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Climate Exposure of US National Parks in a New Era of Change  [PDF]
William B. Monahan, Nicholas A. Fisichelli
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0101302
Abstract: US national parks are challenged by climate and other forms of broad-scale environmental change that operate beyond administrative boundaries and in some instances are occurring at especially rapid rates. Here, we evaluate the climate change exposure of 289 natural resource parks administered by the US National Park Service (NPS), and ask which are presently (past 10 to 30 years) experiencing extreme (<5th percentile or >95th percentile) climates relative to their 1901–2012 historical range of variability (HRV). We consider parks in a landscape context (including surrounding 30 km) and evaluate both mean and inter-annual variation in 25 biologically relevant climate variables related to temperature, precipitation, frost and wet day frequencies, vapor pressure, cloud cover, and seasonality. We also consider sensitivity of findings to the moving time window of analysis (10, 20, and 30 year windows). Results show that parks are overwhelmingly at the extreme warm end of historical temperature distributions and this is true for several variables (e.g., annual mean temperature, minimum temperature of the coldest month, mean temperature of the warmest quarter). Precipitation and other moisture patterns are geographically more heterogeneous across parks and show greater variation among variables. Across climate variables, recent inter-annual variation is generally well within the range of variability observed since 1901. Moving window size has a measureable effect on these estimates, but parks with extreme climates also tend to exhibit low sensitivity to the time window of analysis. We highlight particular parks that illustrate different extremes and may facilitate understanding responses of park resources to ongoing climate change. We conclude with discussion of how results relate to anticipated future changes in climate, as well as how they can inform NPS and neighboring land management and planning in a new era of change.
Evaluating the using efficiencies of Chinese national parks with DEA
基于DEA的中国国家级风景名胜区 使用效率评价

MA Xiao-long,BAO Ji-gang,
马晓龙
,保继刚

地理研究 , 2009,
Abstract: National parks are one of the important tourism resources and products,which is helpful to evaluate their performance for establishing rational resources using policies.The using efficiencies of 136 Chinese national parks in China and their spatial distribution characteristics are evaluated by using Data Envelopment Analysis and Spatial Comparative Analysis methods.Both the results show that the overall efficiencies of Chinese national parks are very low,and most of them are presenting the process of increa...
The ants of our National Parks
A. J. Prins
Koedoe : African Protected Area Conservation and Science , 1967, DOI: 10.4102/koedoe.v10i1.764
Abstract: The ants of our National Parks
Invasive Plant Species in the National Parks of Vietnam  [PDF]
Dang Thanh Tan,Pham Quang Thu,Bernard Dell
Forests , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/f3040997
Abstract: The impact of invasive plant species in national parks and forests in Vietnam is undocumented and management plans have yet to be developed. Ten national parks, ranging from uncut to degraded forests located throughout Vietnam, were surveyed for invasive plant species. Transects were set up along roads, trails where local people access park areas, and also tracks through natural forest. Of 134 exotic weeds, 25 were classified as invasive species and the number of invasive species ranged from 8 to 15 per park. An assessment of the risk of invasive species was made for three national parks based on an invasive species assessment protocol. Examples of highly invasive species were Chromolaena odorata and Mimosa diplotricha in Cat Ba National Park (island evergreen secondary forest over limestone); Mimosa pigra, Panicum repens and Eichhornia crassipes in Tram Chim National Park (lowland wetland forest dominated by melaleuca); and C. odorata, Mikania micrantha and M. diplotricha in Son Tra Nature Conservation area (peninsula evergreen secondary forest). Strategies to monitor and manage invasive weeds in forests and national parks in Vietnam are outlined.
Notes on the small mammals of the Eastern Cape National Parks  [cached]
G. De Graaff,J. A. J. Nel
Koedoe : African Protected Area Conservation and Science , 1970, DOI: 10.4102/koedoe.v13i1.736
Abstract: Notes on the small mammals of the Eastern Cape National Parks
Bio-Accoustical studies in the National Parks.  [cached]
B.Sc. (Agric.), C. H. Haagner
Koedoe : African Protected Area Conservation and Science , 1962, DOI: 10.4102/koedoe.v5i1.845
Abstract: Bio-Accoustical studies in the National Parks.
USER SATISFACTION IN NATIONAL PARKS
P?narS?val?o?lu,LaleBerk?z
Academic Research International , 2012,
Abstract: This study has been prepared for the purpose of measuring place related satisfaction of the national park visitors, with the aim of providing a perceptual evaluation at the end. In order to measure the demographic characteristics of the national park visitors, their thoughts and evaluations on the national parks, their leisure management attributes, and their perception, satisfaction related with the national parks a questionnaire was used. Many methods are beingdevised to be able to analyze the balance between the recreational use and preservation of natural spaces. It appears that the basic purpose of these methods is to achieve recreational satisfaction.Understanding recreational satisfaction provides managers with critical information for developing various services to meet expectations of visitors and make them satisfied with theirvisiting experiences. Literature survey on satisfaction was conducted, and, in the light of all the gathered information, various statistical analyses were applied. Literature review and as a result of the statistical analyses, a conceptual relationship model that comprises satisfaction and other factors that have an impact on these concepts was formed. Satisfaction model that is encompassed by this conceptual relationship model is the first study to be done on this subject in the national park. It is intended to pave the way and be a guide for future studies.
A scientific bibliography on the national parks of South Africa
Helena B. Bryden,V. de Vos
Koedoe : African Protected Area Conservation and Science , 1994, DOI: 10.4102/koedoe.v1i1.343
Abstract: The purpose of this bibliography is to enable students, researchers and managers working within the national parks of South Africa or compareable areas, to locate references relevant to their work.
Protected natural resources: Media representations of national parks  [PDF]
Simeunovi?-Baji? Nata?a
Journal of the Geographical Institute Jovan Cvijic, SASA , 2011, DOI: 10.2298/ijgi1103033s
Abstract: This paper attempts to set trends of reporting about national parks as exquisite units of national importance through the research of online editions of dominant media in Serbia. Since 2009 the entire set of “green laws“ was adopted, the great progress has been made in this area, and the research will refer to the next year of 2010 so it can be detected how much is the public informed by the means of communication about ambient, ecologic, aesthetic and recreational potentials of the national parks in Serbia.
The Herpetofauna of the Tsitsikamma Coastal and Forest National Parks  [cached]
W.R. Branch,N. Hanekom
Koedoe : African Protected Area Conservation and Science , 1987, DOI: 10.4102/koedoe.v30i1.502
Abstract: An annotated check list of the herpetofauna of the Tsitsikamma National Parks is given. A total of 38 species, comprising 6 chelonians (2 tortoises, 4 sea turtles), 8 lizards, 11 snakes and 13 amphibians have been collected within the parks. The diversity of the Tsitsikamma Coastal National Park is greater than that of the Tsitsikamma Forest National Park. This is due to a number of factors, including more intensive collecting, greater area and habitat diversity, and the presence of 5 marine species. The parks are important reserves for a number of species endemic to the southern coastal region, including Bradypodion damaranum, Cordylus coeruleopunctatus, Breviceps fuscus and Afrixalus knysnae. An appendix lists a number of additional species that can still be expected to occur within the parks.
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