Beograd , 2007, DOI: 10.2298/theo0702067m
Abstract: Boltzmann's work can be roughly divided into scientific and philosophical which comprises about the last ten years of his life. In 1903 he succeeded the chair of philosophy of science at the University of Vienna from Ernst Mach. The great physicist had a well-grounded philosophical education, and Principien der Metaphysik (The Principles of Metaphysics, 1904) by Serbian philosopher Branislav Petronijevic was among the less known sources of his philosophical ideas. There was no particular book in which he expounded systematically his philosophy of science. Some of its aspects can be reconstructed from his articles and lectures collected in the anthology Populdre Schriften (Popular Writings, 1905). Boltzmann's understanding of science was highly estimated by P. Feyerabend, and K. Popper claimed that he concurred the most with the philosophy of science of this Viennese physicist.
Philosophy of Science in Action
Mladen Domazet
Prolegomena , 2006,
Abstract: The article reviews Christopher Hitchcock’s Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science, aims to present contemporary issues in philosophy of science through a series of eight debates between leading analytic philosophers in the given specialist field. Each contributor argues for or against a proposed motion of the debate, ranging from issues of metaphysics and epistemology of science to specific philosophical questions in physics, biology and psychology. In that they draw on a wealth of techniques from the practice of philosophy of science from conceptual clarifications to invocation of examples from scientific practice. Nonethless, against the background of philosophical work associated with contemporary scientific practice the topics selected for this volume seem limited in both depth (the fundamental metaphysical and epistemological questions are not backed up by the equally fundamental scientific research) and scope (the ‘contemporaneity’ of scientific questions presented is not always up to scratch). The volume’s great worth is in presenting ‘philosophy of science in action’ by exercising many tricks of the trade in several self-contained chapters.
The Philosophy of Science in Social Research  [PDF]
Assist. Prof. Dr. Mohammad Nashir Uddin,Mohammad Hamiduzzaman
Journal of International Social Research , 2009,
Abstract: The philosophical study of social research is an important dimension of social science which has been placed to analyze the problems of social science description and its relationship. It describes the social phenomena within natural science as well as is concerned with the intellectual authority of various aspects of social science knowledge of the social world. Social research boils down to a struggle over the legitimate study through philosophical approaches. Philosophy of social science deals with the generalized meaning of the thing and centered on the sharing of experience about the social world in which people’s perspective differs from one another. Social science has always been multi-perspective and multi cultural in nature which facilitates in providing various claims about how best to understand the social world. This study aims at unraveling the issues related the key methodologies of philosophical science in social research and depicting a brief sketch of the relationship between philosophy and social research and finally tries to find out how philosophical approaches changes its pattern and take place in social research.
Kantian turn in the contemporary philosophy of science
Sin?eli? Svetozar
Theoria, Beograd , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/theo1003005s
Abstract: The aim of this paper is twofold. First, to answer the question is it possible to speak about some kind of Kantian turn in the transition from the traditional philosophy of science to the contemporary one. Second, and more important, to describe the main points of the new philosophy of science just through the discussion of above question. The author is of the opinion that it is possible to speak about Kantian turn in the new philosophy of science (the philosophy which underlines the role of an a priori and conventional conceptual framework), but he also indicates certain important differences between Kantian original position and the new philosophy of science.
(Anti)Hermeneutical Philosophy for Science
Evaldas Juozelis
Studia Philosophica Estonica , 2012,
Abstract: Philosophical hermeneutics claims that human understanding, while being contingent and historical, is likewise universal and bears within itself some pervasive features detectable via hermeneutical analyses of historically imparted tradition and language. Similarly, hermeneutical philosophy of science is confident that hermeneutical methods are the only proper tool to adequately assess, reconstruct, explain or give a meaning to historical but universal scientific knowledge and its various forms. I point out two versions of hermeneutical philosophy of science and argue that whenever philosophical hermeneutics pursues rescuing "scientificity", human rationality, human rights, common values, and so forth under the pretence of its universality and competence, it necessarily transcends and violates the tenets of its own. I conclude in the favour of moderate interpretation of practical hermeneutics, perhaps in the very essence of it rest postmodern concepts of historicality, transparency and tolerance, without which there is no possibility of extricating oneself from hermeneuticism.
Postmodern Science Edification Philosophy  [PDF]
Akbar Nikkhah
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2011.11007
Abstract: The objective is to introduce and describe a new philosophy for global science edification that will determine the extent and nature of humans’ accomplishments. These will affect life quality worldwide. Science as an ultimate essence encircles theoretical and applied findings and discoveries. These can only contribute to forming a trivial core, whilst the most crucial are insightful moral surroundings. Morality is most concerned with mentorship commitments. To sustain a dense and rigid shape that progressively improves science and life quality, imagination must be complemented with harmonizing approaches. Such perceptions become an obligation as growing knowledge creates novel questions and challenges. The upper tree of science glorified with blooming branches of knowledge, particularly over the last few centuries, is predicted to undergo progressive declines in the strength of its edification foundations unless the lower tree receives most-deserving mentorship contemplations. The upper tree describes tangible science products in routin life, and the lower tree represents sustainable mentorship. Mentors must replace teachers, by definition, and commit to generating more qualified educators than themselves. Mentors are expected to welcome and manage challenges from mentees. Challenges play crucial roles in granting mentees with integrated pathways of scientific development. The resulting pictures will be eagerly prone to revisions and elaborations as mentees themselves step into the pathway. This systematic edification will strengthen science roots in mentees’ minds and will uphold a sturdy science body for society. Science pictured as an integrated circle grants a prospect to envision where humans are and where not to end up. Maintaining a definitive shape for science in any major before and while enriching central cores with experimental novelties in minds and laboratories is crucial to improving man’s fulfillment of time in the third millennium. Such integrities are an obligation to optimally preserve and utilize what humans have achieved thus far and continue to accomplish.
The Philosophy of Science of Ferdinand Braun  [cached]
Pechenkin, Alexander
Acta Baltica Historiae et Philosophiae Scientiarum , 2013, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11590/abhps.2013.1.03
Abstract: The Nobel Prize winner Karl Ferdinand Braun has not left anyconsiderable writings on the philosophy of science. Nevertheless, hisphilosophical excursions help us to understand his creative work in physics and the philosophical positions of his disciples. Braun emphasized the fundamental position of the so-called “integral laws” to which the law of conservation of energy belongs. He was a consecutive empiricist and emphasized the relativity of physical schemes and models with respect to experimental devices. I n the style of some German physicists he proclaimed the oscillatory unification of the theory of electricity and optics.
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