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The Effectiveness of Preventive Education against Dating Violence in Japanese Agricultural and Commercial High Schools
Tomoko Suga, Mayumi Shiota
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104542
This study provided a dating violence prevention education program to 116 students (56 boys, 60 girls) in a vocational high school in Japan who learned mainly agriculture and business and inspected the effect. We performed a program named “A Program for Mutual Respect: Learning about Domestic Violence in Order to Value Our Relationships,” which was composed of nineteen lessons over 100 minutes to do the class. Before the class, 61.0% of the students expressed little knowledge about dating violence, after the taking class, 98.3% of the students reported that it was good to know about the knowledge of dating violence. We conducted a T-test both before and directly after the class session on “Content of Violence” and compared the scores. They included content about physical, mental, sexual, and economic violence. The knowledge about the various types of violence was more meaningful after the class than before class. Our results show that dating violence prevention education was shown to be effective for the vocational high school students.
Knowledge, experience, and potential risks of dating violence among Japanese university students: a cross-sectional study
Mayumi Ohnishi, Rieko Nakao, Satomi Shibayama, Yumi Matsuyama, Kazuyo Oishi, Harumi Miyahara
BMC Public Health , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-339
Abstract: A self-administered questionnaire survey regarding the experience of harassment involving an intimate partner was conducted as a cross-sectional study among freshman students in a prefectural capital city in Japan.A total of 274 students participated in the present study. About half of the subjects (both male and female students) had experience of at least one episode of harassment toward or had been the recipient of harassment from an intimate partner. However, the study participants did not recognize verbal harassment, controlling activities of an intimate partner, and unprotected sexual intercourse as violence. Experience of attending a lecture/seminar about domestic violence and dating violence did not contribute to appropriate help-seeking behavior.An educational program regarding harassment and violence prevention and appropriate help-seeking behavior should be provided in early adolescence to avoid IPV among youth.Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a threat to women's health and is a common concern worldwide [1,2]. In addition, dating violence has been reported in adolescent girls [3]. The lifetime prevalence of physical partner violence and the range of lifetime prevalence of sexual partner violence in Japan were the lowest among the countries included in a multi-country study performed by the WHO in both industrialized and developing countries. Controlling behavior by an intimate partner is one factor associated with physical and IPV, but the percentage of women in Japan who reported such experiences was also the lowest among the countries studied [1,2].In a study conducted by the Gender Equality Bureau, Cabinet Office, covering the whole of Japan in 2008, 24.9% of female respondents and 13.6% of male respondents reported having experienced physical violence from an intimate partner. The percentage of female respondents who had been recipients of verbal or psychological violence from an intimate partner was 16.8%, while that for males was 8.8%. Among male a
Self-Harm and its Link to Peer and Dating Violence among Adolescents in a High-Risk Urban Community
Monica H. Swahn,Bina Ali,Robert M. Bossarte,Manfred Van Dulmen
Suicidology Online , 2010,
Abstract: Associations between self-harm and peer and dating violence perpetration and victimization amongyouth in a high-risk community are examined. Cross-sectional logistic regression analyses are based on datafrom the Youth Violence Survey, conducted in 2004, and administered to over 80% of public school students ingrades 7, 9, 11, and 12 (N=4,131) in an urban school district. Findings show that 20.3% of students reportedengaging in self-harm during the previous 12 months. Moreover, self-harm was associated with peer violenceperpetration and victimization for both boys and girls, and also with dating violence perpetration among boysand girls. Future research and prevention programs should consider the developmental and behavioralcharacteristics of adolescents who engage in both self-harm and interpersonal violence.
Nonreciprocal and Reciprocal Dating Violence and Injury Occurrence among Urban Youth  [cached]
Swahn, Monica H,Alemdar, Meltem,Whitaker, Daniel J
Western Journal of Emergency Medicine : Integrating Emergency Care with Population Health , 2010,
Abstract: Objective: Dating violence is a significant health problem among youth that leads to adverse health outcomes, including injuries. Reciprocal violence (perpetrated by both partners) is associated with increased injury in adults, but very little is known about the prevalence and context for reciprocal violence, as well as injury rates, among youth. We sought to determine the prevalence and scope of reciprocal dating violence and injury occurrence among urban youth in a high-risk community. Methods: Analyses were based on data from the Youth Violence Survey, conducted in 2004, and administered to over 80% of public school students in grades 7, 9, 11, and 12 (N=4,131) in a high-risk, urban school district. The current analyses were restricted to those who reported dating in the past year and who also reported any dating violence (n=1,158). Dating violence was categorized as reciprocal (the participant reported both violence perpetration and victimization) and non-reciprocal (the participant report either violence perpetration or victimization, but not both). Results: Dating violence reciprocity varied by sex. Girls who reported any dating violence were more likely to report reciprocal dating violence (50.4%) than were boys (38.9%). However, reciprocity did not vary by race/ethnicity or grade level. Reciprocal dating violence was more common among participants who reported more frequent violence experiences. Reciprocal violence was also associated with greater injury occurrences relative to non-reciprocal relationships (10.1% versus 1.2%). Conclusion: Reciprocal dating violence is common among adolescents and leads more often to injury outcomes. In particular, relationships in which boys report reciprocal violence against their partner appear to lead to more frequent injury occurrences. These findings underscore the importance of addressing dating violence and factors that increase risk for reciprocal violence and therefore exacerbate injury occurrence. [West J Emerg Med. 2010; 11(3): 265-269.]
The Fourth R: A School-Based Adolescent Dating Violence Prevention Program La Cuarta R: Un Programa Escolar de Prevención de la Violencia en las Relaciones de Pareja en la Adolescencia  [PDF]
David A. Wolfe,Claire V. Crooks,Raymond Hughes
Intervención Psicosocial , 2011, DOI: 10.5093/in2011v20n2a7
Abstract: This paper presents a school-based primary prevention program (The Fourth R) to prevent adolescent dating violence, and related risk behaviors. The cornerstone of The Fourth R is a 21-lesson skillbased curriculum delivered by teachers who receive specialized training, that promotes healthy relationships, and targets violence, high-risk sexual behavior, and substance use among adolescents. The Fourth R was evaluated in a cluster randomized trial in 20 schools. Results indicated that teaching youth healthy relationships and skills as part of their curriculum reduced physical dating violence, and increased condom use 2.5 years later. En este trabajo se presenta un programa de prevención creado para su aplicación en el entorno escolar (La Cuarta R), que tiene como objetivo la prevención de la violencia contra la pareja en la adolescencia y conductas de riesgo relacionadas. El elemento central de La Cuarta R es un programa de 21 temas curriculares, implementado por profesores que reciben una formación especializada, que trata de promover las relaciones saludables, y cuyo principal objetivo es la violencia, el comportamiento sexual de alto riesgo y el uso de sustancias entre los adolescentes. La Cuarta R se evaluó en 20 escuelas mediante un dise o con asignación aleatoria a la condición experimental o control. Los resultados de la evaluación de este programa de intervención se alan que la inclusión de contenidos curriculares sobre relaciones sociales saludables, así como habilidades para evitar situaciones de violencia física en las relaciones de pareja entre adolescentes, permitía reducir este tipo de violencia, así como incrementaba el uso del condón 2.5 a os después.
Romantic relationships in adolescence: satisfaction, conflicts and dating violence - Las relaciones sentimentales en la adolescencia: satisfacción, conflictos y violencia  [PDF]
Virginia Sánchez Jiménez,Francisco Javier Ortega Rivera,Rosario Ortega Ruiz,Carmen Viejo Almanzor
Escritos de Psicología , 2008,
Abstract: This study aims at analysing adolescents’romantic relationships and dating violence. 446 SecondarySchools students were interviewed (47.50% boys,52.50% girls, mean age 16.08 years old) in terms ofsatisfaction, expectations, communication, conflicts,transggressive orientation and dating violence. Resultshave showed that 90% of participants affirmed havehad a sentimental experience, expressing how romanticrelations in adolescence become a very important aspectin these years. Adolescents declared that they were verysatisfied with their dating relations, and girls and olderparticipants showed more satisfaction and future expectationsthan boys and younger ones. Dating violencewas very present, but occasionally, among boys andgirls. No differences were found either for age, sex, orfor aggression and victimization.
Violence in Intimate Relationships: A Comparison between Married and Dating Couples  [PDF]
Carla Machado,Carla Martins,Sónia Caridade
Journal of Criminology , 2014, DOI: 10.1155/2014/897093
Abstract: This study examines the attitudes about intimate violence and compares the prevalence of abuse reported by married and dating participants, by type of abuse and sex of respondent. A sample of 3,716 participants, aged 15 to 67 years, filled in one attitudinal questionnaire and a self-report instrument on abuse perpetration and victimization. Attitudinal data revealed a general disapproval of violence use, with greater violence support among males and married participants. When comparing violence in both relational contexts, we found that, in terms of perpetration, more dating partners reported physical abuse and severe forms of physical abuse than married partners. Suggestions for future research are discussed. 1. Introduction Marital violence has been a widely studied topic since the seventies, whereas violence between dating partners has become the object of growing attention since Makepeace pioneer study in 1981 [1]. This study revealed that one in every five college students was affected by this problem, whereas 61% of participants revealed that they knew young people who had gone through an abusive dating experience. Since then, research on dating violence has increased steadily and considerably, assuming a prominent position in the relevant international scientific literature. Yet, studies that compare violence between dating and married couples are sparse in international research and inexistent in the Portuguese context. In the following literature review, we begin by showing how research in the area of marital and dating violence has increased; we then present and discuss the results of the few available studies comparing levels of violence across these two distinct relational contexts—marriage and dating; finally, we concentrate on investigations that analyze the relationships between attitudes and behaviors. 2. Prevalence of Marital and Dating Violence Empirical findings show quite high levels of violence within both types of relationships. Regarding violence in married couples, the World Report on Violence and Health [2], based on information collected in 38 countries, places rates of lifetime prevalence at between 10% and 76%. Similarly, a recent literature review in the European context reported high rates of victimization over lifetimes, varying from 16% to 39% [3]. As for the United States of America, researchers [4] found rates of lifetime prevalence ranging from 17.4% to 25.5%. With respect to dating violence, research has also produced a wide variation of results, suggesting prevalence rates of offenders or victims ranging from 12.1%
Effect of Education on Prevention of Domestic Violence against Women
Jamileh Mohtashami,Fatemeh Noughani
Iranian Journal of Psychiatry , 2011,
Abstract: "nObjective: Family violence, specifically domestic violence, has been identified by the medical community as a serious, no remitting epidemic with adverse health consequences. World Health Organization(WHO) has stated that violence against women is a priority issue in the fields of health and human rights. A quasi experimental study were conducted in different faculties of Tehran University of Medical Sciences to determine the effect of teaching on prevention of domestic violence against female employees. "nMethods: Forty four women working in various faculties of Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2004 were selected. A designed questionnaire was given to the participants to identify kinds, causes and consequences of domestic violence. Then an educational booklet was given to subjects. This booklet contained information about kinds, causes and consequences of domestic violence and how to manage them. To compare the impact of teaching, the same questionnaires were distributed among the subjects after six months. The questionnaire was specifically tested for content validity. "nResults:The results indicated that the incidence rate of domestic violence pre test and post test education was 5.17%. "nConclusion: Our study showed that education had no effect on domestic violence. Solving problems relating to domestic violence due to cardinal roots in short time seems to be impossible and impracticable.
Networks for prevention of violence: from utopia to action
Njaine,Kathie; Assis,Simone Gon?alves de; Gomes,Romeu; Minayo,Maria Cecília de Souza;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232006000200020
Abstract: this article aims to discuss the experience of networks for the protection of people exposed to situations of violence or prevention networks. it is based on the concept created by castells, who defines the information age. this study is part of the investigation "successful experiences in the prevention of violence", carried out by the latin-american center for studies on violence jorge careli/ensp-iff/fiocruz, in cooperation with the secretariat for health survey of the ministry of health. the article analyzes the possibilities and limitations in the construction of networks for the prevention of violence, seeking to understand the sense of actions and movements carried out in networks. the method we used is a case study of two network initiatives in the southern region of the country. in terms of results, in face of the difficulties of working in networks, we found it to be necessary: to break with sectorial and vertical actions; to promote constant communication and interchange of information; to permanently train the professionals and persons involved in the network, incorporating them into the protective and preventive actions; and to promote the participation of wide social sectors. in conclusion, one can affirm that the construction of a protection network involves complex steps, looking to the same problem with new eyes and a new vision for planting solutions.
“The Boys Are Coming to Town”: Youth, Armed Conflict and Urban Violence in Developing Countries  [cached]
Josjah Betina Kunkeler,Krijn Peters
International Journal of Conflict and Violence , 2011,
Abstract: Young people are major participants in contemporary intra-state armed conflicts. Since the end of the Cold War there has been a trend to portray these as criminal violence for private (economic) ends, rather than politically or ideologically motivated. Hence, the perception of young people’s role has moved from “freedom fighters” to “violent criminals.” Our discursive and conceptual reconsideration based on a case study of Sierra Leone finds that the associated dichotomies (“new war/old war,” “greed/grievance,” “criminal/political violence”) are grounded in traditional modernization assumptions and/or constructed for policy purposes, rather than reflecting reality on the ground. Urban and rural youth violence in developing countries cannot be separated from its political roots. Moreover, the violent dynamics in which urban youth violence is embedded challenge our conceptions of what an armed conflict is. Including this form of violence in mainstream conflict theory would open the way for a new interpretation and more effective policy interventions. Extrapolating the experience of Latin American cities plagued by drug violence, the recent and significant increase in drug trafficking on the West African seaboard could mark the beginning of another armed conflict with high youth involvement, this time playing out in urban settings.
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