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An examination of latino immigrant youths' out-of-school technology practices
De La Pe?a, Yvonne;Orellana, Marjorie Faulstich;
Psicologia Escolar e Educacional , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-85572007000300007
Abstract: the majority of the existing research on youth and technology has focused on physical access, computer-related skills, or student attitudes. less is known about the social and cultural aspects of young people's interactions with technology. however, understanding how youth use technology and the different factors that affect these uses can help us capitalize on students' strengths. using survey and ethnographic data, this study is intended to contribute to a better understanding of youths' interactions with technology. participants in the study were latino immigrant students (fifth- and sixth-graders) from an elementary school located in a large metropolis in the united states. results provide both an overall picture of the youths' technological practices as well as a deeper look at the ways in which engaging with technology was valuable and meaningful for them.
An Assessment of Factors Influencing Career Decisions of in-School Youths
Folajogun V. Falaye,Bamidele T. Adams
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: The study explored factors influencing career decisions among secondary school youths. The population for this study consisted of students at the final stage of a six-year secondary school education. A sample of 318 students made up of 153 females and 165 males was selected using stratified and simple random sampling techniques. A self administered career interest scale, which was used for data collection. The data collected were analyzed using t-test and multiple regression analysis. Findings indicated that gender and school type significantly influence students` decisions on career choice. Father`s educational qualification and mother`s occupation are also predictive of students` career decisions. The findings have implications on career development and decision making process of young people. The need to provide comprehensive vocational guidance services to young persons while in school was suggested.
Development of Entrepreneurship Skill Training Module for Youths Participation in Fish Preservation and Marketing Occupation  [cached]
K.K. Obiyai,E.C. Osinem and N.O. Agbulu
Asian Journal of Agricultural Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: The study developed entrepreneurship skill training modules for empowering youths that want to venture into fish preservation and marketing occupation. The study was conducted in Bayelsa. The design used for the study is research and Development design. The sample was forty (40, consisting 30 agricultural extension agents, which were randomly selected and 10 university teachers, which were selected through purposive sampling techniques. A structured questionnaire, which adapted a four-point rating scale, was employed. The data collected was analyzed by mean and standard deviation. The result revealed that twentyseven (27) entrepreneurial skills are needed for the development of training module for fish preservation and marketing occupation. The study therefore recommended that fish farmers should be given credit facilities to enable them provide storage and processing facilities for themselves to avoid wastage, extension officers should trained periodically to enhance their performance, and training should be organized for fish farmers already in the business and intending fish farmers.
The Impact of Opportunity Recognition Skills Training On Entrepreneurial Intention of Female Nursing Students  [cached]
Jahangir Yadollahi Farsi,Abolghasem Arabiun,Mahmood Moradi
Journal of Knowledge Management, Economics and Information Technology , 2012,
Abstract: This paper using the Theory of Planned Behavior, presents a study ofentrepreneurial intentions among nursing students in Zanjan Azad University. By measuring the intention of nursing students, the factors that impact their intention to start business can be recognized and the effective programs to affect their intention can be designed and developed. A sample of 56 nursing student selected and assigned to test and control groups. Data was collected at tow stage: The first down at the beginning of the first semester and before an entrepreneurial training program (ETP) performed, andthe second, down at 75 days later, after ETP program was accomplished. The training program focused on opportunity recognition assumed to have positive effect on entrepreneurial intention. Because they not involve in practical aspects of start up and giving participants thought of potential barriers we could measure the effectiveness of the training program.Results shows that unlike many studies that show entrepreneurial training program positively influence entrepreneurial intentions of students, this study find very low effect of entrepreneurial training program on entrepreneurial intentions of nursing students. This paradoxical finding might be as a result of other factors such as greater chance of nursing students to be employed after graduation. Our results also showed that like entrepreneurial intention, selfefficacy had not been influenced by training program. Social norms had been influenced by ETP but attitude toward behavior and perceived self efficacy had not influenced.
Attitudinal Changes Using Peer Education Training in the Prevention of HIV/AIDS: A Case Study of Youths in North Central Nigeria  [PDF]
Muhammad Buhari Abu-Saeed,Kamaldeen Abu-Saeed
Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin , 2013, DOI: 10.5681/apb.2013.008
Abstract: Purpose: HIV/AIDS is a major public health issue. Studies have shown that young people between the ages of 15 to 24 years accounts for more than 40% of new HIV infections. However, new infections could be prevented if the desired impact is made on young people through interventions such as effective peer education program to improve their knowledge, attitude and practice. Therefore, this study is aimed at assessing the impact of peer education vis-a-vis attitudinal changes and practices on issues relating to HIV/AIDS among youths in North central Nigeria. Methods: This classical experimental study was carried out in three stages, that is: pre-intervention, intervention and post-intervention stages among students of Government High School, Ilorin between the ages of 15 and 24 years. The sample size was 80 students each for study and control groups. Proportional gender distribution was ensured in the selection and the sampling technique was multistage sampling technique. Data collection was through semi structured self administered pre and post evaluation questionnaire. Peer education training and forth night mentoring sessions was conducted for the study group. Impact of the intervention was assessed after eight weeks. Results: Analysis of the result shows that out of the sixteen questions asked on respondents attitude, only four showed statistical significance between the study and control group before the intervention which shot up to eleven after intervention. Also, the frequency of those having bad practices regarding prevention of HIV/AIDS also reduced after intervention. This reduction was much more in many instances when compared to the control group. Conclusion: This study has revealed that peer education training among youth can go a long way in educating them on issues relating to HIV/AIDS prevention. It can also bring about attitudinal changes and better practices that may help in reducing incidence and prevalence of HIV/AIDS in our society.
Diet, Physical Activity, and Obesity in School-Aged Indigenous Youths in Northern Australia
Patricia C. Valery,Torukiri Ibiebele,Mark Harris,Adèle C. Green,Andrew Cotterill,Aletia Moloney,Ashim K. Sinha,Gail Garvey
Journal of Obesity , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/893508
Abstract: Purpose. To examine the relationship between diet, physical activity, and obesity in Indigenous youths from northern Australia. Methods. In a cross-sectional study, physical activity and dietary intake (“short nutrition questionnaire”) were assessed among all youths during a face-to-face interview. For 92 high school youths, additional dietary information was assessed using a food-frequency questionnaire. Height and weight were measured and BMI was calculated. Multiple logistic regression was used to assess associations. Results. Of the 277 youths included, 52% had ≤2 servings of fruit and 84% had <4 servings of vegetables per day; 65% ate fish and 27%, take-away food (“fast food”) at least twice a week. One in four ate local traditional sea food including turtle and dugong (a local sea mammal) at least twice a week. Overweight/obese youths engaged in fewer days of physical activity in the previous week than normal weight youths (OR=2.52, 95% CI 1.43–4.40), though patterns of physical activity differed by sex and age (<0.001). Overweight/obese youths were 1.89 times (95% CI 1.07–3.35) more likely to eat dugong regularly than nonobese youths. Analysis of food-frequency data showed no difference by weight assessment among high-school students. Conclusions. Low fruit and vegetable intake were identified in these Indigenous youths. Regular consumption of fried dugong and low frequency of physical activity were associated with overweight/obesity reinforcing the need to devise culturally appropriate health promotion strategies and interventions for Indigenous youths aimed at improving their diet and increasing their physical activity.
Severity of alcohol use and problem behaviors among school-based youths in Puerto Rico
Latimer,William W.; Rojas,Vanessa Cecilia; Mancha,Brent Edward;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49892008000500004
Abstract: objective: the present study sought to: (a) categorize youths into groups based on their level of alcohol use and number of symptoms of alcohol abuse and dependence defined in the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (dsm-iv), and (b) examine whether these categories were associated with other problem behaviors in which youths engage (marijuana use, sexual intercourse, and having been arrested or having trouble with the law). methods: the study is based on a cross-sectional survey administered to 972 school-based youths from one middle school and one high school in san juan, puerto rico. youths were categorized based on their alcohol use and alcohol problems. these categories were then examined for associations with lifetime marijuana use, lifetime sexual intercourse, and having been arrested or having had trouble with the law in the past year. the original eight categories of alcohol use were collapsed into six categories based on the results. results: for virtually every group characterized by higher severity of alcohol use and alcohol problems, researchers found an increasing prevalence of marijuana use in their lifetimes, increasing odds of sexual intercourse in their lifetimes, and having had trouble with the law in the past year. conclusions: knowing about variations in alcohol use and alcohol problems may be instrumental in measuring the degree to which youths may also be engaging in a range of other elevated risk behaviors and a progression to more serious forms of alcohol and drug use.
Employment, training and career of school librarians  [PDF]
Francka ?umer
Knji?nica : Revija za Podro?je Bibliotekarstva in Informacijske Znanosti , 1998,
Abstract: The article describes the legal basis for the employment, professional training and promotion of librarians working in school libraries. The author calls attention to the deficiencies of legislation and to the need for cooperative efforts of the representatives of the Faculty of Arts, Department of Librarianship, Association of Library Societies, Advisory Committee on School Libraries and other organizations in the planning of training and career development of school librarians.The existing legislation should be complemented, an analysis of the necessary professional training for elementary and high school librarians carried out, and their training in librarianship, information sciences, pedagogy, didactics, and cognitive psychology should be planned in harmonization.
В.Г. Базелюк
Information Technologies and Learning Tools , 2010,
Abstract: The situation |figure| of school principals training for|by| research work|wrk| in the system of in-service teacher training|formation|, problems and reasons of their low-level preparation are considered in the article. The model of structural| constituents of research skills forming process of school principals, the scale|scaleplate| for the integrated estimation|appraisal| of readiness, criteria and method of levels evaluation|evaluating| |Y-level| are offered. У статт висв тлено стан п дготовки кер вник в ЗНЗ до досл дницько д яльност у систем п слядипломно педагог чно осв ти, розкрито проблеми та причини низького р вня х п дготовки. Запропоновано модель структурних складових процесу формування досл дницьких ум нь кер вник в ЗНЗ, шкалу для нтегровано оц нки р вня х готовност до досл дницько д яльност , критер та методику оц нювання р вн в.
Sexual Behaviour among School Youths in a Rural Far-western District of Nepal  [PDF]
Mohan Paudel,Suresh Mehata,Narayan Subedi,Bimala Acharya Paudel,Susan Paudel
Health Prospect , 2013, DOI: 10.3126/hprospect.v12i2.9873
Abstract: Background Youth population (10-24 years of age) comprises more than 30% of the total population in Nepal. This is the age when values are formed, many become sexually active and begin to develop a pattern of risky sexual behaviour. This makes youth more vulnerable to contacting sexually transmitted diseases including HIV/AIDS. The main objective of this study was to assess the sexual behavior among school youths of a rural far-western district, Achham, Nepal. Methods? A cross sectional study was conducted among school youths aged 15 to 24 years studying at grade 11 and 12 in Achham district. Data were collected from February to April, 2011 using self-administered questionnaires from 229 boys and 156 girls of randomly selected eight higher secondary schools of the district. Results? The study found that over a quarter of the respondents were sexually active before marriage, boys five times more compared to girls. More than one-fourth (28.2%) of sexually active young boys and girls were found to have engaged in multiple sexual relations; of which peers were the most common (71.1%) sexual partners. Overall, three out of every four sexually active school youths were found to have practised risky sexual behavior. The study found age of the respondent, gender, education and age at first sexual intercourse were significantly associated with the sexual behavior of the school youths. Conclusions? Young people at schools were found to be engaged in unsafe sexual activities in study district. They were found initiating multiple sexual relations and pre-marital sexual relations. The use of condom was found declining in subsequent sexual contacts. Such risky sexual behaviours were putting the young population at more vulnerable to the risks of any sexually transmitted infections. Sex education would therefore be imperative to focus on sexual and reproductive health interventions targeted for the young people. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/hprospect.v12i2.9873 Health Prospect Vol.12(2) 2013: 37-41
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