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Education and science museums. Reflections in Italy and on Italy
Paola Rodari
JCOM : Journal of Science Communication , 2008,
Abstract: The educational function of science museums was born with the first naturalistic collections ever, flourished in 16th-century Italy. The pedagogic thought and the educational experimentations carried out in approximately five century of history have allowed the educational mission of museums to acquire many different facets, drawing a task having an increasingly higher and complex social value. Recent publications explore these new meanings of an old role.
Contribution of Radiocarbon Dating to the Chronology of Eneolithic in Campania (Italy)
I. Passariello, P. Talamo, A. D'Onofrio, P. Barta, C. Lubritto, F. Terrasi
Geochronometria , 2010, DOI: 10.2478/v10003-010-0008-2
Abstract: The paper presents new and important 14C data from eight Eneolithic sites in Campania measured at the Centre for Isotopic Research of Cultural and Environmental Heritage (CIRCE) AMS laboratory in Caserta (Italy). Twenty-four 14C determinations on bone and charcoal are used here for chronological reconstruction of human habitation and dating of some volcanic eruptions affecting the settlement activity. Our research has shed new light on absolute chronology of the whole Campanian Eneolithic, a period of profound cultural transformations triggered by introduction and use of metals, in particular copper.
Education and science museums. Reflections in Italy and on Italy (Italian original version)
Paola Rodari
JCOM : Journal of Science Communication , 2008,
Abstract: The educational function of science museums was born with the first naturalistic collections ever, flourished in 16th-century Italy. The pedagogic thought and the educational experimentations carried out in approximately five century of history have allowed the educational mission of museums to acquire many different facets, drawing a task having an increasingly higher and complex social value. Recent publications explore these new meanings of an old role.
Characterization, conservation and sustainability of endangered animal breeds in Campania (Southern Italy)  [PDF]
Vincenzo Peretti, Francesca Ciotola, Leopoldo Iannuzzi
Natural Science (NS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2013.55A001
Abstract: Conservation of such animal genetic resources and sustainable development of their products seems to be one of the most important steps to be taken to save endangered animal breeds from the widespread use of cosmopolitan and more productive breeds. Indeed, the protection and conservation of biodiversity of animal breeds adapted to particular environmental conditions is essential to prevent irreversible erosion of genes and gene combinations. A special project to characterize and conserve eight endangered breeds of various animal species raised in Campania (southern-Italy) is reported in this paper along detailed descriptions of all breeds. Some strategies for their characterization and conservation are reported and discussed.
Presence of Illicit Drugs in the Sarno River (Campania Region, Italy)  [PDF]
Massimo Maddaloni, Sara Castiglioni, Ettore Zuccato, Flaminia Gay, Anna Capaldo, Vincenza Laforgia, Salvatore Valiante, Maria De Falco, Marco Guida
Pharmacology & Pharmacy (PP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/pp.2014.57085
Abstract:

The presence of illicit drugs and their metabolites in surface waters has to be considered a new type of hazard, still unknown, for both the human health and the aquatic ecosystem, due to the potent pharmacological activities of all the illicit drugs. Our research was aimed at evaluating the presence of illicit drugs in the Sarno River (Campania region, Italy), crossing a densely populated area, the basin of the Sarno River, one of the largest and most important economic areas in Campania region, famous for the presence of zones with high landscape-environmental value. The drugs selected for this study were the most used in Campania region. The presence of illicit drugs in surface water was analyzed by a selective multi-residue assay based on liquid chromatographytandem mass spectrometry. The analysis showed the presence of all the illicit drugs investigated: cocaine and its main metabolites (benzoylecgonine, nor-benzoylecgonine), morphine, THC-COOH and codeine; cocaine was the most abundant illicit drug. The presence of illicit drugs and their metabolites in the Sarno River suggests new potential risk for the basin’s inhabitants, using water in the food chain, via field irrigation and animal feed, and for the health of the aquatic fauna.

Epidemiology of hepatitis C virus infection in the world, Europe, Italy and Campania: an overview  [cached]
Giorgio Liguori,Francesca Gallé,Paolo Marinelli
Italian Journal of Public Health , 2004, DOI: 10.2427/6141
Abstract: HCV infection is today the viral epidemic disease second only to AIDS. It is estimated that 3% of the world population is infected by hepatitis C and chronic related diseases, with markedly different prevalences between different geographical areas and different categories in the same area. The Authors analyse the epidemiological data available to trace the situation worldwide, in Europe, in Italy and in Campania, currently and in the last few years. Also researched was the role that the risk factors related to the different transmission routes play in the spread of the infection. Despite the decrease in the incidence reported in recent years, the numerous cases linked to drug abuse, to infections occurring while in health care and after unsafe sexual intercourse reveal the need for further information to be spread on HCV infection and on its modes of transmission.
Otter (Lutra lutra) presence in Lattari mountains (Campania Region, Southern Italy)
Roberto Fasano,Guglielmo Maglio
Hystrix : the Italian Journal of Mammalogy , 1995, DOI: 10.4404/hystrix-7.1-2-4076
Abstract: A new area of presence of the otter (Lutra lutra) was found in Campania region (Southern Italy). It included the "Valle delle Ferriere" and "Vècite" canyons close to Amalfi town (Salerno province). A total of 24 sprainting sites was recorded. Riassunto Presenza della lontra (Lutra lutra) nei monti Lattari (Campania) - Si descrive un'area di presenza della lontra (Lutra lutra) in Campania mai segnalata prima, comprendente la "Valle delle Ferriere" attraversata dal torrente Ceraso e la valle denominata "Vècite" (Amalfi, Provincia di Salerno). In totale sono stati trovati 24 siti di marcamento.
Assessment of the Spatial Uncertainty of Nitrates in the Aquifers of the Campania Plain (Italy)  [PDF]
Nazzareno Diodato, Libera Esposito, Gianni Bellocchi, Luisa Vernacchia, Francesco Fiorillo, Francesco Maria Guadagno
American Journal of Climate Change (AJCC) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajcc.2013.22013
Abstract: We present a non-parametric hydro-geostatistical approach for mapping design nitrate hazard in groundwater. The approach is robust towards the uncertainty of the parametric models used to map groundwater pollution. In particular, probability kriging (PK) estimates the probability that the true value of a pollutant exceeds a set of threshold values using a binary response variable (probability indicator). Such soft description of the pollutant can mitigate the uncertainty in pollutant concentration mapping. PK was used for assessing nitrate migration hazard across the Campania Plain groundwater (Southern Italy) as exceeding typical critical values set to 25 and 50 mg.L-1. Cross-validation indicated that the PK is more suitable than ordinary kriging (OK), which yields large uncertainty in absolute values prediction of nitrate concentration. This means that spatial variability is critical for contaminant transport because critical contaminants concentration could be exceeded due to preferential flows allowing the pollutant to migrate rapidly through the caveats aquifer. Accordingly with PK application, about 250 km2 (40% of the total600 km2 of the Campania Plain) were classified as very sensitive areas (western zone) to maximum permissible concentration of nitrates (>50 mg.L-1). When the probability to exceed 25 mg.L-1 was considered, the contaminated surface increased to 70% of the total area.
Let the objects speak: online museums and indigenous cultural heritage
Saskia Vermeylen,Jeremy Pilcher
International Journal of Intangible Heritage , 2009,
Abstract: This paper seeks to contribute to the critical debate about curatorial practices and how museums can be transformed into cultural centres that are ‘decolonising’ their objects whilst simultaneously providing social agency to marginalised groups such as indigenous peoples. An exploration of new media theory, installation art and online museums allows us to examine to whatextent an online museum might provide scope to further the debate about how indigenous heritage can be displayed and curated. Through a case study of a hypothetical online museum of the San’s culture, wetheorise and explore in what shape and form an online museum might play a role in the communication, support, and safeguarding of the culture and heritage of the San.While online museums may, and have, taken various forms, we argue that a digitised reproduction of three dimensional objects within virtual rooms is not a valuable method for achieving inclusivity. Instead, inspired by new media art, we engage with a new way of classifying material which allows interactivity and communicationbetween the visitor and curator (i.e. indigenous peoples) through the creation of both the database of, and the interface(s) to, the material archived in the online indigenous museum.
Coupled decadal variability of the North Atlantic Oscillation, regional rainfall and spring discharges in the Campania region (Southern Italy)
P. De Vita,V. Allocca,F. Manna,S. Fabbrocino
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions , 2011, DOI: 10.5194/hessd-8-11233-2011
Abstract: Climate change is one of the issues most debated by the scientific community with a special focus to the combined effects of anthropogenic modifications of the atmosphere and the natural climatic cycles. Various scenarios have been formulated in order to forecast the global atmospheric circulation and consequently the variability of the global distribution of air temperature and rainfall. The effects of climate change have been analysed with respect to the risks of desertification, droughts and floods, remaining mainly limited to the atmospheric and surface components of the hydrologic cycle. Consequently the impact of the climate change on the recharge of regional aquifers and on the groundwater circulation is still a challenging topic especially in those areas whose aqueduct systems depend basically on springs or wells, such as the Campania region (Southern Italy). In order to analyse the long-term climatic variability and its influence on groundwater circulation, we analysed decadal patterns of precipitation, air temperature and spring discharges in the Campania region (Southern Italy), coupled with the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO). The time series of precipitation and air temperature were gathered over 90 yr, in the period from 1921 to 2010, choosing 18 rain gauges and 9 air temperature stations among those with the most continuous functioning as well as arranged in a homogeneous spatial distribution. Moreover, for the same period, we gathered the time series of the winter NAO index (December to March mean) and of the discharges of the Sanità spring, belonging to an extended carbonate aquifer (Cervialto Mount) located in the central-eastern area of the Campania region, as well as of two other shorter time series of spring discharges. The hydrogeological features of this aquifer, its relevance due to the feeding of an important regional aqueduct system, as well as the unique availability of a long-lasting time series of spring discharges, allowed us to consider it as an ideal test site, representative of the other carbonate aquifers in the Campania region. The time series of regional normalised indexes of mean annual precipitation, mean annual air temperature and mean annual effective precipitation, as well as the time series of the normalised annual discharge index were calculated. Different methods were applied to analyse the time series: long-term trend analysis, through smoothing numerical techniques, cross-correlation and Fourier analysis. The investigation of the normalised indexes has highlighted long-term complex periodicities, strongly c
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